Onderwerp: Bezoek-historie

01 SOLAS 1974 International convention for the safety of life at sea, 1974 (MSC.202(81))
Geldigheid:01-01-2013 t/m 31-12-2013Versie:vergelijk Status: Was geldig

Dit onderwerp bevat de volgende rubrieken.

SOLAS 1974 -International convention for the safety of life at sea, 1974

Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
SOLAS 1974 -International convention for the safety of life at sea, 1974

CHAPTER 01 General provisions

Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980

Part A Application definitions, etc.

Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980

Reg. 01 Application

Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980

Application

  1. Unless expressly provided otherwise, the present Regulations apply only to ships engaged on international voyages.

  2. The classes of ships to which each Chapter applies are more precisely defined, and the extent of the application is shown, in each Chapter.

Reg. 02 Definitions

For the purpose of the present Regulations, unless expressly provided otherwise :


(a) "Regulations" means the Regulations contained in the Annex to the present Convention.

(b) "Administration" means the Government of the State whose flag the ship is entitled to fly.

(c) "Approved" means approved by the Administration.

(d) "International voyage" means a voyage from a country to which the present Convention applies to a port outside such country, or conversely.

(e) A passenger is every person other than:

(i) the master and the members of the crew or other persons employed or engaged in any capacity on board a ship on the business of that ship; and
(ii) a child under one year of age.

(f) A passenger ship is a ship which carries more than twelve passengers.

(g) A cargo ship is any ship which is not a passenger ship.

(h) A tanker is a cargo ship constructed or adapted for the carriage in bulk of liquid cargoes of an inflammable* nature.

(i) A fishing vessel is a vessel used for catching fish, whales, seals, walrus or other living resources of the sea.

(j) A nuclear ship is a ship provided with a nuclear power plant.

(k) "New ship" means a ship the keel of which is laid or which is at a similar stage of construction on or after the date of coming into force of the present Convention.

(l) "Existing ship" means a ship which is not a new ship.

(m) A mile is 1,852 metres or 6,080 feet.


* "Inflammable" has the same meaning as "flammable"

Ingangsdatum: 03-02-2000

Definitions

For the purpose of the present Regulations, unless expressly provided otherwise :

  1. "Regulations" means the Regulations contained in the Annex to the present Convention.

  2. "Administration" means the Government of the State whose flag the ship is entitled to fly.

  3. "Approved" means approved by the Administration.

  4. "International voyage" means a voyage from a country to which the present Convention applies to a port outside such country, or conversely.

  5. A passenger is every person other than:
    1. the master and the members of the crew or other persons employed or engaged in any capacity on board a ship on the business of that ship; and

    2. a child under one year of age.

  6. A passenger ship is a ship which carries more than twelve passengers.

  7. A cargo ship is any ship which is not a passenger ship.

  8. A tanker is a cargo ship constructed or adapted for the carriage in bulk of liquid cargoes of an inflammable* nature.

  9. A fishing vessel is a vessel used for catching fish, whales, seals, walrus or other living resources of the sea.

  10. A nuclear ship is a ship provided with a nuclear power plant.

  11. New ship means a ship the keel of which is laid or which is at a similar stage of construction on or after 25 May 1980.

  12.  "Existing ship" means a ship which is not a new ship.

  13. A mile is 1,852 metres or 6,080 feet.

  14. Anniversary date means the day and the month of each year which will correspond to the date of expiry of the relevant certificate.


* "Inflammable" has the same meaning as "flammable"

Reg. 03 Exceptions

Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980

Exceptions

  1. The present Regulations, unless expressly provided otherwise, do not apply to :
    1. Ships of war and troopships.
    2. Cargo ships of less than 500 tons gross tonnage.
    3.  Ships not propelled by mechanical means.
    4. Wooden ships of primitive build.
    5. Pleasure yachts not engaged in trade.
    6. Fishing vessels.

  2. Except as expressly provided in Chapter V, nothing herein shall apply to ships solely navigating the Great Lakes of North America and the River St. Lawrence as far east as a straight line drawn from Cap des Rosiers to West Point, Anticosti Island and, on the north side of Anticosti Island, the 63rd Meridian.

Reg. 04 Exemptions

Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980

Exemptions

  1. A ship which is not normally engaged on international voyages but which, in exceptional circumstances, is required to undertake a single international voyage may be exempted by the Administration from any of the requirements of the present Regulations provided that it complies with safety requirements which are adequate in the opinion of the Administration for the voyage which is to be undertaken by the ship.

  2. The Administration may exempt any ship which embodies features of a novel kind from any of the provisions of Chapters II-1, II-2, III and IV of these Regulations the application of which might seriously impede research into the development of such features and their incorporation in ships engaged on international voyages. Any such ship shall, however, comply with safety requirements which, in the opinion of that Administration, are adequate for the service for which it is intended and are such as to ensure the overall safety of the ship and which are acceptable to the Governments of the States to be visited by the ship. The Administration which allows any such exemption shall communicate to the Organization particulars of same and the reasons therefor which the Organization shall circulate to the Contracting Governments for their information.

Reg. 05 Equivalents

Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980

Equivalents

  1. Where the present Regulations require that a particular fitting, material, appliance or apparatus, or type thereof, shall be fitted or carried in a ship, or that any particular provision shall be made, the Administration may allow any other fitting, material, appliance or apparatus, or type thereof, to be fitted or carried, or any other provision to be made in that ship, if it is satisfied by trial thereof or otherwise that such fitting, material, appliance or apparatus, or type thereof, or provision, is at least as effective as that required by the present Regulations.

  2. Any Administration which so allows, in substitution, a fitting, material, appliance or apparatus, or type thereof, or provision, shall communicate to the Organization particulars thereof together with a report on any trials made and the Organization shall circulate such particulars to other Contracting Governments for the information of their officers.

Part B Surveys and certificates*


Refer to "Global and uniform implementation of the harmonized system of survey and certification (HSSC)" and to the "Survey guidelines under the harmonized system of survey abd certification" adopted by the Organization by resolutions A.883(21) and A.746(18) respectively

Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980

Refer to "Global and uniform implementation of the harmonized system of survey and certification (HSSC)" and to the "Survey guidelines under the harmonized system of survey abd certification" adopted by the Organization by resolutions A.883(21) and A.746(18) respectively

Reg. 06 Inspection and survey

The inspection and survey of ships, so far as regards the enforcement of the provisions of the present Regulations and the granting of exemptions therefrom, shall be carried out by officers of the State whose flag the ship is registered, provided that the Government of each country may entrust the inspection and survey either to surveyors nominated for the purpose or to organizations recognized by it. In every case the Government concerned fully guarantees the completeness and efficiency of the inspection and survey.
Ingangsdatum: 03-02-2000

Inspection and Survey

  1. The inspection and survey of ships, so far as regards the enforcement of the provisions of the present regulations and the granting of exemptions therefrom, shall be carried out by officers of the Administration. The Administration may, however, entrust the inspections and surveys either to surveyors nominated for the purpose or to organizations recognized by it.

  2. An Administration nominating surveyors or recognizing organizations to conduct inspections and surveys as set forth in paragraph (a) shall as a minimum empower any nominated surveyor or recognized organization to :
    1. require repairs to a ship:
    2. carry out inspections and surveys if requested by the appropriate authorities of a port state.

      The Administration shall notify the Organization of the specific responsibilities and conditions of the authority delegated to nominated surveyors or recognized organizations.

  3.  When a nominated surveyor or recognized organization determines that the condition of the ship or its equipment does not correspond substantially with the particulars of the certificate or is such that the ship is not fit to proceed to sea without danger to the ship, or persons on board, such surveyor or organization shall immediately ensure that corrective action is taken and shall in due course notify the Administration. If such corrective action is not taken the relevant certificate should be withdrawn and the Administration shall be notified immediately; and, if the ship is in the port of another party, the appropriate authorities of the port state shall also be notified immediately. When an officer of the Administration, a nominated surveyor or recognized organization has notified the appropriate authorities of the port state, the Government of the port state concerned shall give such officer, surveyor or organization any necessary assistance to carry out their obligations under this regulation. When applicable, the Government of the port state concerned shall ensure that the ship shall not sail until it can proceed to sea, or leave port for the purpose of proceeding to the appropriate repair yard, without danger to the ship or persons on board.

  4. In every case, the Administration shall fully guarantee the completeness and efficiency of the inspection and survey, and shall undertake to ensure the necessary arrangements to satisfy this obligation.

Reg. 07 Surveys of passenger ships


(a) A passenger ship shall be subjected to the surveys specified below :

(i) A survey before the ship is put in service.
ii) A periodical survey once every twelve months.
(iii) Additional surveys, as occasion arises.

b)The surveys referred to above shall be carried out as follows :

(i) The survey before the ship is put in service shall include a complete inspection of its structure, machinery and equipment, including the outside of the ship's bottom and the inside and outside of the boilers. This survey shall be such as to ensure that the arrangements, material, and scantlings of the structure, boilers and other pressure vessels and their appurtenances, main and auxiliary machinery, electrical installation, radio installation, radiotelegraph installations in motor lifeboats, portable radio apparatus for survival craft, life-saving appliances, fire protection, fire detecting and extinguishing appliances, radar, echo-sounding device, gyro-compass, pilot ladders, mechanical pilot hoists and other equipment, fully comply with the requirements of the present Convention, and of the laws, decrees, orders and regulations promulgated as a result thereof by the Administration for ships of the service for which it is intended. The survey shall also be such as to ensure that the workmanship of all parts of the ship and its equipment is in all respects satisfactory, and that the ship is provided with the lights, shapes, means of making sound signals and distress signals as required by the provisions of the present Convention and the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea in force.

(ii) The periodical survey shall include an inspection of the structure, boilers and other pressure vessels, machinery and equipment, including the outside of the ship's bottom. The survey shall be such as to ensure that the ship, as regards the structure, boilers and other pressure vessels and their appurtenances, main and auxiliary machinery, electrical installation, radio installation, radiotelegraph installations in motor lifeboats, portable radio apparatus for survival craft, life-saving appliances, fire protection, fire detecting and extinguishing appliances, radar, echo-sounding device, gyro-compass, pilot ladders, mechanical pilot hoists and other equipment, is in satisfactory condition and fit for the service for which it is intended, and that it complies with the requirements of the present Convention, and of the laws, decrees, orders and regulations promulgated as a result thereof by the Administration. The lights, shapes and means of making sound signals and the distress signals carried by the ship shall also be subject to the above-mentioned survey for the purpose of ensuring that they comply with the requirements of the present Convention and of the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea in force.

(iii) A survey either general or partial, according to the circumstances, shall be made every time an accident occurs or a defect is discovered which affects the safety of the ship or the efficiency or completeness of its life-saving appliances or other equipment, or whenever any important repairs or renewals are made. The survey shall be such as to ensure that the necessary repairs or renewals have been effectively made, that the material and workmanship of such repairs or renewals are in all respects satisfactory, and that the ship complies in all respects with the provisions of the present Convention and of the International Regulations for preventing Collisions at Sea in force, and of the laws, decrees, orders and regulations promulgated as a result thereof by the Administration.

(c) (i) The laws, decrees, orders and regulations referred to in paragraph (b) of this Regulation shall be in all respects such as to ensure that, from the point of view of safety of life, the ship is fit for the service for which it is intended.

(ii) They shall among other things prescribe the requirements to be observed as to the initial and subsequent hydraulic or other acceptable alternative tests to which the main and auxiliary boilers, connexions, steam pipes, high pressure receivers, and fuel tanks for internal combustion engines are to be submitted including the test procedures to be followed and the intervals between two consecutive tests.

Reg. 08 Surveys of Life-saving appliances and other equipment of cargo ships

The life-saving appliances, except a radiotelegraph installation in a motor lifeboat or a portable radio apparatus for survival craft, the echo-sounding device, the gyro-compass, and the fire-extinguishing appliances of cargo ships to which Chapters II-1, II-2, III and V apply shall be subject to initial and subsequent surveys as provided for passenger ships in Regulation 7 of this Chapter with the substitution of 24 months for 12 months in sub-paragraph (a) (ii) of that Regulation. The fire control plans in new ships and the pilot ladders, mechanical pilot hoists, lights, shapes and means of making sound signals carried by new and existing ships shall be included in the surveys for the purpose of ensuring that they comply fully with the requirements of the present Convention and, where applicable, the International Regulations for preventing Collisions at Sea in force.

Reg. 09 Surveys of radio and radar installations of cargo ships

The radio and radar installations of cargo ships to which ChaptersIV and V apply and any radiotelegraph installation in a motor lifeboat or portable radio apparatus for survival craft which is carried in compliance with the requirements of Chapter III shall be subject to initial and subsequent surveys as provided for passenger ships in Regulation 7 of this Chapter.
Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
Geldig tot en met: 31-01-1992
The radio and radar installations of cargo ships to which ChaptersIV and V apply and any radiotelegraph installation in a motor lifeboat or portable radio apparatus for survival craft which is carried in compliance with the requirements of Chapter III shall be subject to initial and subsequent surveys as provided for passenger ships in Regulation 7 of this Chapter.
Reg. 09 Surveys of radio installations of cargo ships

The radio installations of cargo ships, including those used in life-saving appliances, to which chapters III and IV apply, shall be subject to initial and subsequent surveys as provided for passenger ships in regulation 7 of this chapter
Ingangsdatum: 03-02-2000

Surveys of radio installations of cargo ships

  1. The radio installations, including those used in life-saving appliances, of cargo ships to which chapters III and IV apply shall be subject to the surveys specified below:
    1. an initial survey before the ship is put in service;
    2. a renewal survey at intervals specified by the Administration but not exceeding five years, except where regulation 14(b), (e), (f) and (g) is applicable;
    3. a periodical survey within three months before or after each anniversary date of the Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate;
    4. an additional survey as prescribed for passenger ships in regulation 7 (b) (ii).

  2. The surveys referred to in paragraph (a) shall be carried out as follows:
    1. the initial survey shall include a complete inspection of the radio installations of cargo ships, including those used in life-saving appliances, to ensure that they comply with the requirements of the present regulations;
    2. the renewal and periodical surveys shall include an inspection of the radio installations of cargo ships, including those used in life-saving appliances, to ensure that they comply with the requirements of the present regulations.

  3. The periodical surveys referred to in paragraph (a) (iii) shall be endorsed on the Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate.

Reg. 10 Surveys of Hull, Machinery and Equipment of Cargo Ships

The hull, machinery and equipment (other than items in respect of which Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelegraphy Certificates or Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelephony Certificates are issued) of a cargo ship shall be surveyed on completion and thereafter in such manner and at such intervals as the Administration may consider necessary in order to ensure that their condition is in all respects satisfactory. The survey shall be such as to ensure that the arrangements, material, and scantlings of the structure, boilers and other pressure vessels and their appurtenances, main and auxiliary machinery, electrical installations and other equipment are in all respects satisfactory for the service for which the ship is intended.

Reg. 11 Maintenance of conditions after survey

After any survey of the ship under Regulations 7, 8, 9 or 10 of this Chapter has been completed, no change shall be made in the structural arrangements, machinery, equipment, etc. covered by the survey, without the sanction of the Administration.
Ingangsdatum: 03-02-2000

(a) The condition of the ship and its equipment shall be maintained to conform with the provisions of the present regulations to ensure that the ship in all respects will remain fit to proceed to sea without danger to the ship or persons on board.

(b) After any survey of the ship under regulation 7, 8, 9 or 10 has been completed, no change shall be made in the structural arrangements, machinery, equipment and other items covered by the survey, without the sanction of the Administration.

(c) Whenever an accident occurs to a ship or a defect is discovered, either of which affects the safety of the ship or the efficiency or completeness of its life-saving appliances or other equipment, the master or owner of the ship shall report at the earliest opportunity to the Administration, the nominated surveyor or recognized organization responsible for issuing the relevant certificate, who shall cause investigations to be initiated to determine whether a survey, as required by regulations 7, 8, 9 or 10, is necessary. If the ship is in a port of another Contracting Government, the master or owner shall also report immediately to the appropriate authorities of the port state and the nominated surveyor or recognized organization shall ascertain that such a report has been made.

Reg. 12 Issue of Certificates


(a)
(i) A certificate called a Passenger Ship Safety Certificate shall be issued after inspection and survey to a passenger ship which complies with the requirements of Chapters II-1, II-2, III and IV and any other relevant requirements of the present Regulations.

(ii) A certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate shall be issued after survey to a cargo ship which satisfies the requirements for cargo ships on survey set out in regulation 10 of this Chapter and complies with the applicable requirements of Chapters II-1 and II-2 other than those relating to fire-extinguishing appliances and fire control plans.

(iii) A certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate shall be issued after inspection to a cargo ship which complies with the relevant requirements of Chapters II-1, II-2 and III and any other relevant requirements of the present Regulations.

(iv) A certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelegraphy Certificate shall be issued after inspection to a cargo ship, fitted with a radiotelegraph installation, which complies with the requirements of Chapter IV and any other relevant requirements of the present Regulations.

(v) A certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelephony Certificate shall be issued after inspection to a cargo ship, fitted with a radiotelephone installation, which complies with the requirements of Chapter IV and any other relevant requirements of the present Regulations.

(vi) When an exemption is granted to a ship under and in accordance with the provisions of the present Regulations, a certificate called an Exemption Certificate shall be issued in addition to the certificates prescribed in this paragraph.

(vii) Passenger Ship Safety Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelegraphy Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelephony Certificates and Exemption Certificates shall be issued either by the Administration or by any person or organization duly authorized by it. In every case, that Administration assumes full responsibility for the Certificate.

(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of the present Convention any certificate issued under, and in accordance with, the provisions of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1960, which is current when the present Convention comes into force in respect of the Administration by which the certificate is issued, shall remain valid until it expires under the terms of Regulation 14 of Chapter I of that Convention.

(c) A Contracting Government shall not issue certificates under, and in accordance with, the provisions of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1960, 1948 or 1929, after the date on which acceptance of the present Convention by the Government takes effect.
Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
Geldig tot en met: 31-01-1992

(a)
(i) A certificate called a Passenger Ship Safety Certificate shall be issued after inspection and survey to a passenger ship which complies with the requirements of Chapters II-1, II-2, III and IV and any other relevant requirements of the present Regulations.

(ii) A certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate shall be issued after survey to a cargo ship which satisfies the requirements for cargo ships on survey set out in regulation 10 of this Chapter and complies with the applicable requirements of Chapters II-1 and II-2 other than those relating to fire-extinguishing appliances and fire control plans.

(iii) A certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate shall be issued after inspection to a cargo ship which complies with the relevant requirements of Chapters II-1, II-2 and III and any other relevant requirements of the present Regulations.

(iv) A certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelegraphy Certificate shall be issued after inspection to a cargo ship, fitted with a radiotelegraph installation, which complies with the requirements of Chapter IV and any other relevant requirements of the present Regulations.

(v) A certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelephony Certificate shall be issued after inspection to a cargo ship, fitted with a radiotelephone installation, which complies with the requirements of Chapter IV and any other relevant requirements of the present Regulations.

(vi) When an exemption is granted to a ship under and in accordance with the provisions of the present Regulations, a certificate called an Exemption Certificate shall be issued in addition to the certificates prescribed in this paragraph.

(vii) Passenger Ship Safety Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelegraphy Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelephony Certificates and Exemption Certificates shall be issued either by the Administration or by any person or organization duly authorized by it. In every case, that Administration assumes full responsibility for the Certificate.

(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of the present Convention any certificate issued under, and in accordance with, the provisions of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1960, which is current when the present Convention comes into force in respect of the Administration by which the certificate is issued, shall remain valid until it expires under the terms of Regulation 14 of Chapter I of that Convention.

(c) A Contracting Government shall not issue certificates under, and in accordance with, the provisions of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1960, 1948 or 1929, after the date on which acceptance of the present Convention by the Government takes effect.
Reg. 12 Issue of certificates
(a) (i) A certificate called a Passenger Ship Safety Certificate shall be issued after inspection and survey to a passenger ship which complies with the requirements of chapters II-1, II-2, III and III I and any other relevant requirements of the present regulations.
(ii) A certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate* shall be issued after survey to a cargo ship which satisfies the requirements for cargo ships on survey set out in regulation 10 of this chapter and complies with the applicable requirements of chapters II-1 and II-2 other than those relating to fire-extinguishing appliances and fire control plans.
(iii) A certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate* shall be issued after inspection to a cargo ship which complies with the relevant requirements of chapters II-1, II-2 and III and any other relevant requirements of the present regulations.
(iv) A certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate shall be issued to a cargo ship which complies with the requirements of chapter IV and any other relevant requirements of the present regulations.
(v) The Passenger Ship Safety Certificate, the Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate and the Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate, referred to in subparagraphs (i), (iii) and (iv), shall be supplemented by a Record of Equipment adopted by the Conference of Contracting Governments to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, on the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System., 1988, by resolution 2 as it may be amended.
(vi) When an exemption is granted to a ship under and in accordance with the provisions of the present regulations, a certificate called an Exemption Certificate shall be issued in addition to the certificates prescribed in this paragraph.
(vii) Passenger Ship Safety Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificates and Exemption Certificates shall be issued either by the Administration or by any person or organization duly authorized by it. In every case, that Administration assumes full responsibility for the certificate.

(b) Notwithstanding any other provisions of the present Convention, any certificate which is issued under, and in accordance with, the provisions of the Convention and which is current on 1 February 1992 shall remain valid until it expires.

(c) A Contracting Government shall not issue certificates under, and in accordance with, the provisions of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1960, 1948 or 1929, after the date on which acceptance of the present Convention by the Government takes effect.


* Refer to the circular concerning issue of supplements and attachments(PSLS.2/Circ.1).
Ingangsdatum: 01-02-1992
Geldig tot en met: 02-02-2000
(a) (i) A certificate called a Passenger Ship Safety Certificate shall be issued after inspection and survey to a passenger ship which complies with the requirements of chapters II-1, II-2, III and III I and any other relevant requirements of the present regulations.
(ii) A certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate* shall be issued after survey to a cargo ship which satisfies the requirements for cargo ships on survey set out in regulation 10 of this chapter and complies with the applicable requirements of chapters II-1 and II-2 other than those relating to fire-extinguishing appliances and fire control plans.
(iii) A certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate* shall be issued after inspection to a cargo ship which complies with the relevant requirements of chapters II-1, II-2 and III and any other relevant requirements of the present regulations.
(iv) A certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate shall be issued to a cargo ship which complies with the requirements of chapter IV and any other relevant requirements of the present regulations.
(v) The Passenger Ship Safety Certificate, the Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate and the Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate, referred to in subparagraphs (i), (iii) and (iv), shall be supplemented by a Record of Equipment adopted by the Conference of Contracting Governments to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, on the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System., 1988, by resolution 2 as it may be amended.
(vi) When an exemption is granted to a ship under and in accordance with the provisions of the present regulations, a certificate called an Exemption Certificate shall be issued in addition to the certificates prescribed in this paragraph.
(vii) Passenger Ship Safety Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificates and Exemption Certificates shall be issued either by the Administration or by any person or organization duly authorized by it. In every case, that Administration assumes full responsibility for the certificate.

(b) Notwithstanding any other provisions of the present Convention, any certificate which is issued under, and in accordance with, the provisions of the Convention and which is current on 1 February 1992 shall remain valid until it expires.

(c) A Contracting Government shall not issue certificates under, and in accordance with, the provisions of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1960, 1948 or 1929, after the date on which acceptance of the present Convention by the Government takes effect.


* Refer to the circular concerning issue of supplements and attachments(PSLS.2/Circ.1).
Reg. 12 Issue of endorsement of certificates*
Ingangsdatum: 03-02-2000

(a)(i) a certificate called a Passenger Ship Safety Certificate shall be issued after an initial or renewal survey to a passenger ship which complies with the relevant requirements of chapters II-1, II-2, III, IV and V and any other relevant requirements of the present regulations ;

(ii) a certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate shall be issued after an initial or renewal survey to a cargo ship which complies with the relevant requirements of chapters II-1 and II-2 (other than those relating to fire safety systems and appliances and fire control plans) and any other relevant requirements of the present regulations ;

(iii) a certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate** shall be issued after an initial or renewal survey to a cargo ship which complies with the relevant requirements of chapters II-1, II-2, III and IV and any other relevant requirements of the present regulations ;

(iv) a certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate shall be issued after an initial or renewal survey to a cargo ship which complies with the relevant requirements of chapter IV and any other relevant requirements of the present regulations ;

(v) (1) a certificate called a Cargo Ship Safety Certificate may be issued after an initial or renewal survey to a cargo ship which complies with the relevant requirements of chapters II-1, II-2, III, IV and V and any other relevant requirements of the present regulations, as an alternative to the certificates referred to in paragraph (a) (ii), (a) (iii) and (a) (iv) ;

(2) whenever in this chapter reference is made to a Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate, Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate or Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate, it shall apply to a Cargo Ship Safety Certificate, if it is used as an alternative to these certificates.

(vi) the Passenger Ship Safety Certificate, the Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate, the Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate and the Cargo Ship Safety Certificate, referred to in subparagraphs (i), (iii), (iv) and (v), shall be supplemented by a Record of Equipment ;

(vii) when an exemption is granted to a ship under and in accordance with the provisions of the present regulations, a certificate called an Exemption Certificate shall be issued in addition to the certificates prescribed in this paragraph ;

(viii) the certificates referred to in this regulation shall be issued or endorsed either by the Administration or by any person or organization authorized by it, In every case, that Administration assumes full responsibility for the certificates.

(b) A Contracting Government shall not issue certificates under, and in accordance with, the provisions of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1960, 1948 or 1929 after the date on which acceptance of the present Convention by the Government takes effect.


* Refer to resolution A.791(19) on application of the International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships, 1969, to existing ships.
** Refer to the circular concerning issue of supplements and attachments (PSLS.2/Circ.1).

Reg. 13 Issue of Certificate by another Government

A Contracting Government may, at the request of the Administration, cause a ship to be surveyed and, if satisfied that the requirements of the present Regulations are complied with, shall issue certificates to the ship in accordance with the present Regulations. Any certificate so issued must contain a statement to the effect that it has been issued at the request of the Government of the country in which the ship is or will be registered, and it shall have the same force and receive the same recognition as a certificate issued under Regulation 12 of this Chapter.
Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
Geldig tot en met: 02-02-2000
A Contracting Government may, at the request of the Administration, cause a ship to be surveyed and, if satisfied that the requirements of the present Regulations are complied with, shall issue certificates to the ship in accordance with the present Regulations. Any certificate so issued must contain a statement to the effect that it has been issued at the request of the Government of the country in which the ship is or will be registered, and it shall have the same force and receive the same recognition as a certificate issued under Regulation 12 of this Chapter.
Reg. 13 Issue of endorsement of certificates by another Government
Ingangsdatum: 03-02-2000

A Contracting Government may, at the request of the Administration, cause a ship to be surveyed and, if satisfied that the requirements of the present regulations are complied with, shall issue or authorize the issue of certificates to the ship and, where appropriate, endorse or authorize the endorsement of certificates on the ship in accordance with the present regulations. Any certificate so issued shall contain a statement to the effect that it has been issued at the request of the Government of the State the flag of which the ship is entitled to fly, and it shall have the same force and receive the same recognitions as a certificate issued under regulation 12.

Reg. 14 Duration of certificates


(a) Certificates other than Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificates and Exemption Certificates shall be issued for a period of not more than 12 months. Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificates shall be issued for a period of not more than 24 months. Exemption Certificates shall not be valid for longer than the period of the certificates to which they refer.

(b) If a survey takes place within two months before the end of the period for which a Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelegraphy Certificate or a Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelephony Certificate issued in respect of cargo ships of 300 tons gross tonnage and upwards, but less than 500 tons gross tonnage, was originally issued, that certificate may be withdrawn, and a new certificate may be issued which shall expire 12 months after the end of the said period.

(c) If a ship at the time when its certificate expires is not in a port of the country in which it is registered, the certificate may be extended by the Administration, but such extension shall be granted only for the purpose of allowing the ship to complete its voyage to the country in which it is registered or in which it is to be surveyed, and then only in cases where it appears proper and reasonable so to do.

(d) No certificate shall be thus extended for a longer period than five months, and a ship to which such extension is granted shall not, on its arrival in the country in which it is registered or the port in which it is to be surveyed, be entitled by virtue of such extension to leave that port or country without having obtained a new certificate.

(e) A certificate which has not been extended under the foregoing provisions of this Regulation may be extended by the Administration for a period of grace of up to one month from the date of expiry stated on it.
Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
Geldig tot en met: 30-04-1981

(a) Certificates other than Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificates, Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificates and Exemption Certificates shall be issued for a period of not more than 12 months. Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificates shall be issued for a period of not more than 24 months. Exemption Certificates shall not be valid for longer than the period of the certificates to which they refer.

(b) If a survey takes place within two months before the end of the period for which a Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelegraphy Certificate or a Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelephony Certificate issued in respect of cargo ships of 300 tons gross tonnage and upwards, but less than 500 tons gross tonnage, was originally issued, that certificate may be withdrawn, and a new certificate may be issued which shall expire 12 months after the end of the said period.

(c) If a ship at the time when its certificate expires is not in a port of the country in which it is registered, the certificate may be extended by the Administration, but such extension shall be granted only for the purpose of allowing the ship to complete its voyage to the country in which it is registered or in which it is to be surveyed, and then only in cases where it appears proper and reasonable so to do.

(d) No certificate shall be thus extended for a longer period than five months, and a ship to which such extension is granted shall not, on its arrival in the country in which it is registered or the port in which it is to be surveyed, be entitled by virtue of such extension to leave that port or country without having obtained a new certificate.

(e) A certificate which has not been extended under the foregoing provisions of this Regulation may be extended by the Administration for a period of grace of up to one month from the date of expiry stated on it.
Reg. 14 Duration and validity of certificates

(a) Certificates other than the Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate, the Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate and any Exemption Certificate shall be issued for a period not exceeding 12 months. The Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate shall be issued for a period not exceeding five years. The Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate shall be issued for a period not exceeding 24 months. Exemption Certificates shall not be valid for longer than the period of the certificates to which they refer.

(b) No extension of the five-year period of validity of the Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate shall be permitted.

(c) If a survey takes place within two months before the end of the period for which a Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelegraphy Certificate or a Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelephony Certificate issued in respect of cargo ships of 300 tons gross tonnage and upwards, but less than 500 tons gross tonnage, was originally issued, that certificate may be withdrawn, and a new certificate may be issued which shall expire 12 months after the end of the said period.

(d) If the ship at the time when a certificate, other than that referred to in paragraph (b) of this Regulation, expires is not in a port of the country in which it is registered or is to be surveyed, the Administration may extend the certificate, but such extension shall be granted only for the purpose of allowing the ship to complete its voyage to the country in which it is registered or is to be surveyed, and then only in cases where it appears proper and reasonable to do so.

(e) No certificate shall be extended under the provisions of paragraph (d) of this Regulation for a longer period than five months, and a ship to which an extension is granted shall not, on its arrival in the country in which it is registered or the port in which it is to be surveyed, be entitled by virtue of such extension to leave that port or country without having obtained a new certificate.

(f) A certificate, other than that referred to in paragraph (b) of this Regulation, which has not been extended under the foregoing provisions of this Regulation, may be extended by the Administration for a period of grace up to one month from the date of expiry stated on it.

(g) A certificate shall cease to be valid :

(i) if the inspections and surveys are not carried out within the periods specified under Regulations 7(a), 8, 9, and 10(a) of Chapter I of the Convention and the present Protocol or as they may have been extended in accordance with paragraphs (d), (e) or (f) of this Regulation, or

(ii) upon transfer of the ship to the flag of another Government. A new certificate shall only be issued when the Government issuing the new certificate is fully satisfied that the ship is in compliance with the requirements of Regulation 11 (a) and (b) of this Chapter. In the case of a transfer between Parties, if requested within three months after the transfer has taken place, the Government of the Party whose flag the ship was formerly entitled to fly shall, as soon as possible, transmit to the Administration copies of the certificates carried by the ship before the transfer and, if available, copies of the relevant survey reports.
Ingangsdatum: 01-05-1981
Geldig tot en met: 31-01-1992

(a) Certificates other than the Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate, the Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate and any Exemption Certificate shall be issued for a period not exceeding 12 months. The Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate shall be issued for a period not exceeding five years. The Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate shall be issued for a period not exceeding 24 months. Exemption Certificates shall not be valid for longer than the period of the certificates to which they refer.

(b) No extension of the five-year period of validity of the Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate shall be permitted.

(c) If a survey takes place within two months before the end of the period for which a Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelegraphy Certificate or a Cargo Ship Safety Radiotelephony Certificate issued in respect of cargo ships of 300 tons gross tonnage and upwards, but less than 500 tons gross tonnage, was originally issued, that certificate may be withdrawn, and a new certificate may be issued which shall expire 12 months after the end of the said period.

(d) If the ship at the time when a certificate, other than that referred to in paragraph (b) of this Regulation, expires is not in a port of the country in which it is registered or is to be surveyed, the Administration may extend the certificate, but such extension shall be granted only for the purpose of allowing the ship to complete its voyage to the country in which it is registered or is to be surveyed, and then only in cases where it appears proper and reasonable to do so.

(e) No certificate shall be extended under the provisions of paragraph (d) of this Regulation for a longer period than five months, and a ship to which an extension is granted shall not, on its arrival in the country in which it is registered or the port in which it is to be surveyed, be entitled by virtue of such extension to leave that port or country without having obtained a new certificate.

(f) A certificate, other than that referred to in paragraph (b) of this Regulation, which has not been extended under the foregoing provisions of this Regulation, may be extended by the Administration for a period of grace up to one month from the date of expiry stated on it.

(g) A certificate shall cease to be valid :

(i) if the inspections and surveys are not carried out within the periods specified under Regulations 7(a), 8, 9, and 10(a) of Chapter I of the Convention and the present Protocol or as they may have been extended in accordance with paragraphs (d), (e) or (f) of this Regulation, or

(ii) upon transfer of the ship to the flag of another Government. A new certificate shall only be issued when the Government issuing the new certificate is fully satisfied that the ship is in compliance with the requirements of Regulation 11 (a) and (b) of this Chapter. In the case of a transfer between Parties, if requested within three months after the transfer has taken place, the Government of the Party whose flag the ship was formerly entitled to fly shall, as soon as possible, transmit to the Administration copies of the certificates carried by the ship before the transfer and, if available, copies of the relevant survey reports.
Reg. 14 Duration and validity of certificates*

(a) Certificates other than the Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate, the Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate and any Exemption Certificate shall be issued for a period not exceeding 12 months. The Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate shall be issued for a period not exceeding five years. The Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate shall be issued for a period not exceeding 24 months. Exemption Certificates shall not be valid for longer than the period of the certificates to which they refer.

(b) No extension of the five-year period of validity of the Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate shall be permitted.

(c) If a survey takes place within two months before the end of the period for which a Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate issued in respect of cargo ships of 300 tons gross tonnage and upwards, but less than 500 tons gross tonnage, was originally issued, that certificate may be withdrawn, and a new certificate may be issued which shall expire 12 months after the end of the said period.

(d) If the ship at the time when a certificate, other than that referred to in paragraph (b) of this regulation, expires is not in a port of the State whose flag it is entitled to fly or in which it is to be surveyed, the Administration may extend the certificate, but such extension shall be granted only for the purpose of allowing the ship to complete its voyage to the State whose flag it is entitled to fly or in which it is to be surveyed, and then only in cases where it appears proper and reasonable to do so.

(e) No certificate shall be extended under the provisions of paragraph (d) of this regulation for a longer period than five months, and a ship to which an extension is granted shall not, on its arrival in the State whose flag it is entitled to fly or the port in which it is to be surveyed, be entitled by virtue of such extension to leave that port or State without having obtained a new certificate.

(f) A certificate, other than that referred to in paragraph (b) of this regulation, which has not been extended under the foregoing provisions of this regulation, may be extended by the Administration for a period of grace up to one month from the date of expiry stated on it.

(g) A certificate shall cease to be valid:
(i) if the inspections and surveys are not carried out within the periods specified under regulations 7(a), 8, 9 and 10(a) of this chapter or as they may have been extended in accordance with paragraphs (d), (e) or (f) of this regulation, or
(ii) upon transfer of the ship to the flag of another Government. A new certificate shall only be issued when the Government issuing the new certificate is fully satisfied that the ship is in compliance with the requirements of regulation 11(a) and (b) of this chapter. In the case of a transfer between Parties, if requested within three months after the transfer has taken place, the Government of the Party whose flag the ship was formerly entitled to fly shall, as soon as possible, transmit to the Administration copies of the certificates carried by the ship before the transfer and, if available, copies of the relevant survey reports.



* Refer to the circular relating to requests by Parties to the SOLAS Protocol 1978 to Contracting Governments to SOLAS 1974 which are non-Parties to the Protocol to carry out safety radio surveys (PSLS.2/Circ.3)
Ingangsdatum: 01-02-1992
Geldig tot en met: 02-02-2000

(a) Certificates other than the Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate, the Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate and any Exemption Certificate shall be issued for a period not exceeding 12 months. The Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate shall be issued for a period not exceeding five years. The Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate shall be issued for a period not exceeding 24 months. Exemption Certificates shall not be valid for longer than the period of the certificates to which they refer.

(b) No extension of the five-year period of validity of the Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate shall be permitted.

(c) If a survey takes place within two months before the end of the period for which a Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate issued in respect of cargo ships of 300 tons gross tonnage and upwards, but less than 500 tons gross tonnage, was originally issued, that certificate may be withdrawn, and a new certificate may be issued which shall expire 12 months after the end of the said period.

(d) If the ship at the time when a certificate, other than that referred to in paragraph (b) of this regulation, expires is not in a port of the State whose flag it is entitled to fly or in which it is to be surveyed, the Administration may extend the certificate, but such extension shall be granted only for the purpose of allowing the ship to complete its voyage to the State whose flag it is entitled to fly or in which it is to be surveyed, and then only in cases where it appears proper and reasonable to do so.

(e) No certificate shall be extended under the provisions of paragraph (d) of this regulation for a longer period than five months, and a ship to which an extension is granted shall not, on its arrival in the State whose flag it is entitled to fly or the port in which it is to be surveyed, be entitled by virtue of such extension to leave that port or State without having obtained a new certificate.

(f) A certificate, other than that referred to in paragraph (b) of this regulation, which has not been extended under the foregoing provisions of this regulation, may be extended by the Administration for a period of grace up to one month from the date of expiry stated on it.

(g) A certificate shall cease to be valid:
(i) if the inspections and surveys are not carried out within the periods specified under regulations 7(a), 8, 9 and 10(a) of this chapter or as they may have been extended in accordance with paragraphs (d), (e) or (f) of this regulation, or
(ii) upon transfer of the ship to the flag of another Government. A new certificate shall only be issued when the Government issuing the new certificate is fully satisfied that the ship is in compliance with the requirements of regulation 11(a) and (b) of this chapter. In the case of a transfer between Parties, if requested within three months after the transfer has taken place, the Government of the Party whose flag the ship was formerly entitled to fly shall, as soon as possible, transmit to the Administration copies of the certificates carried by the ship before the transfer and, if available, copies of the relevant survey reports.



* Refer to the circular relating to requests by Parties to the SOLAS Protocol 1978 to Contracting Governments to SOLAS 1974 which are non-Parties to the Protocol to carry out safety radio surveys (PSLS.2/Circ.3)
Reg. 14 Duration and validity of certificates
Ingangsdatum: 03-02-2000

(a) A Passenger Ship Safety Certificate shall be issued for a period not exceeding 12 months. A Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate, Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate and Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate shall be issued for a period specified by the Administration which shall not exceed five years. An Exemption Certificate shall not be valid for longer than the period of the certificate to which it refers.

(b) (i) notwithstanding the requirements of paragraph (a), when the renewal survey is completed within three months before the expiry date of the existing certificate, the new certificate shall be valid from the date of completion of the renewal survey to :
    (1) for a passenger ship, a date not exceeding 12 months from the date of expiry of the existing certificate ;

    (2) for a cargo ship, a date not exceeding five years from the date of expiry of the existing certificate ; (ii) when the renewal survey is completed after the expiry date of the existing certificate, the new certificate shall be valid from the date of completion of the renewal survey to :
      (1) for a passenger ship, a date not exceeding 12 months from the date of expiry of the existing certificate ;

      (2) for a cargo ship, a date not exceeding five years from the date of expiry of the existing certificate ; (iii) when the renewal survey is completed more than three months before the expiry date of the existing certificate, the new certificate shall be valid from the date of completion of the renewal survey to :
        (1) for a passenger ship, a date not exceeding 12 months from the date of completion of the renewal survey ;

        (2) for a cargo ship, a date not exceeding five years from the date of completion of the renewal survey. (c) If a certificate other than a Passenger Ship Safety Certificate is issued for a period of less than five years, the Administration may extend the validity of the certificate beyond the expiry date to the maximum period specified in paragraph (a), provided that the surveys referred to in regulations 8, 9 and 10 applicable when a certificate is issued for a period of 5 years are carried out as appropriate.

        (d) If a renewal survey has been completed and a new certificate cannot be issued or placed on board the ship before the expiry date of the existing certificate, the person or organization authorized by the Administration may endorse the existing certificate and such a certificate shall be accepted as valid for a further period which shall not exceed 5 months from the expiry date.

        (e) If a ship at the time when a certificate expires is not in a port in which it is to be surveyed, the Administration may extend the period of validity of the certificate but this extension shall be granted only for the purpose of allowing the ship to complete its voyage to the port in which it is to be surveyed, and then only in cases where it appears proper and reasonable to do so. No certificate shall be extended for a period longer than three months, and a ship to which an extension is granted shall not, on its arrival in the port in which it is to be surveyed, be entitled by virtue of such extension to leave that port without having a new certificate. When the renewal survey is completed, the new certificate shall be valid to :
          (i) for a passenger ship, a date not exceeding 12 months from the date of expiry of the existing certificate before the extension was granted ;

          (ii) for a cargo ship, a date not exceeding 5 years from the date of expiry of the existing certificate before the extension was granted. (f) A certificate issued to a ship engaged on short voyages which has not been extended under the foregoing provisions of this regulation may be extended by the Administration for a period of grace of up to one month from the date of expiry stated on it. When the renewal survey is completed, the new certificate shall be valid to :
            (i) for a passenger ship, a date not exceeding 12 months from the date of expiry of the existing certificate before the extension was granted ;

            (ii) for a cargo ship, a date not exceeding 5 years from the date of expiry of the existing certificate before the extension was granted. (g) In special circumstances, as determined by the Administration, a new certificate need not be dated from the date of expiry of the existing certificate as required by paragraphs (b) (ii), (e) or (f) In these special circumstances, the new certificate shall be valid to :
              (i) for a passenger ship, a date not exceeding 12 months from the date of completion of the renewal survey ;

              (ii) for a cargo ship, a date not exceeding five years from the date of completion of the renewal survey. (h) If an annual, intermediate or periodical survey is completed before the period specified in the relevant regulations then :
                (i) the anniversary date shown on the relevant certificate shall be amended by endorsement to a date which shall not be more than three months later than the date on which the survey was completed ;

                (ii) the subsequent annual, intermediate or periodical survey required by the relevant regulations shall be completed at the intervals prescribed by these regulations using the new anniversary date ;

                (iii) the expiry date may remain unchanged provided one or more annual, intermediate or periodical surveys, as appropriate, are carried out so that the maximum intervals between the surveys prescribed by the relevant regulations are not exceeded. (i) A certificate issued under regulation 12 or 13 shall cease to be valid in any of the following case :
                  (i) if the relevant surveys and inspections are not completed within the periods specified under regulations 7 (a), 8 (a), 9 (a) and 10 (a) ;

                  (ii) if the certificate is not endorsed in accordance with the present regulations ;

                  (iii) upon transfer of the ship to the flag of another State. A new certificate shall only be issued when the Government issuing the new certificate is fully satisfied that the ship is in compliance with the requirements of regulation 11 (a) and (b). In the case of a transfer between Contracting Governments, if requested within three months after the transfer has taken place, the Government of the State whose flag the ship was formerly entitled to fly shall, as soon as possible, transmit to the Administration copies of the certificates carried by the ship before the transfer and, if available, copies of the relevant survey reports.

                  Reg. 15 Form of certificates

                  (a) All certificates shall be drawn up in the official language or languages of the country by which they are issued.

                  (b) The form of the certificates shall be that of the models given in the Appendix to the present Regulations. The arrangement of the printed part of the model certificates shall be exactly reproduced in the certificates issued, or in certified copies thereof, and the particulars inserted in the certificates issued, or in certified copies thereof, shall be in Roman characters and Arabic figures.
                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 02-02-2000
                  (a) All certificates shall be drawn up in the official language or languages of the country by which they are issued.

                  (b) The form of the certificates shall be that of the models given in the Appendix to the present Regulations. The arrangement of the printed part of the model certificates shall be exactly reproduced in the certificates issued, or in certified copies thereof, and the particulars inserted in the certificates issued, or in certified copies thereof, shall be in Roman characters and Arabic figures.
                  Reg. 15 Forms of certificates and records of equipment
                  Ingangsdatum: 03-02-2000

                  The certificates and records of equipment shall be drawn up in the form corresponding to the models given in the appendix to the Annex to the present Convention. If the language used is neither English nor French, the text shall include a translation into one of these languages.

                  Reg. 16 Posting up of Certificates

                  All certificates or certified copies thereof issued under the present Regulations shall be posted up in a prominent and accessible place in the ship.
                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 02-02-2000
                  All certificates or certified copies thereof issued under the present Regulations shall be posted up in a prominent and accessible place in the ship.
                  Reg. 16 Availability of certificates
                  Ingangsdatum: 03-02-2000
                  The certificates issued under regulation 12 and 13 shall be readily available on board for examination at all times.

                  Reg. 17 Acceptance of certificates

                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Certificates issued under the authority of a Contracting Government shall be accepted by the other Contracting Governments for all purposes covered by the present Convention. They shall be regarded by the other Contracting Governments as having the same force as certificates issued by them.

                  Reg. 18 Qualification of certificates

                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980

                  (a) If in the course of a particular voyage a ship has on board a number of persons less than the total number stated in the Passenger Ship Safety Certificate and is in consequence, in accordance with the provisions of the present Regulations, free to carry a smaller number of lifeboats and other life-saving appliances than that stated in the Certificate, an annex may be issued by the Government, person or organization referred to in Regulation 12 or 13 of this Chapter.

                  (b) This annex shall state that in the circumstances there is no infringement of the provisions of the present Regulations. It shall be annexed to the Certificate and shall be substituted for it in so far as the life-saving appliances are concerned. It shall be valid only for the particular voyage for which it is issued.

                  Reg. 19 Control

                  Every ship holding a certificate issued under Regulation 12 or Regulation 13 of this Chapter is subject in the ports of the other Contracting Governments to control by officers duly authorized by such Governments in so far as this control is directed towards verifying that there is on board a valid certificate. Such certificate shall be accepted unless there are clear grounds for believing that the condition of the ship or of its equipment does not correspond substantially with the particulars of that certificate. In that case, the officer carrying out the control shall take such steps as will ensure that the ship shall not sail until it can proceed to sea without danger to the passengers or the crew. In the event of this control giving rise to intervention of any kind, the officer carrying out the control shall inform the Consul of the country in which the ship is registered in writing forthwith of all the circumstances in which intervention was deemed to be necessary, and the facts shall be reported to the Organization.

                  Reg. 20 Privileges

                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  The privileges of the present Convention may not be claimed in favour of any ship unless it holds appropriate valid certificates.

                  Part C Casualties

                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980

                  Reg. 21 Casualties

                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980


                  (a) Each Administration undertakes to conduct an investigation of any casualty occurring to any of its ships subject to the provisions of the present Convention when it judges that such an investigation may assist in determining what changes in the present Regulations might be desirable*.

                  (b) Each Contracting Government undertakes to supply the Organization with pertinent information concerning the findings of such investigations. No reports or recommendations of the Organization based upon such information shall disclose the identity or nationality of the ships concerned or in any manner fix or imply responsibility upon any ship or person.


                  * .Refer to the following resolution adopted by the Organization:
                  Resolution A.894(20): Code for the investigation of marine casualties and incidents, as amended by resolution A.884(21).

                  Refer also to:
                  MSC/Circ.953 - MEPC/Circ.372: Reports on marine casualties and incidents. Revised harmonized reporting procedures - Reports required under SOLAS regulation I/21 and MARPOL 73/78 articles 8 and 12.

                  CHAPTER 02-02 Construction - Fire protection, fire detection and fire extinction

                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980

                  Part A General

                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980

                  Reg. 01 Application


                  ________
                  * Reference is made to Recommendation on Safety Measure for Periodically Unattended Machinery Spaces of Cargo ships additional to those normally considered necessary for an Attended Machinery Space, adopted by the Organization by Resolution A.211(VII)

                  (a) For the purpose of this Chapter :
                  (i) A new passenger ship is a passenger ship the keel of which is laid or which is at a similar stage of construction on or after the date of coming into force of the present Convention, or a cargo ship which is converted to a passenger ship on or after that date, all other passenger ships being considered as existing ships.
                  (ii) A new cargo ship is a cargo ship the keel of which is laid or which is at a similar stage of construction on or after the date of coming into force of the present Convention.
                  (iii) A ship which undergoes repairs, alterations, modifications and outfitting related thereto shall continue to comply with at least the requirements previously applicable to the ship. An existing ship in such a case shall not as a rule comply to a lesser extent with the requirements for a new ship than it did before. Repairs, alterations and modifications of a major character and outfitting related thereto should meet the requirements for a new ship in so far as the Administration deems reasonable and practicable.

                  (b) Unless expressly provided otherwise:
                  (i) Regulations 4 to 16 of Part A of this Chapter apply to new ships.
                  (ii) Part B of this Chapter applies to new passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers.
                  (iii) Part C of this Chapter applies to new passenger ships carrying not more than 36 passengers.
                  (iv) Part D of this Chapter applies to new cargo ships.
                  (v) Part E of this Chapter applies to new tankers.

                  (c)
                  (i) Part F of this Chapter applies to existing passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers.
                  (ii) Existing passenger ships carrying not more than 36 passengers existing cargo ships shall comply with the following :

                  (1) for ships the keels of which were laid or which were at a similar stage of construction on or after the date of coming into force of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1960, the Administration shall ensure that the requirements which were applied under Chapter II of that Convention to new ships as defined in that Chapter are complied with ;

                  (2) for ships the keels of which were laid or which were at a similar stage of construction on or after the date of coming into force of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1948, but before the date of coming into force of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1960, the Administration shall ensure that the requirements which were applied under Chapter II of the 1948 Convention to new ships as defined in that Chapter are complied with ;

                  (3) for ships the keels of which were laid or which were at a similar stage of construction before the date of coming into force of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea,1948, the Administration shall ensure that the requirements which were applied under Chapter II of that Convention to existing ships as defined in that Chapter are complied with.

                  (d) For any existing ship as defined in the present Convention the Administration, in addition to applying the requirements of sub-paragraph (c)(i) of this Regulation, shall decide which of the requirements of this Chapter not contained in Chapter II of the 1948 and 1960 Conventions shall be applied.

                  (e) The Administration may, if it considers that the sheltered nature and conditions of the voyage are such as to render the application of any specific requirements of this Chapter unreasonable or unnecessary, exempt from those requirements individual ships or classes of ships belonging to its country which, in the course of their voyage, do not proceed more than 20 miles from the nearest land.

                  (f) In the case of passenger ships which are employed in special trades for the carriage of large numbers of special trade passengers, such as the pilgrim trade, the Administration, if satisfied that it is impracticable to enforce compliance with the requirements of this Chapter, may exempt such ships, when they belong to its country, from those requirements, provided that they comply fully with the provisions of :
                  (i) the Rules annexed to the Special Trade Passenger Ships Agreement, 1971, and
                  (ii) the Rules annexed to the Protocol on Space Requirements for Special Trade Passenger Ships, 1973, when it comes into force.

                  Reg. 02 Basic principles


                  The purpose of this Chapter is to require the fullest practicable degree of fire protection, fire detection and fire extinction in ships. The following basic principles underlie the Regulations in this Chapter and are embodied in the Regulations as appropriate, having regard to the type of ships and the potential fire hazard involved :

                  (a) division of ship into main vertical zones by thermal and structural boundaries ;
                  (b) separation of accommodation spaces from the remainder of the ship by thermal and structural boundaries ;
                  (c) restricted use of combustible materials ;
                  (d) detection of any fire in the zone of origin ;
                  (e) containment and extinction of any fire in the space of origin ;
                  (f) protection of means of escape or access for fire fighting ;
                  (g) ready availability of fire-extinguishing appliances ;
                  (h) minimization of possibility of ignition of inflammable* cargo vapour.

                  __________
                  * "Inflammable" has the same meaning as "flammable."

                  Reg. 03 Definitions


                  For the purpose of this Chapter, unless expressly provided otherwise :

                  (a) "Non-combustible material" means a material which neither burns nor gives off inflammable vapours in sufficient quantity for self-ignition when heated to approximately 750 °C (1,382º F) this being determined to the satisfaction of the Administration by an established test procedure†. Any other material is a combustible material.

                  _______________________
                  † Reference is made to Recommendation on Test Method for Qualifying Marine Construction Materials as Non-Combustible, adopted by the Organization by Resolution A.270(VIII)

                  (b) "A Standard Fire Test" is one in which specimens of the relevant bulkheads or decks are exposed in a test furnace to temperatures corresponding approximately to the standard time-temperature curve. The specimen shall have an exposed surface of not less than 4.65 square metres (50 square feet) and height (or length of deck) of 2.44 metres (8 feet) resembling as closely as possible the intended construction and including where appropriate at least one joint. The standard time-temperature curve is defined by a smooth curve drawn through the following points :

                  at  the  end  of the  first  5  minutes -  538 °C ( 1,000°F )

                  "         "        "        "       "     "      10           "         - 704 °C (1,300º F )

                  "         "         "        "     "      "      30           "         - 843 °C (1,550º F)

                  "         "         "       "      "      "      60           "        - 927 °C (1,700º F)                                


                  (c) "A" Class Divisions" are those divisions formed by bulkheads and decks which comply with the following :
                  (i) they shall be constructed of steel or other equivalent material ;
                  (ii) they shall be suitably stiffened ;
                  (iii) they shall be so constructed as to be capable of preventing the passage of smoke and flame to the end of the one-hour standard fire test ;
                  (iv) they shall be insulated with approved non-combustible materials such that the average temperature of the unexposed side will not rise more than 139 ° C (250º F ) above the original temperature, nor will the temperature, at any one point, including any joint, rise more than 180 ° (325&$186 F) above the original temperature, within the time listed below :
                  Class "A-60"        60 minutes
                  Class "A-30"        30 minutes
                  Class "A-15"        15 minutes
                  Class "A- 0"         0 minutes

                  (v) the Administration may require a test of a prototype bulkhead or deck to ensure that it meets the above requirements for integrity and temperature rise. *

                  ________________
                  * Reference is made to Recommendation for Fire Test Procedures for "A" and "B" Class Divisions, adopted by the Organization by Resolution A.163(ES.IV) and A.215(VII).

                  (d) ""B" Class Divisions" are those divisions formed by bulkheads, decks, ceilings or linings which comply with the following :
                  (i) they shall be so constructed as to be capable of preventing the passage of flame to the end of the first one-half hour of the standard fire test ;
                  (ii) they shall have an insulation value such that the average temperature of the unexposed side will not rise more than 139 °C (250º F ) above the original temperature, nor will the temperature at any one point, including any joint, rise more than 225 °C (405º F ) above the original temperature, within the time listed below :
                  Class "B-15"          15 minutes
                  Class "B- 0"          0 minutes
                  (iii) they shall be constructed of approved non-combustible materials and all materials entering into the construction and erection of "B" Class divisions shall be non-combustible, except where in accordance with Parts C and D of this Chapter the use of combustible material is not precluded, in which case it shall comply with the temperature rise limitation specified in sub-paragraph (ii) of this paragraph up to the end of the first one-half hour of the standard fire test ;
                  (iv) the Administration may require a test of a prototype division to ensure that it meets the above requirements for integrity and temperature rise . *

                  ________________
                  * Reference is made to Recommendation for Fire Test Procedures for "A" and "B" Class Divisions, adopted by the Organization by Resolution A.163(ES.IV) and A.215(VII).

                  (e)"C" "Class Divisions" shall be constructed of approved non-combustible materials. They need meet no requirements relative to the passage of smoke and flame nor the limiting of temperature rise.

                  (f) "Continuous "B" Class Ceilings or Linings" are those "B" Class ceilings or linings which terminate only at an "A" or "B" Class division.

                  (g) "Steel or Other Equivalent Material". Where the words "steel or other equivalent material" occur, "equivalent material" means any material which, by itself or due to insulation provided, has structural and integrity properties equivalent to steel at the end of the applicable fire exposure to the standard fire test (e.g. aluminium alloy with appropriate insulation).

                  (h) "Low Flame Spread" means that the surface thus described will adequately restrict the spread of flame, this being determined to the satisfaction of the Administration by an established test procedure.

                  (i) "Main Vertical Zones" are those sections into which the hull, superstructure, and deckhouses are divided by "A" Class divisions, the mean length of which on any one deck does not in general exceed 40 metres (131 feet).

                  (j) "Accommodation Spaces" are those used for public spaces, corridors, lavatories, cabins, offices, crew quarters, barber shops, isolated pantries and lockers and similar spaces.

                  (k) "Public Spaces" are those portions of the accommodation which are used for halls, dining rooms, lounges and similar permanently enclosed spaces.

                  (l) "Service Spaces" are those used for galleys, main pantries, stores (except isolated pantries and lockers), mail and specie rooms, workshops other than those forming part of machinery spaces, and similar spaces and trunks to such spaces.

                  (m) "Cargo Spaces" are all spaces used for cargo (including cargo oil tanks) and trunks to such spaces.

                  (n) "Special Category Spaces" are those enclosed spaces above or below the bulkhead deck intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion, into and from which such vehicles can be driven and to which passengers have access.

                  (o) "Machinery Spaces of Category A" are all spaces which contain :
                  (i) internal combustion type machinery used either for main propulsion purposes, or for other purposes where such machinery has in the aggregate a total power output of not less than 373 kW, or
                  (ii) any oil-fired boiler or oil fuel unit; and trunks to such spaces.

                  (p) "Machinery Spaces" are all machinery spaces of Category A and all other spaces containing propelling machinery, boilers, oil fuel units, steam and internal combustion engines, generators and major electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigerating, stabilizing, ventilation and air conditioning machinery, and similar spaces; and trunks to such spaces.

                  (q) "Oil Fuel Unit" means the equipment used for the preparation of oil fuel for delivery to an oil-fired boiler, or equipment used for the preparation for delivery of heated oil to an internal combustion engine, and includes any oil pressure pumps, filters and heaters dealing with oil at a pressure more than 1.8 kilograms per square centimetre (25 pounds per square inch) gauge.

                  (r) "Control Stations" are those spaces in which the ship's radio or main navigating equipment or the emergency source of power is located or where the fire recording or fire control equipment is centralized.

                  (s) "Rooms containing Furniture and Furnishings of Restricted Fire Risk" are, for the purpose of Regulation 20 of this Chapter, those rooms containing furniture and furnishings of restricted fire risk (whether cabins, public spaces, offices or other types of accommodation) in which :
                  (i) all case furniture such as desks, wardrobes, dressing tables, bureaux, dressers, is constructed entirely of approved non-combustible materials, except that a combustible veneer not exceeding 2 millimetres (1/12 inch) may be used on the working surface of such articles ;
                  (ii) all free-standing furniture such as chairs, sofas, tables, is constructed with frames of non-combustible materials ;
                  (iii) all draperies, curtains and other suspended textile materials have, to the satisfaction of the Administration, qualities of resistance to the propagation of flame not inferior to those of wool weighing 0.8 kilogrammes per square metre (24 ounces per square yard) ;
                  (iv) all floor coverings have, to the satisfaction of the Administration, qualities of resistance to the propagation of flame not inferior to those of an equivalent woollen material used for the same purpose ; and
                  (v) all exposed surfaces of bulkheads, linings and ceilings have low flame spread characteristics.

                  (t) "Bulkhead deck" is the uppermost deck up to which the transverse watertight bulkheads are carried.

                  (u) "Deadweight" is the difference in metric tons between the displacement of a ship in water of a specific gravity of 1.025 at the load water line corresponding to the assigned summer freeboard and the lightweight of the ship.

                  (v) "Lightweight" is the displacement of a ship in metric tons without cargo, fuel, lubricating oil, ballast water, fresh water and feedwater in tanks, consumable stores, together with passengers, and crew and their effects.

                  (w) "Combination carrier" is a tanker designed to carry oil or alternatively solid cargoes in bulk.

                  Reg. 04 Fire Control Plans


                  There shall be permanently exhibited in all new and existing ships for the guidance of the ship's officers general arrangement plans showing clearly for each deck the control stations, the various fire sections enclosed by "A" Class division, the sections enclosed by "B" Class divisions (if any), together with particulars of the fire alarms, detecting systems, the sprinkler installation (if any) the fire extinguishing appliances, means of access to different compartments, decks, etc. and the ventilating system including particulars of the fan control positions, the position of dampers and identification numbers of the ventilating fans serving each section. Alternatively, at the discretion of the Administration, the aforementioned details may be set out in a booklet, a copy of which shall be supplied to each officer, and one copy at all times shall be available on board in an being recorded thereon as soon as practicable. Description in such plans and booklets shall be in the national language. If the language is neither English nor French, a translation into one of those languages shall be included. In addition, instructions concerning the maintenance and operation of all the equipment and installations on board for the fighting and containment of fire shall be kept under one cover, readily available in an accessible position.
                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-08-1984

                  There shall be permanently exhibited in all new and existing ships for the guidance of the ship's officers general arrangement plans showing clearly for each deck the control stations, the various fire sections enclosed by "A" Class division, the sections enclosed by "B" Class divisions (if any), together with particulars of the fire alarms, detecting systems, the sprinkler installation (if any) the fire extinguishing appliances, means of access to different compartments, decks, etc. and the ventilating system including particulars of the fan control positions, the position of dampers and identification numbers of the ventilating fans serving each section. Alternatively, at the discretion of the Administration, the aforementioned details may be set out in a booklet, a copy of which shall be supplied to each officer, and one copy at all times shall be available on board in an being recorded thereon as soon as practicable. Description in such plans and booklets shall be in the national language. If the language is neither English nor French, a translation into one of those languages shall be included. In addition, instructions concerning the maintenance and operation of all the equipment and installations on board for the fighting and containment of fire shall be kept under one cover, readily available in an accessible position.
                  Reg. 04 Fire pumps, fire mains, hydrants and hoses

                  1 Every ship shall be provided with fire pumps, fire mains, hydrants and hoses complying as applicable with the requirements of this Regulation.

                  2 Capacity of fire pumps

                  2.1 The required fire pumps shall be capable of delivering for fire-fighting purposes a quantity of water, at the pressure specified in paragraph 4, as follows:
                  .1 pumps in passenger ships, not less than two-thirds of the quantity required to be dealt with by the bilge pumps when employed for bilge pumping; and
                  .2 pumps in cargo ships, other than any emergency pump, not less than four-thirds of the quantity required under Regulation II-1/21 to be dealt with by each of the independent bilge pumps in a passenger ship of the same dimension when employed in bilge pumping, provided that in no cargo ship need the total required capacity of the fire pumps exceed 180./hour.

                  2.2 Each of the required fire pumps (other than any emergency pump required in paragraph 3.3.2 for cargo ships)shall have a capacity not less than 80 percent of the total required capacity divided by the minimum number of required fire pumps but in any case not less than 25./hour and each such pump shall in any event be capable of delivering at least the two required jets of water. These fire pumps shall be capable of supplying the fire main system under the required conditions. Where more pumps than the minimum of required pumps are installed the capacity of such additional pumps shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  3 Arrangements of fire pumps and of fire mains



                  3.2 Sanitary, ballast, bilge or general service pumps may be accepted as fire pumps, provided that they are not normally used for pumping oil and that if they are subject to occasional duty for the transfer or pumping of oil fuel, suitable change-over arrangements are fitted.

                  3.3 The arrangement of sea connections, fire pumps and their sources of power shall be such as to ensure that :
                  .1 In passenger ships of 1,000 tons gross tonnage and upwards, in the event of a fire in any one compartment all the fire pumps will not be put out of action.
                  .2 In cargo ships of 2,000 tons gross tonnage and upwards if a fire in any one compartment could put all the pumps out of action there shall be an alternative means consisting of a fixed independently driven emergency pump which shall be capable of supplying two jets of water to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                  The pump and its location shall comply with the following requirements :

                  .2.1 The capacity of the pump shall not be less than 40 percent of the total capacity of the fire pumps required by this Regulation. and in any case not less than 25 ./hour.

                  .2.2 When the pump is delivering the quantity of water required by paragraph 3.3.2.1 the pressure at any hydrant shall be not less than the minimum pressures given in paragraph 4.2.

                  .2.3 Any diesel driven power source for the pump shall be capable of being readily started in its cold condition down to a temperature of 0°C by hand (manual) cranking. If this is impracticable, or if lower temperatures are likely to be encountered, consideration is to be given to the provision and maintenance of heating arrangements, acceptable to the Administration, so that ready starting will be assured. If hand (manual) starting is impracticable the Administration may permit other means of starting. These means shall be such as to enable the diesel driven power source to be started at least 6 times within a period of 30 minutes, and at least twice within the first 10 minutes.

                  .2.4 Any service fuel tank shall contain sufficient fuel to enable the pump to run on full load for at least three hours and sufficient reserves of fuel shall be available outside the main machinery space to enable the pump to be run on full load for an additional 15 hours.

                  .2.5 The total suction head of the pump shall not exceed 4.5 m under all conditions of list and trim likely to be encountered in service and the suction piping shall be designed to minimize suction losses.

                  .2.6 The boundaries of the space containing the fire pump shall be insulated to a standard of structural fire protection equivalent to that required for a control room in Regulation 44.

                  .2.7 No direct access shall be permitted between the machinery space and the space containing the emergency fire pump and its source of power. When this is impracticable an Administration may accept an arrangement where the access is by means of an airlock, each of the two doors being self-closing, or through a watertight door capable of being operated from a space remote from the machinery space and the space containing the emergency fire pump and unlikely to be cut off in the event of fire in those spaces. In such cases a second means of access to the space containing the emergency fire pump and its source of power shall be provided.

                  .2.8 Ventilation arrangements to the space containing the independent source of power for the emergency fire pump shall be such as to preclude, as far as practicable, the possibility of smoke from a machinery space fire entering or being drawn into that space.

                  .3 In passenger ships of less than 1,000 tons gross tonnage and cargo ships of less than 2,000 tons gross tonnage, if a fire in any one compartment could put all the pumps out of action the alternative means of providing water for fire-fighting purposes are to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  .4 In addition, in cargo ships where other pumps, such as general service, bilge and ballast, etc., are fitted in a machinery space, arrangements shall be made to ensure that at least one of these pumps, having the capacity and pressure required by paragraphs 2.2 and 4.2, is capable of providing water to the fire main.

                  3.4 The arrangements for the ready availability of water supply shall be :
                  .1 in passenger ships of 1,000 tons gross tonnage and upwards such that at least one effective jet of water is immediately available from any hydrant in an interior location and so as to ensure the continuation of the output of water by the automatic starting of a required fire pump ;
                  .2 in passenger ships of less than 1,000 tons gross tonnage and in cargo ships to the satisfaction of the Administration ;
                  .3 in cargo ships with a periodically unattended machinery space or when only one person is required on watch there shall be immediate water delivery from the fire main system at a suitable pressure, either by remote starting of one of the main fire pumps with remote starting from the navigating bridge and fire control station, if any, or permanent pressurization of the fire main system by one of the main fire pumps, except that the Administration may waive this requirement for cargo ships of less than 1,600 tons gross tonnage if the arrangement of the machinery space access makes it unnecessary ;
                  .4 in passenger ships, if fitted with periodically unattended machinery spaces in accordance with Reg. II-1/54, the Administration shall determine provisions for fixed water fire-extinguishing arrangement for such spaces equivalent to those required for normally attended machinery spaces.

                  3.5 Relief valves shall be provided in conjunction with all fire pumps if the pumps are capable of developing a pressure exceeding the design pressure of the water service pipes, hydrants and hoses.
                  These valves shall be so placed and adjusted as to prevent excessive pressure in any part of the fire main system.

                  3.6 In tankers isolation valves shall be fitted in the fire main at poop front in a protected position and on the tank deck at intervals of not more than 40 m to preserve the integrity of the fire main system in case of fire or explosion.

                  4 Diameter of and pressure in the fire mains

                  4.1 The diameter of the fire main and water service pipes shall be sufficient for the effective distribution of the maximum required discharge from two fire pumps operating simultaneously, except that in the case of cargo ships the diameter need only be sufficient for the discharge of 140 ./hour

                  4.2 With the two pumps simultaneously delivering through nozzles specified in paragraph 8 the quantity of water specified in paragraph 4.1, through any adjacent hydrants, the following minimum pressures shall be maintained at all hydrants :
                  Passenger ships :
                  Cargo ships :

                  4.3 The maximum pressure at any hydrant shall not exceed that at which the effective control of a fire hose can be demonstrated.

                  5 Number and position of hydrants

                  5.1 The number and position of hydrants shall be such that at least two jets of water not emanating from the same hydrant, one of which shall be from a single length of hose, may reach any part of the ship normally accessible to the passengers or crew while the ship is being navigated and any part of any cargo space when empty, any ro-ro cargo space or any special category space in which latter case the two jets shall reach any part of such space, each from a single length of hose. Furthermore, such hydrants shall be positioned near the accesses to the protected spaces.

                  5.2 In the accommodation, service and machinery spaces of passenger ships the number and position of hydrants shall be such that the requirements of paragraph 5.1 may be complied with when all watertight doors and all doors in main vertical zone bulkheads are closed.

                  5.3 Where, in a passenger ship, access is provided to a machinery space of category A at a low level from an adjacent shaft tunnel, two hydrants shall be provided external to, but near the entrance to that machinery space. Where such access is provided from other spaces, in one of those spaces two hydrants shall be provided near the entrance to the machinery space of category A. Such provision need not be made where the tunnel or adjacent spaces are not part of the escape route.

                  6 Pipe and hydrantss

                  6.1 Materials readily rendered ineffective by heat shall not be used for fire mains and hydrants unless adequately protected. The pipes and hydrants shall be so placed that the fire hoses may be easily coupled to them. The arrangement of pipes and hydrants shall be such as to avoid the possibility of freezing. In ships where deck cargo may be carried, the positions of the hydrants shall be such that they are always readily accessible and the pipes shall bear ranged as far as practicable to avoid risk of damage by such cargo. Unless one hose and nozzle is provided for each hydrant in the ship, there shall be complete interchangeability of hose couplings and nozzles.

                  6.2 A valve shall be fitted to serve each fire hose so that any fire hose may be removed while the fire pumps are at work.


                  6.3 Isolating valves to separate the section of the fire main within the machinery space containing the main fire pump or pumps from the rest of the fire main shall be fitted in an easily accessible and tenable position outside the machinery spaces. The fire main shall be so arranged that when the isolating valves are shut all the hydrants on the ship, except those in the machinery space referred to above, can be supplied with water by a fire pump not located in this machinery space through pipes which do not enter this space. Exceptionally, the Administration may permit short lengths of the emergency fire pump suction and discharge piping to penetrate the machinery space if it is impracticable to route it externally provided that the integrity of the fire main is maintained by the enclosure of the piping in a substantial steel casing.

                  7 Fire hoses

                  7.1 Fire hoses shall be of material approved by the Administration and shall be sufficient in length to project a jet of water to any of the spaces in which they may be required to be used. Their maximum length shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration. Each hose shall be provided with a nozzle and the necessary couplings. Hoses specified in this Chapter as "fire hoses" shall together with any necessary fittings and tools be kept ready for use in conspicuous positions near the water service hydrants or connections. Additionally in interior locations in passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers fire hoses shall be connected to the hydrants at all times.

                  7.2 Ships shall be provided with fire hoses the number and diameter of which shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  7.3 In passenger ships there shall be at least one fire hose for each of the hydrants required by paragraph 5 and these hoses shall be used only for the purposes of extinguishing fires or testing the fire-extinguishing apparatus at fire drills and surveys.

                  7.4.1 In cargo ships of 1,000 tons gross tonnage and upwards the number of fire hoses to be provided shall be one for each 30 m length of the ship and one spare but in no case less than five in all. This number does not include any hoses required in any engine or boiler room. The Administration may increase the number of hoses required so as to ensure that hoses in sufficient number are available and accessible at all times, having regard to the type of ship and the nature of trade in which the ship is employed.

                  7.4.2 In cargo ships of less than 1,000 tons gross tonnage the number of fire hoses to be provided shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  8 Nozzles

                  8.1 For the purposes of this Chapter, standard nozzle sizes shall be 12㎜, 16㎜ and 19㎜ or as near thereto as possible. Larger diameter nozzles may be permitted at the discretion of the Administration.

                  8.2 For accommodation and service spaces, a nozzle size greater than 12㎜ need not be used.

                  8.3 For machinery spaces and exterior locations, the nozzle size shall be such as to obtain the maximum discharge possible from two jets at the pressure mentioned in paragraph 4 from the smallest pump, provided that a nozzle size greater than 19㎜ need not be used.

                  8.4 All nozzles shall be of an approved dual purpose type (i.e.spray/jet type) incorporating a shut-off.

                  9 Location and arrangement of water pumps, etc., for other fire-extinguishing systems. Pumps required for the provision of water for other fire-extinguishing systems required by this Chapter, their sources of power and their controls shall be installed outside the space or spaces protected by such systems and shall be so arranged that a fire in the space or spaces protected will not put any such system out of action.

                  Reg. 05 Fire Pumps, Fire Mains, Hydrants and Hoses


                  (a) Total Capacity of Fire Pumps

                  (i) In a passenger ship, the required fire pumps shall be capable of delivering for fire-fighting purposes a quantity of water, at the appropriate pressure prescribed below, not less than two-thirds of the quantity required to be dealt with by the bilge pumps when employed for bilge pumping.
                  (ii) In a cargo ship, the required fire pumps, other than the emergency pump (if any), shall be capable of delivering for fire-fighting purposes a quantity of water, at the appropriate pressure prescribed, not less than four-thirds of the quantity required under Regulation 18 of Chapter II-1 to be dealt with by each of the independent bilge pumps in a passenger ship of the same dimensions when employed on bilge pumping, provided that in no cargo ship need the total required capacity of the fire pumps exceed 180 cubic metres per hour.

                  (b) Fire Pumps
                  (i) The fire pumps shall be independently driven. Sanitary, ballast, bilge or general service pumps may be accepted as fire pumps, provided that they are not normally used for pumping oil and that if they are subject to occasional duty for the transfer or pumping of fuel oil, suitable change-over arrangements are fitted.
                  (ii) (1) In passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers, each of the required fire pumps shall have a capacity not less than 80 per cent of the total required capacity divided by the minimum number of required fire pumps and each such pump shall in any event be capable of delivering at least the two required jets of water. These fire pumps shall be capable of supplying the fire main system under the required conditions. Where more pumps than the minimum of required pumps are installed the capacity of such additional pumps shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                  (2) In all other types of ships (e. g. passenger ships carrying not more than 36 passengers), each of the required fire pumps (other than any emergency pump required by Regulation 52 of this Chapter) shall have a capacity not less than 80 per cent of the total required capacity divided by the number of required fire pumps, and shall in any event be capable of supplying the fire main system under the required conditions. Where more pumps than required are installed their capacity shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  (iii) Relief valves shall be provided in conjunction with all fire pumps if the pumps are capable of developing a pressure exceeding the design pressure of the water service pipes, hydrants and hoses. These valves shall be so placed and adjusted as to prevent excessive pressure in any part of the fire main system.

                  (c) Pressure in the Fire Main
                  (i) The diameter of the fire main and water service pipes shall be sufficient for the effective distribution of the maximum required discharge from two fire pumps operating simultaneously, except that in the case of cargo ships the diameter need only be sufficient for the discharge of 140 cubic metres per hour.
                  (ii) With the two pumps simultaneously delivering through nozzles specified in paragraph (g) of this Regulation the quantity of water specified in sub-paragraph (i) of this paragraph, through any adjacent hydrants, the following minimum pressures shall be maintained at all hydrants :


                  (d) Number and Position of Hydrants The number and position of the hydrants shall be such that at least two jets of water not emanating from the same hydrant, one of which shall be from a single length of hose, may reach any part of the ship normally accessible to the passengers or crew while the ship is being navigated.

                  (e) Pipes and Hydrants
                  (i) Materials readily rendered ineffective by heat shall not be used for fire mains and hydrants unless adequately protected. The pipes and hydrants shall be so placed that the fire hoses may be easily coupled to them. In ships where deck cargo may be carried, the positions of the hydrants shall be such that they are always readily accessible and the pipes shall be arranged as far as practicable to avoid risk of damage by such cargo. Unless there is provided one hose and nozzle for each hydrant in the ship, there shall be complete interchangeability of hose couplings and nozzles.
                  (ii) A cock or valve shall be fitted to serve each fire hose so that any fire hose may be removed while the fire pumps are at work.

                  (f) Fire Hoses
                  Fire hoses shall be of material approved by the Administration and sufficient in length to project a jet of water to any of the spaces in which they may be required to be used. Their maximum length shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration. Each hose shall be provided with a nozzle and the necessary couplings. Hoses specified in this Chapter as "fire hoses" shall together with any necessary fittings and tools be kept ready for use in conspicuous positions near the water service hydrants or connections. Additionally in interior locations in passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers, fire hoses shall be connected to the hydrants at all times.

                  (g) Nozzles
                  (i) For the purposes of this Chapter, standard nozzle sizes shall be 12 millimetres ( ½ inch), 16 millimetres( ⅝ inch) and 19 millimetres ( ¾ inch) or as near thereto as possible. Larger diameter nozzles may be permitted at the discretion of the Administration.
                  (ii) For accommodation and service spaces, a nozzle size greater than 12 millimetres (½inch) need not be used.
                  (iii) For machinery spaces and exterior locations, the nozzle size shall be such as to obtain the maximum discharge possible from two jets at the pressure mentioned in paragraph (c) of this Reg. from the smallest pump, provided that a nozzle size greater than 19 millimetres ( ¾ inch) need not be used.
                  (iv) For machinery spaces or in similar spaces where the risk of spillage of oil exists, the nozzles shall be suitable for spraying water on oil or alternatively shall be of a dual purpose type.

                  (h) International Shore Connection Standard dimensions of flanges for the international shore connection required in this Chapter to be installed in the ship shall be in accordance with the following table :

                  The connection shall be constructed of material suitable for 10.5 kilogrammes per square centimetre (150 pounds per square inch) service. The flange shall have a flat face on one side and the other shall have permanently attached thereto a coupling that will fit the ship's hydrant and hose. The connection shall be kept aboard the ship together with a gasket of any material suitable for 10.5 kilogrammes per square centimetre (150 pounds per square inch) service, together with four 16 millimetres ( 8/5 inch) bolts, 50 millimetres (2 inches) in length and eight washers.
                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-08-1984

                  (a) Total Capacity of Fire Pumps

                  (i) In a passenger ship, the required fire pumps shall be capable of delivering for fire-fighting purposes a quantity of water, at the appropriate pressure prescribed below, not less than two-thirds of the quantity required to be dealt with by the bilge pumps when employed for bilge pumping.
                  (ii) In a cargo ship, the required fire pumps, other than the emergency pump (if any), shall be capable of delivering for fire-fighting purposes a quantity of water, at the appropriate pressure prescribed, not less than four-thirds of the quantity required under Regulation 18 of Chapter II-1 to be dealt with by each of the independent bilge pumps in a passenger ship of the same dimensions when employed on bilge pumping, provided that in no cargo ship need the total required capacity of the fire pumps exceed 180 cubic metres per hour.

                  (b) Fire Pumps
                  (i) The fire pumps shall be independently driven. Sanitary, ballast, bilge or general service pumps may be accepted as fire pumps, provided that they are not normally used for pumping oil and that if they are subject to occasional duty for the transfer or pumping of fuel oil, suitable change-over arrangements are fitted.
                  (ii) (1) In passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers, each of the required fire pumps shall have a capacity not less than 80 per cent of the total required capacity divided by the minimum number of required fire pumps and each such pump shall in any event be capable of delivering at least the two required jets of water. These fire pumps shall be capable of supplying the fire main system under the required conditions. Where more pumps than the minimum of required pumps are installed the capacity of such additional pumps shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                  (2) In all other types of ships (e. g. passenger ships carrying not more than 36 passengers), each of the required fire pumps (other than any emergency pump required by Regulation 52 of this Chapter) shall have a capacity not less than 80 per cent of the total required capacity divided by the number of required fire pumps, and shall in any event be capable of supplying the fire main system under the required conditions. Where more pumps than required are installed their capacity shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  (iii) Relief valves shall be provided in conjunction with all fire pumps if the pumps are capable of developing a pressure exceeding the design pressure of the water service pipes, hydrants and hoses. These valves shall be so placed and adjusted as to prevent excessive pressure in any part of the fire main system.

                  (c) Pressure in the Fire Main
                  (i) The diameter of the fire main and water service pipes shall be sufficient for the effective distribution of the maximum required discharge from two fire pumps operating simultaneously, except that in the case of cargo ships the diameter need only be sufficient for the discharge of 140 cubic metres per hour.
                  (ii) With the two pumps simultaneously delivering through nozzles specified in paragraph (g) of this Regulation the quantity of water specified in sub-paragraph (i) of this paragraph, through any adjacent hydrants, the following minimum pressures shall be maintained at all hydrants :


                  (d) Number and Position of Hydrants The number and position of the hydrants shall be such that at least two jets of water not emanating from the same hydrant, one of which shall be from a single length of hose, may reach any part of the ship normally accessible to the passengers or crew while the ship is being navigated.

                  (e) Pipes and Hydrants
                  (i) Materials readily rendered ineffective by heat shall not be used for fire mains and hydrants unless adequately protected. The pipes and hydrants shall be so placed that the fire hoses may be easily coupled to them. In ships where deck cargo may be carried, the positions of the hydrants shall be such that they are always readily accessible and the pipes shall be arranged as far as practicable to avoid risk of damage by such cargo. Unless there is provided one hose and nozzle for each hydrant in the ship, there shall be complete interchangeability of hose couplings and nozzles.
                  (ii) A cock or valve shall be fitted to serve each fire hose so that any fire hose may be removed while the fire pumps are at work.

                  (f) Fire Hoses
                  Fire hoses shall be of material approved by the Administration and sufficient in length to project a jet of water to any of the spaces in which they may be required to be used. Their maximum length shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration. Each hose shall be provided with a nozzle and the necessary couplings. Hoses specified in this Chapter as "fire hoses" shall together with any necessary fittings and tools be kept ready for use in conspicuous positions near the water service hydrants or connections. Additionally in interior locations in passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers, fire hoses shall be connected to the hydrants at all times.

                  (g) Nozzles
                  (i) For the purposes of this Chapter, standard nozzle sizes shall be 12 millimetres ( ½ inch), 16 millimetres( ⅝ inch) and 19 millimetres ( ¾ inch) or as near thereto as possible. Larger diameter nozzles may be permitted at the discretion of the Administration.
                  (ii) For accommodation and service spaces, a nozzle size greater than 12 millimetres (½inch) need not be used.
                  (iii) For machinery spaces and exterior locations, the nozzle size shall be such as to obtain the maximum discharge possible from two jets at the pressure mentioned in paragraph (c) of this Reg. from the smallest pump, provided that a nozzle size greater than 19 millimetres ( ¾ inch) need not be used.
                  (iv) For machinery spaces or in similar spaces where the risk of spillage of oil exists, the nozzles shall be suitable for spraying water on oil or alternatively shall be of a dual purpose type.

                  (h) International Shore Connection Standard dimensions of flanges for the international shore connection required in this Chapter to be installed in the ship shall be in accordance with the following table :

                  The connection shall be constructed of material suitable for 10.5 kilogrammes per square centimetre (150 pounds per square inch) service. The flange shall have a flat face on one side and the other shall have permanently attached thereto a coupling that will fit the ship's hydrant and hose. The connection shall be kept aboard the ship together with a gasket of any material suitable for 10.5 kilogrammes per square centimetre (150 pounds per square inch) service, together with four 16 millimetres ( 8/5 inch) bolts, 50 millimetres (2 inches) in length and eight washers.
                  Reg. 05 Fixed gas fire-extinguishing systems

                  1 General.

                  1.1 The use of a fire-extinguishing medium which, in the opinion of the Administration, either by itself or under expected conditions of use gives off toxic gases in such quantities as to endanger persons shall not be permitted.

                  1.2 The necessary pipes for conveying fire-extinguishing medium into protected spaces shall be provided with control valves so marked as to indicate clearly the spaces to which the pipes are led. Suitable provision shall be made to prevent inadvertent admission of the medium to any space. Where a cargo space fitted with a gas fire-extinguishing system is used as a passenger space the gas connection shall be blanked during such use.

                  1.3 The piping for the distribution of fire-extinguishing medium shall be arranged and discharge nozzles so positioned that a uniform distribution of medium is obtained.

                  1.4 Means shall be provided to close all openings which may admit air to or allow gas to escape from a protected space.

                  1.5 Where the volume of free air contained in air receivers in any space is such that, if released in such space in the event of fire, such release of air within that space would seriously affect the efficiency of the fixed fire-extinguishing system, the Administration shall require the provision of an additional quantity of fire-extinguishing medium.

                  1.6 Means shall be provided for automatically giving audible warning of the release of fire-extinguishing medium into any space in which personnel normally work or to which they have access. The alarm shall operate for a suitable period before the medium is released.

                  1.7 The means of control of any fixed gas fire-extinguishing system shall be readily accessible and simple to operate and shall be grouped together in as few locations as possible at positions not likely to be cut off by a fire in a protected space. At each location there shall be clear instructions relating to the operation of the system having regard to the safety of personnel.

                  1.8 Automatic release of fire-extinguishing medium shall not be permitted, except as permitted by paragraph 3.3.5 and in respect of local automatically operated units referred to in paragraphs 3.4 and 3.5.

                  1.9 Where the quantity of extinguishing medium is required to protect more than one space, the quantity of medium available need not be more than the largest quantity required for any one space so protected.

                  1.10 Except as otherwise permitted by paragraphs 3.3, 3.4 or 3.5 pressure containers required for the storage of fire-extinguishing medium, other than steam, shall be located outside protected spaces in accordance with paragraph 1.13.

                  1.11 Means shall be provided for the crew to safely check the quantity of medium in the containers.

                  1.12 Containers for the storage of fire-extinguishing medium and associated pressure components shall be designed to pressure codes of practice to the satisfaction of the Administration having regard to their locations and maximum ambient temperatures expected in service.

                  1.13 When the fire-extinguishing medium is stored outside a protected space, it shall be stored in a room which shall be situated in a safe and readily accessible position and shall be effectively ventilated to the satisfaction of the Administration. Any entrance to such a storage room shall preferably be from the open deck and in any case shall be independent of the protected space. Access doors shall open outwards, and bulkheads and decks including doors and other means of closing any opening therein, which form the boundaries between such rooms and adjoining enclosed spaces shall be gastight. For the purpose of the application of the integrity tables in Regulations 26, 27, 44 and 58, such storage rooms shall be treated as control stations.

                  1.14 Spare parts for the system shall be stored on board and be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  2 Carbon dioxide systems

                  2.1 For cargo spaces the quantity of carbon dioxide available shall, unless otherwise provided, be sufficient to give a minimum volume of free gas equal to 30 percent of the gross volume of the largest cargo space so protected in the ship.

                  2.2 For machinery spaces the quantity of carbon dioxide carried shall be sufficient to give a minimum quantity of free gas equal to the larger of the following quantities, either :
                  .1 40 percent of the gross volume of the largest machinery space so protected, the volume to exclude that part of the casing above the level at which the horizontal area of the casing is 40 percent or less of the horizontal area of the space concerned taken midway between the tank top and the lowest part of the casing ;
                  or

                  .2 35 percent of the gross volume of the largest machinery space protected, including the casing; provided that the above-mentioned percentages may be reduced to 35 percent and 30 percent respectively for cargo ships of less than 2,000 tons gross tonnage; provided also that if two or more machinery spaces are not entirely separate they shall be considered as forming one space.

                  2.3 For the purpose of this paragraph the volume of free carbon dioxide shall be calculated at 0.56㎡/kg.

                  2.4 For machinery spaces the fixed piping system shall be such that 85 percent of the gas can be discharged into the space within 2 minutes.

                  3 Halogenated hydrocarbon systems

                  3.1 The use of halogenated hydrocarbons as fire-extinguishing media is only permitted in machinery spaces, pumprooms and in cargo spaces intended solely for the carriage of vehicles which are not carrying any cargo.

                  3.2 When halogenated hydrocarbons are used as the fire-extinguishing media in total flooding systems :
                  .1 The system shall be arranged for manual initiation of power release only.
                  .2 If the charge of halogenated hydrocarbon is required to supply more than one space, the arrangements for its storage and release shall be such that compliance with paragraphs 3.2.9 or 3.2.10 respectively, is obtained.
                  .3 Means shall be provided for automatically stopping all ventilation fans serving the protected space before the medium is released.
                  .4 Means shall be provided to manually close all dampers in the ventilation system serving a protected space.
                  .5 The discharge arrangements shall be so designed that the minimum quantity of medium required for cargo spaces or machinery spaces in paragraphs 3.2.9 or

                  3.2.10 respectively can be substantially discharged in a nominal 20 seconds or less based on the discharge of the liquid phase.
                  .6 The system shall be designed to operate within a temperature range to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                  .7 The discharge shall not endanger personnel engaged on maintenance of equipment or using the normal access ladders and escapes serving the space.
                  .8 Means shall be provided for the crew to safely check the pressure within containers.
                  .9 The quantity of extinguishing medium for cargo spaces intended solely for the carriage of vehicles which are not carrying any cargo shall be calculated in accordance with table 5.1. This quantity shall be based on the gross volume of the protected space. In respect of Halon 1301 and 1211, the quantity shall be calculated on a volumetric ratio basis, and in respect of Halon 2402 on a mass per unit volume basis.

                  TABLE 5.1

                  Halon Minimum Maximum
                  130  1 5 per cent             7 per cent       
                  121          1 5 per cent         5.5 per cent 
                  2402        0.23 kg/  0.30 kg/㎡   

                  .10 The quantity of extinguishing media for machinery spaces shall be calculated in accordance with table 5.2. This quantity shall be based on the gross volume of the space in respect of the minimum concentration and the net volume of the space in respect of the maximum concentration, including the casing. In respect of Halon 1301 and 1211, the quantity shall be calculated on a volumetric ratio basis, and in respect of Halon 2402 on a mass per unit volume basis.

                  TABLE 5.2

                  Halon Minimum Maximum
                  1301  4.25 per cent             7 per cent       
                  1211          4.25 per cent         5.5 per cent 
                  2402        0.20 kg/  0.30 kg/   
                  .
                  11 For the purpose of paragraphs 3.2.9 and 3.2.10, the volume of Halon 1301 shall be calculated at 0.16./kg and the volume of Halon 1211 shall be calculated at 0.14㎡/kg.

                  3.3 Only Halon 1301 may be stored within a protected machinery space. Containers shall be individually distributed throughout that space and the following requirements shall be complied with :
                  .1 A manually initiated power release, located outside the protected space, shall be provided. Duplicate sources of power shall be provided for this release and shall be located outside the protected space and be immediately available except that for machinery spaces, one of the sources of power may be located inside the protected space.
                  .2 Electric power circuits connecting the containers shall be monitored for fault conditions and loss of power. Visual and audible alarms shall be provided to indicate this.
                  .3 Pneumatic or hydraulic power circuits connecting the containers shall be duplicated. The sources of pneumatic or hydraulic pressure shall be monitored for loss of pressure. Visual and audible alarms shall be provided to indicate this.
                  .4 Within the protected space, electrical circuits essential for the release of the system shall be heat resistant e.g. mineral insulated cable or equivalent. Piping systems essential for the release of systems designed to be operated hydraulically or pneumatically shall be of steel or other equivalent heat-resisting material to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                  .5 Each pressure container shall be fitted with an automatic over-pressure release device which, in the event of the container being exposed to the effects of fire and the system not being operated, will safely vent the contents of the container into the protected space.
                  .6 The arrangement of containers and the electrical circuits and piping essential for the release of any system shall be such that in the event of damage to any one power release line through fire or explosion in a protected space, i.e. a single fault concept, at least two-thirds of the fire-extinguishing charge required by paragraphs 3.2.9 or 3.2.10 for that space can still be discharged having regard to the requirement for uniform distribution of medium throughout the space. The arrangements in respect of systems for spaces requiring only one or two containers shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                  .7 Not more than two discharge nozzles shall be fitted to any pressure container and the maximum quantity of agent in each container shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration having regard to the requirement for uniform distribution of medium throughout the space.
                  .8 The containers shall be monitored for decrease in pressure due to leakage and discharge. Visual and audible alarms in the protected area and on the navigating bridge or in the space where the fire control equipment is centralized shall be provided to indicate this condition, except that for cargo spaces, alarms are only required on the navigating bridge or the space where the fire control equipment is centralized.

                  3.4 Local automatically operated fixed fire-extinguishing units containing Halon 1301 or 1211, fitted in enclosed areas of high fire risk within machinery spaces, in addition to, and independent of, any required fixed fire-extinguishing system may be accepted subject to compliance with the following :
                  .1 The space in which such additional local protection is provided shall preferably be on one working level and on the same level as the access. At the discretion of the Administration more than one working level may be permitted subject to an access being provided on each level.
                  .2 The size of the space and arrangements of accesses thereto and machinery therein, shall be such that escape from anywhere in the space can be effected in not more than 10 seconds.
                  .3 The operation of any unit shall be signalled both visually and audibly outside each access to the machinery space and at the navigating bridge or in the space where the fire control equipment is centralized.
                  .4 A notice indicating that the space contains one or more automatically operated fire-extinguishing units and stating which medium is used, shall be displayed outside each access thereto.
                  .5 Discharge nozzles shall be so positioned that the discharge does not endanger personnel using the normal access ladders and escapes serving the compartment. Provision shall also be made to protect personnel engaged in maintenance of machinery from inadvertent discharge of the medium.
                  .6 The fire-extinguishing units shall be designed to operate within a temperature range to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                  .7 Means shall be provided for the crew to safely check the pressure within the containers.
                  .8 The total quantity of extinguishing medium provided in the local automatically operated units shall be such that a concentration of 7 percent in respect of Halon 1301 and 5.5 percent in respect of Halon 1211 at 20 °C based on the net volume of the enclosed space is not exceeded. This requirement applies when either a local automatically operated unit or a fixed system fitted in compliance with paragraph 3.2 has operated, but not when both have operated.
                  The volume of Halon 1301 shall be calculated at 0.16./kg and the volume of Halon 1211 shall be calculated at 0.14㎡/kg.
                  .9 The time of discharge of a unit, based on the discharge of the liquid phase, shall be 10 seconds or less.
                  .10 The arrangement of local automatically operated fire-extinguishing units shall be such that their release does not result in loss of electrical power or reduction of the manoeuvr ability of the ship.

                  3.5 Automatically operated fire-extinguishing units, as described in paragraph 3.4, fitted in machinery spaces over equipment having a high fire risk, in addition to and independent of any required fixed fire-extinguishing system, may be accepted subject to compliance with paragraphs 3.4.3 to 3.4.6, 3.4.9 and 3.4.10 and with the following :
                  .1 The quantity of medium provided in local automatically operated units shall be such that a vapour in air concentration not greater than 1.25 percent at 20 °C based on the gross volume of the machinery space is obtained in the event of their simultaneous operation.
                  .2 The volume of Halon 1301 shall be calculated at 0.16./kg and the volume of Halon 1211 shall be calculated at 0.14㎡/kg.

                  4 Steam systems
                  In general, the Administration shall not permit the use of steam as afire-extinguishing medium in fixed fire-extinguishing systems. Where the use of steam is permitted by the Administration it shall be used only in restricted areas as an addition to the required fire-extinguishing medium and with the proviso that the boiler or boilers available for supplying steam shall have an evaporation of at least 1.0kg of steam per hour for each 0.75.of the gross volume of the largest space so protected. In addition to complying with the foregoing requirements the systems in all respects shall be as determined by, and to the satisfaction of, the Administration.

                  5 Other gas systems

                  5.1 Where gas other than carbon dioxide or halogenated hydrocarbons, or steam as permitted by paragraph 4 is produced on the ship and is used as a fire-extinguishing medium, it shall be a gaseous product of fuel combustion in which the oxygen content, the carbon monoxide content, the corrosive elements and any solid combustible elements have been reduced to a permissible minimum.

                  5.2 Where such gas is used as the fire-extinguishing medium in a fixed fire-extinguishing system for the protection of machinery spaces it shall afford protection equivalent to that provided by a fixed system using carbon dioxide as the medium.

                  5.3 Where such gas is used as a fire-extinguishing medium in a fixed fire-extinguishing system for the protection of cargo spaces, a sufficient quantity of such gas shall be available to supply hourly a volume of free gas at least equal to 25 percent of the gross volume of the largest space protected in this way for a period of 72 hours.

                  Reg. 06 Miscellaneous Items


                  (a) Electric radiators, if used, shall be fixed in position and so constructed as to reduce fire risks to a minimum. No such radiators shall be fitted with an element so exposed that clothing, curtains, or other similar materials can be scorched or set on fire by heat from the element.

                  (b) Cellulose-nitrate based films shall not be used for cinematograph installations
                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-08-1984

                  (a) Electric radiators, if used, shall be fixed in position and so constructed as to reduce fire risks to a minimum. No such radiators shall be fitted with an element so exposed that clothing, curtains, or other similar materials can be scorched or set on fire by heat from the element.

                  (b) Cellulose-nitrate based films shall not be used for cinematograph installations
                  Reg. 06 Fire extinguishers*

                  _______________
                  * Refer to the Revised Guidelines for Marine Portable Fire Extinguishers adopted by Organization by resolution A.602(15).

                  1 All fire extinguishers shall be of approved types and designs.

                  1.1 The capacity of required portable fluid extinguishers shall be not more than 13.5 ℓ and not less than 9 ℓ Other extinguishers shall be at least as portable as the 13.5 ℓ fluid extinguisher and shall have a fire-extinguishing capability at least equivalent to that of a 9 ℓ fluid extinguisher.

                  1.2 The Administration shall determine the equivalents of fire extinguishers.

                  2 Spare charges shall be provided in accordance with requirements to be specified by the Administration.

                  3 Fire extinguishers containing an extinguishing medium which, in the opinion of the Administration, either by itself or under expected conditions of use gives off toxic gases in such quantities as to endanger persons shall not be permitted.

                  4 A portable foam applicator unit shall consist of an air-foam nozzle of an induct or type capable of being connected to the fire main by a fire hose, together with a portable tank containing at least 20. of foam-making liquid and one spare tank. The nozzle shall be capable of producing effective foam suitable for extinguishing an oil fire, at the rate of at least 1.5㎡ /minute.

                  5 Fire extinguishers shall be periodically examined and subjected to such tests as the Administration may require.

                  6 One of the portable fire extinguishers intended for use in any space shall be stowed near the entrance to that space.

                  7 Accommodation spaces, service spaces and control stations shall be provided with portable fire extinguishers of appropriate types and in sufficient number to the satisfaction of the Administration. Ships of 1,000 tons gross tonnage and upwards shall carry at least five portable fire extinguishers.

                  Reg. 07 Fire extinguishers


                  (a) All fire extinguishers shall be of approved types and designs.
                  (i) The capacity of required portable fluid extinguishers shall be not more than 13.5 litres (3 gallons) and not less than 9 litres (2 gallons). Other extinguishers shall not be in excess of the equivalent portability of the 13.5 litre (3 gallons) fluid extinguisher and shall not be less than the fire-extinguishing equivalent of a 9 litre (2 gallons) fluid extinguisher.
                  (ii) The Administration shall determine the equivalents of fire extinguishers.

                  (b) Spare charges shall be provided in accordance with requirements to be specified by the Administration.

                  (c) Fire extinguishers containing an extinguishing medium which, in the opinion of the Administration, either by itself or under expected conditions of use gives off toxic gases in such quantities as to endanger persons shall not be permitted.

                  (d) A portable froth applicator unit shall consist of an inductor type of airfroth nozzle capable of being connected to the fire main by a fire hose, together with a portable tank containing at least 20 litres (4 ½ gallons) of froth-making liquid and one spare tank. The nozzle shall be capable of producing effective froth suitable for extinguishing an oil fire, at the rate of at least 1.5 cubic metres (53 cubic feet) per minute.

                  (e) Fire extinguishers shall be periodically examined and subjected to such tests as the Administration may require.

                  (f) One of the portable fire extinguishers intended for use in any space shall be stowed near the entrance to that space.
                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-08-1984

                  (a) All fire extinguishers shall be of approved types and designs.
                  (i) The capacity of required portable fluid extinguishers shall be not more than 13.5 litres (3 gallons) and not less than 9 litres (2 gallons). Other extinguishers shall not be in excess of the equivalent portability of the 13.5 litre (3 gallons) fluid extinguisher and shall not be less than the fire-extinguishing equivalent of a 9 litre (2 gallons) fluid extinguisher.
                  (ii) The Administration shall determine the equivalents of fire extinguishers.

                  (b) Spare charges shall be provided in accordance with requirements to be specified by the Administration.

                  (c) Fire extinguishers containing an extinguishing medium which, in the opinion of the Administration, either by itself or under expected conditions of use gives off toxic gases in such quantities as to endanger persons shall not be permitted.

                  (d) A portable froth applicator unit shall consist of an inductor type of airfroth nozzle capable of being connected to the fire main by a fire hose, together with a portable tank containing at least 20 litres (4 ½ gallons) of froth-making liquid and one spare tank. The nozzle shall be capable of producing effective froth suitable for extinguishing an oil fire, at the rate of at least 1.5 cubic metres (53 cubic feet) per minute.

                  (e) Fire extinguishers shall be periodically examined and subjected to such tests as the Administration may require.

                  (f) One of the portable fire extinguishers intended for use in any space shall be stowed near the entrance to that space.
                  Reg. 07 Fire-extinguishing arrangements in machinery

                  1 Spaces containing oil-fired boilers or oil fuel units

                  1.1 Machinery spaces of category A containing oil-fired boilers or oil fuel units shall be provided with any one of the following fixed fire-extinguishing systems :
                  .1 a gas system complying with the provisions of Regulation 5;
                  .2 a high expansion foam system complying with the provisions of Regulation 9;
                  .3 a pressure water-spraying system complying with the provisions of Regulation 10. In each case if the engine and boiler rooms are not entirely separate, or if fuel oil can drain from the boiler room into the engine room, the combined engine and boiler rooms shall be considered as one compartment.

                  1.2 There shall be in each boiler room at least one set of portable air-foam equipment complying with the provisions of Regulation 6.4.

                  1.3 There shall be at least two portable foam extinguishers or equivalent in each firing space in each boiler room and in each space in which a part of the oil fuel installation is situated. There shall be not less than one approved foam-type extinguisher of at least 135 ㎾ capacity or equivalent in each boiler room. These extinguishers shall be provided with hoses on reels suitable for reaching any part of the boiler room. In the case of domestic boilers of less than 175 ㎾ in cargo ships the Administration may consider relaxing the requirements of this paragraph.

                  1.4 In each firing space there shall be a receptacle containing sand, sawdust impregnated with soda, or other approved dry material in such quantity as may be required by the Administration. An approved portable extinguisher may be substituted as an alternative.

                  2 Spaces containing internal combustion machinery Machinery spaces of category A containing internal combustion machinery shall be provided with :
                  .1 One of the fire-extinguishing systems required by paragraph 1.1.
                  .2 At least one set of portable air-foam equipment complying with the provisions of Regulation 6.4.
                  .3 In each such space approved foam type fire extinguishers, each of at least 45 ℓ capacity or equivalent, sufficient in number to enable foam or its equivalent to be directed on to any part of the fuel and lubricating oil pressure systems, gearing and other fire hazards. In addition, there shall be provided a sufficient number of portable foam extinguishers or equivalent which shall be so located that no point in the space is more than 10 m walking distance from an extinguisher and that there are at least two such extinguishers in each such space. For smaller spaces of cargo ships the Administration may consider relaxing this requirement.

                  3 Spaces containing steam turbines or enclosed steam engines In spaces containing steam turbines or enclosed steam engines used either for main propulsion or for other purposes when such machinery has in the aggregate a total power output of not less than 375 ㎾ there shall be provided :
                  .1 Approved foam fire extinguishers each of at least 45 ℓ capacity or equivalent sufficient in number to enable foam or its equivalent to be directed on to any part of the pressure lubrication system, on to any part of the casings enclosing pressure lubricated parts of the turbines, engines or associated gearing, and any other fire hazards. However, such extinguishers shall not be required if protection at least equivalent to that required by this sub-paragraph is provided in such spaces by a fixed fire-extinguishing system fitted in compliance with paragraph 1.1.
                  .2 A sufficient number of portable foam extinguishers or equivalent which shall be so located that no point in the space is more than 10 m walking distance from an extinguisher and that there are at least two such extinguishers in each such space, except that such extinguishers shall not be required in addition to any provided in compliance with paragraph 1.3.
                  .3 One of the fire-extinguishing systems required by paragraph 1.1, where such spaces are periodically unattended.

                  4 Fire-extinguishing appliances in other machinery spaces Where, in the opinion of the Administration, a fire hazard exists in any machinery space for which no specific provisions for fire-extinguishing appliances are prescribed in paragraphs 1, 2 and 3, there shall be provided in, or adjacent to, that space such a number of approved portable fire extinguishers or other means of fire extinction as the Administration may deem sufficient.

                  5 Fixed fire-extinguishing systems not required by this Chapter Where a fixed fire-extinguishing system not required by this Chapter is installed, such a system shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  6 Machinery spaces of category A in passenger ships In passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers each machinery space of category A shall be provided with at least two suitable water fog applicators.*
                  _____________
                  * A water fog applicator might consist of a metal "L"-shaped pipe the long limb being about 2 m in length capable of being fitted to a fire hose and the short limb being about 250 ㎜ in length fitted with a fixed water fog nozzle or capable of being fitted with a water spray nozzle.

                  Reg. 08 Fixed Gas Fire-Extinguishing Systems


                  (a) The use of a fire-extinguishing medium which, in the opinion of the Administration, either by itself or under expected conditions of use gives off toxic gases in such quantities as to endanger persons shall not be permitted.

                  (b) Where provision is made for the injection of gas for fire-extinguishing purposes, the necessary pipes for conveying the gas shall be provided with control valves or cocks so marked as to indicate clearly the compartments to which the pipes are led. Suitable provision shall be made to prevent inadvertent admission of the gas to any compartment. Where cargo spaces fitted with such a system for fire protection are used as passenger spaces the gas connection shall be blanked during such use.

                  (c) The piping shall be arranged so as to provide effective distribution of fire-extinguishing gas.

                  (d)
                  (i) When carbon dioxide is used as the extinguishing medium in cargo spaces, the quantity of gas available shall be sufficient to give a minimum volume of free gas equal to 30 per cent of the gross volume of the largest cargo compartment in the ship which is capable of being sealed.
                  (ii) When carbon dioxide is used as an extinguishing medium for machinery spaces of Category A the quantity of gas carried shall be sufficient to give a minimum quantity of free gas equal to the larger of the following quantities, either :

                  (1) 40 per cent of the gross volume of the largest space, the volume to include the casing up to the level at which the horizontal area of the casing is 40 per cent or less of the horizontal area of the space concerned taken midway between the tank top and the lowest part of the casing ; or

                  (2) 35 per cent of the entire volume of the largest space including the casing; provided that the above-mentioned percentages may be reduced to 35 percent and 30 per cent respectively for cargo ships of less than 2,000 tons gross tonnage; provided also that if two or more machinery spaces of Category A are not entirely separate they shall be considered as forming one compartment.

                  (iii) Where the volume of free air contained in air receivers in any machinery space of Category A is such that, if released in such space in the event of fire, such release of air within that space would seriously affect the efficiency of the fixed fire-extinguishing installation, the Administration shall require the provision of an additional quantity of carbon dioxide.

                  (iv) When carbon dioxide is used as an extinguishing medium both for cargo spaces and for machinery spaces of Category A the quantity of gas need not be more than the maximum required either for the largest cargo compartment or machinery space.

                  (v) For the purpose of this paragraph the volume of carbon dioxide shall be calculated at 0.56 cubic metres to the kilogramme (9 cubic feet to the pound).

                  (vi) When carbon dioxide is used as the extinguishing medium for machinery spaces of Category A the fixed piping system shall be such that 85 per cent of the gas can be discharged into the space within 2 minutes.

                  (vii) Carbon dioxide bottle storage rooms shall be situated at a safe and readily accessible position and shall be effectively ventilated to the satisfaction of the Administration. Any entrance to such storage rooms shall preferably be from the open deck, and in any case shall be independent of the protected space. Access doors shall be gastight and bulkheads and decks which form the boundaries of such rooms shall be gastight and adequately insulated.

                  (e)
                  (i) Where gas other than carbon dioxide or steam as permitted by paragraph (f) of this Regulation is produced on the ship and is used as an extinguishing medium, it shall be a gaseous product of fuel combustion in which the oxygen content, the carbon monoxide content, the corrosive elements and any solid combustible elements have been reduced to a permissible minimum.
                  (ii) Where such gas is used as the extinguishing medium in a fixed fire-extinguishing system for the protection of machinery spaces of Category A it shall afford protection equivalent to that provided by a fixed carbon dioxide system.
                  (iii) Where such gas is used as the extinguishing medium in a fixed fire-extinguishing system for the protection of cargo spaces a sufficient quantity of such gas shall be available to supply hourly a volume of free gas at least equal to 25 per cent of the gross volume of the largest compartment protected in this way for a period of 72 hours.

                  (f) In general, the Administration shall not permit the use of steam as a fire-extinguishing medium in fixed fire-extinguishing systems of new ships. Where the use of steam is permitted by the Administration it shall be used only in restricted areas as an addition to the required fire-extinguishing medium and with the proviso that the boiler or boilers available for supplying steam shall have an evaporation of at least 1 kilogramme of steam per hour for each 0.75 cubic metres (1 pound of steam per hour per 12 cubic feet) of the gross volume of the largest space so protected. In addition to complying with the foregoing requirements the systems in all respects shall be as determined by, and to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  (g) Means shall be provided for automatically giving audible warning of the release of fire-extinguishing gas into any space to which personnel normally have access. The alarm shall operate for a suitable period before the gas is released.

                  (h) The means of control of any such fixed gas fire-extinguishing system shall be readily accessible and simple to operate and shall be grouped together in as few locations as possible at positions not likely to be cut off by a fire in the protected space.
                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-08-1984

                  (a) The use of a fire-extinguishing medium which, in the opinion of the Administration, either by itself or under expected conditions of use gives off toxic gases in such quantities as to endanger persons shall not be permitted.

                  (b) Where provision is made for the injection of gas for fire-extinguishing purposes, the necessary pipes for conveying the gas shall be provided with control valves or cocks so marked as to indicate clearly the compartments to which the pipes are led. Suitable provision shall be made to prevent inadvertent admission of the gas to any compartment. Where cargo spaces fitted with such a system for fire protection are used as passenger spaces the gas connection shall be blanked during such use.

                  (c) The piping shall be arranged so as to provide effective distribution of fire-extinguishing gas.

                  (d)
                  (i) When carbon dioxide is used as the extinguishing medium in cargo spaces, the quantity of gas available shall be sufficient to give a minimum volume of free gas equal to 30 per cent of the gross volume of the largest cargo compartment in the ship which is capable of being sealed.
                  (ii) When carbon dioxide is used as an extinguishing medium for machinery spaces of Category A the quantity of gas carried shall be sufficient to give a minimum quantity of free gas equal to the larger of the following quantities, either :

                  (1) 40 per cent of the gross volume of the largest space, the volume to include the casing up to the level at which the horizontal area of the casing is 40 per cent or less of the horizontal area of the space concerned taken midway between the tank top and the lowest part of the casing ; or

                  (2) 35 per cent of the entire volume of the largest space including the casing; provided that the above-mentioned percentages may be reduced to 35 percent and 30 per cent respectively for cargo ships of less than 2,000 tons gross tonnage; provided also that if two or more machinery spaces of Category A are not entirely separate they shall be considered as forming one compartment.

                  (iii) Where the volume of free air contained in air receivers in any machinery space of Category A is such that, if released in such space in the event of fire, such release of air within that space would seriously affect the efficiency of the fixed fire-extinguishing installation, the Administration shall require the provision of an additional quantity of carbon dioxide.

                  (iv) When carbon dioxide is used as an extinguishing medium both for cargo spaces and for machinery spaces of Category A the quantity of gas need not be more than the maximum required either for the largest cargo compartment or machinery space.

                  (v) For the purpose of this paragraph the volume of carbon dioxide shall be calculated at 0.56 cubic metres to the kilogramme (9 cubic feet to the pound).

                  (vi) When carbon dioxide is used as the extinguishing medium for machinery spaces of Category A the fixed piping system shall be such that 85 per cent of the gas can be discharged into the space within 2 minutes.

                  (vii) Carbon dioxide bottle storage rooms shall be situated at a safe and readily accessible position and shall be effectively ventilated to the satisfaction of the Administration. Any entrance to such storage rooms shall preferably be from the open deck, and in any case shall be independent of the protected space. Access doors shall be gastight and bulkheads and decks which form the boundaries of such rooms shall be gastight and adequately insulated.

                  (e)
                  (i) Where gas other than carbon dioxide or steam as permitted by paragraph (f) of this Regulation is produced on the ship and is used as an extinguishing medium, it shall be a gaseous product of fuel combustion in which the oxygen content, the carbon monoxide content, the corrosive elements and any solid combustible elements have been reduced to a permissible minimum.
                  (ii) Where such gas is used as the extinguishing medium in a fixed fire-extinguishing system for the protection of machinery spaces of Category A it shall afford protection equivalent to that provided by a fixed carbon dioxide system.
                  (iii) Where such gas is used as the extinguishing medium in a fixed fire-extinguishing system for the protection of cargo spaces a sufficient quantity of such gas shall be available to supply hourly a volume of free gas at least equal to 25 per cent of the gross volume of the largest compartment protected in this way for a period of 72 hours.

                  (f) In general, the Administration shall not permit the use of steam as a fire-extinguishing medium in fixed fire-extinguishing systems of new ships. Where the use of steam is permitted by the Administration it shall be used only in restricted areas as an addition to the required fire-extinguishing medium and with the proviso that the boiler or boilers available for supplying steam shall have an evaporation of at least 1 kilogramme of steam per hour for each 0.75 cubic metres (1 pound of steam per hour per 12 cubic feet) of the gross volume of the largest space so protected. In addition to complying with the foregoing requirements the systems in all respects shall be as determined by, and to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  (g) Means shall be provided for automatically giving audible warning of the release of fire-extinguishing gas into any space to which personnel normally have access. The alarm shall operate for a suitable period before the gas is released.

                  (h) The means of control of any such fixed gas fire-extinguishing system shall be readily accessible and simple to operate and shall be grouped together in as few locations as possible at positions not likely to be cut off by a fire in the protected space.
                  Reg. 08 Fixed Low-expansion foam fire-extinguishing systems in machinery spaces
                  [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]

                  Reg. 09 Fixed froth fire-extingquishing systems in machinery spaces


                  (a) Any required fixed froth fire-extinguishing system in machinery spaces shall be capable of discharging through fixed discharge outlets in not more than five minutes, a quantity of froth sufficient to cover to a depth of 150 millimetres (6 inches) the largest single area over which oil fuel is liable to spread. The system shall be capable of generating froth suitable for extinguishing oil fires. Means shall be provided for effective distribution of the froth through a permanent system of piping and control valves or cocks to suitable discharge outlets, and for the froth to be effectively directed by fixed sprayers on other main fire hazards in the protected space. The expansion ratio of the froth shall not exceed 12 to 1.

                  (b) The means of control of any such systems shall be readily accessible and simple to operate and shall be grouped together in as few locations as possible at positions not likely to be cut off by a fire in the protected space.
                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-08-1984

                  (a) Any required fixed froth fire-extinguishing system in machinery spaces shall be capable of discharging through fixed discharge outlets in not more than five minutes, a quantity of froth sufficient to cover to a depth of 150 millimetres (6 inches) the largest single area over which oil fuel is liable to spread. The system shall be capable of generating froth suitable for extinguishing oil fires. Means shall be provided for effective distribution of the froth through a permanent system of piping and control valves or cocks to suitable discharge outlets, and for the froth to be effectively directed by fixed sprayers on other main fire hazards in the protected space. The expansion ratio of the froth shall not exceed 12 to 1.

                  (b) The means of control of any such systems shall be readily accessible and simple to operate and shall be grouped together in as few locations as possible at positions not likely to be cut off by a fire in the protected space.
                  Reg. 09 Fixed high-expansin foam fire-extingquishing systems in machinery spaces*
                  [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]

                  Reg. 10 Fixed High expension froth fire-extinguishing sytems in machiney spaces


                  (a)
                  (i) Any required fixed high expansion froth system in machinery spaces shall be capable of rapidly discharging through fixed discharge outlets a quantity of froth sufficient to fill the greatest space to be protected at a rate of at least 1 metre (3.3 feet) in depth per minute. The quantity of froth - forming liquid available shall be sufficient to produce a volume of froth equal to five times the volume of the largest space to be protected.
                  The expansion ratio of the froth shall not exceed 1,000 to 1.
                  (ii) The Administration may permit alternative arrangements and discharge rates provided that it is satisfied that equivalent protection is achieved.

                  (b) Supply ducts for delivering froth, air intakes to the froth generator and the number of froth-producing units shall in the opinion of the Administration be such as will provide effective froth production and distribution.

                  (c) The arrangement of the froth generator delivery ducting shall be such that a fire in the protected space will not affect the froth-generating equipment.

                  (d) The froth generator, its sources of power supply, froth-forming liquid and means of controlling the system shall be readily accessible and simple to operate and shall be grouped in as few locations as possible at positions not likely to be cut off by fire in the protected space.
                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-08-1984

                  (a)
                  (i) Any required fixed high expansion froth system in machinery spaces shall be capable of rapidly discharging through fixed discharge outlets a quantity of froth sufficient to fill the greatest space to be protected at a rate of at least 1 metre (3.3 feet) in depth per minute. The quantity of froth - forming liquid available shall be sufficient to produce a volume of froth equal to five times the volume of the largest space to be protected.
                  The expansion ratio of the froth shall not exceed 1,000 to 1.
                  (ii) The Administration may permit alternative arrangements and discharge rates provided that it is satisfied that equivalent protection is achieved.

                  (b) Supply ducts for delivering froth, air intakes to the froth generator and the number of froth-producing units shall in the opinion of the Administration be such as will provide effective froth production and distribution.

                  (c) The arrangement of the froth generator delivery ducting shall be such that a fire in the protected space will not affect the froth-generating equipment.

                  (d) The froth generator, its sources of power supply, froth-forming liquid and means of controlling the system shall be readily accessible and simple to operate and shall be grouped in as few locations as possible at positions not likely to be cut off by fire in the protected space.
                  Reg. 10 Fixed pressure water-spraying fire-extinguishing sytems in machiney spaces
                  [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]

                  Reg. 11 Fixed Pressure Water-Spraying Fire-Extinguishing Systems in Machinery Spaces


                  (a) Any required fixed pressure water-spraying fire-extinguishing system in machinery spaces shall be provided with spraying nozzles of an approved type.

                  (b) The number and arrangement of the nozzles shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration and be such as to ensure an effective average distribution of water of at least 5 litres per square metre (0.1 gallon per square foot) per minute in the spaces to be protected. Where increased application rates are considered necessary, these shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration. Nozzles shall be fitted above bilges, tank tops and other areas over which oil fuel is liable to spread and also above other specific fire hazards in the machinery spaces.

                  (c) The system may be divided into sections, the distribution valves of which shall be operated from easily accessible positions outside the spaces to be protected and which will not be readily cut off by an outbreak of fire.

                  (d) The system shall be kept charged at the necessary pressure and the pump supplying the water for the system shall be put automatically into action by a pressure drop in the system.

                  (e) The pump shall be capable of simultaneously supplying at the necessary pressure all sections of the system in any one compartment to be protected. The pump and its controls shall be installed outside the space or spaces to be protected. It shall not be possible for a fire in the space or spaces protected by the water-spraying system to put the system out of action.

                  (f) The pump may be driven by independent internal combustion type machinery but if it is dependent upon power being supplied from the emergency generator fitted in compliance with the provisions of Regulation 25 or Regulation 26 as appropriate of Chapter II-1 of the present Convention that generator shall be arranged to start automatically in case of main power failure so that power for the pump required by paragraph (e) of this Regulation is immediately available. When the pump is driven by independent internal combustion type machinery it shall be so situated that a fire in the protected space will not affect the air supply to the machinery.

                  (g) Precautions shall be taken to prevent the nozzles from becoming clogged by impurities in the water or corrosion of piping, nozzles, valves and pump.
                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-08-1984

                  (a) Any required fixed pressure water-spraying fire-extinguishing system in machinery spaces shall be provided with spraying nozzles of an approved type.

                  (b) The number and arrangement of the nozzles shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration and be such as to ensure an effective average distribution of water of at least 5 litres per square metre (0.1 gallon per square foot) per minute in the spaces to be protected. Where increased application rates are considered necessary, these shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration. Nozzles shall be fitted above bilges, tank tops and other areas over which oil fuel is liable to spread and also above other specific fire hazards in the machinery spaces.

                  (c) The system may be divided into sections, the distribution valves of which shall be operated from easily accessible positions outside the spaces to be protected and which will not be readily cut off by an outbreak of fire.

                  (d) The system shall be kept charged at the necessary pressure and the pump supplying the water for the system shall be put automatically into action by a pressure drop in the system.

                  (e) The pump shall be capable of simultaneously supplying at the necessary pressure all sections of the system in any one compartment to be protected. The pump and its controls shall be installed outside the space or spaces to be protected. It shall not be possible for a fire in the space or spaces protected by the water-spraying system to put the system out of action.

                  (f) The pump may be driven by independent internal combustion type machinery but if it is dependent upon power being supplied from the emergency generator fitted in compliance with the provisions of Regulation 25 or Regulation 26 as appropriate of Chapter II-1 of the present Convention that generator shall be arranged to start automatically in case of main power failure so that power for the pump required by paragraph (e) of this Regulation is immediately available. When the pump is driven by independent internal combustion type machinery it shall be so situated that a fire in the protected space will not affect the air supply to the machinery.

                  (g) Precautions shall be taken to prevent the nozzles from becoming clogged by impurities in the water or corrosion of piping, nozzles, valves and pump.
                  Reg. 11 Special arrangements in machinery spacess

                  1 The provisions of this Regulation shall apply to machinery spaces of category A and, where the Administration considers it desirable, to other machinery spaces.

                  2.1 The number of skylights, doors, ventilators, openings in funnels to permit exhaust ventilation and other openings to machinery spaces shall be reduced to a minimum consistent with the needs of ventilation and the proper and safe working of the ship.

                  2.2 Skylights shall be of steel and shall not contain glass panels. Suitable arrangements shall be made to permit the release of smoke in the event of fire, from the space to be protected.

                  2.3 In passenger ships, doors other than power-operated watertight doors, shall be so arranged that positive closure is assured in case of fire in the space, by power-operated closing arrangements or by the provision of self-closing doors capable of closing against an inclination of 3.5° opposing closure and having a fail-safe hook-back facility, provided with a remotely operated release device.

                  3 Windows shall not be fitted in machinery space boundaries. This does not preclude the use of glass in control rooms within the machinery spaces.

                  4 Means of control shall be provided for :
                  .1 opening and closure of skylights, closure of openings in funnels which normally allow exhaust ventilation, and closure of ventilator dampers ;
                  .2 permitting the release of smoke ;
                  .3 closing power-operated doors or actuating release mechanism on doors other than power-operated watertight doors ;
                  .4 stopping ventilating fans; and
                  .5 stopping forced and induced draught fans, oil fuel transfer pumps, oil fuel unit pumps and other similar fuel pumps.

                  5 The controls required in paragraph 4 and in Regulation 15.2.5 shall be located outside the space concerned, where they will not be cut off in the event of fire in the space they serve. In passenger ships such controls and the controls for any required fire-extinguishing system shall be situated at one control position or grouped in as few positions as possible to the satisfaction of the Administration. Such positions shall have a safe access from the open deck.

                  6 When access to any machinery space of category A is provided at a low level from an adjacent shaft tunnel, there shall be provided in the shaft tunnel, near the watertight door, a light steel fire-screen door operable from each side.

                  7 For periodically unattended machinery spaces in cargo ships, the Administration shall give special consideration to maintaining fire integrity of the machinery spaces, the location and centralization of the fire-extinguishing system controls, the required shut-down arrangements (e.g. ventilation, fuel pumps, etc.) and may require additional fire-extinguishing appliances and other fire-fighting equipment and breathing apparatus. In passenger ships these requirements shall be at least equivalent to those of machinery spaces normally attended.

                  8 An approved automatic fire detection and alarm system complying with the provisions of Regulation 14 shall be fitted in any machinery space :
                  .1 where the installation of automatic and remote control systems and equipment has been approved in lieu of continuous manning of the space; and
                  .2 where the main propulsion and associated machinery including sources of main electrical supply are provided with various degrees of automatic or remote control and are under continuous manned supervision from a control room.

                  Reg. 12 Automatic sprinkler and Fire Alarm and Fire Detection Systems


                  (a)
                  (i) Any required automatic sprinkler and fire alarm and fire detection system shall be capable of immediate operation at all times and no action by the crew shall be necessary to set it in operation. It shall be of the wet pipe type but small exposed sections may be of the dry pipe type where in the opinion of the Administration this is a necessary precaution. Any parts of the system which may be subjected to freezing temperatures in service shall be suitably protected against freezing. It shall be kept charged at the necessary pressure and shall have provision for a continuous supply of water as required in this Regulation.
                  (ii) Each section of sprinklers shall include means for giving a visual and audible alarm signal automatically at one or more indicating units whenever any sprinkler comes into operation. Such units shall give an indication of any fire and its location in any space served by the system and shall be centralized on the navigating bridge or in the main fire control station, which shall be so manned or equipped as to ensure that any alarm from the system is immediately received by a responsible member of the crew. Such alarm systems shall be constructed so as to indicate if any fault occurs in the system.

                  (b)
                  (i) Sprinklers shall be grouped into separate sections, each of which shall contain not more than 200 sprinklers. Any section of sprinklers shall not serve more than two decks and shall not be situated in more than one main vertical zone, except that an Administration, if it is satisfied that the protection of the ship against fire will not thereby be reduced, may permit such a section of sprinklers to serve more than two decks or to be situated in more than one main vertical zone.
                  (ii) Each section of sprinklers shall be capable of being isolated by one stop valve only. The stop valve in each section shall be readily accessible and its location shall be clearly and permanently indicated. Means shall be provided to prevent them operation of the stop valves by any unauthorized person.
                  (iii) A gauge indicating the pressure in the system shall be provided at each section stop valve and at a central station.
                  (iv) The sprinklers shall be resistant to corrosion by marine atmospheres. In accommodation and service spaces the sprinklers shall come into operation within the temperature range of 68 ºC(155 ºF) and 79 º(175 ºF), except that in locations such as drying rooms, where high ambient temperatures might be expected, the operating temperature may be increased by not more than 30 º (54 ºF) above the maximum deck head temperature.
                  (v) A list or plan shall be displayed at each indicating unit showing the spaces covered and the location of the zone in respect of each section. Suitable instructions for testing and maintenance shall be available.

                  (c) Sprinklers shall be placed in an overhead position and spaced in a suitable pattern to maintain an average application rate of not less than 5 litres per square metre (0.1 gallon per square foot) per minute over the nominal area covered by the sprinklers. Alternatively, the Administration may permit the use of sprinklers providing such other amount of water suitably distributed as has been shown to the satisfaction of the Administration to be not less effective.

                  (d)
                  (i) A pressure tank having a volume equal to at least twice that of the charge of water specified in this sub-paragraph shall be provided. The tank shall contain a standing charge of fresh water, equivalent to the amount of water which would be discharged in one minute by the pump referred to in sub-paragraph (e)(ii) of this Regulation, and the arrangements shall provide for maintaining such air pressure in the tank to ensure that where the standing charge of fresh water in the tank has been used the pressure will be not less than the working pressure of the sprinkler, plus the pressure due to a head of water measured from the bottom of the tank to the highest sprinkler in the system. Suitable means of replenishing the air under pressure and of replenishing the fresh water charge in the tank shall be provided. A glass gauge shall be provided to indicate the correct level of the water in the tank.
                  (ii) Means shall be provided to prevent the passage of sea water into the tank.

                  (e)
                  (i) An independent power pump shall be provided solely for the purpose of continuing automatically the discharge of water from the sprinklers. The pump shall be brought into action automatically by the pressure drop in the system before the standing fresh water charge in the pressure tank is completely exhausted.
                  (ii) The pump and the piping system shall be capable of maintaining the necessary pressure at the level of the highest sprinkler to ensure a continuous output of water sufficient for the simultaneous coverage of a minimum area of 280 square metres (3,000 square feet) at the application rate specified in paragraph (c) of this Regulation.
                  (iii) The pump shall have fitted on the delivery side a test valve with a short open-ended discharge pipe. The effective area through the valve and pipe shall be adequate to permit the release of the required pump output while maintaining the pressure in the system specified in sub-paragraph (d)(i) of this Regulation.
                  (iv) The sea inlet to the pump shall wherever possible be in the space containing the pump and shall be so arranged that when the ship is afloat it will not be necessary to shut off the supply of sea water to the pump for any purpose other than the inspection or repair of the pump.

                  (f) The sprinkler pump and tank shall be situated in a position reasonably remote from any machinery space of Category A and shall not be situated in any space required to be protected by the sprinkler system.

                  (g) There shall be not less than two sources of power supply for the sea water pump and automatic alarm and detection system. Where the sources of power for the pump are electrical, these shall be a main generator and an emergency source of power. One supply for the pump shall be taken from the main switchboard, and one from the emergency switchboard by separate feeders reserved solely for that purpose. The feeders shall be arranged so as to avoid galleys, machinery spaces and other enclosed spaces of high fire risk except in so far as it is necessary to reach the appropriate switchboards, and shall be run to an automatic change-over switch situated near the sprinkler pump. This switch shall permit the supply of power from the main switchboard so long as a supply is available therefrom, and be so designed that upon failure of that supply it will automatically change over to the supply from the emergency switchboard. The switches on the main switchboard and the emergency switchboard shall be clearly labelled and normally kept closed. No other switch shall be permitted in the feeders concerned. One of the sources of power supply for the alarm and detection system shall be an emergency source. Where one of the sources of power for the pump is an internal combustion-type engine it shall, in addition to complying with the provisions of paragraph (f) of this Regulation, be so situated that a fire in any protected space will not affect the air supply to the machinery.

                  (h) The sprinkler system shall have a connexion from the ship's fire main by way of a lockable screw-down non-return valve at the connexion which will prevent a backflow from the sprinkler system to the fire main.

                  (I)
                  (i) A test valve shall be provided for testing the automatic alarm for each section of sprinklers by a discharge of water equivalent to the operation of one sprinkler. The test valve for each section shall be situated near the stop valve for that section.
                  (ii) Means shall be provided for testing the automatic operation of the pump, on reduction of pressure in the system.
                  (iii) Switches shall be provided at one of the indicating positions referred to in sub-paragraph (a)(ii) of this Reg. which will enable the alarm and the indicators for each section of sprinklers to be tested.
                  (j) Spare sprinkler heads shall be provided for each section of sprinklers to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-08-1984

                  (a)
                  (i) Any required automatic sprinkler and fire alarm and fire detection system shall be capable of immediate operation at all times and no action by the crew shall be necessary to set it in operation. It shall be of the wet pipe type but small exposed sections may be of the dry pipe type where in the opinion of the Administration this is a necessary precaution. Any parts of the system which may be subjected to freezing temperatures in service shall be suitably protected against freezing. It shall be kept charged at the necessary pressure and shall have provision for a continuous supply of water as required in this Regulation.
                  (ii) Each section of sprinklers shall include means for giving a visual and audible alarm signal automatically at one or more indicating units whenever any sprinkler comes into operation. Such units shall give an indication of any fire and its location in any space served by the system and shall be centralized on the navigating bridge or in the main fire control station, which shall be so manned or equipped as to ensure that any alarm from the system is immediately received by a responsible member of the crew. Such alarm systems shall be constructed so as to indicate if any fault occurs in the system.

                  (b)
                  (i) Sprinklers shall be grouped into separate sections, each of which shall contain not more than 200 sprinklers. Any section of sprinklers shall not serve more than two decks and shall not be situated in more than one main vertical zone, except that an Administration, if it is satisfied that the protection of the ship against fire will not thereby be reduced, may permit such a section of sprinklers to serve more than two decks or to be situated in more than one main vertical zone.
                  (ii) Each section of sprinklers shall be capable of being isolated by one stop valve only. The stop valve in each section shall be readily accessible and its location shall be clearly and permanently indicated. Means shall be provided to prevent them operation of the stop valves by any unauthorized person.
                  (iii) A gauge indicating the pressure in the system shall be provided at each section stop valve and at a central station.
                  (iv) The sprinklers shall be resistant to corrosion by marine atmospheres. In accommodation and service spaces the sprinklers shall come into operation within the temperature range of 68 ºC(155 ºF) and 79 º(175 ºF), except that in locations such as drying rooms, where high ambient temperatures might be expected, the operating temperature may be increased by not more than 30 º (54 ºF) above the maximum deck head temperature.
                  (v) A list or plan shall be displayed at each indicating unit showing the spaces covered and the location of the zone in respect of each section. Suitable instructions for testing and maintenance shall be available.

                  (c) Sprinklers shall be placed in an overhead position and spaced in a suitable pattern to maintain an average application rate of not less than 5 litres per square metre (0.1 gallon per square foot) per minute over the nominal area covered by the sprinklers. Alternatively, the Administration may permit the use of sprinklers providing such other amount of water suitably distributed as has been shown to the satisfaction of the Administration to be not less effective.

                  (d)
                  (i) A pressure tank having a volume equal to at least twice that of the charge of water specified in this sub-paragraph shall be provided. The tank shall contain a standing charge of fresh water, equivalent to the amount of water which would be discharged in one minute by the pump referred to in sub-paragraph (e)(ii) of this Regulation, and the arrangements shall provide for maintaining such air pressure in the tank to ensure that where the standing charge of fresh water in the tank has been used the pressure will be not less than the working pressure of the sprinkler, plus the pressure due to a head of water measured from the bottom of the tank to the highest sprinkler in the system. Suitable means of replenishing the air under pressure and of replenishing the fresh water charge in the tank shall be provided. A glass gauge shall be provided to indicate the correct level of the water in the tank.
                  (ii) Means shall be provided to prevent the passage of sea water into the tank.

                  (e)
                  (i) An independent power pump shall be provided solely for the purpose of continuing automatically the discharge of water from the sprinklers. The pump shall be brought into action automatically by the pressure drop in the system before the standing fresh water charge in the pressure tank is completely exhausted.
                  (ii) The pump and the piping system shall be capable of maintaining the necessary pressure at the level of the highest sprinkler to ensure a continuous output of water sufficient for the simultaneous coverage of a minimum area of 280 square metres (3,000 square feet) at the application rate specified in paragraph (c) of this Regulation.
                  (iii) The pump shall have fitted on the delivery side a test valve with a short open-ended discharge pipe. The effective area through the valve and pipe shall be adequate to permit the release of the required pump output while maintaining the pressure in the system specified in sub-paragraph (d)(i) of this Regulation.
                  (iv) The sea inlet to the pump shall wherever possible be in the space containing the pump and shall be so arranged that when the ship is afloat it will not be necessary to shut off the supply of sea water to the pump for any purpose other than the inspection or repair of the pump.

                  (f) The sprinkler pump and tank shall be situated in a position reasonably remote from any machinery space of Category A and shall not be situated in any space required to be protected by the sprinkler system.

                  (g) There shall be not less than two sources of power supply for the sea water pump and automatic alarm and detection system. Where the sources of power for the pump are electrical, these shall be a main generator and an emergency source of power. One supply for the pump shall be taken from the main switchboard, and one from the emergency switchboard by separate feeders reserved solely for that purpose. The feeders shall be arranged so as to avoid galleys, machinery spaces and other enclosed spaces of high fire risk except in so far as it is necessary to reach the appropriate switchboards, and shall be run to an automatic change-over switch situated near the sprinkler pump. This switch shall permit the supply of power from the main switchboard so long as a supply is available therefrom, and be so designed that upon failure of that supply it will automatically change over to the supply from the emergency switchboard. The switches on the main switchboard and the emergency switchboard shall be clearly labelled and normally kept closed. No other switch shall be permitted in the feeders concerned. One of the sources of power supply for the alarm and detection system shall be an emergency source. Where one of the sources of power for the pump is an internal combustion-type engine it shall, in addition to complying with the provisions of paragraph (f) of this Regulation, be so situated that a fire in any protected space will not affect the air supply to the machinery.

                  (h) The sprinkler system shall have a connexion from the ship's fire main by way of a lockable screw-down non-return valve at the connexion which will prevent a backflow from the sprinkler system to the fire main.

                  (I)
                  (i) A test valve shall be provided for testing the automatic alarm for each section of sprinklers by a discharge of water equivalent to the operation of one sprinkler. The test valve for each section shall be situated near the stop valve for that section.
                  (ii) Means shall be provided for testing the automatic operation of the pump, on reduction of pressure in the system.
                  (iii) Switches shall be provided at one of the indicating positions referred to in sub-paragraph (a)(ii) of this Reg. which will enable the alarm and the indicators for each section of sprinklers to be tested.
                  (j) Spare sprinkler heads shall be provided for each section of sprinklers to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                  Reg. 12 Automatic sprinkler fire detection and fire alarm systems

                  1.1 Any required automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system shall be capable of immediate operation at all times and no action by the crew shall be necessary to set it in operation. It shall be of the wet pipe type but small exposed sections may be of the dry pipe type where in the opinion of the Administration this is a necessary precaution. Any parts of the system which may be subjected to freezing temperatures in service shall be suitably protected against freezing. It shall be kept charged at the necessary pressure and shall have provision for a continuous supply of water as required in this Regulation.

                  1.2 Each section of sprinklers shall include means for giving a visual and audible alarm signal automatically at one or more indicating units whenever any sprinkler comes into operation. Such alarm systems shall be such as to indicate if any fault occurs in the system.

                  1.2.1 In passenger ships such units shall give an indication of any fire and its location in any space served by the system and shall be centralized on the navigating bridge or in the main fire control station, which shall be so manned or equipped as to ensure that any alarm from the system is immediately received by a responsible member of the crew.

                  1.2.2 In cargo ships such units shall indicate in which section served by the system fire has occurred and shall be centralized on the navigating bridge and in addition, visible and audible alarms from the unit shall be placed in a position other than on the navigating bridge, so as to ensure that the indication of fire is immediately received by the crew.

                  2.1 Sprinklers shall be grouped into separate sections, each of which shall contain not more than 200 sprinklers. In passenger ships any section of sprinklers shall not serve more than two decks and shall not be situated in more than one main vertical zone. However, the Administration may permit such a section of sprinklers to serve more than two decks or be situated in more than one main vertical zone, if it is satisfied that the protection of the ship against fire will not thereby be reduced.

                  2.2 Each section of sprinklers shall be capable of being isolated by one stop valve only. The stop valve in each section shall be readily accessible and its location shall be clearly and permanently indicated. Means shall be provided to prevent the operation of the stop valves by any unauthorized person.

                  2.3 A gauge indicating the pressure in the system shall be provided at each section stop valve and at a central station.

                  2.4 The sprinklers shall be resistant to corrosion by marine atmosphere. In accommodation and service spaces the sprinklers shall come into operation within the temperature range from 68 ºC to 79 ºC, except that in locations such as drying rooms, where high ambient temperatures might be expected, the operating temperature may be increased by not more than 30 ºC above the maximum deck head temperature.
                  2.5 A list or plan shall be displayed at each indicating unit showing the spaces covered and the location of the zone in respect of each section. Suitable instructions for testing and maintenance shall be available.

                  3 Sprinklers shall be placed in an overhead position and spaced in a suitable pattern to maintain an average application rate of not less than 5 ℓ/㎡ uper minute over the nominal area covered by the sprinklers. However, the Administration may permit the use of sprinklers providing such an alternative amount of water suitably distributed as has been shown to the satisfaction of the Administration to be not less effective.

                  4.1 A pressure tank having a volume equal to at least twice that of the charge of water specified in this sub-paragraph shall be provided. The tank shall contain a standing charge of fresh water, equivalent to the amount of water which would be discharged in one minute by the pump referred to in paragraph 5.2, and the arrangements shall provide for maintaining an air pressure in the tank such as to ensure that where the standing charge of fresh water in the tank has been used the pressure will be not less than the working pressure of the sprinkler, plus the pressure exerted by a head of water measured from the bottom of the tank to the highest sprinkler in the system. Suitable means of replenishing the air under pressure and of replenishing the fresh water charge in the tank shall be provided. A glass gauge shall be provided to indicate the correct level of the water in the tank.

                  4.2 Means shall be provided to prevent the passage of sea-water in to the tank.

                  5.1 An independent power pump shall be provided solely for the purpose of continuing automatically the discharge of water from the sprinklers. The pump shall be brought into action automatically by the pressure drop in the system before the standing fresh water charge in the pressure tank is completely exhausted.

                  5.2 The pump and the piping system shall be capable of maintaining the necessary pressure at the level of the highest sprinkler to ensure a continuous output of water sufficient for the simultaneous coverage of a minimum area of 280㎡ at the application rate specified in paragraph 3.

                  5.3 The pump shall have fitted on the delivery side a test valve with a short open-ended discharge pipe. The effective area through the valve and pipe shall be adequate to permit the release of the required pump output while maintaining the pressure in the system specified in paragraph 4.1.

                  5.4 The sea inlet to the pump shall wherever possible be in the space containing the pump and shall be so arranged that when the ship is afloat it will not be necessary to shut off the supply of sea-water to the pump for any purpose other than the inspection or repair of the pump.

                  6 The sprinkler pump and tank shall be situated in a position reasonably remote from any machinery space of category A and shall not be situated in any space required to be protected by the sprinkler system.

                  7.1 In passenger ships there shall be not less than two sources of power supply for the sea-water pump and automatic alarm and detection system. Where the sources of power for the pump are electrical, these shall be a main generator and an emergency source of power. One supply for the pump shall be taken from the main switchboard, and one from the emergency switchboard by separate feeders reserved solely for that purpose. The feeders shall be so arranged as to avoid galleys, machinery spaces and other enclosed spaces of high fire risk except in so far as it is necessary to reach the appropriate switchboards, and shall be run to an automatic change-over switch situated near the sprinkler pump. This switch shall permit the supply of power from the main switchboard so long as a supply is available therefrom, and be so designed that upon failure of that supply it will automatically change over to the supply from the emergency switchboard. The switches on the main switchboard and the emergency switchboard shall be clearly labelled and normally kept closed. No other switch shall be permitted in the feeders concerned. One of the sources of power supply for the alarm and detection system shall bean emergency source. Where one of the sources of power for the pump is an internal combustion engine it shall, in addition to complying with the provisions of paragraph 6, be so situated that a fire in any protected space will not affect the air supply to the machinery.

                  7.2 In cargo ships there shall not be less than two sources of power supply for the sea-water pump and automatic alarm and detection system. If the pump is electrically driven it shall be connected to the main source of electrical power, which shall be capable of being supplied by at least two generators. The feeders shall be so arranged as to avoid galleys, machinery spaces and other enclosed spaces of high fire risk except in so far as it is necessary to reach the appropriate switchboards. One of the sources of power supply for the alarm and detection system shall be an emergency source. Where one of the sources of power for the pump is an internal combustion engine it shall, in addition to complying with the provisions of paragraph 6, be so situated that a fire in any protected space will not affect the air supply to the machinery.

                  8 The sprinkler system shall have a connection from the ship's fire main by way of a lockable screw-down non-return valve at the connection which will prevent a back flow from the sprinkler system to the fire main.

                  9.1 A test valve shall be provided for testing the automatic alarm for each section of sprinklers by a discharge of water equivalent to the operation of one sprinkler. The test valve for each section shall be situated near the stop valve for that section.

                  9.2 Means shall be provided for testing the automatic operation of the pump on reduction of pressure in the system.

                  9.3 Switches shall be provided at one of the indicating positions referred to in paragraph 1.2 which will enable the alarm and the indicators for each section of sprinklers to be tested.

                  10 Spare sprinkler heads shall be provided for each section of sprinklers to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  Reg. 13 Automatic Fire Alarm and Fire Detection Systems


                  Requirements for passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers.

                  (a)
                  (i) Any required automatic fire alarm and fire detection system shall be capable of immediate operation at all times and no action of the crew shall be necessary to set it in operation.
                  (ii) Each section of detectors shall include means for giving a visual and audible alarm signal automatically at one or more indicating units whenever any detector comes into operation. Such units shall give an indication of any fire and its location in any space served by the system and shall be centralized on the navigating bridge or in the main fire control station which shall be so manned or equipped as to ensure that any alarm from the system is immediately received by a responsible member of the crew. Such alarm system shall be constructed so as to indicate if any fault occurs in the system.

                  (b) Detectors shall be grouped into separate sections each covering not more than 50 rooms served by such a system and containing not more than 100 detectors. A section of detectors shall not serve spaces on both the port and starboard sides of the ship nor on more than one deck and neither shall it be situated in more than one main vertical zone except that the Administration, if it is satisfied that the protection of the ship against fire will not thereby be reduced, may permit such a section of detectors to serve both the port and starboard sides of the ship and more than one deck.

                  (c) The system shall be operated by an abnormal air temperature, by an abnormal concentration of smoke or by other factors indicative of incipient fire in any one of the spaces to be protected. Systems which are sensitive to air temperature shall not operate at less than 57 ºC (135 ºF) and shall operate at a temperature not greater than 7 4 ºC (165.) when the temperature increase to those levels is not more than 1ºC (1.8 ºF) per minute. At the discretion of the Administration the permissible temperature of operation may be increased to 30 ºC (54 ºF) above the maximum deckhead temperature in drying rooms and similar places of a normally high ambient temperature. Systems which are sensitive to smoke concentration shall operate on the reduction of the intensity of a transmitted light beam by an amount to be determined by the Administration. Other equally effective methods of operation may be accepted at the discretion of the Administration. The detection system shall not be used for any purpose other than fire detection.

                  (d) The detectors may be arranged to operate the alarm by the opening or closing of contacts or by other appropriate methods. They shall be fitted in an overhead position and shall be suitably protected against impact and physical damage. They shall be suitable for use in a marine atmosphere. They shall be placed in an open position clear of beams and other objects likely to obstruct the flow of hot gases or smoke to the sensitive element. Detectors operated by the closing of contacts shall be of the sealed contact type and the circuit shall be continuously monitored to indicate fault conditions.

                  (e) At least one detector shall be installed in each space where detection facilities are required and there shall be not less than one detector for each 37 square metres (400 square feet) of deck area. In large spaces the detectors shall be arranged in a regular pattern so that no detector is more than 9 metres (30 feet) from another detector or more than 4.5 metres (15 feet) from a bulkhead.

                  (f) There shall be not less than two sources of power supply for the electrical equipment used in the operation of the fire alarm and fire detection system, one of which shall be an emergency source. The supply shall be provided by separate feeders reserved solely for that purpose. Such feeders shall run to a change-over switch situated in the control station for the fire detection system. The wiring system shall be so arranged to avoid galleys, machinery spaces and other enclosed spaces having a high fire risk except in so far as it is necessary to provide for fire detection in such spaces or to reach the appropriate switchboard.

                  (g)
                  (i) A list or plan shall be displayed adjacent to each indicating unit showing the spaces covered and the location of the zone in respect of each section. Suitable instructions for testing and maintenance shall be available.
                  (ii) Provision shall be made for testing the correct operation of the detectors and the indicating units by supplying means for applying hot air or smoke at detector positions.

                  (h) Spare detector heads shall be provided for each section of detectors to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  Requirements for all other type of ships.

                  (i) All required fire detection systems shall be capable of automatically indicating the presence or indication of fire and also its location. Indicators shall be centralized either on the navigating bridge or in other control stations which are provided with a direct communication with the bridge. The Administration may permit the indicators to be distributed among several stations.

                  (j) In passenger ships electrical equipment used in the operation of required fire detection systems shall have two separate sources of power, one of which shall be an emergency source.

                  (k) The alarm system shall operate both audible and visible signals at the main stations referred to in paragraph (i) of this Regulation. Detection systems for cargo spaces need not have audible alarms.
                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-08-1984

                  Requirements for passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers.

                  (a)
                  (i) Any required automatic fire alarm and fire detection system shall be capable of immediate operation at all times and no action of the crew shall be necessary to set it in operation.
                  (ii) Each section of detectors shall include means for giving a visual and audible alarm signal automatically at one or more indicating units whenever any detector comes into operation. Such units shall give an indication of any fire and its location in any space served by the system and shall be centralized on the navigating bridge or in the main fire control station which shall be so manned or equipped as to ensure that any alarm from the system is immediately received by a responsible member of the crew. Such alarm system shall be constructed so as to indicate if any fault occurs in the system.

                  (b) Detectors shall be grouped into separate sections each covering not more than 50 rooms served by such a system and containing not more than 100 detectors. A section of detectors shall not serve spaces on both the port and starboard sides of the ship nor on more than one deck and neither shall it be situated in more than one main vertical zone except that the Administration, if it is satisfied that the protection of the ship against fire will not thereby be reduced, may permit such a section of detectors to serve both the port and starboard sides of the ship and more than one deck.

                  (c) The system shall be operated by an abnormal air temperature, by an abnormal concentration of smoke or by other factors indicative of incipient fire in any one of the spaces to be protected. Systems which are sensitive to air temperature shall not operate at less than 57 ºC (135 ºF) and shall operate at a temperature not greater than 7 4 ºC (165.) when the temperature increase to those levels is not more than 1ºC (1.8 ºF) per minute. At the discretion of the Administration the permissible temperature of operation may be increased to 30 ºC (54 ºF) above the maximum deckhead temperature in drying rooms and similar places of a normally high ambient temperature. Systems which are sensitive to smoke concentration shall operate on the reduction of the intensity of a transmitted light beam by an amount to be determined by the Administration. Other equally effective methods of operation may be accepted at the discretion of the Administration. The detection system shall not be used for any purpose other than fire detection.

                  (d) The detectors may be arranged to operate the alarm by the opening or closing of contacts or by other appropriate methods. They shall be fitted in an overhead position and shall be suitably protected against impact and physical damage. They shall be suitable for use in a marine atmosphere. They shall be placed in an open position clear of beams and other objects likely to obstruct the flow of hot gases or smoke to the sensitive element. Detectors operated by the closing of contacts shall be of the sealed contact type and the circuit shall be continuously monitored to indicate fault conditions.

                  (e) At least one detector shall be installed in each space where detection facilities are required and there shall be not less than one detector for each 37 square metres (400 square feet) of deck area. In large spaces the detectors shall be arranged in a regular pattern so that no detector is more than 9 metres (30 feet) from another detector or more than 4.5 metres (15 feet) from a bulkhead.

                  (f) There shall be not less than two sources of power supply for the electrical equipment used in the operation of the fire alarm and fire detection system, one of which shall be an emergency source. The supply shall be provided by separate feeders reserved solely for that purpose. Such feeders shall run to a change-over switch situated in the control station for the fire detection system. The wiring system shall be so arranged to avoid galleys, machinery spaces and other enclosed spaces having a high fire risk except in so far as it is necessary to provide for fire detection in such spaces or to reach the appropriate switchboard.

                  (g)
                  (i) A list or plan shall be displayed adjacent to each indicating unit showing the spaces covered and the location of the zone in respect of each section. Suitable instructions for testing and maintenance shall be available.
                  (ii) Provision shall be made for testing the correct operation of the detectors and the indicating units by supplying means for applying hot air or smoke at detector positions.

                  (h) Spare detector heads shall be provided for each section of detectors to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  Requirements for all other type of ships.

                  (i) All required fire detection systems shall be capable of automatically indicating the presence or indication of fire and also its location. Indicators shall be centralized either on the navigating bridge or in other control stations which are provided with a direct communication with the bridge. The Administration may permit the indicators to be distributed among several stations.

                  (j) In passenger ships electrical equipment used in the operation of required fire detection systems shall have two separate sources of power, one of which shall be an emergency source.

                  (k) The alarm system shall operate both audible and visible signals at the main stations referred to in paragraph (i) of this Regulation. Detection systems for cargo spaces need not have audible alarms.
                  Reg. 13 Fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems

                  1 General requirements

                  1.1 Any required fixed fire detection and fire alarm system with manually operated call points shall be capable of immediate operation at all times.

                  1.2 Power supplies and electric circuits necessary for the operation of the system shall be monitored for loss of power or fault conditions as appropriate. Occurrence of a fault condition shall initiate a visual and audible fault signal at the control panel which shall be distinct from a fire signal.

                  1.3 There shall be not less than two sources of power supply for the electrical equipment used in the operation of the fire detection and fire alarm system, one of which shall be an emergency source. The supply shall be provided by separate feeders reserved solely for that purpose. Such feeders shall run to an automatic change-over switch situated in or adjacent to the control panel for the fire detection system.

                  1.4 Detectors and manually operated call points shall be grouped into sections. The activation of any detector or manually operated call point shall initiate a visual and audible fire signal at the control panel and indicating units. If the signals have not received attention within two minutes an audible alarm shall be automatically sounded throughout the crew accommodation and service spaces, control stations and machinery spaces of category A. This alarm sounder system need not be an integral part of the detection system.

                  1.5 The control panel shall be located on the navigating bridge or in the main fire control station.

                  1.6 Indicating units shall denote the section in which a detector or manually operated call point has operated. At least one unit shall be so located that it is easily accessible to responsible members of the crew at all times, when at sea or in port except when the ship is out of service. One indicating unit shall be located on the navigating bridge if the control panel is located in the main fire control station.

                  1.7 Clear information shall be displayed on or adjacent to each indicating unit about the spaces covered and the location of the sections.

                  1.8 No section covering more than one deck within accommodation, service and control stations shall normally be permitted except a section which covers an enclosed stairway. In order to avoid delay in identifying the source of fire, the number of enclosed spaces included in each section shall be limited as determined by the Administration. In no case shall more than fifty enclosed spaces be permitted in any section.

                  1.9 In passenger ships a section of detectors shall not serve spaces on both sides of the ship nor on more than one deck and neither shall it be situated in more than one main vertical zone except that the Administration, if it is satisfied that the protection of the ship against fire will not thereby be reduced, may permit such a section of detectors to serve both sides of the ship and more than one deck.

                  1.10 A section of fire detectors which covers a control station, a service space or an accommodation space shall not include a machinery space of category A.

                  1.11 Detectors shall be operated by heat, smoke or other products of combustion, flame, or any combination of these factors. Detectors operated by other factors indicative of incipient fires may be considered by the Administration provided that they are no less sensitive than such detectors. Flame detectors shall only be used in addition to smoke or heat detectors.

                  1.12 Suitable instructions and components spares for testing and maintenance shall be provided.

                  1.13 The function of the detection system shall be periodically tested to the satisfaction of the Administration by means of equipment producing hot air at the appropriate temperature, or smoke or aerosol particles having the appropriate range of density or particle size, or other phenomena associated with incipient fires to which the detector is designed to respond. All detectors shall be of a type such that they can be tested for correct operation and restored to normal surveillance without the renewal of any component.

                  1.14 The fire detection system shall not be used for any other purpose, except that closing of fire doors and similar functions maybe permitted at the control panel.

                  2 Installation requirements

                  2.1 Manual call points shall be installed throughout the accommodation spaces, service spaces and control stations. One manual call point shall be located at each exit. Manual call points shall be readily accessible in the corridors of each deck such that no part of the corridor is more than 20 m from a manual call point.

                  2.2 Smoke detectors shall be installed in all stairways, corridors and escape routes within accommodation spaces. Consideration shall be given to the installation of special purpose smoke detectors within ventilation ducting.

                  2.3 Where a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system is required for the protection of spaces other than those specified in paragraph 2.2, at least one detector complying with paragraph 1.11 shall be installed in each such space.

                  2.4 Detectors shall be located for optimum performance. Positions near beams and ventilation ducts or other positions where patterns of air flow could adversely affect performance and positions where impact or physical damage is likely shall be avoided. In general, detectors which are located on the overhead shall be a minimum distance of 0.5 m away from bulkheads.


                  The Administration may require or permit other spacings based upon test data which demonstrate the characteristics of the detectors.

                  2.6 Electrical wiring which forms part of the system shall be so arranged as to avoid galleys, machinery spaces of category A, and other enclosed spaces of high fire risk except where it is necessary to provide for fire detection or fire alarm in such spaces or to connect to the appropriate power supply.

                  3 Design requirements

                  3.1 The system and equipment shall be suitably designed to withstand supply voltage variation and transients, ambient temperature changes, vibration, humidity, shock, impact and corrosion normally encountered in ships.

                  3.2 Smoke detectors required by paragraph 2.2 shall be certified to operate before the smoke density exceeds 12.5 percent obscuration per metre, but not until the smoke density exceeds 2 percent obscuration per metre. Smoke detectors to be installed in other spaces shall operate within sensitivity limits to the satisfaction of the Administration having regard to the avoidance of detector insensitivity or oversensitivity.

                  3.3 Heat detectors shall be certified to operate before the temperature exceeds 78 ºC but not until the temperature exceeds 54 ºC when the temperature is raised to those limits at a rate less than 1 ºC per minute. At higher rates of temperature rise, the heat detector shall operate within temperature limits to the satisfaction of the Administration having regard to the avoidance of detector insensitivity or over sensitivity.

                  3.4 At the discretion of the Administration, the permissible temperature of operation of heat detectors may be increased to 30 ºC above the maximum deck head temperature in drying rooms and similar spaces of a normal high ambient temperature.

                  Reg. 13-1 Sample extraction smoke detection systems

                  [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1992-02-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]

                  Reg. 14 Fireman's outfit


                  A fireman's outfit shall consist of:

                  (a) Personal equipment comprising :
                  (i) Protective clothing of material to protect the skin from the heat radiating from the fire and from burns and scalding by steam. The outer surface shall be water-resistant
                  (ii) Boots and gloves of rubber or other electrically non-conducting material.
                  (iii) A rigid helmet providing effective protection against impact.
                  (iv) An electric safety lamp (hand lantern) of an approved type with a minimum burning period of three hours.
                  (v) An axe to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  (b) A breathing apparatus of an approved type which may be either :
                  (i) A smoke helmet or smoke mask which shall be provided with a suitable air pump and a length of air hose sufficient to reach from the open deck, well clear of hatch or doorway, to any part of the holds or machinery spaces. If, in order to comply with this subparagraph, an air hose exceeding 36 metres(120 feet) in length would be necessary, a self-contained breathing apparatus shall be substituted or provided in addition as determined by the Administration, or
                  (ii) a self-contained breathing apparatus which shall be capable of functioning for a period of time to be determined by the Administration For each breathing apparatus a fireproof lifeline of sufficient length and strength shall be provided capable of being attached by means of a snaphook to the harness of the apparatus or to a separate belt in order to prevent the breathing apparatus becoming detached when the lifeline is operated.
                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-08-1984

                  A fireman's outfit shall consist of:

                  (a) Personal equipment comprising :
                  (i) Protective clothing of material to protect the skin from the heat radiating from the fire and from burns and scalding by steam. The outer surface shall be water-resistant
                  (ii) Boots and gloves of rubber or other electrically non-conducting material.
                  (iii) A rigid helmet providing effective protection against impact.
                  (iv) An electric safety lamp (hand lantern) of an approved type with a minimum burning period of three hours.
                  (v) An axe to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  (b) A breathing apparatus of an approved type which may be either :
                  (i) A smoke helmet or smoke mask which shall be provided with a suitable air pump and a length of air hose sufficient to reach from the open deck, well clear of hatch or doorway, to any part of the holds or machinery spaces. If, in order to comply with this subparagraph, an air hose exceeding 36 metres(120 feet) in length would be necessary, a self-contained breathing apparatus shall be substituted or provided in addition as determined by the Administration, or
                  (ii) a self-contained breathing apparatus which shall be capable of functioning for a period of time to be determined by the Administration For each breathing apparatus a fireproof lifeline of sufficient length and strength shall be provided capable of being attached by means of a snaphook to the harness of the apparatus or to a separate belt in order to prevent the breathing apparatus becoming detached when the lifeline is operated.
                  Reg. 14 Fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems for periodically unattended machinery spaces

                  1 A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system in accordance with the relevant provisions of Regulation 13 shall be installed in periodically unattended machinery spaces.

                  2 This fire detection system shall be so designed and the detectors so positioned as to detect rapidly the onset of fire in any part of those spaces and under any normal conditions of operation of the machinery and variations of ventilation as required by the possible range of ambient temperatures.
                  Except in spaces of restricted height and where their use is specially appropriate, detection systems using only thermal detectors shall not be permitted.
                  The detection system shall initiate audible and visual alarms distinct in both respects from the alarms of any other system not indicating fire, insufficient places to ensure that the alarms are heard and observed on the navigating bridge and by a responsible engineer officer. When the navigating bridge is unmanned the alarm shall sound in a place where a responsible member of the crew is on duty.

                  3 After installation the system shall be tested under varying conditions of engine operation and ventilation.

                  Reg. 15 Ready Availability to Fire- Extinguishing Appliance


                  In all new and existing ships, fire-extinguishing appliances shall be kept in good order and available for immediate use at all times during the voyage.
                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-08-1984

                  In all new and existing ships, fire-extinguishing appliances shall be kept in good order and available for immediate use at all times during the voyage.
                  Reg. 15 Arrangements for oil fuel, lubricating oil and other flammable oils
                  1 Limitations in the use of oil as fuel
                  The following limitations shall apply to the use of oil as fuel:
                  .1 Except as otherwise permitted by this paragraph, no oil fuel with a flashpoint of less than 60&degC shall be used.
                  .2 In emergency generators oil fuel with a flashpoint of not less than 43&degC may be used.
                  .3 Subject to such additional precautions as it may consider necessary and on condition that the ambient temperature of the space in which such oil fuel is stored or used shall not be allowed to rise to within 10&degC below the flashpoint of the oil fuel, the Administration may permit the general use of oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 60&degC but not less than 43&degC.
                  .4 In cargo ships the use of fuel having a lower flashpoint than otherwise specified in this paragraph, for example crude oil, may be permitted provided that such fuel is not stored in any machinery space and subject to the approval by the Administration of the complete installation.
                  The flashpoint of oils shall be determined by an approved closed cup method.

                  2 Oil fuel arrangements
                  In a ship in which oil fuel is used, the arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of the oil fuel shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board and shall at least comply with the following provisions:
                  .1 As far as practicable, parts of the oil fuel system containing heated oil under pressure exceeding 0.18 N/.shall not be placed in a concealed position such that defects and leakage cannot readily be observed. The machinery spaces in way of such parts of the oil fuel system shall be adequately illuminated.
                  .2 The ventilation of machinery spaces shall be sufficient under all normal conditions to prevent accumulation of oil vapour.
                  .3 As far as practicable, oil fuel tanks shall be part of the ship's structure and shall be located outside machinery spaces of category A. Where oil fuel tanks, other than double bottom tanks, are necessarily located adjacent to or within machinery spaces of category A, at least one of their vertical sides shall be contiguous to the machinery space boundaries, and shall preferably have a common boundary with the double bottom tanks, and the area of the tank boundary common with the machinery spaces shall be kept to a minimum. Where such tanks are situated within the boundaries of machinery spaces of category A they shall not contain oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 60&degC. In general the use of free standing oil fuel tanks shall be avoided. When such tanks are employed their use shall be prohibited in category A machinery spaces on passenger ships. Where permitted, they shall be placed in an oil-tight spill tray of ample size having a suitable drain pipe leading to a suitably sized spill oil tank.
                  .4 No oil fuel tank shall be situated where spillage or leakage therefrom can constitute a hazard by falling on heated surfaces. Precautions shall be taken to prevent any oil that may escape under pressure from any pump, filter or heater from coming into contact with heated surfaces.
                  .5 Every oil fuel pipe, which, if damaged, would allow oil to escape from a storage, settling or daily service tank situated above the double bottom shall be fitted with a cock or valve directly on the tank capable of being closed from a safe position outside the space concerned in the event of a fire occurring in the space in which such tanks are situated. In the special case of deep tanks situated in any shaft or pipe tunnel or similar space, valves on the tank shall be fitted but control in the event of fire may be effected by means of an additional valve on the pipe or pipes outside the tunnel or similar space. If such additional valve is fitted in the machinery space it shall be operated from a position outside this space.
                  .6 Safe and efficient means of ascertaining the amount of oil fuel contained in any oil fuel tank shall be provided. Sounding pipes shall not terminate in any space where the risk of ignition of spillage from the sounding pipe might arise. In particular, they shall not terminate in passenger or crew spaces. Other means of ascertaining the amount of oil fuel contained in any oil fuel tank may be permitted:
                  .6.1 in passenger ships, if such means do not require penetration below the top of the tank, and providing their failure or over-filling of the tanks will not permit release of fuel;
                  .6.2 in cargo ships, providing the failure of such means or over-filling of the tanks will not permit release of fuel. The use of cylindrical gauge glasses is prohibited. The Administration may permit the use of oil level gauges with flat glasses and self-closing valves between the gauges and oil tanks. Such other means shall be acceptable to the Administration and shall be maintained in the proper condition to ensure their continued accurate functioning in service.
                  .7 Provision shall be made to prevent overpressure in any oil tank or in any part of the oil fuel system, including the filling pipes. Any relief valves and air or overflow pipes shall discharge to a position which, in the opinion of the Administration, is safe.
                  .8 Oil fuel pipes and their valves and fittings shall be of steel or other approved material, except that restricted use of flexible pipes shall be permissible in positions where the Administration is satisfied that they are necessary. Such flexible pipes and end attachments shall be of approved fire-resisting materials of adequate strength and shall be constructed to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  3 Lubricating oil arrangements
                  The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of oil used in pressure lubrication systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board, and such arrangements in machinery spaces of category A and whenever practicable in other machinery spaces shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.1, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7 and 2.8 except that this does not preclude the use of sight flow glasses in lubricating systems provided that they are shown by test to have a suitable degree of fire resistance.

                  4 Arrangements for other flammable oils
                  The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of other flammable oils employed under pressure in power transmission systems, control and activating systems and heating systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board. In locations where means of ignition are present, such arrangements shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.4 and 2.6 and with the provisions of paragraphs 2.7 and 2.8 in respect of strength and construction.

                  5 Periodically unattended machinery spaces
                  In addition to the requirements of paragraphs 1 to 4, the oil fuel and lubricating oil systems shall comply with the following:
                  .1 Where necessary, oil fuel and lubricating oil pipelines shall be screened or otherwise suitably protected to avoid as far as practicable oil spray or oil leakages on to hot surfaces or into machinery air intakes. The number of joints in such piping systems shall be kept to a minimum and, where practicable, leakages from high pressure oil fuel pipes shall be collected and arrangements provided for an alarm to be given.
                  .2 Where daily service oil fuel tanks are filled automatically, or by remote control, means shall be provided to prevent overflow spillages. Other equipment which treats flammable liquids automatically, e.g. oil fuel purifiers, which, whenever practicable, shall be installed in a special space reserved for purifiers and their heaters, shall have arrangements to prevent overflow spillages.
                  .3 Where daily service oil fuel tanks or settling tanks are fitted with heating arrangements, a high temperature alarm shall be provided if the flashpoint of the oil fuel can be exceeded.
                  Ingangsdatum: 01-09-1984
                  Geldig tot en met: 30-06-1986
                  1 Limitations in the use of oil as fuel
                  The following limitations shall apply to the use of oil as fuel:
                  .1 Except as otherwise permitted by this paragraph, no oil fuel with a flashpoint of less than 60&degC shall be used.
                  .2 In emergency generators oil fuel with a flashpoint of not less than 43&degC may be used.
                  .3 Subject to such additional precautions as it may consider necessary and on condition that the ambient temperature of the space in which such oil fuel is stored or used shall not be allowed to rise to within 10&degC below the flashpoint of the oil fuel, the Administration may permit the general use of oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 60&degC but not less than 43&degC.
                  .4 In cargo ships the use of fuel having a lower flashpoint than otherwise specified in this paragraph, for example crude oil, may be permitted provided that such fuel is not stored in any machinery space and subject to the approval by the Administration of the complete installation.
                  The flashpoint of oils shall be determined by an approved closed cup method.

                  2 Oil fuel arrangements
                  In a ship in which oil fuel is used, the arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of the oil fuel shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board and shall at least comply with the following provisions:
                  .1 As far as practicable, parts of the oil fuel system containing heated oil under pressure exceeding 0.18 N/.shall not be placed in a concealed position such that defects and leakage cannot readily be observed. The machinery spaces in way of such parts of the oil fuel system shall be adequately illuminated.
                  .2 The ventilation of machinery spaces shall be sufficient under all normal conditions to prevent accumulation of oil vapour.
                  .3 As far as practicable, oil fuel tanks shall be part of the ship's structure and shall be located outside machinery spaces of category A. Where oil fuel tanks, other than double bottom tanks, are necessarily located adjacent to or within machinery spaces of category A, at least one of their vertical sides shall be contiguous to the machinery space boundaries, and shall preferably have a common boundary with the double bottom tanks, and the area of the tank boundary common with the machinery spaces shall be kept to a minimum. Where such tanks are situated within the boundaries of machinery spaces of category A they shall not contain oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 60&degC. In general the use of free standing oil fuel tanks shall be avoided. When such tanks are employed their use shall be prohibited in category A machinery spaces on passenger ships. Where permitted, they shall be placed in an oil-tight spill tray of ample size having a suitable drain pipe leading to a suitably sized spill oil tank.
                  .4 No oil fuel tank shall be situated where spillage or leakage therefrom can constitute a hazard by falling on heated surfaces. Precautions shall be taken to prevent any oil that may escape under pressure from any pump, filter or heater from coming into contact with heated surfaces.
                  .5 Every oil fuel pipe, which, if damaged, would allow oil to escape from a storage, settling or daily service tank situated above the double bottom shall be fitted with a cock or valve directly on the tank capable of being closed from a safe position outside the space concerned in the event of a fire occurring in the space in which such tanks are situated. In the special case of deep tanks situated in any shaft or pipe tunnel or similar space, valves on the tank shall be fitted but control in the event of fire may be effected by means of an additional valve on the pipe or pipes outside the tunnel or similar space. If such additional valve is fitted in the machinery space it shall be operated from a position outside this space.
                  .6 Safe and efficient means of ascertaining the amount of oil fuel contained in any oil fuel tank shall be provided. Sounding pipes shall not terminate in any space where the risk of ignition of spillage from the sounding pipe might arise. In particular, they shall not terminate in passenger or crew spaces. Other means of ascertaining the amount of oil fuel contained in any oil fuel tank may be permitted:
                  .6.1 in passenger ships, if such means do not require penetration below the top of the tank, and providing their failure or over-filling of the tanks will not permit release of fuel;
                  .6.2 in cargo ships, providing the failure of such means or over-filling of the tanks will not permit release of fuel. The use of cylindrical gauge glasses is prohibited. The Administration may permit the use of oil level gauges with flat glasses and self-closing valves between the gauges and oil tanks. Such other means shall be acceptable to the Administration and shall be maintained in the proper condition to ensure their continued accurate functioning in service.
                  .7 Provision shall be made to prevent overpressure in any oil tank or in any part of the oil fuel system, including the filling pipes. Any relief valves and air or overflow pipes shall discharge to a position which, in the opinion of the Administration, is safe.
                  .8 Oil fuel pipes and their valves and fittings shall be of steel or other approved material, except that restricted use of flexible pipes shall be permissible in positions where the Administration is satisfied that they are necessary. Such flexible pipes and end attachments shall be of approved fire-resisting materials of adequate strength and shall be constructed to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  3 Lubricating oil arrangements
                  The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of oil used in pressure lubrication systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board, and such arrangements in machinery spaces of category A and whenever practicable in other machinery spaces shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.1, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7 and 2.8 except that this does not preclude the use of sight flow glasses in lubricating systems provided that they are shown by test to have a suitable degree of fire resistance.

                  4 Arrangements for other flammable oils
                  The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of other flammable oils employed under pressure in power transmission systems, control and activating systems and heating systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board. In locations where means of ignition are present, such arrangements shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.4 and 2.6 and with the provisions of paragraphs 2.7 and 2.8 in respect of strength and construction.

                  5 Periodically unattended machinery spaces
                  In addition to the requirements of paragraphs 1 to 4, the oil fuel and lubricating oil systems shall comply with the following:
                  .1 Where necessary, oil fuel and lubricating oil pipelines shall be screened or otherwise suitably protected to avoid as far as practicable oil spray or oil leakages on to hot surfaces or into machinery air intakes. The number of joints in such piping systems shall be kept to a minimum and, where practicable, leakages from high pressure oil fuel pipes shall be collected and arrangements provided for an alarm to be given.
                  .2 Where daily service oil fuel tanks are filled automatically, or by remote control, means shall be provided to prevent overflow spillages. Other equipment which treats flammable liquids automatically, e.g. oil fuel purifiers, which, whenever practicable, shall be installed in a special space reserved for purifiers and their heaters, shall have arrangements to prevent overflow spillages.
                  .3 Where daily service oil fuel tanks or settling tanks are fitted with heating arrangements, a high temperature alarm shall be provided if the flashpoint of the oil fuel can be exceeded.
                  Reg. 15 Arrangements for oil fuel, lubricating oil and other flammable

                  1 Limitations in the use of oil as fuel

                  The following limitations shall apply to the use of oil as fuel :
                  .1 Except as otherwise permitted by this paragraph, no oil fuel with a flashpoint of less than 60 ºC shall be used.
                  .2 In emergency generators oil fuel with a flashpoint of not less than 43 ºC may be used.
                  .3 Subject to such additional precautions as it may consider necessary and on condition that the ambient temperature of the space in which such oil fuel is stored or used shall not be allowed to rise to within 10 ºC below the flashpoint of the oil fuel, the Administration may permit the general use of oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 60 ºC but not less than 43 ºC.
                  .4 In cargo ships the use of fuel having a lower flashpoint than otherwise specified in this paragraph, for example crude oil, may be permitted provided that such fuel is not stored in any machinery space and subject to the approval by the Administration of the complete installation.
                  The flashpoint of oils shall be determined by an approved closed cup method.

                  2 Oil fuel arrangements In a ship in which oil fuel is used, the arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of the oil fuel shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board and shall at least comply with the following provisions :
                  .1 As far as practicable, parts of the oil fuel system containing heated oil under pressure exceeding 0.18 N/㎟ shall not be placed in a concealed position such that defects and leakage cannot readily be observed. The machinery spaces in way of such parts of the oil fuel system shall be adequately illuminated.
                  .2 The ventilation of machinery spaces shall be sufficient under all normal conditions to prevent accumulation of oil vapour.
                  .3 As far as practicable, oil fuel tanks shall be part of the ship's structure and shall be located outside machinery spaces of category A. Where oil fuel tanks, other than double bottom tanks, are necessarily located adjacent to or within machinery spaces of category A, at least one of their vertical sides shall be contiguous to the machinery space boundaries, and shall preferably have a common boundary with the double bottom tanks, and the area of the tank boundary common with the machinery spaces shall be kept to a minimum. Where such tanks are situated within the boundaries of machinery spaces of category A they shall not contain oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 60 ºC.
                  In general the use of free standing oil fuel tanks shall be avoided. When such tanks are employed their use shall be prohibited in category A machinery spaces on passenger ships. Where permitted, they shall be placed in an oil-tight spill tray of ample size having a suitable drain pipe leading to a suitably sized spill oil tank.
                  .4 No oil fuel tank shall be situated where spillage or leakage therefrom can constitute a hazard by falling on heated surfaces. Precautions shall be taken to prevent any oil that may escape under pressure from any pump, filter or heater from coming into contact with heated surfaces.
                  .5 Every oil fuel pipe, which, if damaged, would allow oil to escape from a storage, settling or daily service tank situated above the double bottom shall be fitted with a cock or valve directly on the tank capable of being closed from a safe position outside the space concerned in the event of a fire occurring in the space in which such tanks are situated. In the special case of deep tanks situated in any shaft or pipe tunnel or similar space, valves on the tank shall be fitted but control in the event of fire may be effected by means of an additional valve on the pipe or pipes outside the tunnel or similar space. If such additional valve is fitted in the machinery space it shall be operated from a position outside this space.
                  .6 Safe and efficient means of ascertaining the amount of oil fuel contained in any oil fuel tank shall be provided. Sounding pipes shall not terminate in any space where the risk of ignition of spillage from the sounding pipe might arise. In particular, they shall not terminate in passenger or crew spaces. Other means of ascertaining the amount of oil fuel contained in any oil fuel tank may be permitted :
                  6.1 in passenger ships, if such means do not require penetration below the top of the tank, and providing their failure or over-filling of the tanks will not permit release of fuel;
                  6.2 in cargo ships, providing the failure of such means or over-filling of the tanks will not permit release of fuel. The use of cylindrical gauge glasses is prohibited. The Administration may permit the use of oil level gauges with flat glasses and self-closing valves between the gauges and oil tanks. Such other means shall be acceptable to the Administration and shall be maintained in the proper condition to ensure their continued accurate functioning in service.
                  .7 Provision shall be made to prevent overpressure in any oil tank or in any part of the oil fuel system, including the filling pipes. Any relief valves and air or overflow pipes shall discharge to a position which, in the opinion of the Administration, is safe.
                  .8 Oil fuel pipes and their valves and fittings shall be of steel or other approved material, except that restricted use of flexible pipes shall be permissible in positions where the Administration is satisfied that they are necessary. Such flexible pipes and end attachments shall be of approved fire-resisting materials of adequate strength and shall be constructed to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  3 Lubricating oil arrangements The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of oil used in pressure lubrication systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board, and such arrangements in machinery spaces of category A and whenever practicable in other machinery spaces shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.1, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7 and 2.8, except that this does not preclude the use of sight flow glasses in lubricating systems provided that they are shown by test to have a suitable degree of fire resistance.

                  4 Arrangements for other flammable oils The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of other flammable oils employed under pressure in power transmission systems, control and activating systems and heating systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board. In locations where means of ignition are present, such arrangements shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.4, and 2.6, and with the provisions of paragraphs 2.7 and 2.8 in respect of strength and construction.

                  5 Periodically unattended machinery spaces In addition to the requirements of paragraphs 1 to 4, the oil fuel and lubricating oil systems shall comply with the following :
                  .1 Where necessary, oil fuel and lubricating oil pipelines shall be screened or otherwise suitably protected to avoid as far as practicable oil spray or oil leakages on to hot surfaces or into machinery air intakes. The number of joints in such piping systems shall be kept to a minimum and, where practicable, leakages from high pressure oil fuel pipes shall be collected and arrangements provided for an alarm to be given.
                  .2 Where daily service oil fuel tanks are filled automatically, or by remote control, means shall be provided to prevent overflow spillages. Other equipment which treats flammable liquids automatically, e.g. oil fuel purifiers, which, whenever practicable, shall be installed in a special space reserved for purifiers and their heaters, shall have arrangements to prevent overflow spillages.
                  .3 Where daily service oil fuel tanks or settling tanks are fitted with heating arrangements, a high temperature alarm shall be provided if the flashpoint of the oil fuel can be exceeded.

                  6 Prohibition of carriage of flammable oils in forepeak tanks. Oil fuel, lubricating oil and other flammable oils shall not be carried in forepeak tanks.
                  Ingangsdatum: 01-07-1986
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-01-1992

                  1 Limitations in the use of oil as fuel

                  The following limitations shall apply to the use of oil as fuel :
                  .1 Except as otherwise permitted by this paragraph, no oil fuel with a flashpoint of less than 60 ºC shall be used.
                  .2 In emergency generators oil fuel with a flashpoint of not less than 43 ºC may be used.
                  .3 Subject to such additional precautions as it may consider necessary and on condition that the ambient temperature of the space in which such oil fuel is stored or used shall not be allowed to rise to within 10 ºC below the flashpoint of the oil fuel, the Administration may permit the general use of oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 60 ºC but not less than 43 ºC.
                  .4 In cargo ships the use of fuel having a lower flashpoint than otherwise specified in this paragraph, for example crude oil, may be permitted provided that such fuel is not stored in any machinery space and subject to the approval by the Administration of the complete installation.
                  The flashpoint of oils shall be determined by an approved closed cup method.

                  2 Oil fuel arrangements In a ship in which oil fuel is used, the arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of the oil fuel shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board and shall at least comply with the following provisions :
                  .1 As far as practicable, parts of the oil fuel system containing heated oil under pressure exceeding 0.18 N/㎟ shall not be placed in a concealed position such that defects and leakage cannot readily be observed. The machinery spaces in way of such parts of the oil fuel system shall be adequately illuminated.
                  .2 The ventilation of machinery spaces shall be sufficient under all normal conditions to prevent accumulation of oil vapour.
                  .3 As far as practicable, oil fuel tanks shall be part of the ship's structure and shall be located outside machinery spaces of category A. Where oil fuel tanks, other than double bottom tanks, are necessarily located adjacent to or within machinery spaces of category A, at least one of their vertical sides shall be contiguous to the machinery space boundaries, and shall preferably have a common boundary with the double bottom tanks, and the area of the tank boundary common with the machinery spaces shall be kept to a minimum. Where such tanks are situated within the boundaries of machinery spaces of category A they shall not contain oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 60 ºC.
                  In general the use of free standing oil fuel tanks shall be avoided. When such tanks are employed their use shall be prohibited in category A machinery spaces on passenger ships. Where permitted, they shall be placed in an oil-tight spill tray of ample size having a suitable drain pipe leading to a suitably sized spill oil tank.
                  .4 No oil fuel tank shall be situated where spillage or leakage therefrom can constitute a hazard by falling on heated surfaces. Precautions shall be taken to prevent any oil that may escape under pressure from any pump, filter or heater from coming into contact with heated surfaces.
                  .5 Every oil fuel pipe, which, if damaged, would allow oil to escape from a storage, settling or daily service tank situated above the double bottom shall be fitted with a cock or valve directly on the tank capable of being closed from a safe position outside the space concerned in the event of a fire occurring in the space in which such tanks are situated. In the special case of deep tanks situated in any shaft or pipe tunnel or similar space, valves on the tank shall be fitted but control in the event of fire may be effected by means of an additional valve on the pipe or pipes outside the tunnel or similar space. If such additional valve is fitted in the machinery space it shall be operated from a position outside this space.
                  .6 Safe and efficient means of ascertaining the amount of oil fuel contained in any oil fuel tank shall be provided. Sounding pipes shall not terminate in any space where the risk of ignition of spillage from the sounding pipe might arise. In particular, they shall not terminate in passenger or crew spaces. Other means of ascertaining the amount of oil fuel contained in any oil fuel tank may be permitted :
                  6.1 in passenger ships, if such means do not require penetration below the top of the tank, and providing their failure or over-filling of the tanks will not permit release of fuel;
                  6.2 in cargo ships, providing the failure of such means or over-filling of the tanks will not permit release of fuel. The use of cylindrical gauge glasses is prohibited. The Administration may permit the use of oil level gauges with flat glasses and self-closing valves between the gauges and oil tanks. Such other means shall be acceptable to the Administration and shall be maintained in the proper condition to ensure their continued accurate functioning in service.
                  .7 Provision shall be made to prevent overpressure in any oil tank or in any part of the oil fuel system, including the filling pipes. Any relief valves and air or overflow pipes shall discharge to a position which, in the opinion of the Administration, is safe.
                  .8 Oil fuel pipes and their valves and fittings shall be of steel or other approved material, except that restricted use of flexible pipes shall be permissible in positions where the Administration is satisfied that they are necessary. Such flexible pipes and end attachments shall be of approved fire-resisting materials of adequate strength and shall be constructed to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  3 Lubricating oil arrangements The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of oil used in pressure lubrication systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board, and such arrangements in machinery spaces of category A and whenever practicable in other machinery spaces shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.1, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7 and 2.8, except that this does not preclude the use of sight flow glasses in lubricating systems provided that they are shown by test to have a suitable degree of fire resistance.

                  4 Arrangements for other flammable oils The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of other flammable oils employed under pressure in power transmission systems, control and activating systems and heating systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board. In locations where means of ignition are present, such arrangements shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.4, and 2.6, and with the provisions of paragraphs 2.7 and 2.8 in respect of strength and construction.

                  5 Periodically unattended machinery spaces In addition to the requirements of paragraphs 1 to 4, the oil fuel and lubricating oil systems shall comply with the following :
                  .1 Where necessary, oil fuel and lubricating oil pipelines shall be screened or otherwise suitably protected to avoid as far as practicable oil spray or oil leakages on to hot surfaces or into machinery air intakes. The number of joints in such piping systems shall be kept to a minimum and, where practicable, leakages from high pressure oil fuel pipes shall be collected and arrangements provided for an alarm to be given.
                  .2 Where daily service oil fuel tanks are filled automatically, or by remote control, means shall be provided to prevent overflow spillages. Other equipment which treats flammable liquids automatically, e.g. oil fuel purifiers, which, whenever practicable, shall be installed in a special space reserved for purifiers and their heaters, shall have arrangements to prevent overflow spillages.
                  .3 Where daily service oil fuel tanks or settling tanks are fitted with heating arrangements, a high temperature alarm shall be provided if the flashpoint of the oil fuel can be exceeded.

                  6 Prohibition of carriage of flammable oils in forepeak tanks. Oil fuel, lubricating oil and other flammable oils shall not be carried in forepeak tanks.
                  Reg. 15 Arrangements for oil fuel, lubricating oil and other flammable oils

                  (Paragraphs 2.6 and 3 of this regulation apply to ships constructed on or after 1 February 1992)

                  1 Limitations in the use of oil as fuel
                  The following limitations shall apply to the use of oil as fuel :
                  .1 Except as otherwise permitted by this paragraph, no oil fuel with a flashpoint of less than 60 ºC shall be used.**
                  ___________
                  ** Refer to resolution A.565(14) concerning recommended procedures to prevent the illegal or accidental use of low-flashpoint cargo as fuel, adopted by the Organization.

                  .2 In emergency generators oil fuel with a flashpoint of not less than 43 ºC may be used
                  .3 Subject to such additional precautions as it may consider necessary and on condition that the ambient temperature of the space in which such oil fuel is stored of used shall not be allowed to rise to within 10 ºC below the flashpoint of the oil fuel, the Administration may permit the general use of oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 60 ºC but not less than 43ºC.
                  .4 In cargo ships the use of fuel having a lower flashpoint than other-wise specified in this paragraph, for example crude oil, may be permitted provided that such fuel is not stored in any machinery space and subject to the approval by the Administration of the complete installation.
                  The flashpoint of oils shall be determined by an approved closed cup method.

                  2 Oil fuel arrangements In a ship in which oil fuel is used, the arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of the oil fuel shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board and shall at least comply with the following provisions :
                  .1 As far as practicable, parts of the oil fuel system containing heated oil under pressure exceeding 0.18 N/.shall not be placed in a concealed position such that defects and leakage cannot readily be observed. The machinery spaces in way of such parts of the oil fuel system shall be adequately illuminated.
                  .2 The ventilation of machinery spaces shall be sufficient under all normal conditions to prevent accumulation of oil vapour.
                  .3 As far as practicable, oil fuel tanks shall be part of the ship's structure and shall be located outside machinery spaces of category A. Where oil fuel tanks, other than double bottom tanks, are necessarily located adjacent to or within machinery spaces of category A, at least one of their vertical sides shall be contiguous to the machinery space boundaries, and shall preferably have a common boundary with the double bottom tanks, and the area of the tank boundary common with the machinery spaces shall be kept to a minimum. Where such tanks are situated within the boundaries of machinery spaces of category A they shall not contain oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 6 0 ºC. In general the use of free standing oil fuel tanks shall be avoided. When such tanks are employed their use shall be prohibited in category A machinery spaces on passenger ships. Where permitted, they shall be placed in an oil-tight spill tray of ample size having a suitable drain pipe leading to a suitably sized spill oil tank.
                  .4 No oil fuel tank shall be situated where spillage or leakage therefrom can constitute a hazard by falling on heated surfaces. Precautions shall be taken to prevent any oil that may escape under pressure from any pump, filter or heater from coming into contact with heated surfaces.
                  .5 Every oil fuel pipe, which, if damaged, would allow oil to escape from a storage, settling or daily service tank situated above the double bottom shall be fitted with a cock or valve directly on the tank capable of being closed from a safe position outside the space concerned in the event of a fire occurring in the space in which such tanks are situated. In the special case of deep tanks situated in any shaft or pipe tunnel or similar space, valves on the tank shall be fitted but control in the event of fire may be effected by means of an additional valve on the pipe or pipes outside the tunnel or similar space. If such additional valve is fitted in the machinery space it shall be operated from a position outside this space.
                  .6 Safe and efficient means of ascertaining the amount of oil fuel contained in any oil fuel tank shall be provided.
                  .6.1 Where sounding pipes are used, they shall not terminate in any space where the risk of ignition of spillage from the sounding pipe might arise. In particular, they shall not terminate in passenger or crew spaces. As a general rule, they shall not terminate in machinery spaces. However, where the Administration considers that these latter requirements are impracticable, it may permit termination of sounding pipes in machinery spaces on condition that all the following requirements are met :
                  .6.1.1 in addition, an oil-level gauge is provided meeting the requirements of subparagraph .6.2;
                  .6.1.2 the sounding pipes terminate in locations remote from ignition hazards unless precautions are taken such as the fitting of effective screens to prevent the oil fuel in the case of spillage through the terminations of the sounding pipes from coming into contact with a source of ignition;
                  .6.1.3 the termination of sounding pipes are fitted with self-closing blanking devices and with a small-diameter self-closing control cock located below the blanking device for the purpose of ascertaining before the blanking device is opened that oil fuel is not present. Provision shall be made so as to ensure that any spillage of oil fuel through the control cock involves no ignition hazard.
                  .6.2 Other oil-level gauges may be used in place of sounding pipes. Such means, like the means provided in subparagraph .6.1.1, are subject to the following conditions :
                  .6.2.1 in passenger ships, such means shall not require penetration below the top of the tank and their failure or overfilling of the tanks shall not permit release of fuel ;
                  .6.2.2 in cargo ships, the failure of such means or overfilling of the tank shall not permit release of fuel into the space. The use of cylindrical gauge glasses is prohibited. The Administration may permit the use of oil-level gauges with flat glasses and self-closing valves between the gauges and fuel tanks.
                  .6.3 Means prescribed in .6.2.1 or .6.2.2 which are acceptable to the Administration shall be maintained in the proper condition to ensure their continued accurate functioning in service.
                  .7 Provision shall be made to prevent overpressure in any oil tank or in any part of the oil fuel system, including the filling pipes. Any relief valves and air or overflow pipes shall discharge to a position which, in the opinion of the Administration, is safe.
                  .8 Oil fuel pipes and their valves and fittings shall be of steel or other approved material, except that restricted use of flexible pipes shall be permissible in positions where the Administration is satisfied that they are necessary. Such flexible pipes and end attachments shall be of approved fire-resisting materials of adequate strength and shall be constructed to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                  3 Lubricating oil arrangements
                  The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of oil used in pressure lubrication systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board.
                  The arrangements made in machinery spaces of category A, and whenever practicable in other machinery spaces, shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.1, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7 and 2.8 except that :
                  .1 this does not preclude the use of sight-flow glasses in lubricating systems provided that they are shown by test to have a suitable degree of fire resistance;
                  .2 sounding pipes may be authorized in machinery spaces; the requirements of paragraphs 2.6.1.1 and 2.6.1.3 need not be applied on condition that the sounding pipes are fitted with appropriate means of closure.

                  4 Arrangements for other flammable oils
                  The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of other flammable oils employed under pressure in power transmission systems, control and activating systems and heating systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board. In locations where means of ignition are present, such arrangements shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.4 and 2.6 and with the provisions of paragraphs 2.7 and 2.8 in respect of strength and construction.

                  5 Periodically unattended machinery spaces In addition to the requirements of paragraphs 1 to 4, the oil fuel and lubricating oil systems shall comply with the following :
                  .1 Where necessary, oil fuel and lubricating oil pipelines shall be screened or otherwise suitably protected to avoid as far as practicable oil spray or oil leakages on to hot surfaces or into machinery air intakes. The number of joints in such piping systems shall be kept to a minimum and, where practicable, leakages from high pressure oil fuel pipes shall be collected and arrangements provided for an alarm to be given.
                  .2 Where daily service oil fuel tanks are filled automatically, or by remote control, means shall be provided to prevent overflow spillages. Other equipment which treats flammable liquids automatically, e.g. oil fuel purifiers, which, whenever practicable, shall be installed in a special space reserved for purifiers and their heaters, shall have arrangements to prevent overflow spillages.
                  .3 Where daily service oil fuel tanks or settling tanks are fitted with heating arrangements, a high temperature alarm shall be provided if the flashpoint of the oil fuel can be exceeded.

                  6 Prohibition of carriage of flammable oils in forepeak tanks. Oil fuel, lubricating oil and other flammable oils shall not be carried in forepeak tanks.
                  Ingangsdatum: 01-02-1992
                  Geldig tot en met: 30-06-1998

                  (Paragraphs 2.6 and 3 of this regulation apply to ships constructed on or after 1 February 1992)

                  1 Limitations in the use of oil as fuel
                  The following limitations shall apply to the use of oil as fuel :
                  .1 Except as otherwise permitted by this paragraph, no oil fuel with a flashpoint of less than 60 ºC shall be used.**
                  ___________
                  ** Refer to resolution A.565(14) concerning recommended procedures to prevent the illegal or accidental use of low-flashpoint cargo as fuel, adopted by the Organization.

                  .2 In emergency generators oil fuel with a flashpoint of not less than 43 ºC may be used
                  .3 Subject to such additional precautions as it may consider necessary and on condition that the ambient temperature of the space in which such oil fuel is stored of used shall not be allowed to rise to within 10 ºC below the flashpoint of the oil fuel, the Administration may permit the general use of oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 60 ºC but not less than 43ºC.
                  .4 In cargo ships the use of fuel having a lower flashpoint than other-wise specified in this paragraph, for example crude oil, may be permitted provided that such fuel is not stored in any machinery space and subject to the approval by the Administration of the complete installation.
                  The flashpoint of oils shall be determined by an approved closed cup method.

                  2 Oil fuel arrangements In a ship in which oil fuel is used, the arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of the oil fuel shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board and shall at least comply with the following provisions :
                  .1 As far as practicable, parts of the oil fuel system containing heated oil under pressure exceeding 0.18 N/.shall not be placed in a concealed position such that defects and leakage cannot readily be observed. The machinery spaces in way of such parts of the oil fuel system shall be adequately illuminated.
                  .2 The ventilation of machinery spaces shall be sufficient under all normal conditions to prevent accumulation of oil vapour.
                  .3 As far as practicable, oil fuel tanks shall be part of the ship's structure and shall be located outside machinery spaces of category A. Where oil fuel tanks, other than double bottom tanks, are necessarily located adjacent to or within machinery spaces of category A, at least one of their vertical sides shall be contiguous to the machinery space boundaries, and shall preferably have a common boundary with the double bottom tanks, and the area of the tank boundary common with the machinery spaces shall be kept to a minimum. Where such tanks are situated within the boundaries of machinery spaces of category A they shall not contain oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 6 0 ºC. In general the use of free standing oil fuel tanks shall be avoided. When such tanks are employed their use shall be prohibited in category A machinery spaces on passenger ships. Where permitted, they shall be placed in an oil-tight spill tray of ample size having a suitable drain pipe leading to a suitably sized spill oil tank.
                  .4 No oil fuel tank shall be situated where spillage or leakage therefrom can constitute a hazard by falling on heated surfaces. Precautions shall be taken to prevent any oil that may escape under pressure from any pump, filter or heater from coming into contact with heated surfaces.
                  .5 Every oil fuel pipe, which, if damaged, would allow oil to escape from a storage, settling or daily service tank situated above the double bottom shall be fitted with a cock or valve directly on the tank capable of being closed from a safe position outside the space concerned in the event of a fire occurring in the space in which such tanks are situated. In the special case of deep tanks situated in any shaft or pipe tunnel or similar space, valves on the tank shall be fitted but control in the event of fire may be effected by means of an additional valve on the pipe or pipes outside the tunnel or similar space. If such additional valve is fitted in the machinery space it shall be operated from a position outside this space.
                  .6 Safe and efficient means of ascertaining the amount of oil fuel contained in any oil fuel tank shall be provided.
                  .6.1 Where sounding pipes are used, they shall not terminate in any space where the risk of ignition of spillage from the sounding pipe might arise. In particular, they shall not terminate in passenger or crew spaces. As a general rule, they shall not terminate in machinery spaces. However, where the Administration considers that these latter requirements are impracticable, it may permit termination of sounding pipes in machinery spaces on condition that all the following requirements are met :
                  .6.1.1 in addition, an oil-level gauge is provided meeting the requirements of subparagraph .6.2;
                  .6.1.2 the sounding pipes terminate in locations remote from ignition hazards unless precautions are taken such as the fitting of effective screens to prevent the oil fuel in the case of spillage through the terminations of the sounding pipes from coming into contact with a source of ignition;
                  .6.1.3 the termination of sounding pipes are fitted with self-closing blanking devices and with a small-diameter self-closing control cock located below the blanking device for the purpose of ascertaining before the blanking device is opened that oil fuel is not present. Provision shall be made so as to ensure that any spillage of oil fuel through the control cock involves no ignition hazard.
                  .6.2 Other oil-level gauges may be used in place of sounding pipes. Such means, like the means provided in subparagraph .6.1.1, are subject to the following conditions :
                  .6.2.1 in passenger ships, such means shall not require penetration below the top of the tank and their failure or overfilling of the tanks shall not permit release of fuel ;
                  .6.2.2 in cargo ships, the failure of such means or overfilling of the tank shall not permit release of fuel into the space. The use of cylindrical gauge glasses is prohibited. The Administration may permit the use of oil-level gauges with flat glasses and self-closing valves between the gauges and fuel tanks.
                  .6.3 Means prescribed in .6.2.1 or .6.2.2 which are acceptable to the Administration shall be maintained in the proper condition to ensure their continued accurate functioning in service.
                  .7 Provision shall be made to prevent overpressure in any oil tank or in any part of the oil fuel system, including the filling pipes. Any relief valves and air or overflow pipes shall discharge to a position which, in the opinion of the Administration, is safe.
                  .8 Oil fuel pipes and their valves and fittings shall be of steel or other approved material, except that restricted use of flexible pipes shall be permissible in positions where the Administration is satisfied that they are necessary. Such flexible pipes and end attachments shall be of approved fire-resisting materials of adequate strength and shall be constructed to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                  3 Lubricating oil arrangements
                  The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of oil used in pressure lubrication systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board.
                  The arrangements made in machinery spaces of category A, and whenever practicable in other machinery spaces, shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.1, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7 and 2.8 except that :
                  .1 this does not preclude the use of sight-flow glasses in lubricating systems provided that they are shown by test to have a suitable degree of fire resistance;
                  .2 sounding pipes may be authorized in machinery spaces; the requirements of paragraphs 2.6.1.1 and 2.6.1.3 need not be applied on condition that the sounding pipes are fitted with appropriate means of closure.

                  4 Arrangements for other flammable oils
                  The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of other flammable oils employed under pressure in power transmission systems, control and activating systems and heating systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board. In locations where means of ignition are present, such arrangements shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.4 and 2.6 and with the provisions of paragraphs 2.7 and 2.8 in respect of strength and construction.

                  5 Periodically unattended machinery spaces In addition to the requirements of paragraphs 1 to 4, the oil fuel and lubricating oil systems shall comply with the following :
                  .1 Where necessary, oil fuel and lubricating oil pipelines shall be screened or otherwise suitably protected to avoid as far as practicable oil spray or oil leakages on to hot surfaces or into machinery air intakes. The number of joints in such piping systems shall be kept to a minimum and, where practicable, leakages from high pressure oil fuel pipes shall be collected and arrangements provided for an alarm to be given.
                  .2 Where daily service oil fuel tanks are filled automatically, or by remote control, means shall be provided to prevent overflow spillages. Other equipment which treats flammable liquids automatically, e.g. oil fuel purifiers, which, whenever practicable, shall be installed in a special space reserved for purifiers and their heaters, shall have arrangements to prevent overflow spillages.
                  .3 Where daily service oil fuel tanks or settling tanks are fitted with heating arrangements, a high temperature alarm shall be provided if the flashpoint of the oil fuel can be exceeded.

                  6 Prohibition of carriage of flammable oils in forepeak tanks. Oil fuel, lubricating oil and other flammable oils shall not be carried in forepeak tanks.
                  Reg. 15 Arrangements for oil fuel, lubricating oil and other flammable
                  [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1986-07-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]

                  Reg. 16 Acceptance of substitutes


                  Where in this Chapter any special type of appliance, apparatus, extinguishing medium or arrangement is specified in any new and existing ships, any other type of appliance etc., may be allowed, provided the Administration is satisfied that is not less effective.
                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-08-1984

                  Where in this Chapter any special type of appliance, apparatus, extinguishing medium or arrangement is specified in any new and existing ships, any other type of appliance etc., may be allowed, provided the Administration is satisfied that is not less effective.
                  Reg. 16 Ventilation systems in ships other than passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers

                  1 Ventilation ducts shall be of non-combustible material. Short ducts, however, not generally exceeding 2m in length and with a cross-section not exceeding
                  0.02 ㎡ need not be non-combustible, subject to the following conditions :
                  .1 these ducts shall be of a material which, in the opinion of the Administration, has a low fire risk ;
                  .2 they may only be used at the end of the ventilation device;
                  .3 they shall not be situated less than 600 ㎜, measured along the duct, from an opening in an "A" or "B" class division including continuous "B" class ceilings.

                  2 Where the ventilation ducts with a free-sectional area exceeding 0.02 13217 pass through class "A" bulkheads or decks, the opening shall be lined with a steel sheet sleeve unless the ducts passing through the bulkheads or decks are of steel in the vicinity of passage through the deck or bulkhead and the ducts and sleeves shall comply in this part with the following :
                  .1 The sleeves shall have a thickness of at least 3 13212 and a length of at least 900 ㎜.
                  When passing through bulkheads, this length shall be divided preferably into 450 ㎜ on each side of the bulkhead. These ducts, or sleeves lining such ducts, shall be provided with fire insulation. The insulation shall have at least the same fire integrity as the bulkhead or deck through which the duct passes. Equivalent penetration protection may be provided to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                  .2 Ducts with a free cross-sectional area exceeding 0.075 ㎡ shall be fitted with fire dampers in addition to the requirements of paragraph 2.1.
                  The fire damper shall operate automatically but shall also be capable of being closed manually from both sides of the bulkhead or deck. The damper shall be provided with an indicator which shows whether the damper is open or closed. Fire dampers are not required, however, where ducts pass through spaces surrounded by "A" class divisions, without serving those spaces, provided those ducts have the same fire integrity as the divisions which they pierce.

                  3 Ducts provided for the ventilation of machinery spaces of category A, galleys, car deck spaces, ro-ro cargo spaces or special category spaces shall not pass through accommodation spaces, service spaces or control stations unless the ducts are either :
                  .1.1 constructed of steel having a thickness of at least 3 ㎜ and 5 ㎜ for ducts the widths or diameters of which are up to and including 300 ㎜ and 760 ㎜ and over respectively and, in the case of such ducts, the widths or diameters of which are between 300 ㎜ and 760 ㎜ having a thickness to be obtained by interpolation;
                  .1.2 suitably supported and stiffened ;
                  .1.3 fitted with automatic fire dampers close to the boundaries penetrated; and
                  .1.4 insulated to "A-60" standard from the machinery spaces, galleys, car deck spaces, ro-ro cargo spaces or special category spaces to a point at least 5 m beyond each fire damper; or

                  .2.1 constructed of steel in accordance with paragraphs 3.1.1 and 3.1.2; and .2.2 insulated to "A-60" standard throughout the accommodation spaces, service spaces or control stations ; except that penetrations of main zone divisions shall also comply with the requirements of paragraph 8.

                  4 Ducts provided for ventilation to accommodation spaces, service spaces or control stations shall not pass through machinery spaces of category A, galleys, car deck spaces, ro-ro cargo spaces or special category spaces unless either :
                  .1.1 the ducts where they pass through a machinery space of category A, galley, car deck space, ro-ro cargo space or special category space are constructed of steel in accordance with paragraphs 3.1.1 and 3.1.2;
                  .1.2 automatic fire dampers are fitted close to the boundaries penetrated; and
                  .1.3 the integrity of the machinery space, galley, car deck space, ro-ro cargo space or special category space boundaries is maintained at the penetrations; or

                  .2.1 the ducts where they pass through a machinery space of category A, galley, car deck space, ro-ro cargo space or special category space are constructed of steel in accordance with paragraphs 3.1.1 and 3.1.2; and
                  .2.2 are insulated to "A-60" standard within the machinery space, galley, car deck space, ro-ro cargo space or special category space; except that penetrations of main zone divisions shall also comply with the requirements of paragraph 8.

                  5 Ventilation ducts with a free cross-sectional area exceeding 0.02 ㎡ passing through "B" class bulkheads shall be lined with steel sheet sleeves of 900 ㎜ in length divided preferably into 450 ㎜ on each side of the bulkheads unless the duct is of steel for this length.

                  6 Such measures as are practicable shall be taken in respect of control stations outside machinery spaces in order to ensure that ventilation, visibility and freedom from smoke are maintained, so that in the event of fire the machinery and equipment contained therein may be supervised and continue to function effectively. Alternative and separate means of air supply shall be provided; air inlets of the two sources of supply shall be so disposed that the risk of both inlets drawing in smoke simultaneously is minimized.
                  At the discretion of the Administration, such requirements need not apply to control stations situated on, and opening on to, an open deck, or where local closing arrangements would be equally effective.

                  7 Where they pass through accommodation spaces or spaces containing combustible materials, the exhaust ducts from galley ranges shall be constructed of "A" class divisions.
                  Each exhaust duct shall be fitted with :
                  .1 a grease trap readily removable for cleaning;
                  .2 a fire damper located in the lower end of the duct;
                  .3 arrangements, operable from within the galley, for shutting off the exhaust fans; and
                  .4 fixed means for extinguishing a fire within the duct.

                  8 Where in a passenger ship it is necessary that a ventilation duct passes through a main vertical zone division, a fail-safe automatic closing fire damper shall be fitted adjacent to the division. The damper shall also be capable of being manually closed from each side of the division. The operating position shall be readily accessible and be marked in red light-reflecting colour. The duct between the division and the damper shall be of steel or other equivalent material and, if necessary, insulated to comply with the requirements of Reg. 18.1.1. The damper shall be fitted on at least one side of the division with a visible indicator showing whether the damper is in the open position.

                  9 The main inlets and outlets of all ventilation systems shall be capable of being closed from outside the spaces being ventilated.

                  10 Power ventilation of accommodation spaces, service spaces, cargo spaces, control stations and machinery spaces shall be capable of being stopped from an easily accessible position outside the space being served. This position should not be readily cut off in the event of a fire in the spaces served. The means provided for stopping the power ventilation of the machinery spaces shall be entirely separate from the means provided for stopping ventilation of other spaces.

                  Reg. 17 Fireman's outfit


                  1 A fireman's outfit shall consist of :

                  1.1 Personal equipment comprising :
                  .1 Protective clothing of material to protect the skin from the heat radiating from the fire and from burns and scalding by steam. The outer surface shall be water-resistant.
                  .2 Boots and gloves of rubber or other electrically non-conducting material.
                  .3 A rigid helmet providing effective protection against impact.
                  .4 An electric safety lamp (hand lantern) of an approved type with a minimum burning period of three hours.
                  .5 An axe to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  1.2 A breathing apparatus of an approved type which may be either :
                  .1 a smoke helmet or smoke mask which shall be provided with a suitable air pump and a length of air hose sufficient to reach from the open deck, well clear of hatch or doorway, to any part of the holds or machinery spaces. If, in order to comply with this sub-paragraph, an air hose exceeding 36 m in length would be necessary, a self-contained breathing apparatus shall be substituted or provided in addition as determined by the Administration; or
                  .2 a self-contained compressed air-operated breathing apparatus, the volume of air contained in the cylinders of which shall be at least 1,200 ., or other self-contained breathing apparatus which shall be capable of functioning for at least 30 minutes. A number of spare charges, suitable for use with the apparatus provided, shall be available on board to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  2 For each breathing apparatus a fireproof lifeline of sufficient length and strength shall be provided capable of being attached by means of a snap hook to the harness of the apparatus or to a separate belt in order to prevent the breathing apparatus becoming detached when the lifeline is operated.

                  3 All ships shall carry at least two fireman's outfits complying with the requirements of paragraph 1.

                  3.1 In addition, there shall be provided :
                  .1 in passenger ships for every 80 m, or part thereof, of the aggregate of the lengths of all passenger spaces and service spaces on the deck which carries such spaces or, if there is more than one such deck, on the deck which has the largest aggregate of such lengths, two fireman's outfits and two sets of personal equipment, each set comprising the items stipulated in paragraphs 1.1.1, 1.1.2 and 1.1.3;
                  .2 in tankers, two fireman's outfits.

                  3.2 In passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers for each pair of breathing apparatus there shall be provided one water fog applicator which shall be stored adjacent to such apparatus.

                  3.3 The Administration may require additional sets of personal equipment and breathing apparatus, having due regard to the size and type of the ship.

                  4 The fireman's outfits or sets of personal equipment shall be so stored as to be easily accessible and ready for use and, where more than one fireman's outfit or more than one set of personal equipment is carried, they shall be stored in widely separated positions. In passenger ships at least two fireman's outfits and one set of personal equipment shall be available at any one position.

                  Reg. 18 Miscellaneous items


                  1.1 Where "A" class divisions are penetrated for the passage of electric cables, pipes, trunks, ducts, etc., or for girders, beams or other structural members, arrangements shall be made to ensure that the fire resistance is not impaired, subject to the provisions of Regulation 30.5.

                  1.2 Where "B" class divisions are penetrated for the passage of electric cables, pipes, trunks, ducts, etc., or for the fitting of ventilation terminals, lighting fixtures and similar devices, arrangements shall be made to ensure that the fire resistance is not impaired.

                  2.1 Pipes penetrating "A" or "B" class divisions shall be of materials approved by the Administration having regard to the temperature such divisions are required to withstand.

                  2.2 Where the Administration may permit the conveying of oil and combustible liquids through accommodation and service spaces, the pipes conveying oil or combustible liquids shall be of a material approved by the Administration having regard to the fire risk.

                  2.3 Materials readily rendered ineffective by heat shall not be used for overboard scuppers, sanitary discharges, and other outlets which are close to the water-line and where the failure of the material in the event of fire would give rise to danger of flooding.

                  3 Electric radiators, if used, shall be fixed in position and so constructed as to reduce fire risks to a minimum. No such radiators shall be fitted with an element so exposed that clothing, curtains, or other similar materials can be scorched or set on fire by heat from the element.

                  4 Cellulose-nitrate based films shall not be used for cinematograph installations.

                  5 All waste-receptacles shall be constructed of non-combustible materials with no openings in the sides or bottom.

                  6 In spaces where penetration of oil products is possible, the surface of insulation shall be impervious to oil or oil vapours.

                  Reg. 19 International shore connection

                  [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]

                  Reg. 20 Fire control plans


                  1 In all ships general arrangement plans shall be permanently exhibited for the guidance of the ship's officers, showing clearly for each deck the control stations, the various fire sections enclosed by "A" class divisions, the sections enclosed by "B" class divisions together with particulars of the fire detection and fire alarm systems, the sprinkler installation, the fire-extinguishing appliances, means of access to different compartments, decks, etc. and the ventilating system including particulars of the fan control positions, the position of dampers and identification numbers of the ventilating fans serving each section.
                  Alternatively, at the discretion of the Administration, the aforementioned details may be set out in a booklet a copy of which shall be supplied to each officer, and one copy shall at all times be available on board in an accessible position. Plans and booklets shall be kept up to date, any alterations being recorded thereon as soon as practicable. Description in such plans and booklets shall be in the national language of the flag state. If the language is neither English nor French, a translation into one of those languages shall be included. In addition, instructions concerning the maintenance and operation of all the equipment and installations on board for the fighting and containment of fire shall be kept under one cover, readily available in an accessible position.

                  2 In all ships a duplicate set of fire control plans or a booklet containing such plans shall be permanently stored in a prominently marked weather tight enclosure outside the deckhouse for the assistance of shore side fire-fighting personnel.
                  Ingangsdatum: 01-09-1984
                  Geldig tot en met: 30-06-1986

                  1 In all ships general arrangement plans shall be permanently exhibited for the guidance of the ship's officers, showing clearly for each deck the control stations, the various fire sections enclosed by "A" class divisions, the sections enclosed by "B" class divisions together with particulars of the fire detection and fire alarm systems, the sprinkler installation, the fire-extinguishing appliances, means of access to different compartments, decks, etc. and the ventilating system including particulars of the fan control positions, the position of dampers and identification numbers of the ventilating fans serving each section.
                  Alternatively, at the discretion of the Administration, the aforementioned details may be set out in a booklet a copy of which shall be supplied to each officer, and one copy shall at all times be available on board in an accessible position. Plans and booklets shall be kept up to date, any alterations being recorded thereon as soon as practicable. Description in such plans and booklets shall be in the national language of the flag state. If the language is neither English nor French, a translation into one of those languages shall be included. In addition, instructions concerning the maintenance and operation of all the equipment and installations on board for the fighting and containment of fire shall be kept under one cover, readily available in an accessible position.

                  2 In all ships a duplicate set of fire control plans or a booklet containing such plans shall be permanently stored in a prominently marked weather tight enclosure outside the deckhouse for the assistance of shore side fire-fighting personnel.
                  Reg. 20 Fire control plans


                  1 In all ships general arrangement plans shall be permanently exhibited for the guidance of the ship's officers, showing clearly for each deck the control stations, the various fire sections enclosed by "A" class divisions, the sections enclosed by "B" class divisions together with particulars of the fire detection and fire alarm systems, the sprinkler installation, the fire-extinguishing appliances, means of access to different compartments, decks, etc. and the ventilating system including particulars of the fan control positions, the position of dampers and identification numbers of the ventilating fans serving each section.
                  Alternatively, at the discretion of the Administration, the aforementioned details may be set out in a booklet a copy of which shall be supplied to each officer, and one copy shall at all times be available on board in an accessible position. Plans and booklets shall be kept up to date, any alterations being recorded thereon as soon as practicable. Description in such plans and booklets shall be in the official language of the flag state. If the language is neither English nor French, a translation into one of those languages shall be included. In addition, instructions concerning the maintenance and operation of all the equipment and installations on board for the fighting and containment of fire shall be kept under one cover, readily available in an accessible position.

                  2 In all ships a duplicate set of fire control plans or a booklet containing such plans shall be permanently stored in a prominently marked weathertight enclosure outside the deckhouse for the assistance of shore side fire-fighting personnel.
                  Ingangsdatum: 01-07-1986
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-12-1993


                  1 In all ships general arrangement plans shall be permanently exhibited for the guidance of the ship's officers, showing clearly for each deck the control stations, the various fire sections enclosed by "A" class divisions, the sections enclosed by "B" class divisions together with particulars of the fire detection and fire alarm systems, the sprinkler installation, the fire-extinguishing appliances, means of access to different compartments, decks, etc. and the ventilating system including particulars of the fan control positions, the position of dampers and identification numbers of the ventilating fans serving each section.
                  Alternatively, at the discretion of the Administration, the aforementioned details may be set out in a booklet a copy of which shall be supplied to each officer, and one copy shall at all times be available on board in an accessible position. Plans and booklets shall be kept up to date, any alterations being recorded thereon as soon as practicable. Description in such plans and booklets shall be in the official language of the flag state. If the language is neither English nor French, a translation into one of those languages shall be included. In addition, instructions concerning the maintenance and operation of all the equipment and installations on board for the fighting and containment of fire shall be kept under one cover, readily available in an accessible position.

                  2 In all ships a duplicate set of fire control plans or a booklet containing such plans shall be permanently stored in a prominently marked weathertight enclosure outside the deckhouse for the assistance of shore side fire-fighting personnel.
                  Reg. 20 Fire control plans*; and fire drills

                  ________________
                  * Refer to resolution A.654(16) concerning graphical symbols for fire control plans, adopted by the Organization. (This regulation applies to all ships)

                  1 In all ships general arrangement plans shall be permanently exhibited for the guidance of the ship's officers, showing clearly for each deck the control stations, the various fire sections enclosed by "A" class divisions, the sections enclosed by "B" class divisions together with particulars of the fire detection and fire alarm systems, the sprinkler installation, the fire-extinguishing appliances, means of access to different compartments, decks, etc. and the ventilating system including particulars of the fan control positions, the position of dampers and identification numbers of the ventilating fans serving each section.
                  Alternatively, at the discretion of the Administration, the aforementioned details may be set out in a booklet a copy of which shall be supplied to each officer, and one copy shall at all times be available on board in an accessible position. Plans and booklets shall be kept up to date, any alterations being recorded thereon as soon as practicable. Description in such plans and booklets shall be in the official language of the flag state. If the language is neither English nor French, a translation into one of those languages shall be included. In addition, instructions concerning the maintenance and operation of all the equipment and installations on board for the fighting and containment of fire shall be kept under one cover, readily available in an accessible position.

                  2 In all ships a duplicate set of fire control plans or a booklet containing such plans shall be permanently stored in a prominently marked weathertight enclosure outside the deckhouse for the assistance of shoreside fire-fighting personnel.**
                  ____________
                  ** Refer also to MSC/Circ 451 : Guidance concerning the location of fire control plans for assistance of shoreside fire-fighting personnel.

                  3 Fire drills shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of regulation III/18.

                  4 In ships carrying more than 36 passengers, plans and booklets required by this regulation shall provide the information regarding fire protection, fire detection and fire extinction based on the guidelines issued by the Organization ***.
                  _________________
                  *** Reference is made to the resolution A.756(18) : Guidlines to be provided with fire control plans and booklets by SOLAS II-2/20 and 41.2.

                  Reg. 21 Ready availability of fire-extinguishing appliances


                  In all ships, fire-extinguishing appliances shall be kept in good order and available for immediate use at all times during the voyage.

                  Reg. 22 Acceptance of substitutes

                  [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]

                  Part B Fire safety measures for passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers

                  Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                  Geldig tot en met: 31-08-1984

                  Part B Fire safety measures for passenger ships

                  Ingangsdatum: 01-09-1984
                  Geldig tot en met: 30-06-2002
                  Reg. 23 Structure
                  [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]
                  Reg. 24 Main vertical zones and horizontal zones

                  1.1 For ships carrying more than 36 passengers, the hull, superstructure and deckhouses shall be subdivided into main vertical zones by "A" class divisions. Steps and recesses shall be kept to a minimum, but where they are necessary they shall also be "A" class divisions.
                  These divisions shall have insulation values in accordance with tables in Regulation 26.

                  1.2 For ships carrying not more than 36 passengers, the hull superstructure and deckhouses in way of accommodation and service spaces shall be subdivided into main vertical zones by "A" class divisions. These divisions shall have insulation values in accordance with tables in Regulation 27.

                  2 As far as practicable, the bulkheads forming the boundaries of the main vertical zones above the bulkhead deck shall be in line with watertight subdivision bulkheads situated immediately below the bulkhead deck.

                  3 Such bulkheads shall extend from deck to deck and to the shell or other boundaries.

                  4 Where a main vertical zone is subdivided by horizontal "A" class divisions into horizontal zones for the purpose of providing an appropriate barrier between sprinklered and non-sprinklered zones of the ship, the divisions shall extend between adjacent main vertical zone bulkheads and to the shell or exterior boundaries of the ship and shall be insulated in accordance with the fire insulation and integrity values given in table 26.3 or in table 27.2.

                  5.1 On ships designed for special purposes, such as automobile or railroad car ferries, where the provision of main vertical zone bulkheads would defeat the purpose for which the ship is intended equivalent means for controlling and limiting a fire shall be substituted and specifically approved by the Administration.

                  5.2 However, in a ship with special category spaces, any such space shall comply with the applicable provisions of Regulation 37 and in so far as such compliance would be inconsistent with compliance with other requirements of this Part, the requirements of Regulation 37 shall prevail.
                  Ingangsdatum: 01-09-1984
                  Geldig tot en met: 30-09-1994

                  1.1 For ships carrying more than 36 passengers, the hull, superstructure and deckhouses shall be subdivided into main vertical zones by "A" class divisions. Steps and recesses shall be kept to a minimum, but where they are necessary they shall also be "A" class divisions.
                  These divisions shall have insulation values in accordance with tables in Regulation 26.

                  1.2 For ships carrying not more than 36 passengers, the hull superstructure and deckhouses in way of accommodation and service spaces shall be subdivided into main vertical zones by "A" class divisions. These divisions shall have insulation values in accordance with tables in Regulation 27.

                  2 As far as practicable, the bulkheads forming the boundaries of the main vertical zones above the bulkhead deck shall be in line with watertight subdivision bulkheads situated immediately below the bulkhead deck.

                  3 Such bulkheads shall extend from deck to deck and to the shell or other boundaries.

                  4 Where a main vertical zone is subdivided by horizontal "A" class divisions into horizontal zones for the purpose of providing an appropriate barrier between sprinklered and non-sprinklered zones of the ship, the divisions shall extend between adjacent main vertical zone bulkheads and to the shell or exterior boundaries of the ship and shall be insulated in accordance with the fire insulation and integrity values given in table 26.3 or in table 27.2.

                  5.1 On ships designed for special purposes, such as automobile or railroad car ferries, where the provision of main vertical zone bulkheads would defeat the purpose for which the ship is intended equivalent means for controlling and limiting a fire shall be substituted and specifically approved by the Administration.

                  5.2 However, in a ship with special category spaces, any such space shall comply with the applicable provisions of Regulation 37 and in so far as such compliance would be inconsistent with compliance with other requirements of this Part, the requirements of Regulation 37 shall prevail.
                  Reg. 24 Main verticalzones and horizontal zones

                  1.1 In ships carrying more than 36 passengers, the hull, superstructure and deckhouses shall be subdivided into main vertical zones by A-60 class divisions. Steps and recesses shall be kept to a minimum but where they are necessary, they shall also be A-60 class divisions. Where a category 26.2.2(5), 26.2.2(9) or 26.2.2(10) space is on one side of the division the standard may be reduced to A-0.

                  1.2 For ships carrying not more than 36 passengers, the hull, superstructure and deckhouses in way of accommodation and service spaces shall be subdivided into main vertical zones by "A" class divisions. These divisions shall have insulation values in accordance with tables in regulation 27.

                  2 As far as practicable, the bulkheads forming the boundaries of the main vertical zones above the bulkhead deck shall be in line with watertight subdivision bulkheads situated immediately below the bulkhead deck. The length and width of main vertical zones may be extended to a maximum of 48 m in order to bring the ends of main vertical zones to coincide with subdivision watertight bulkheads or in order to accommodate a large public space extending for the whole length of the main vertical zone provided that the total area of the main vertical zone is not greater than 1,600 ㎡ on any deck. The length or width of a main vertical zone is the maximum distance between the furthermost points of the bulkheads bounding it.

                  3 Such bulkheads shall extend from deck to deck and to the shell or other boundaries.

                  4 Where a main vertical zone is subdivided by horizontal "A" class divisions into horizontal zones for the purpose of providing an appropriate barrier between sprinklered and non-sprinklered zones of the ship, the divisions shall extend between adjacent main vertical zone bulkheads and to the shell or exterior boundaries of the ship and shall be insulated in accordance with the fire insulation and integrity values given in table 27.2.

                  5.1 On ships designed for special purposes, such as automobile or railroad car ferries, where the provision of main vertical zone bulkheads would defeat the purpose for which the ship is intended, equivalent means for controlling and limiting a fire shall be substituted and specifically approved by the Administration.

                  5.2 However, in a ship with special category spaces, any such space shall comply with the applicable provisions of regulation 37 and in so far as such compliance would be inconsistent with compliance with other requirements of this Part, the requirements of regulation 37 shall prevail.
                  Reg. 25 Bulkheads within a main verticalzone

                  1.1 For ships carrying more than 36 passengers all bulkheads which are not required to be "A" class divisions shall be at least "B" class or "C" class divisions as prescribed in the tables in Regulation 26.

                  1.2 For ships carrying not more than 36 passengers all bulkheads within accommodation and service spaces which are not required to be "A" class divisions shall be at least "B" class or "C" class divisions as prescribed in the tables in Regulation 27.

                  1.3 All such divisions may be faced with combustible materials in accordance with the provisions of Regulation 34.

                  2. All corridor bulkheads where not required to be "A" class shall be "B" class divisions which shall extend from deck to deck except :
                  .1 when continuous "B" class ceilings or linings are fitted on both sides of the bulkhead, the portion of the bulkhead behind the continuous ceiling or lining shall be of material which, in thickness and composition, is acceptable in the construction of "B" class divisions but which shall be required to meet "B" class integrity standards only in so far as is reasonable and practicable in the opinion of the Administration;
                  .2 in the case of a ship protected by an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of Regulation 12 the corridor bulkheads of "B" class materials may terminate at a ceiling in the corridor provided such a ceiling is of material which, in thickness and composition, is acceptable in the construction of "B" class divisions.
                  Notwithstanding the requirements of Regulations 26 and 27 such bulkheads and ceiling s shall be required to meet "B" class integrity standards only in so far as is reasonable and practicable in the opinion of the
                  Administration. All doors and frames in such bulkheads shall be of non-combustible materials and shall be so constructed and erected as to provide substantial fire resistance to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  3 All bulkheads required to be "B" class divisions, except corridor bulkheads, shall extend from deck to deck and to the shell or other boundaries unless continuous "B" class ceilings or linings are fitted on both sides of the bulkhead, in which case the bulkhead may terminate at the continuous ceiling or lining.
                  Reg. 26 Fire integrity of bulkheads and decks in ships carrying more than 36 passengers

                  1 In addition to complying with the specific provisions for fire integrity of bulkheads and decks mentioned elsewhere in this Part, the minimum fire integrity of all bulkheads and decks shall be as prescribed in tables 26.1 to 26.4. Where, due to any particular structural arrangements in the ship, difficulty is experienced in determining from the tables the minimum fire integrity value of any divisions, such values shall be determined to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                  2 The following requirements shall govern application of the tables :
                  .1 Table 26.1 shall apply to bulkheads bounding main vertical zones or horizontal zones.
                  Table 26.2 shall apply to bulkheads not bounding either main vertical zones or horizontal zones.
                  Table 26.3 shall apply to decks forming steps in main vertical zones or bounding horizontal zones.
                  Table 26.4 shall apply to decks not forming steps in main vertical zones nor bounding horizontal zones.
                  .2 for determining the appropriate fire integrity standards to be applied to boundaries between adjacent spaces, such spaces are classified according to their fire risk as shown in categories (1) to (14) below. Where the contents and use of a space are such that there is a doubt as to its classification for the purpose of this Regulation, it shall be treated as a space within the relevant category having the most stringent boundary requirements. The title of each category is intended to be typical rather than restrictive. The number in parentheses preceding each category refers to the applicable column or row in the tables.
                    (1) Control stations
                    Spaces containing emergency sources of power and lighting.
                    Wheelhouse and chartroom.
                    Spaces containing the ship's radio equipment.
                    Fire-extinguishing rooms, fire control rooms and fire-recording stations.
                    Control room for propulsion machinery when located outside the propulsion machinery space.
                    Spaces containing centralized fire alarm equipment.
                    Spaces containing centralized emergency public address system stations and equipment.
                    (2) Stairways
                    Interior stairways, lifts and escalators (other than those wholly contained within the machinery spaces) for passengers and crew and enclosures thereto.
                    In this connexion a stairway which is enclosed at only one level shall be regarded as part of the space from which it is not separated by a fire door.
                    (3) Corridors
                    Passenger and crew corridors and lobbies.
                    (4) Lifeboat and liferaft handling and embarkation stations
                    Open deck spaces and enclosed promenades forming lifeboat and liferaft embarkation and lowering stations.
                    (5) Open deck spaces
                    Open deck spaces and enclosed promenades clear of lifeboat and liferaft embarkation and lowering stations.
                    Air spaces (the spaces outside superstructures and deckhouses).
                    (6) Accommodation spaces of minor fire risk
                    Cabins containing furniture and furnishings of restricted fire risk.
                    Offices and dispensaries containing furniture and furnishings of restricted fire risk.
                    Public spaces containing furniture and furnishings of restricted fire risk and having a deck area of less than 50 ㎡.
                    (7) Accommodation spaces of moderate fire risk
                    Spaces as in category (6) above but containing furniture and furnishings of other than restricted fire risk.
                    Public spaces containing furniture and furnishings of restricted fire risk and having a deck area of 50㎡ or more.
                    Isolated lockers and small store-rooms in accommodation spaces.
                    Sale shops.
                    Motion picture projection and film stowage rooms.
                    Diet kitchens (containing no open flame).
                    Cleaning gear lockers (in which flammable liquids are not stowed).
                    Laboratories (in which flammable liquids are not stowed).
                    Pharmacies.
                    Small drying rooms (having a deck area of 4 ㎡ or less).
                    Specie rooms.
                    (8) Accommodation spaces of greater fire risk
                    Public spaces containing furniture and furnishings of other than restricted fire risk and having a deck area of 50 ㎡ or more.
                    Barber shops and beauty parlours.
                    (9) Sanitary and similar spaces
                    Communal sanitary facilities, showers, baths, water closets, etc.
                    Small laundry rooms.
                    Indoor swimming pool area.
                    Operating rooms.
                    Isolated pantries containing no cooking appliances in accommodation spaces.
                    Private sanitary facilities shall be considered a portion of the space in which they are located.
                    (10) Tanks, voids and auxiliary machinery spaces having little or no fire risk
                    Water tanks forming part of the ship's structure.
                    Voids and cofferdams.
                    Auxiliary machinery spaces which do not contain machinery having a pressure lubrication system and where storage of combustibles is prohibited, such as : ventilation and air-conditioning rooms; windlass room; steering gear room; stabilizer equipment room; electrical propulsion motor room; rooms containing section switch-boards and purely electrical equipment other than oil-filled electrical transformers (above 10 ㎸A); shaft alleys and pipe tunnels; spaces for pumps and refrigeration machinery (not handling or using flammable liquids).
                    Closed trunks serving the spaces listed above.
                    Other closed trunks such as pipe and cable trunks.
                    (11) Auxiliary machinery spaces, cargo spaces, special category spaces, cargo and other oil tanks and other similar spaces of moderate fire risk Cargo oil tanks.
                    Cargo holds, trunkways and hatchways.
                    Refrigerated chambers.
                    Oil fuel tanks (where installed in a separate space with no machinery).
                    Shaft alleys and pipe tunnels allowing storage of combustibles.
                    Auxiliary machinery spaces as in category (10) which contain machinery having a pressure lubrication system or where storage of combustibles is permitted.
                    Oil fuel filling stations.
                    Spaces containing oil-filled electrical transformers (above 10 ㎸A).
                    Spaces containing turbine and reciprocating steam engine driven auxiliary generators and small internal combustion engines of power output up to 110㎾ driving emergency generators, sprinkler, drencher or fire pumps, bilge pumps, etc.
                    Special category spaces (tables 26.1 and 26.3 only apply).
                    Closed trunks serving the spaces listed above.
                    (12) Machinery spaces and main galleys
                    Main propulsion machinery rooms (other than electric propulsion motor rooms) and boiler rooms.
                    Auxiliary machinery spaces other than those in categories (10) and (11) which contain internal combustion machinery or other oil-burning, heating or pumping units.
                    Main galleys and annexes.
                    Trunks and casings to the spaces listed above.
                    (13) Store-rooms, workshops, pantries, etc.
                    Main pantries not annexed to galleys.
                    Main laundry.
                    Large drying rooms (having a deck area of more than 4 ㎡).
                    Miscellaneous stores.
                    Mail and baggage rooms.
                    Garbage rooms.
                    Workshops (not part of machinery spaces, galleys, etc.)
                    (14) Other spaces in which flammable liquids are stowed
                    Lamp rooms.
                    Paint rooms.

                    Store-rooms containing flammable liquids (including dyes, medicines, etc.).
                    Laboratories (in which flammable liquids are stowed). .3 Where a single value is shown for the fire integrity of a boundary between two spaces, that value shall apply in all cases.
                    .4 In determining the applicable fire integrity standard of a boundary between two spaces within a main vertical zone or horizontal zone which is not protected by an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of Regulation 12 or between such zones neither of which is so protected, the higher of the two values given in the tables shall apply.
                    .5 In determining the applicable fire integrity standard of a boundary between two spaces within a main vertical zone or horizontal zone which is protected by an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of Regulation 12 or between such zones both of which are so protected, the lesser of the two values given in the tables shall apply. Where a sprinklered zone and a non-sprinklered zone meet within accommodation and service spaces, the higher of the two values given in the tables shall apply to the division between the zones.
                    .6 Notwithstanding the provisions of Regulation 35 there are no special requirements for material or integrity of boundaries where only a dash appears in the tables.
                    .7 The Administration shall determine in respect of category (5) spaces whether the insulation values in table 26.1 or 26.2 shall apply to ends of deckhouses and superstructures, and whether the insulation values in table 26.3 or 26.4 shall apply to weather decks. In no case shall the requirements of category (5) of tables 26.1 to 26.4 necessitate enclosure of spaces which in the opinion of the Administration need not be enclosed.

                    3 Continuous "B" class ceilings or linings, in association with the relevant decks or bulkheads, may be accepted as contributing wholly or in part, to the required insulation and integrity of a division.

                    4 In approving structural fire protection details, the Administration shall have regard to the risk of heat transmission at intersections and terminal points of required thermal barriers.


                    * See note under table 26.4


                    * See note under table 26.4




                    Notes : To be applied to tables 26.1 to 26.4 , as appropriate
                    a/ Where adjacent spaces are in the same numerical category and superscript a/appears, a bulkhead or deck between such spaces need not be fitted if deemed unnecessary by the Administration. For example, in category (12) a bulkhead need not be required is, however, required between a galley and a machinery space even though both spaces are in category(12).
                    b/ Where superscript b/ appears the lesser insulation value may be permitted only if at least one of the adjoining spaces is protected by an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of Regulation 12.
                    Reg. 27 Fire integrity of bulkheads and decks in ships carrying not more than 36 passengers

                    1 In addition to complying with the specific provisions for fire integrity of bulkheads and decks mentioned elsewhere in this Part the minimum fire integrity of bulkheads and decks shall be as prescribed in table 27.1 and table 27.2.

                    2 The following requirements shall govern application of the tables:
                    1 Tables 27.1 and 27.2 shall apply respectively to the bulkheads and decks separating adjacent spaces.
                    .2 For determining the appropriate fire integrity standards to be applied to divisions between adjacent spaces, such spaces are classified according to their fire risk as shown in categories (1) to (11) below. The title of each category is intended to be typical rather than restrictive. The number in parentheses preceding each category refers to the applicable column or row in the tables.
                    (1) Control stations
                    Spaces containing emergency sources of power and lighting.
                    Wheelhouse and chartroom.
                    Spaces containing the ship's radio equipment.
                    Fire-extinguishing rooms, fire control rooms and fire-recording stations.
                    Control room for propulsion machinery when located outside the machinery space.
                    Spaces containing centralized fire alarm equipment.
                    (2) Corridors
                    Passenger and crew corridors and lobbies.
                    (3) Accommodation spaces
                    Spaces as defined in Regulation 3.10 excluding corridors.
                    (4) Stairways
                    Interior stairways, lifts and escalators (other than those wholly contained within the machinery spaces) and enclosures thereto.
                    In this connexion, a stairway which is enclosed only at one level shall be regarded as part of the space from which it is not separated by a fire door.
                    (5) Service spaces (low risk)
                    Lockers and store-rooms having areas of less than 2㎡, drying rooms and laundries.
                    (6) Machinery spaces of category A
                    Spaces as defined in Regulation 3.19.
                    (7) Other machinery spaces
                    Spaces as defined in Regulation 3.20 excluding machinery spaces of category A.
                    (8) Cargo spaces
                    All spaces used for cargo (including cargo oil tanks) and trunkways and hatchways to such spaces, other than special category spaces.
                    (9) Service spaces (high risk)
                    Galleys, pantries containing cooking appliances, paint and lamp rooms, lockers and store-rooms having areas of 2 ㎡ or more and workshops other than those forming part of the machinery spaces.


                    _______
                    Note : To be applied to both tables 27.1 and 27.2, as appropriate
                    a/ For clarification as to which applies see Regulations 25 and 29.
                    b/ Where spaces are of the same numerical category and superscript b appears, a bulkhead or deck of the ratings shown in the tables is only required when the adjacent spaces are a different purpose, e.g. in category (9). A galley next to a galley does not require a bulkhead but a galley next to a paint room requires an "A-0"bulkhead.
                    c/ Bulkheads separating the wheelhouse and chartroom from each other may be "B-0" rating.
                    d/ See 2.3 and 2.4 of this Regulation.
                    e/ For the application og Regulation 24.1.1, "B-0" and "C", where appearing in table 27.1, shall be read as "A-0".
                    f/ Fire insulation need not be fitted if the machinery space of category (7), in the opinion of the Administration, has little or no fire risk.
                    _____
                    * Where an asterisk appears in the table, the division is required to be of steel or other equivalent material but is not required to be "A" class standard..
                    For the application of Regulation 24.1.2 an asterisk, where appearing in table 27.2, except for categories (8) and (10), shall be read as "A-0"


                    (10) Open decks
                    Open deck spaces and enclosed Promenades having no fire risk. Air spaces (the space outside superstructures and deckhouses).
                    (11) Special category spaces
                    Spaces as defined in Regulation 3.18
                    .3 In determining the applicable fire integrity standard of a boundary between two spaces within a main vertical zone or horizontal zone which is not protected by an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of Regulation 12 or between such zones neither of which is so protected, the higher of the two values given in the tables shall apply.
                    .4 In determining the applicable fire integrity standard of a boundary between two spaces within a main vertical zone or horizontal zone which is protected by an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of Regulation 12 or between such zones both of which are so protected, the lesser of the two values given in the tables shall apply. Where a sprinklered zone and a non-sprinklered zone meet within accommodation and service spaces, the higher of the two values given in the tables shall apply to the division between the zones.

                    3 Continuous "B" class ceilings or linings, in association with the relevant decks or bulkheads, may be accepted as contributing, wholly or in part, to the required insulation and integrity of a division.

                    4 External boundaries which are required in Regulation 23.1 to be of steel or other equivalent material may be pierced for the fitting of windows and sidescuttles provided that there is no requirement for such boundaries to have "A" class integrity elsewhere in this Part. Similarly, in such boundaries which are not required to have "A"class integrity, doors may be of materials to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                    Reg. 28 Means of escape

                    1 Stairways and ladders shall be arranged to provide ready means of escape to the lifeboat and liferaft embarkation deck from all passenger and crew spaces and from spaces in which the crew is normally employed, other than machinery spaces. In particular, the following provisions shall be complied with :
                    .1 Below the bulkhead deck two means of escape, at least one of which shall be independent of watertight doors, shall be provided from each watertight compartment or similarly restricted space or group of spaces. Exceptionally, the Administration may dispense with one of the means of escape, due regard being paid to the nature and location of spaces and to the number of persons who might normally be accommodated or employed there.
                    .2 Above the bulkhead deck there shall be at least two means of escape from each main vertical zone or similarly restricted space or group of spaces at least one of which shall give access to a stairway forming a vertical escape.
                    .3 If a radiotelegraph station has no direct access to the open deck, two means of escape from or access to such station shall be provided, one of which may be a porthole or window of sufficient size or another means to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                    .4 A corridor or part of a corridor from which there is only one route of escape shall not exceed : 13 m in length for ships carrying more than 36 passengers, and 7 m in length for ships carrying not more than 36 passengers.
                    .5 At least one of the means of escape required by paragraphs 1.1 and 1.2 shall consist of a readily accessible enclosed stairway, which shall provide continuous fire shelter from the level of its origin to the appropriate lifeboat and liferaft embarkation decks or the highest level served by the stairway, whichever level is the highest. However, where the Administration has granted dispensation under the provisions of paragraph 1.1 the sole means of escape shall provide safe escape to the satisfaction of the Administration. The width, number and continuity of the stairways shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                    .6 Protection of access from the stairway enclosures to the lifeboat and liferaft embarkation areas shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                    .7 Stairways serving only a space and a balcony in that space shall not be considered as forming one of the required means of escape.

                    2.1 In special category spaces the number and disposition of the means of escape both below and above the bulkhead deck shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration and in general the safety of access to the embarkation deck shall be at least equivalent to that provided for under paragraphs 1.1, 1.2, 1.5 and 1.6.

                    2.2 One of the escape routes from the machinery spaces where the crew is normally employed shall avoid direct access to any special category space.

                    3.1 Two means of escape shall be provided from each machinery space. In particular, the following provisions shall be complied with :
                    .1 Where the space is below the bulkhead deck the two means of escape shall consist of either :
                    .1.1 two sets of steel ladders as widely separated as possible, leading to doors in the upper part of the space similarly separated and from which access is provided to the appropriate lifeboat and liferaft embarkation decks. One of these ladders shall provide continuous fire shelter from the lower part of the space to a safe position outside the space; or
                    .1.2 one steel ladder leading to a door in the upper part of the space from which access is provided to the embarkation deck and additionally, in the lower part of the space and in a position well separated from the ladder referred to, a steel door capable of being operated from each side and which provides access to a safe escape route from the lower part of the space to the embarkation deck.
                    .2 Where the space is above the bulkhead deck, the two means of escape shall be as widely separated as possible and the doors leading from such means of escape shall be in a position from which access is provided to the appropriate lifeboat and liferaft embarkation decks. Where such means of escape require the use of ladders, these shall be of steel.

                    3.2 In a ship of less than 1,000 tons gross tonnage, the Administration may dispense with one of the means of escape, due regard being paid to the width and disposition of the upper part of the space; and in a ship of 1,000 tons gross tonnage and above, the Administration may dispense with one means of escape from any such space so long as either a door or a steel ladder provides a safe escape route to the embarkation deck, due regard being paid to the nature and location of the space and whether persons are normally employed in that space.

                    4 In no case shall lifts be considered as forming one of the required means of escape.
                    Reg. 28-1 Escape routes on Ro-Ro passengerships
                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1999-01-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]
                    Reg. 29 Protection of stairways and lifts in accommodation and service spaces

                    1 All stairways shall be of steel frame construction except where the Administration sanctions the use of other equivalent material and shall be within enclosures formed of "A" class divisions, with positive means of closure at all openings, except that:
                    .1 a stairway connecting only two decks need not be enclosed, provided the integrity of the deck is maintained by proper bulkheads or doors in one 'tweendeck space. When a stairway is closed in one 'tweendeck space, the stairway enclosure shall be protected in accordance with the tables for decks in Regulations 26 or 27;
                    .2 stairways may be fitted in the open in a public space, provided they lie wholly within such public space.

                    2 Stairway enclosures shall have direct communication with the corridors and be of sufficient area to prevent congestion, having in view the number of persons likely to use them in an emergency. In sofar as is practicable, stairway enclosures shall not give direct access to cabins, service lockers, or other enclosed spaces containing combustibles in which a fire is likely to originate.

                    3 Lift trunks shall be so fitted as to prevent the passage of smoke and flame from one tweendeck to another and shall be provided with means of closing so as to permit the control of draught and smoke.
                    Reg. 30 Openings in "A" class divisions

                    1 Except for hatches between cargo, special category, store, and baggage spaces, and between such spaces and the weather decks, all openings shall be provided with permanently attached means of closing which shall be at least as effective for resisting fires as the divisions in which they are fitted.

                    2 The construction of all doors and door frames in "A" class divisions, with the means of securing them when closed, shall provide resistance to fire as well as to the passage of smoke and flame, as far as practicable, equivalent to that of the bulkheads in which the doors are situated. Such doors and door frames shall be constructed of steel or other equivalent material. Watertight doors need not be insulated.

                    3 It shall be possible for each door to be opened and closed from each side of the bulkhead by one person only.

                    4 Fire doors in main vertical zone bulkheads and stairway enclosures, other than power-operated watertight doors and those which are normally locked, shall be of the self-closing type capable of closing against an inclination of 3.5° opposing closure. The speed of door closure shall, if necessary, be controlled so as to prevent undue danger to persons. All such doors, except those that are normally closed, shall be capable of release from a control station, either simultaneously or in groups, and also individually from a position at the door. The release mechanism shall be so designed that the door will automatically close in the event of disruption of the control system; however, approved power-operated watertight doors will be considered acceptable for this purpose. Hold-back hooks not subject to control station release will not be permitted. When double swing doors are permitted, they shall have a latch arrangement which is automatically engaged by the operation of the door release system.

                    5 Where a space is protected by an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of Regulation 12 or fitted with a continuous "B" class ceiling, openings in decks not forming steps in main vertical zones nor bounding horizontal zones shall be closed reasonably tight and such decks shall meet the "A" class integrity requirements in so far as is reasonable and practicable in the opinion of the Administration.

                    6 The requirements for "A" class integrity of the outer boundaries of a ship shall not apply to glass partitions, windows and sidescuttles. Similarly, the requirements for "A" class integrity shall not apply to exterior doors in superstructures and deckhouses.
                    Reg. 31 Openings in "B" class divisions

                    1 Doors and door frames in "B" class divisions and means of securing them shall provide a method of closure which shall have resistance to fire as far as practicable equivalent to that of the divisions except that ventilation openings may be permitted in the lower portion of such doors. Where such openings is in or under a door the total net area of any such opening or openings shall not exceed 0.05 ㎡. When such opening is cut in a door it shall be fitted with a grill made of non-combustible material. Doors shall be non-combustible.

                    2 The requirements for "B" class integrity of the outer boundaries of a ship shall not apply to glass partitions, windows and sidescuttles. Similarly, the requirements for "B" class integrity shall not apply to exterior doors in superstructures and deckhouses. For ships carrying not more than 36 passengers, the Administration may permit the use of combustible materials in doors separating cabins from the individual interior sanitary spaces such as showers.

                    3 Where an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of Regulation 12 is fitted:
                    .1 openings in decks not forming steps in main vertical zones nor bounding horizontal zones shall be closed reasonably tight and such decks shall meet the "B" class integrity requirements in so far as is reasonable and practicable in the opinion of the Administration; and
                    .2 openings in corridor bulkheads of "B" class materials shall be protected in accordance with the provisions of Regulation 25.
                    Reg. 32 Ventilation systems

                    1 Passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers

                    1.1 The ventilation system of a passenger ship carrying more than 36 passengers shall, in addition to this part of this Regulation, also be in compliance with the requirements of Regulation 16.2 to 16.9.

                    1.2 In general, the ventilation fans shall be so disposed that the ducts reaching the various spaces remain within the main vertical zone.

                    1.3 Where ventilation systems penetrate decks, precautions shall betaken, in addition to those relating to the fire integrity of the deck required by Regulations 18.1.1 and 30.5, to reduce the likelihood of smoke and hot gases passing from one 'tweendeck space to another through the system. In addition to insulation requirements contained in this Regulation, vertical ducts shall, if necessary, be insulated as required by the appropriate tables in Regulation 26.

                    1.4 Except in cargo spaces, ventilation ducts shall be constructed of the following materials:
                    .1 ducts not less than 0.075㎡ in sectional area and all vertical ducts serving more than a single 'tweendeck space shall be constructed of steel or other equivalent material;
                    .2 ducts less than 0.075 ㎡ in sectional area other than the vertical ducts referred to in paragraph 1.4.1, shall be constructed of non-combustible materials. Where such ducts penetrate "A" or "B" class divisions due regard shall be given to ensuring the fire integrity of the division;
                    .3 short lengths of duct, not in general exceeding 0.02 ㎡ in sectional area nor 2m in length, need not be non-combustible provided that all of the following conditions are met:

                    .3.1 the duct is constructed of a material of restricted fire risk to the satisfaction of the Administration; .
                    3.2 the duct is used only at the terminal end of the ventilation system; and
                    .3.3 the duct is not located closer than 600 ㎜ measured along its length to a penetration of an "A" or "B" class division, including continuous "B" class ceilings.

                    1.5 Where a stairway enclosure is ventilated, the duct or ducts shall be taken from the fan room independently of other ducts in the ventilation system and shall not serve any other space.

                    1.6 All power ventilation, except machinery space and cargo space ventilation an any alternative system which may be required under Regulation. 16.6, shall be fitted with controls so grouped that all fans may be stopped from either of two separate positions which shall be situated as far apart as practicable. Controls provided for the power ventilation serving machinery spaces shall also be grouped so as to be operable from two positions, one of which shall be outside such spaces. Fans serving power ventilation systems to cargo spaces shall be capable of being stopped from a safe position outside such spaces.

                    2 Passenger ships carrying not more than 36 passengers

                    2.1 The ventilation system of passenger ships carrying not more than 36 passengers shall be in compliance with Regulation 16.
                    Reg. 33 Windows and sidescuttles

                    1 All windows and sidescuttles in bulkheads within accommodation and service spaces and control stations other than those to which the provisions of Regulation 30.6 and of Regulation 31.2 apply, shall be so constructed as to preserve the integrity requirements of the type of bulkheads in which they are fitted.

                    2 Notwithstanding the requirements of the tables in Regulations 26 and 27:
                    .1 all windows and sidescuttles in bulkheads separating accommodation and service spaces and control stations from weather shall be constructed with frames of steel or other suitable material. The glass shall be retained by a metal glazing bead or angle;
                    .2 special attention shall be given to the fire integrity of windows facing open or enclosed lifeboat and liferaft embarkation areas and to the fire integrity of windows situated below such areas in such a position that their failure during a fire would impede the launching of, or embarkation into, lifeboats or liferafts.
                    Reg. 34 Restricted use of combstible materials

                    1 Except in cargo spaces, mail rooms, baggage rooms, or refrigerated compartments of service spaces, all linings, grounds, ceilings and insulations shall be of non-combustible materials. Partial bulkheads or decks used to subdivide a space for utility or artistic treatment shall also be of non-combustible material.

                    2 Vapour barriers and adhesives used in conjunction with insulation, as well as insulation of pipe fittings, for cold service systems need not be non-combustible, but they shall be kept to the minimum quantity practicable and their exposed surfaces shall have qualities of resistance to the propagation of flame to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                    3 The following surfaces shall have low flame-spread characteristics:*
                    _____________________

                    * Reference is made to Guidelines on the Evaluation of Fire Hazard Properties of Materials, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.166(ES.IV).
                    .1 exposed surfaces in corridors and stairway enclosures, and of bulkheads, wall and ceiling linings in all accommodation and service spaces and control stations;
                    .2 concealed or inaccessible spaces in accommodation, service spaces and control stations.

                    4 The total volume of combustible facings, mouldings, decorations and veneers in any accommodation and service space shall not exceed a volume equivalent to 2.5 ㎜ veneer on the combined area of the wall sand ceilings. In the case of ships fitted with an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of Regulation 12, the above volume may include some combustible material used for erection of "C" class divisions.

                    5 Veneers used on surfaces and linings covered by the requirements of paragraph 3 shall have a calorific value not exceeding 45 MJ/㎡ of the area for the thickness used.

                    6 Furniture in the corridors and stairway enclosures shall be kept to a minimum.

                    7 Paints, varnishes and other finishes used on exposed interior surfaces shall not be capable of producing excessive quantities of smoke and toxic products.

                    8 Primary deck coverings, if applied within accommodation and service spaces and control stations, shall be of approved material which will not readily ignite, or give rise to toxic or explosive hazards at elevated temperatures.**
                    ______________
                    ** Reference is made to Improved Provisional Guidelines on Test Procedures for Primary Deck Coverings, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.214(VII).
                    Ingangsdatum: 01-09-1984
                    Geldig tot en met: 30-09-1994

                    1 Except in cargo spaces, mail rooms, baggage rooms, or refrigerated compartments of service spaces, all linings, grounds, ceilings and insulations shall be of non-combustible materials. Partial bulkheads or decks used to subdivide a space for utility or artistic treatment shall also be of non-combustible material.

                    2 Vapour barriers and adhesives used in conjunction with insulation, as well as insulation of pipe fittings, for cold service systems need not be non-combustible, but they shall be kept to the minimum quantity practicable and their exposed surfaces shall have qualities of resistance to the propagation of flame to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                    3 The following surfaces shall have low flame-spread characteristics:*
                    _____________________

                    * Reference is made to Guidelines on the Evaluation of Fire Hazard Properties of Materials, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.166(ES.IV).
                    .1 exposed surfaces in corridors and stairway enclosures, and of bulkheads, wall and ceiling linings in all accommodation and service spaces and control stations;
                    .2 concealed or inaccessible spaces in accommodation, service spaces and control stations.

                    4 The total volume of combustible facings, mouldings, decorations and veneers in any accommodation and service space shall not exceed a volume equivalent to 2.5 ㎜ veneer on the combined area of the wall sand ceilings. In the case of ships fitted with an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of Regulation 12, the above volume may include some combustible material used for erection of "C" class divisions.

                    5 Veneers used on surfaces and linings covered by the requirements of paragraph 3 shall have a calorific value not exceeding 45 MJ/㎡ of the area for the thickness used.

                    6 Furniture in the corridors and stairway enclosures shall be kept to a minimum.

                    7 Paints, varnishes and other finishes used on exposed interior surfaces shall not be capable of producing excessive quantities of smoke and toxic products.

                    8 Primary deck coverings, if applied within accommodation and service spaces and control stations, shall be of approved material which will not readily ignite, or give rise to toxic or explosive hazards at elevated temperatures.**
                    ______________
                    ** Reference is made to Improved Provisional Guidelines on Test Procedures for Primary Deck Coverings, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.214(VII).
                    Reg. 34 Restricteduse ofcomb.stible materials

                    1 Except in cargo spaces, mail rooms, baggage rooms, or refrigerated compartments of service spaces, all linings, grounds, draught stops, ceilings and insulations shall be of non-combustible materials. Partial bulkheads or decks used to subdivide a space for utility or artistic treatment shall also be of non-combustible material.

                    2 Vapour barriers and adhesives used in conjunction with insulation, as well as insulation of pipe fittings, for cold service systems need not be non-combustible, but they shall be kept to the minimum quantity practicable and their exposed surfaces shall have qualities of resistance to the propagation of flame to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                    3 The following surfaces shall have low flame-spread characteristics:*
                    __________
                    *Reference is made to Guidelines on the Evaluation of Fire Hazard Properties of Materials, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.166(ES.IV), and to the Recommendation on Improved Fire Test Procedures for Surface Flammability of Bulkhead, Ceiling and Deck Finish Materials adopted by the Organization by resolution A.653(16).

                    .1 exposed surfaces in corridors and stairway enclosures, and of bulkheads, wall and ceiling linings in all accommodation and service spaces and control stations;
                    .2 concealed or inaccessible spaces in accommodation, service spaces and control stations.

                    4 The total volume of combustible facings, mouldings, decorations and veneers in any accommodation and service space shall not exceed a volume equivalent to 2.5㎜ veneer on the combined area of the walls and ceilings. In the case of ships fitted with an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of Reg. 12, the above volume may include some combustible material used for erection of "C" class divisions.

                    5 Veneers used on surfaces and linings covered by the requirements of paragraph 3 shall have a calorific value not exceeding 45 MJ/㎡of the area for the thickness used.**
                    ________________
                    **Refer to the Recommendation on Fire Test Procedures for Upholstered Furniture, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.652(16), and to the Fire Test Procedures for Ignitability of Bedding Components, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.688(17)

                    6 Furniture in stairway enclosures shall be limited to seating. It shall be fixed, limited to six seats on each deck in each stairway enclosure, be of restricted fire risk, and shall not restrict the passenger escape route. The Administration may permit additional seating in the main reception area within a stairway enclosure if it is fixed, non-combustible and does not restrict the passenger escape route. Furniture shall not be permitted in passenger and crew corridors forming escape routes in cabin areas. In addition to the above, lockers of non-combustible material, providing storage for safety equipment required by regulations, may be permitted.

                    7 Paints, varnishes and other finishes used on exposed interior surfaces shall not be capable of producing excessive quantities of smoke and toxic products.

                    8 Primary deck coverings, if applied within accommodation and service spaces and control stations, shall be of approved material which will not readily ignite, or give rise to toxic or explosive hazards at elevated temperatures. ***
                    ______________
                    *** Refer to the Fire Test Procedures for Ignitability of Primary Deck Coverings, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.687(17).
                    Ingangsdatum: 01-10-1994
                    Geldig tot en met: 30-06-1998

                    1 Except in cargo spaces, mail rooms, baggage rooms, or refrigerated compartments of service spaces, all linings, grounds, draught stops, ceilings and insulations shall be of non-combustible materials. Partial bulkheads or decks used to subdivide a space for utility or artistic treatment shall also be of non-combustible material.

                    2 Vapour barriers and adhesives used in conjunction with insulation, as well as insulation of pipe fittings, for cold service systems need not be non-combustible, but they shall be kept to the minimum quantity practicable and their exposed surfaces shall have qualities of resistance to the propagation of flame to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                    3 The following surfaces shall have low flame-spread characteristics:*
                    __________
                    *Reference is made to Guidelines on the Evaluation of Fire Hazard Properties of Materials, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.166(ES.IV), and to the Recommendation on Improved Fire Test Procedures for Surface Flammability of Bulkhead, Ceiling and Deck Finish Materials adopted by the Organization by resolution A.653(16).

                    .1 exposed surfaces in corridors and stairway enclosures, and of bulkheads, wall and ceiling linings in all accommodation and service spaces and control stations;
                    .2 concealed or inaccessible spaces in accommodation, service spaces and control stations.

                    4 The total volume of combustible facings, mouldings, decorations and veneers in any accommodation and service space shall not exceed a volume equivalent to 2.5㎜ veneer on the combined area of the walls and ceilings. In the case of ships fitted with an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of Reg. 12, the above volume may include some combustible material used for erection of "C" class divisions.

                    5 Veneers used on surfaces and linings covered by the requirements of paragraph 3 shall have a calorific value not exceeding 45 MJ/㎡of the area for the thickness used.**
                    ________________
                    **Refer to the Recommendation on Fire Test Procedures for Upholstered Furniture, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.652(16), and to the Fire Test Procedures for Ignitability of Bedding Components, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.688(17)

                    6 Furniture in stairway enclosures shall be limited to seating. It shall be fixed, limited to six seats on each deck in each stairway enclosure, be of restricted fire risk, and shall not restrict the passenger escape route. The Administration may permit additional seating in the main reception area within a stairway enclosure if it is fixed, non-combustible and does not restrict the passenger escape route. Furniture shall not be permitted in passenger and crew corridors forming escape routes in cabin areas. In addition to the above, lockers of non-combustible material, providing storage for safety equipment required by regulations, may be permitted.

                    7 Paints, varnishes and other finishes used on exposed interior surfaces shall not be capable of producing excessive quantities of smoke and toxic products.

                    8 Primary deck coverings, if applied within accommodation and service spaces and control stations, shall be of approved material which will not readily ignite, or give rise to toxic or explosive hazards at elevated temperatures. ***
                    ______________
                    *** Refer to the Fire Test Procedures for Ignitability of Primary Deck Coverings, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.687(17).
                    Reg. 34 Restricted use of combstible materials
                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]
                    Reg. 35 Details of construction
                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]
                    Reg. 36 Automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm systems or automatic fire detection and fire alarm systems

                    1 In any ship to which this Part applies there shall be installed throughout each separate zone, whether vertical or horizontal, in all accommodation and service spaces and, where it is considered necessary by the Administration, in control stations, except spaces which afford no substantial fire risk (such as void spaces, sanitary spaces, etc.) either :
                    .1 an automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type, complying with the provisions of Regulation 12 and so installed and arranged as to protect such spaces; or
                    .2 a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type, complying with the provisions of Regulation 13 and so installed and arranged as to detect the presence of fire in such spaces, except that the smoke detectors required by Regulation 13.2.2 need not be provided.
                    Ingangsdatum: 01-09-1984
                    Geldig tot en met: 30-06-1986

                    1 In any ship to which this Part applies there shall be installed throughout each separate zone, whether vertical or horizontal, in all accommodation and service spaces and, where it is considered necessary by the Administration, in control stations, except spaces which afford no substantial fire risk (such as void spaces, sanitary spaces, etc.) either :
                    .1 an automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type, complying with the provisions of Regulation 12 and so installed and arranged as to protect such spaces; or
                    .2 a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type, complying with the provisions of Regulation 13 and so installed and arranged as to detect the presence of fire in such spaces, except that the smoke detectors required by Regulation 13.2.2 need not be provided.
                    Reg. 36 Fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems and automatic sprinkler

                    In any ship to which this Part applies, there shall be installed throughout each separate zone, whether vertical or horizontal, in all accommodation and service spaces and, where it is considered necessary by the Administration, in control stations, except spaces which afford no substantial fire risk such as void spaces, sanitary spaces, etc., either :

                    .1 a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type and complying with the requirements of regulation 13 and so installed and arranged as to detect the presence of fire in such spaces; or
                    .2 an automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type and complying with the requirements of regulation 12 and so installed and arranged as to protect such spaces and in addition a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type complying with the requirements of regulation 13 so installed and arranged as to provide smoke detection in corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces.
                    Reg. 37 Protection of special category spaces

                    1 Provisions applicable to special category spaces whether above or below the bulkhead deck

                    1.1 General
                    1.1.1 The basic principle underlying the provisions of this Regulation is that as normal main vertical zoning may not be practicable in special category spaces, equivalent protection must be obtained in such spaces on the basis of a horizontal zone concept and by the provision of an efficient fixed fire-extinguishing system. Under this concept a horizontal zone for the purpose of this Regulation may include special category spaces on more than one deck provided that the total overall clear height for vehicles does not exceed 10 m.
                    1.1.2 The requirements of Regulations 16, 18, 30 and 32 for maintaining the integrity of vertical zones shall be applied equally to decks and bulkheads forming the boundaries separating horizontal zones from each other and from the remainder of the ship.

                    1.2 Structural protection
                    1.2.1 Boundary bulkheads of special category spaces shall be insulated as required for category (11) spaces in table 26.1 or in table 27.1 and the horizontal boundaries as required for category (11) spaces in table 26.3 or in table 27.2.
                    1.2.2 Indicators shall be provided on the navigating bridge which shall indicate when any fire door leading to or from the special category spaces is closed.

                    1.3 Fixed fire-extinguishing system*
                    ____________
                    * Reference is made to Recommendation on Fixed Fire-Extinguishing Systems for Special Category Spaces, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.123(V).

                    Each special category space shall be fitted with an approved fixed pressure water-spraying system for manual operation which shall protect all parts of any deck and vehicle platform in such space, provided that the Administration may permit the use of any other fixed fire-extinguishing system that has been shown by full-scale test in conditions simulating a flowing petrol fire in a special category space to be not less effective in controlling fires likely to occur in such a space.

                    1.4 Patrols and detection
                    1.4.1 An efficient patrol system shall be maintained in special category spaces. In any such space in which the patrol is not maintained by a continuous fire watch at all times during the voyage there shall be provided an automatic fire detection system of an approved type.
                    1.4.2 Manually operated call points shall be provided as necessary throughout the special category spaces and one shall be placed close to each exit from such spaces.

                    1.5 Fire-extinguishing equipment.
                    There shall be provided in each special category space:
                    .1 at least three water fog applicators;
                    .2 one portable foam applicator unit complying with the provisions of Regulation 6.4, provided that at least two such units are available in the ship for use in such spaces; and
                    .3 such number of portable fire extinguishers as the Administration may deem sufficient, provided that at least one portable extinguisher is located at each access to such spaces.

                    1.6 Ventilation system
                    1.6.1 There shall be provided an effective power ventilation system for the special category spaces sufficient to give at least 10 air changes per hour. The system for such spaces shall be entirely separated from other ventilation systems and shall be operating at all times when vehicles are in such spaces. The Administration may require an increased number of air changes when vehicles are being loaded and unloaded. Ventilation ducts serving special category spaces capable of being effectively sealed shall be separated for each such space. The system shall be capable of being controlled from a position outside such spaces.
                    1.6.2 The ventilation shall be such as to prevent air stratification and the formation of air pockets.
                    1.6.3 Means shall be provided to indicate on the navigating bridge any loss or reduction of the required ventilating capacity.
                    1.6.4 Arrangements shall be provided to permit a rapid shut-down and effective closure of the ventilation system in case of fire, taking into account the weather and sea conditions.
                    1.6.5 Ventilation ducts, including dampers, shall be made of steel and their arrangement shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                    2 Additional provisions applicable only to special category spaces above the bulkhead deck

                    2.1 Scuppers
                    In view of the serious loss of stability which could arise due to large quantities of water accumulating on the deck or decks consequent on the operation of the fixed pressure water-spraying system, scuppers shall be fitted so as to ensure that such water is rapidly discharged directly overboard.

                    2.2 Precautions against ignition of flammable vapours
                    2.2.1 On any deck on which vehicles are carried and on which explosive vapours might be expected to accumulate, equipment which may constitute a source of ignition of flammable vapours and, in particular, electrical equipment and wiring, shall be installed at least 450㎜ above the deck. Electrical equipment installed at more than 450㎜ above the deck shall be of a type so enclosed and protected as to prevent the escape of sparks. However, if the Administration is satisfied that the installation of electrical equipment and wiring at less than 450㎜ above the deck is necessary for the safe operation of the ship, such electrical equipment and wiring may be installed provided that it is of a type approved for use in an explosive petrol and air mixture.
                    2.2.2 Electrical equipment and wiring if installed in an exhaust ventilation duct, shall be of a type approved for use in explosive petrol and air mixtures and the outlet from any exhaust duct shall be sited in a safe position, having regard to other possible sources of ignition.

                    3 Additional provisions applicable only to special category spaces below the bulkhead deck

                    3.1 Bilge pumping and drainage
                    In view of the serious loss of stability which could arise due to large quantities of water accumulating on the deck or tank top consequent on the operation of the fixed pressure water-spraying system, the Administration may require pumping and drainage facilities to be provided additional to the requirements of Regulation II-1/21.

                    3.2 Precautions against ignition of flammable vapours
                    3.2.1 Electrical equipment and wiring, if fitted, shall be of a type suitable for use in explosive petrol and air mixtures. Other equipment which may constitute a source of ignition of flammable vapours shall not be permitted.
                    3.2.2 Electrical equipment and wiring, if installed in an exhaust ventilation duct, shall be of a type approved for use in explosive petrol and air mixtures and the outlet from any exhaust duct shall be sited in a safe position, having regard to other possible sources of ignition.
                    Ingangsdatum: 01-09-1984
                    Geldig tot en met: 30-06-1986

                    1 Provisions applicable to special category spaces whether above or below the bulkhead deck

                    1.1 General
                    1.1.1 The basic principle underlying the provisions of this Regulation is that as normal main vertical zoning may not be practicable in special category spaces, equivalent protection must be obtained in such spaces on the basis of a horizontal zone concept and by the provision of an efficient fixed fire-extinguishing system. Under this concept a horizontal zone for the purpose of this Regulation may include special category spaces on more than one deck provided that the total overall clear height for vehicles does not exceed 10 m.
                    1.1.2 The requirements of Regulations 16, 18, 30 and 32 for maintaining the integrity of vertical zones shall be applied equally to decks and bulkheads forming the boundaries separating horizontal zones from each other and from the remainder of the ship.

                    1.2 Structural protection
                    1.2.1 Boundary bulkheads of special category spaces shall be insulated as required for category (11) spaces in table 26.1 or in table 27.1 and the horizontal boundaries as required for category (11) spaces in table 26.3 or in table 27.2.
                    1.2.2 Indicators shall be provided on the navigating bridge which shall indicate when any fire door leading to or from the special category spaces is closed.

                    1.3 Fixed fire-extinguishing system*
                    ____________
                    * Reference is made to Recommendation on Fixed Fire-Extinguishing Systems for Special Category Spaces, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.123(V).

                    Each special category space shall be fitted with an approved fixed pressure water-spraying system for manual operation which shall protect all parts of any deck and vehicle platform in such space, provided that the Administration may permit the use of any other fixed fire-extinguishing system that has been shown by full-scale test in conditions simulating a flowing petrol fire in a special category space to be not less effective in controlling fires likely to occur in such a space.

                    1.4 Patrols and detection
                    1.4.1 An efficient patrol system shall be maintained in special category spaces. In any such space in which the patrol is not maintained by a continuous fire watch at all times during the voyage there shall be provided an automatic fire detection system of an approved type.
                    1.4.2 Manually operated call points shall be provided as necessary throughout the special category spaces and one shall be placed close to each exit from such spaces.

                    1.5 Fire-extinguishing equipment.
                    There shall be provided in each special category space:
                    .1 at least three water fog applicators;
                    .2 one portable foam applicator unit complying with the provisions of Regulation 6.4, provided that at least two such units are available in the ship for use in such spaces; and
                    .3 such number of portable fire extinguishers as the Administration may deem sufficient, provided that at least one portable extinguisher is located at each access to such spaces.

                    1.6 Ventilation system
                    1.6.1 There shall be provided an effective power ventilation system for the special category spaces sufficient to give at least 10 air changes per hour. The system for such spaces shall be entirely separated from other ventilation systems and shall be operating at all times when vehicles are in such spaces. The Administration may require an increased number of air changes when vehicles are being loaded and unloaded. Ventilation ducts serving special category spaces capable of being effectively sealed shall be separated for each such space. The system shall be capable of being controlled from a position outside such spaces.
                    1.6.2 The ventilation shall be such as to prevent air stratification and the formation of air pockets.
                    1.6.3 Means shall be provided to indicate on the navigating bridge any loss or reduction of the required ventilating capacity.
                    1.6.4 Arrangements shall be provided to permit a rapid shut-down and effective closure of the ventilation system in case of fire, taking into account the weather and sea conditions.
                    1.6.5 Ventilation ducts, including dampers, shall be made of steel and their arrangement shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                    2 Additional provisions applicable only to special category spaces above the bulkhead deck

                    2.1 Scuppers
                    In view of the serious loss of stability which could arise due to large quantities of water accumulating on the deck or decks consequent on the operation of the fixed pressure water-spraying system, scuppers shall be fitted so as to ensure that such water is rapidly discharged directly overboard.

                    2.2 Precautions against ignition of flammable vapours
                    2.2.1 On any deck on which vehicles are carried and on which explosive vapours might be expected to accumulate, equipment which may constitute a source of ignition of flammable vapours and, in particular, electrical equipment and wiring, shall be installed at least 450㎜ above the deck. Electrical equipment installed at more than 450㎜ above the deck shall be of a type so enclosed and protected as to prevent the escape of sparks. However, if the Administration is satisfied that the installation of electrical equipment and wiring at less than 450㎜ above the deck is necessary for the safe operation of the ship, such electrical equipment and wiring may be installed provided that it is of a type approved for use in an explosive petrol and air mixture.
                    2.2.2 Electrical equipment and wiring if installed in an exhaust ventilation duct, shall be of a type approved for use in explosive petrol and air mixtures and the outlet from any exhaust duct shall be sited in a safe position, having regard to other possible sources of ignition.

                    3 Additional provisions applicable only to special category spaces below the bulkhead deck

                    3.1 Bilge pumping and drainage
                    In view of the serious loss of stability which could arise due to large quantities of water accumulating on the deck or tank top consequent on the operation of the fixed pressure water-spraying system, the Administration may require pumping and drainage facilities to be provided additional to the requirements of Regulation II-1/21.

                    3.2 Precautions against ignition of flammable vapours
                    3.2.1 Electrical equipment and wiring, if fitted, shall be of a type suitable for use in explosive petrol and air mixtures. Other equipment which may constitute a source of ignition of flammable vapours shall not be permitted.
                    3.2.2 Electrical equipment and wiring, if installed in an exhaust ventilation duct, shall be of a type approved for use in explosive petrol and air mixtures and the outlet from any exhaust duct shall be sited in a safe position, having regard to other possible sources of ignition.
                    Reg. 37 Protection of special category spaces

                    1 Provisions applicable to special category spaces whether above or below the bulkhead deck

                    1.1 General
                    1.1.1 The basic principle underlying the provisions of this Regulation is that as normal main vertical zoning may not be practicable in special category spaces, equivalent protection must be obtained in such spaces on the basis of a horizontal zone concept and by the provision of an efficient fixed fire-extinguishing system. Under this concept a horizontal zone for the purpose of this Regulation may include special category spaces on more than one deck provided that the total overall clear height for vehicles does not exceed 10 m.
                    1.1.2 The requirements of Regulations 16, 18, 30 and 32 for maintaining the integrity of vertical zones shall be applied equally to decks and bulkheads forming the boundaries separating horizontal zones from each other and from the remainder of the ship.

                    1.2 Structural protection
                    1.2.1 Boundary bulkheads of special category spaces shall be insulated as required for category (11) spaces in table 26.1 or in table 27.1 and the horizontal boundaries as required for category (11) spaces in table 26.3 or in table 27.2.
                    1.2.2 Indicators shall be provided on the navigating bridge which shall indicate when any fire door leading to or from the special category spaces is closed.

                    1.3 Fixed fire-extinguishing system*
                    _______________
                    * Reference is made to Recommendation on Fixed Fire-Extinguishing Systems for Special Category Spaces, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.123(V).

                    Each special category space shall be fitted with an approved fixed pressure water-spraying system for manual operation which shall protect all parts of any deck and vehicle platform in such space, provided that the Administration may permit the use of any other fixed fire-extinguishing system that has been shown by full-scale test in conditions simulating a flowing petrol fire in a special category space to be not less effective in controlling fires likely to occur in such a space.

                    1.4 Patrols and detection
                    1.4.1 An efficient patrol system shall be maintained in special category spaces. In any such space in which the patrol is not maintained by a continuous fire watch at all times during the voyage there shall be provided a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type complying with the requirements of regulation 13. The fixed fire detection system shall be capable of rapidly detecting the onset of fire. The spacing and location of detectors shall be tested to the satisfaction of the Administration taking into account the effects of ventilation and other relevant factors.
                    1.4.2 Manually operated call points shall be provided as necessary throughout the special category spaces and one shall be placed close to each exit from such spaces.

                    1.5 Fire-extinguishing equipment
                    There shall be provided in each special category space:
                    .1 at least three water fog applicators;
                    .2 one portable foam applicator unit complying with the provisions of Regulation 6.4, provided that at least two such units are available in the ship for use in such spaces; and
                    .3 such number of portable fire extinguishers as the Administration may deem sufficient, provided that at least one portable extinguisher is located at each access to such spaces.

                    1.6 Ventilation system
                    1.6.1 There shall be provided an effective power ventilation system for the special category spaces sufficient to give at least 10 air changes per hour. The system for such spaces shall be entirely separated from other ventilation systems and shall be operating at all times when vehicles are in such spaces. The Administration may require an increased number of air changes when vehicles are being loaded and unloaded. Ventilation ducts serving special category spaces capable of being effectively sealed shall be separated for each such space. The system shall be capable of being controlled from a position outside such spaces.
                    1.6.2 The ventilation shall be such as to prevent air stratification and the formation of air pockets.
                    1.6.3 Means shall be provided to indicate on the navigating bridge any loss or reduction of the required ventilating capacity.
                    1.6.4 Arrangements shall be provided to permit a rapid shut-down and effective closure of the ventilation system in case of fire, taking into account the weather and sea conditions.
                    1.6.5 Ventilation ducts, including dampers, shall be made of steel and their arrangement shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                    2 Additional provisions applicable only to special category spaces above the bulkhead deck

                    2.1 Scuppers In view of the serious loss of stability which could arise due to large quantities of water accumulating on the deck or decks consequent on the operation of the fixed pressure water-spraying system, scuppers shall be fitted so as to ensure that such water is rapidly discharged directly overboard.

                    2.2 Precautions against ignition of flammable vapours
                    2.2.1 On any deck or platform, if fitted, on which vehicles are carried and on which explosive vapours might be expected to accumulate, except platforms with openings of sufficient size permitting penetration of petrol gases downwards, equipment which may constitute a source of ignition of flammable vapours and, in particular, electrical equipment and wiring, shall be installed at least 450㎜ above the deck or platform. Electrical equipment installed at more than 450㎜ above the deck or platform shall be of a type so enclosed and protected as to prevent the escape of sparks. However, if the Administration is satisfied that the installation of electrical equipment and wiring at less than 450㎜ above the deck or platform is necessary for the safe operation of the ship, such electrical equipment and wiring may be installed provided that it is of a type approved for use in an explosive petrol and air mixture.
                    2.2.2 Electrical equipment and wiring if installed in an exhaust ventilation duct, shall be of a type approved for use in explosive petrol and air mixtures and the outlet from any exhaust duct shall be sited in a safe position, having regard to other possible sources of ignition.

                    3 Additional provisions applicable only to special category spaces below the bulkhead deck

                    3.1 Bilge pumping and drainage In view of the serious loss of stability which could arise due to large quantities of water accumulating on the deck or tank top consequent on the operation of the fixed pressure water-spraying system, the Administration may require pumping and drainage facilities to be provided additional to the requirements of Regulation II-1/21.

                    3.2 Precautions against ignition of flammable vapours
                    3.2.1 Electrical equipment and wiring, if fitted, shall be of a type suitable for use in explosive petrol and air mixtures. Other equipment which may constitute a source of ignition of flammable vapours shall not be permitted.
                    3.2.2 Electrical equipment and wiring, if installed in an exhaust ventilation duct, shall be of a type approved for use in explosive petrol and air mixtures and the outlet from any exhaust duct shall be sited in a safe position, having regard to other possible sources of ignition.
                    Reg. 38 Protection of cargo spaces, other than special category spaces, intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion

                    In any cargo space (other than special category spaces)containing motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion, the following provisions shall be complied with:

                    1 Fire detection
                    There shall be provided an approved automatic fire detection and fire alarm system. The design and arrangements of this system shall be considered in conjunction with the ventilation requirements referred to in paragraph 3.

                    2 Fire-extinguishing arrangements

                    2.1 There shall be fitted a fixed fire-extinguishing system which shall comply with the provisions of Regulation 5, except that, if a carbon dioxide system is fitted, the quantity of gas available shall be at least sufficient to give a minimum volume of free gas equal to 45 percent of the gross volume of the largest such cargo space which is capable of being sealed, and the arrangements shall be such as to ensure that at least two thirds of the gas required for the relevant space shall be introduced during 10 minutes. Any other fixed gas fire-extinguishing system or fixed high expansion foam fire-extinguishing system may be fitted provided it gives equivalent protection. Furthermore, any cargo space designated only for vehicles which are not carrying any cargo may be fitted with fixed halogenated hydrocarbon fire-extinguishing systems which shall comply with the provisions of Regulation 5.

                    2.2 As an alternative, a system meeting the requirements of Regulation 37.1.3 may be fitted, provided that Reg. 37.2.1 or 37.3.1, as appropriate, is also complied with.

                    2.3 There shall be provided for use in any such space such number of portable fire extinguishers as the Administration may deem sufficient. At least one portable extinguisher shall be located at each access to such spaces.

                    3 Ventilation system

                    3.1 There shall be provided an effective power ventilation system sufficient to give at least 10 air changes per hour for ships carrying more than 36 passengers, and 6 air changes per hour for ships carrying not more than 36 passengers. The system for such cargo spaces shall be entirely separate from other ventilation systems and shall be operating at all times when vehicles are in such spaces. Ventilation ducts serving such cargo spaces capable of being effectively sealed shall be separated for each such space. The system shall be capable of being controlled from a position outside such spaces.

                    3.2 The ventilation shall be such as to prevent air stratification and the formation of air pockets.

                    3.3 Means shall be provided to indicate on the navigating bridge any loss or reduction of the required ventilating capacity.

                    3.4 Arrangements shall be provided to permit a rapid shut-down and effective closure of the ventilation system in case of fire, taking into account the weather and sea conditions.

                    3.5 Ventilation ducts, including dampers, shall be made of steel and their arrangement shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                    4 Precautions against ignition of flammable vapours

                    4.1 Electrical equipment and wiring, if fitted, shall be of a type suitable for use in explosive petrol and air mixtures. Other equipment which may constitute a source of ignition of flammable vapours shall not be permitted.

                    4.2 Electrical equipment and wiring, if installed in an exhaust ventilation duct, shall be of a type approved for use in explosive petrol and air mixtures and the outlet from any exhaust duct shall be sited in a safe position, having regard to other possible sources of ignition.

                    4.3 Scuppers shall not be led to machinery or other spaces where sources of ignition may be present.
                    Reg. 38-1 Protection of closed and open ro-ro cargo spaces, other than special category spaces and ro-ro cargo spaces intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks
                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1998-07-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]
                    Reg. 39 Fixed fire-extinguishing arrangements in cargo spaces
                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]
                    Reg. 40 Protection of Accommodation and Service Spaces

                    1 Manual alarms shall be fitted throughout the accomodation and service spaces to transmit an alarm immediately to the navigating bridge or main fire control station.

                    2 An approved fire detection or fire alarm system shall be provided which will automatically indicate at one or more suitable points or stations the presence or indication of fire and its location in any cargo space which, in the opinion of the Administration, is not accesible except where it is shown to the satisfaction of the Administration that the ship is engaged on voyages of such short duration that it would be unreasonable to apply this requirement.

                    3 All ships shall at all times when at sea, or in port (except when out of service), be so manned or equipped as to ensure that any initial fire alarm is immediately received by a responsible member of the crew.

                    4 A special alarm, operated from the navigating bridge or fire control station, shall be fitted to summon the crew. This alarm may be part of the ship's general alarm system but it shall be capable of being sounded independently of the alarm to the passenger spaces.

                    5 A public address system or other effective means of communication shall be available throughout the accommodation and service spaces and control stations.

                    6 For ships carrying more than 36 passengers an efficient patrol system shall be maintained so that an outbreak of fire may be promptly detected. Each member of the fire patrol shall be trained to be familiar with the arrangements of the ship as well as the location and operation of any equipment he may be called upon to use
                    Ingangsdatum: 01-09-1984
                    Geldig tot en met: 30-06-1986

                    1 Manual alarms shall be fitted throughout the accomodation and service spaces to transmit an alarm immediately to the navigating bridge or main fire control station.

                    2 An approved fire detection or fire alarm system shall be provided which will automatically indicate at one or more suitable points or stations the presence or indication of fire and its location in any cargo space which, in the opinion of the Administration, is not accesible except where it is shown to the satisfaction of the Administration that the ship is engaged on voyages of such short duration that it would be unreasonable to apply this requirement.

                    3 All ships shall at all times when at sea, or in port (except when out of service), be so manned or equipped as to ensure that any initial fire alarm is immediately received by a responsible member of the crew.

                    4 A special alarm, operated from the navigating bridge or fire control station, shall be fitted to summon the crew. This alarm may be part of the ship's general alarm system but it shall be capable of being sounded independently of the alarm to the passenger spaces.

                    5 A public address system or other effective means of communication shall be available throughout the accommodation and service spaces and control stations.

                    6 For ships carrying more than 36 passengers an efficient patrol system shall be maintained so that an outbreak of fire may be promptly detected. Each member of the fire patrol shall be trained to be familiar with the arrangements of the ship as well as the location and operation of any equipment he may be called upon to use
                    Reg. 40 Fire patrols, detection, alarms and public address systems

                    1 Manually operated call points complying with the requirements of regulation 13 shall be installed.

                    2 A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type shall be provided.

                    3 All ships shall at all times when at sea, or in port (except when out of service), be so manned or equipped as to ensure that any initial fire alarm is immediately received by a responsible member of the crew.

                    4 A special alarm, operated from the navigating bridge or fire control station, shall be fitted to summon the crew. This alarm may be part of the ship's general alarm system but it shall be capable of being sounded independently of the alarm to the passenger spaces.

                    5 A public address system or other effective means of communication shall be available throughout the accommodation and service spaces and control stations.

                    6 For ships carrying more than 36 passengers an efficient patrol system shall be maintained so that an outbreak of fire may be promptly detected. Each member of the fire patrol shall be trained to be familiar with the arrangements of the ship as well as the location and operation of any equipment he may be called upon to use.
                    Reg. 41 Special requirements for ships carrying dangerous goods
                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]
                    Reg. 41-1 Upgrading of passengerships carrying more than 36 passengers constructed before October 1994
                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1994-10-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]
                    Reg. 41-2 Requirements for passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers constructed before 1 October 1994
                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1994-10-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]

                    Reg. 17 Structure

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 18 Main Vertical Zones and Horizontal Zones

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 19 Bulkheads within a Main Vertical Zone

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 20 Fire Integrity of Bulkheads and Decks

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 21 Means of Escape

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 22 Protection of Stairways and Life Accommodation and Service Spaces

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 23 Openings in "A" Class Divisions

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 24 Openings in "B" Class Divisions

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 25 Ventilation Systems

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 26 Windows and Sidescuttles

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 27 Restriction of Combustible Materials

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 28 Miscellaneous Items

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 29 Automatic Sprinkler and Fire Alarm and Fire Detection Systems or Automatic Fire Alarm and Fire Detection Systems

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 30 Protection of Special Category Spaces

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 31 Protection of Cargo Spaces other than Special Category Spaces intended for the Carriage of Motor Vehicles with Fuel in their Tanks for their own Propulsion

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 32 Maintenance of Fire Patrols, etc., and Provision for Fire-Extinguishing Equipment

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 33 Arrangements for Oil Fuel, Lubricating Oil and other Inflammable Oils

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 34 Special Arrangements in Machinery Spaces

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Part B Prevention of fire and explosion

                    Ingangsdatum: 01-07-2002

                    Reg. 04 Probability of ignition

                    Ingangsdatum: 01-07-2002

                     

                    § 1-4

                    1 Purpose

                    The purpose of this regulation is to prevent the ignition of combustible materials or flammable liquids. For this purpose, the following functional requirements shall be met:

                    1. means shall be provided to control leaks of flammable liquids;

                    2. means shall be provided to limit the accumulation of flammable vapours;

                    3. the ignitability of combustible materials shall be restricted;

                    4. ignition sources shall be restricted;

                    5. ignition sources shall be separated from combustible materials and flammable liquids; and

                    6. the atmosphere in cargo tanks shall be maintained out of the explosive range.

                    2 Arrangements for oil fuel, lubrication oil and other flammable oils

                    2.1Limitations in the use of oils as fuel
                    The following limitations shall apply to the use of oil as fuel:

                    1. Except as otherwise permitted by this paragraph, no oil fuel with a flashpoint of less than 60 degrees C shall be used;1

                    2. In emergency generators oil fuel with a flashpoint of not less than 43 degrees C may be used;

                    3. The use of oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 60 degrees C but not less than 43 degrees C
                      may be permitted (e.g., for feeding the emergency fire pump's engines and the auxiliary machines which are not located in the machinery spaces of category A) subject to the following:

                      3.2 fuel oil tanks except those arranged in double bottom compartments shall be located outside of machinery spaces of category A;


                      .3.2 provisions for the measurement of oil temperature are provided on the suction pipe of the oil fuel pump;


                      .3.3 stop valves and/or cocks are provided on the inlet side and outlet side of the oil fuel strainers; and


                      .3.4 pipe joints of welded construction or of circular cone type or spherical type union joint are applied as much as possible,

                    4. In cargo ships the use of fuel having a lower flashpoint than otherwise specified in paragraph 2.1, for example crude oil, may be permitted provided that such fuel is not stored in any machinery space and subject to the approval by the Administration of the complete installation.

                    2.2Arrangements for oil fuel
                    In a ship in which oil fuel is used, the arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of the oil fuel shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board and shall at least comply with the following provisions.

                    2.2.1 Location of oil fuel systems
                    As far as practicable, parts of the oil fuel system containing heated oil under pressure exceeding 0.18 N/¿ shall not be placed in a concealed position such that defects and leakage cannot readily be observed. The machinery spaces in way of such parts of the oil fuel system shall be adequately illuminated.

                    2.2.2 Ventilation of machinery spaces
                    The ventilation of machinery spaces shall be sufficient under normal conditions to prevent accumulation of oil vapour.

                    2.2.3 Oil fuel tanks

                    2.2.3.1 Fuel oil, lubrication oil and other flammable oils shall not be carried in forepeak tanks.

                    2.2.3.2 As far as practicable, oil fuel tanks shall be part of the ships structure and shall be located outside machinery spaces of category A. Where oil fuel tanks, other than double bottom tanks, are necessarily located adjacent to or within machinery spaces of category A, at least one of their vertical sides shall be contiguous to the machinery space boundaries, and shall preferably have a common boundary with the double bottom tanks, and the area of the tank boundary common with the machinery spaces shall be kept to a minimum.
                    Where such tanks are situated within the boundaries of machinery spaces of category A they shall not contain oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 60 degrees C.
                    In general, the use of free-standing oil fuel tanks shall be avoided. When such tanks are employed their use shall be prohibited in category A machinery spaces on passenger ships. Where permitted, they shall be placed in an oil-tight spill tray of ample size having a suitable drain pipe leading to a suitably sized spill oil tank.

                    2.2.3.3 No oil fuel tank shall be situated where spillage or leakage therefrom can constitute a fire or explosion hazard by falling on heated surfaces.

                    2.2.3.4 Oil fuel pipes, which, if damaged, would allow oil to escape from a storage, settling or daily service tank having a capacity of 500 l and above situated above the double bottom, shall be fitted with a cock or valve directly on the tank capable of being closed from a safe position outside the space concerned in the event of a fire occurring in the space in which such tanks are situated. In the special case of deep tanks situated in any shaft or pipe tunnel or similar space, valves on the tank shall be fitted, but control in the event of fire may be effected by means of an additional valve on the pipe or pipes outside the tunnel or similar space. If such an additional valve is fitted in the machinery space it shall be operated from a position outside this space. The controls for remote operation of the valve for the emergency generator fuel tank shall be in a separate location from the controls for remote operation of other valves for tanks located in machinery spaces.

                    2.2.3.5 Safe and efficient means of ascertaining the amount of oil fuel contained in any oil fuel tank shall be provided.

                    2.2.3.5.1 Where sounding pipes are used, they shall not terminate in any space where the risk of ignition of spillage from the sounding pipe might arise. In particular, they shall not terminate in passenger or crew spaces. As a general rule, they shall not terminate in machinery spaces. However, where the Administration considers that these latter requirements are impracticable, it may permit termination of sounding pipes in machinery spaces on condition that all of the following requirements are met:

                    1. an oil-level gauge is provided meeting the requirements of paragraph 2.2.3.5.2;

                    2. the sounding pipes terminate in locations remote from ignition hazards unless precautions are taken, such as the fitting of effective screens, to prevent the oil fuel in the case of spillage through the terminations of the sounding pipes from coming into contact with a source of ignition; and

                    3. the termination of sounding pipes are fitted with self-closing blanking devices and with a small-diameter self-closing control cock located below the blanking device for the purpose of ascertaining before the blanking device is opened that oil fuel is not present. Provisions shall be made so as to ensure that any spillage of oil fuel through the control cock involves no ignition hazard.

                    2.2.3.5.2 Other oil-level gauges may be used in place of sounding pipes subject to the following conditions:

                    1. in passenger ships, such gauges shall not require penetration below the top of the tank and their failure or overfilling of the tanks shall not permit release of fuel; and

                    2. in cargo ships, the failure of such gauges or overfilling of the tank shall not permit release of fuel into the space. The use of cylindrical gauge glasses is prohibited. The Administration may permit the use of oil-level gauges with flat glasses and self-closing valves between the gauges and fuel tanks.

                    2.2.3.5.3 The means prescribed in paragraph 2.2.3.5.2 which are acceptable to the Administration shall be maintained in the proper condition to ensure their continued accurate functioning in service.

                    2.2.4 Prevention of overpressure
                    Provisions shall be made to prevent overpressure in any oil tank or in any part of the oil fuel system, including the filling pipes served by pumps on board. Air and overflow pipes and relief valves shall discharge to a position where there is no risk of fire or explosion from the emergence of oils and vapour and shall not lead into crew spaces, passenger spaces nor into special category spaces, closed ro-ro cargo spaces, machinery spaces or similar spaces.

                    2.2.5 Oil fuel piping

                    2.2.5.1 Oil fuel pipes and their valves and fittings shall be of steel or other approved material, except that restricted use of flexible pipes shall be permissible in positions where the Administration is satisfied that they are necessary.2 Such flexible pipes and end attachments shall be of approved fire-resisting materials of adequate strength and shall be constructed to the satisfaction of the Administration. For valves, fitted to oil fuel tanks and which are under static pressure, steel or spheroidal-graphite cast iron may be accepted. However, ordinary cast iron valves may be used in piping systems where the design pressure is lower than 7 bar and the design temperature is below 60 degrees C.

                    2.2.5.2 External high-pressure fuel delivery lines between the high-pressure fuel pumps and fuel injectors shall be protected with a jacketed piping system capable of containing fuel from a high-pressure line failure. A jacketed pipe incorporates an outer pipe into which the high-pressure fuel pipe is placed, forming a permanent assembly. The jacketed piping system shall include a means for collection of leakages and arrangements and shall be provided with an alarm in case of a fuel line failure.

                    2.2.5.3 Oil fuel lines shall not be located immediately above or near units of high temperature including boilers, steam pipelines, exhaust manifolds, silencers or other equipment required to be insulated by paragraph 2.2.6. As far as practicable, oil fuel lines shall be arranged far apart from hot surfaces, electrical installations or other sources of ignition and shall be screened or otherwise suitably protected to avoid oil spray or oil leakage onto the sources of ignition. The number of joints in such piping systems shall be kept to a minimum.

                    2.2.5.4 Components of a diesel engine fuel system shall be designed considering the maximum peak pressure which will be experienced in service, including any high pressure pulses which are generated and transmitted back into the fuel supply and spill lines by the action of fuel injection pumps. Connections within the fuel supply and spill lines shall be constructed having regard to their ability to prevent pressurized oil fuel leaks while in service and after maintenance.

                    2.2.5.5 In multi-engine installations which are supplied from the same fuel source, means of isolating the fuel supply and spill piping to individual engines, shall be provided. The means of isolation shall not affect the operation of the other engines and shall be operable from a position not rendered inaccessible by a fire on any of the engines.

                    2.2.5.6 Where the Administration may permit the conveying of oil and combustible liquids through accommodation and service spaces, the pipes conveying oil or combustible liquids shall be of a material approved by the Administration having regard to the fire risk.

                    2.2.6 Protection of high temperature surfaces

                    2.2.6.1 Surfaces with temperatures above 220 degrees C which may be impinged as a result of a fuel system failure shall be properly insulated.

                    2.2.6.2 Precautions shall be taken to prevent any oil that may escape under pressure from any pump, filter or heater from coming into contact with heated surfaces.

                    2.3Arrangements for lubricating oil

                    2.3.1 The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of oil used in pressure lubrication systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board. The arrangements made in machinery spaces of category A, and whenever practicable in other machinery spaces, shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.2.1, 2.2.3.3, 2.2.3.4, 2.2.3.5, 2.2.4, 2.2.5.1, 2.2.5.3, and 2.2.6 except that:

                    1. this does not preclude the use of sight-flow glasses in lubricating systems provided that they are shown by testing to have a suitable degree of fire resistance; and

                    2. sounding pipes may be authorized in machinery spaces; however, the requirements of paragraphs 2.2.3.5.1.1 and 2.2.3.5.1.3 need not be applied on condition that the sounding pipes are fitted with appropriate means of closure;

                    2.3.2 The provisions of paragraph 2.2.3.4 shall also apply to lubricating oil tanks except those having a capacity less than 500 l, storage tanks on which valves are closed during the normal operation mode of the ship, or where it is determined that an unintended operation of a quick closing valve on the oil lubricating tank would endanger the safe operation of the main propulsion and essential auxiliary machinery.

                    2.4Arrangements for other flammable oils
                    The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of other flammable oils employed under pressure in power transmission systems, control and activating systems and heating systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board. Suitable oil collecting arrangements for leaks shall be fitted below hydraulic valves and cylinders. In locations where means of ignition are present, such arrangements shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.2.3.3, 2.2.3.5, 2.2.5.3 and 2.2.6 and with the provisions of paragraphs 2.2.4 and 2.2.5.1 in respect of strength and construction.

                    2.5Arrangements for oil fuel in periodically unattended machinery spaces
                    In addition to the requirements of paragraphs 2.1 to 2.4, the oil fuel and lubricating oil systems in a periodically unattended machinery space shall comply with the following:

                    1. where daily service oil fuel tanks are filled automatically, or by remote control, means shall be provided to prevent overflow spillages. Other equipment which treats flammable liquids automatically (e.g. oil fuel purifiers) which, whenever practicable, shall be installed in a special space reserved for purifiers and their heaters, shall have arrangements to prevent overflow spillages; and

                    2. where daily service oil fuel tanks or settling tanks are fitted with heating arrangements, a high temperature alarm shall be provided if the flashpoint of the oil fuel can be exceeded.

                    3 Arrangements for gaseous fuel for domestic purpose
                    Gaseous fuel systems used for domestic purposes shall be approved by the Administration.
                    Storage of gas bottles shall be located on the open deck or in a well ventilated space which opens only to the open deck.

                    4 Miscellaneous items of ignition sources and ignitability

                    4.1 Electric radiators
                    Electric radiators, if used, shall be fixed in position and so constructed as to reduce fire risks to a minimum. No such radiators shall be fitted with an element so exposed that clothing, curtains, or other similar materials can be scorched or set on fire by heat from the element.

                    4.2 Waste receptacles
                    Waste receptacles shall be constructed of non-combustible materials with no openings in the sides or bottom.

                    4.3 Insulation surfaces protected against oil penetration
                    In spaces where penetration of oil products is possible, the surface of insulation shall be impervious to oil or oil vapours.

                    4.4 Primary deck coverings
                    Primary deck coverings, if applied within accommodation and service spaces and control stations, shall be of approved material which will not readily ignite, this being determined in accordance with the Fire Test Procedures Code.


                    1 Refer to the Recommended procedures to prevent the illegal or accidental use of low flashpoint cargo oil as fuel adopted by the Organization by resolution A.565(14).
                    2 Refer to recommendations published by the International Organization for Standardization, in particular, Publications ISO 15540:1999 on Test methods for fire resistance of hose assemblies and ISO 15541:1999 on Requirements for the test bench of fire resistance of hose assemblies.
                    Ingangsdatum: 01-07-2008

                    1 Purpose

                    The purpose of this regulation is to prevent the ignition of combustible materials or flammable liquids. For this purpose, the following functional requirements shall be met:

                    1. means shall be provided to control leaks of flammable liquids;

                    2. means shall be provided to limit the accumulation of flammable vapours;

                    3. the ignitability of combustible materials shall be restricted;

                    4. ignition sources shall be restricted;

                    5. ignition sources shall be separated from combustible materials and flammable liquids; and

                    6. the atmosphere in cargo tanks shall be maintained out of the explosive range.

                    2 Arrangements for oil fuel, lubrication oil and other flammable oils

                    2.1Limitations in the use of oils as fuel
                    The following limitations shall apply to the use of oil as fuel:

                    1. Except as otherwise permitted by this paragraph, no oil fuel with a flashpoint of less than 60 degrees C shall be used;1

                    2. In emergency generators oil fuel with a flashpoint of not less than 43 degrees C may be used;

                    3. The use of oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 60 degrees C but not less than 43 degrees C
                      may be permitted (e.g., for feeding the emergency fire pump's engines and the auxiliary machines which are not located in the machinery spaces of category A) subject to the following:

                      3.2 fuel oil tanks except those arranged in double bottom compartments shall be located outside of machinery spaces of category A;


                      .3.2 provisions for the measurement of oil temperature are provided on the suction pipe of the oil fuel pump;


                      .3.3 stop valves and/or cocks are provided on the inlet side and outlet side of the oil fuel strainers; and


                      .3.4 pipe joints of welded construction or of circular cone type or spherical type union joint are applied as much as possible,

                    4. In cargo ships the use of fuel having a lower flashpoint than otherwise specified in paragraph 2.1, for example crude oil, may be permitted provided that such fuel is not stored in any machinery space and subject to the approval by the Administration of the complete installation.

                    2.2Arrangements for oil fuel
                    In a ship in which oil fuel is used, the arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of the oil fuel shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board and shall at least comply with the following provisions.

                    2.2.1 Location of oil fuel systems
                    As far as practicable, parts of the oil fuel system containing heated oil under pressure exceeding 0.18 N/¿ shall not be placed in a concealed position such that defects and leakage cannot readily be observed. The machinery spaces in way of such parts of the oil fuel system shall be adequately illuminated.

                    2.2.2 Ventilation of machinery spaces
                    The ventilation of machinery spaces shall be sufficient under normal conditions to prevent accumulation of oil vapour.

                    2.2.3 Oil fuel tanks

                    2.2.3.1 Fuel oil, lubrication oil and other flammable oils shall not be carried in forepeak tanks.

                    2.2.3.2 As far as practicable, oil fuel tanks shall be part of the ships structure and shall be located outside machinery spaces of category A. Where oil fuel tanks, other than double bottom tanks, are necessarily located adjacent to or within machinery spaces of category A, at least one of their vertical sides shall be contiguous to the machinery space boundaries, and shall preferably have a common boundary with the double bottom tanks, and the area of the tank boundary common with the machinery spaces shall be kept to a minimum.
                    Where such tanks are situated within the boundaries of machinery spaces of category A they shall not contain oil fuel having a flashpoint of less than 60 degrees C.
                    In general, the use of free-standing oil fuel tanks shall be avoided. When such tanks are employed their use shall be prohibited in category A machinery spaces on passenger ships. Where permitted, they shall be placed in an oil-tight spill tray of ample size having a suitable drain pipe leading to a suitably sized spill oil tank.

                    2.2.3.3 No oil fuel tank shall be situated where spillage or leakage therefrom can constitute a fire or explosion hazard by falling on heated surfaces.

                    2.2.3.4 Oil fuel pipes, which, if damaged, would allow oil to escape from a storage, settling or daily service tank having a capacity of 500 l and above situated above the double bottom, shall be fitted with a cock or valve directly on the tank capable of being closed from a safe position outside the space concerned in the event of a fire occurring in the space in which such tanks are situated. In the special case of deep tanks situated in any shaft or pipe tunnel or similar space, valves on the tank shall be fitted, but control in the event of fire may be effected by means of an additional valve on the pipe or pipes outside the tunnel or similar space. If such an additional valve is fitted in the machinery space it shall be operated from a position outside this space. The controls for remote operation of the valve for the emergency generator fuel tank shall be in a separate location from the controls for remote operation of other valves for tanks located in machinery spaces.

                    2.2.3.5 Safe and efficient means of ascertaining the amount of oil fuel contained in any oil fuel tank shall be provided.

                    2.2.3.5.1 Where sounding pipes are used, they shall not terminate in any space where the risk of ignition of spillage from the sounding pipe might arise. In particular, they shall not terminate in passenger or crew spaces. As a general rule, they shall not terminate in machinery spaces. However, where the Administration considers that these latter requirements are impracticable, it may permit termination of sounding pipes in machinery spaces on condition that all of the following requirements are met:

                    1. an oil-level gauge is provided meeting the requirements of paragraph 2.2.3.5.2;

                    2. the sounding pipes terminate in locations remote from ignition hazards unless precautions are taken, such as the fitting of effective screens, to prevent the oil fuel in the case of spillage through the terminations of the sounding pipes from coming into contact with a source of ignition; and

                    3. the termination of sounding pipes are fitted with self-closing blanking devices and with a small-diameter self-closing control cock located below the blanking device for the purpose of ascertaining before the blanking device is opened that oil fuel is not present. Provisions shall be made so as to ensure that any spillage of oil fuel through the control cock involves no ignition hazard.

                    2.2.3.5.2 Other oil-level gauges may be used in place of sounding pipes subject to the following conditions:

                    1. in passenger ships, such gauges shall not require penetration below the top of the tank and their failure or overfilling of the tanks shall not permit release of fuel; and

                    2. in cargo ships, the failure of such gauges or overfilling of the tank shall not permit release of fuel into the space. The use of cylindrical gauge glasses is prohibited. The Administration may permit the use of oil-level gauges with flat glasses and self-closing valves between the gauges and fuel tanks.

                    2.2.3.5.3 The means prescribed in paragraph 2.2.3.5.2 which are acceptable to the Administration shall be maintained in the proper condition to ensure their continued accurate functioning in service.

                    2.2.4 Prevention of overpressure
                    Provisions shall be made to prevent overpressure in any oil tank or in any part of the oil fuel system, including the filling pipes served by pumps on board. Air and overflow pipes and relief valves shall discharge to a position where there is no risk of fire or explosion from the emergence of oils and vapour and shall not lead into crew spaces, passenger spaces nor into special category spaces, closed ro-ro cargo spaces, machinery spaces or similar spaces.

                    2.2.5 Oil fuel piping

                    2.2.5.1 Oil fuel pipes and their valves and fittings shall be of steel or other approved material, except that restricted use of flexible pipes shall be permissible in positions where the Administration is satisfied that they are necessary.2 Such flexible pipes and end attachments shall be of approved fire-resisting materials of adequate strength and shall be constructed to the satisfaction of the Administration. For valves, fitted to oil fuel tanks and which are under static pressure, steel or spheroidal-graphite cast iron may be accepted. However, ordinary cast iron valves may be used in piping systems where the design pressure is lower than 7 bar and the design temperature is below 60 degrees C.

                    2.2.5.2 External high-pressure fuel delivery lines between the high-pressure fuel pumps and fuel injectors shall be protected with a jacketed piping system capable of containing fuel from a high-pressure line failure. A jacketed pipe incorporates an outer pipe into which the high-pressure fuel pipe is placed, forming a permanent assembly. The jacketed piping system shall include a means for collection of leakages and arrangements and shall be provided with an alarm in case of a fuel line failure.

                    2.2.5.3 Oil fuel lines shall not be located immediately above or near units of high temperature including boilers, steam pipelines, exhaust manifolds, silencers or other equipment required to be insulated by paragraph 2.2.6. As far as practicable, oil fuel lines shall be arranged far apart from hot surfaces, electrical installations or other sources of ignition and shall be screened or otherwise suitably protected to avoid oil spray or oil leakage onto the sources of ignition. The number of joints in such piping systems shall be kept to a minimum.

                    2.2.5.4 Components of a diesel engine fuel system shall be designed considering the maximum peak pressure which will be experienced in service, including any high pressure pulses which are generated and transmitted back into the fuel supply and spill lines by the action of fuel injection pumps. Connections within the fuel supply and spill lines shall be constructed having regard to their ability to prevent pressurized oil fuel leaks while in service and after maintenance.

                    2.2.5.5 In multi-engine installations which are supplied from the same fuel source, means of isolating the fuel supply and spill piping to individual engines, shall be provided. The means of isolation shall not affect the operation of the other engines and shall be operable from a position not rendered inaccessible by a fire on any of the engines.

                    2.2.5.6 Where the Administration may permit the conveying of oil and combustible liquids through accommodation and service spaces, the pipes conveying oil or combustible liquids shall be of a material approved by the Administration having regard to the fire risk.

                    2.2.6 Protection of high temperature surfaces

                    2.2.6.1 Surfaces with temperatures above 220 degrees C which may be impinged as a result of a fuel system failure shall be properly insulated.

                    2.2.6.2 Precautions shall be taken to prevent any oil that may escape under pressure from any pump, filter or heater from coming into contact with heated surfaces.

                    2.3Arrangements for lubricating oil

                    2.3.1 The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of oil used in pressure lubrication systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board. The arrangements made in machinery spaces of category A, and whenever practicable in other machinery spaces, shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.2.1, 2.2.3.3, 2.2.3.4, 2.2.3.5, 2.2.4, 2.2.5.1, 2.2.5.3, and 2.2.6 except that:

                    1. this does not preclude the use of sight-flow glasses in lubricating systems provided that they are shown by testing to have a suitable degree of fire resistance; and

                    2. sounding pipes may be authorized in machinery spaces; however, the requirements of paragraphs 2.2.3.5.1.1 and 2.2.3.5.1.3 need not be applied on condition that the sounding pipes are fitted with appropriate means of closure;

                    2.3.2 The provisions of paragraph 2.2.3.4 shall also apply to lubricating oil tanks except those having a capacity less than 500 l, storage tanks on which valves are closed during the normal operation mode of the ship, or where it is determined that an unintended operation of a quick closing valve on the oil lubricating tank would endanger the safe operation of the main propulsion and essential auxiliary machinery.

                    2.4Arrangements for other flammable oils
                    The arrangements for the storage, distribution and utilization of other flammable oils employed under pressure in power transmission systems, control and activating systems and heating systems shall be such as to ensure the safety of the ship and persons on board. Suitable oil collecting arrangements for leaks shall be fitted below hydraulic valves and cylinders. In locations where means of ignition are present, such arrangements shall at least comply with the provisions of paragraphs 2.2.3.3, 2.2.3.5, 2.2.5.3 and 2.2.6 and with the provisions of paragraphs 2.2.4 and 2.2.5.1 in respect of strength and construction.

                    2.5Arrangements for oil fuel in periodically unattended machinery spaces
                    In addition to the requirements of paragraphs 2.1 to 2.4, the oil fuel and lubricating oil systems in a periodically unattended machinery space shall comply with the following:

                    1. where daily service oil fuel tanks are filled automatically, or by remote control, means shall be provided to prevent overflow spillages. Other equipment which treats flammable liquids automatically (e.g. oil fuel purifiers) which, whenever practicable, shall be installed in a special space reserved for purifiers and their heaters, shall have arrangements to prevent overflow spillages; and

                    2. where daily service oil fuel tanks or settling tanks are fitted with heating arrangements, a high temperature alarm shall be provided if the flashpoint of the oil fuel can be exceeded.

                    3 Arrangements for gaseous fuel for domestic purpose
                    Gaseous fuel systems used for domestic purposes shall be approved by the Administration.
                    Storage of gas bottles shall be located on the open deck or in a well ventilated space which opens only to the open deck.

                    4 Miscellaneous items of ignition sources and ignitability

                    4.1 Electric radiators
                    Electric radiators, if used, shall be fixed in position and so constructed as to reduce fire risks to a minimum. No such radiators shall be fitted with an element so exposed that clothing, curtains, or other similar materials can be scorched or set on fire by heat from the element.

                    4.2 Waste receptacles
                    Waste receptacles shall be constructed of non-combustible materials with no openings in the sides or bottom.

                    4.3 Insulation surfaces protected against oil penetration
                    In spaces where penetration of oil products is possible, the surface of insulation shall be impervious to oil or oil vapours.

                    4.4 Primary deck coverings
                    Primary deck coverings, if applied within accommodation and service spaces and control stations or if applied on cabin balconies of passenger ships constructed on or after 1 July 2008, shall be of approved material which will not readily ignite, this being determined in accordance with the Fire Test Procedures Code.


                    1 Refer to the Recommended procedures to prevent the illegal or accidental use of low flashpoint cargo oil as fuel adopted by the Organization by resolution A.565(14).
                    2 Refer to recommendations published by the International Organization for Standardization, in particular, Publications ISO 15540:1999 on Test methods for fire resistance of hose assemblies and ISO 15541:1999 on Requirements for the test bench of fire resistance of hose assemblies.
                    § 5

                    5 Cargo areas of tankers

                    5.1 Separation of cargo oil tanks

                    5.1.1 Cargo pump-rooms, cargo tanks, slop tanks and cofferdams shall be positioned forward of machinery spaces. However, oil fuel bunker tanks need not be forward of machinery spaces. Cargo tanks and slop tanks shall be isolated from machinery spaces by cofferdams, cargo pump-rooms, oil bunker tanks or ballast tanks. Pump-rooms containing pumps and their accessories for ballasting those spaces situated adjacent to cargo tanks and slop tanks and pumps for oil fuel transfer, shall be considered as equivalent to a cargo pump-room within the context of this regulation provided that such pump-rooms have the same safety standard as that required for cargo pump-rooms. Pump-rooms intended solely for ballast or oil fuel transfer, however, need not comply with the requirements of regulation 10.9. The lower portion of the pump-room may be recessed into machinery spaces of category A to accommodate pumps, provided that the deck head of the recess is in general not more than one third of the moulded depth above the keel, except that in the case of ships of not more than 25,000 tonnes deadweight, where it can be demonstrated that for reasonsof access and satisfactory piping arrangements this is impracticable, the Administration may permit a recess in excess of such height, but not exceeding one half of the moulded depth above the keel.

                    5.1.2 Main cargo control stations, control stations, accommodation and service spaces (excluding isolated cargo handling gear lockers) shall be positioned aft of cargo tanks, slop tanks, and spaces which isolate cargo or slop tanks from machinery spaces, but not necessarily aft of the oil fuel bunker tanks and ballast tanks, and shall be arranged in such a way that a single failure of a deck or bulkhead shall not permit the entry of gas or fumes from the cargo tanks into an accommodation space, main cargo control stations, control station, or service spaces. A recess provided in accordance with paragraph 5.1.1 need not be taken into account when the position of these spaces is being determined.

                    5.1.3 However, where deemed necessary, the Administration may permit main cargo control stations, control stations, accommodation and service spaces forward of the cargo tanks, slop tanks and spaces which isolate cargo and slop tanks from machinery spaces, but not necessarily forward of oil fuel bunker tanks or ballast tanks. Machinery spaces, other than those of category A, may be permitted forward of the cargo tanks and slop tanks provided they are isolated from the cargo tanks and slop tanks by cofferdams, cargo pump-rooms, oil fuel bunker tanks or ballast tanks, and have at least one portable fire extinguisher. In cases where they contain internal combustion machinery, one approved foam-type extinguisher of at least 45 l capacity or equivalent shall be arranged in addition to portable fire extinguishers. If operation of a semi-portable fire extinguisher is impracticable, this fire extinguisher may be replaced by two additional portable fire extinguishers. Accommodation spaces, main cargo control spaces, control stations and service spaces shall be arranged in such a way that a single failure of a deck or bulkhead shall not permit the entry of gas or fumes from the cargo tanks into such spaces. In addition, where deemed necessary for the safety or navigation of the ship, the Administration may permit machinery spaces containing internal combustion machinery not being main propulsion machinery having an output greater than 375 kW to be located forward of the cargo area provided the arrangements are in accordance with the provisions of this paragraph.

                    5.1.4 In combination carriers only:

                    1. The slop tanks shall be surrounded by cofferdams except where the boundaries of the slop tanks, where slop may be carried on dry cargo voyages, are part of the hull, main cargo deck, cargo pump-room bulkhead or oil fuel bunker tank. These cofferdams shall not be open to a double bottom, pipe tunnel, pump-room or other enclosed space, nor shall they be used for cargo or ballast and shall not be connected to piping systems serving oil cargo or ballast. Means shall be provided for filling the cofferdams with water and for draining them. Where the boundary of a slop tank is part of the cargo pump-room bulkhead, the pump-room shall not be open to the double bottom, pipe tunnel or other enclosed space; however, openings provided with gastight bolted covers may be permitted;

                    2. Means shall be provided for isolating the piping connecting the pump-room with the slop tanks referred to in paragraph 5.1.4.1. The means of isolation shall consist of a valve followed by a spectacle flange or a spool piece with appropriate blank flanges. This arrangement shall be located adjacent to the slop tanks, but where this is unreasonable or impracticable, it may be located within the pump-room directly after the piping penetrates the bulkhead. A separate permanently installed pumping and piping arrangement incorporating a manifold, provided with a shut-off valve and a blank flange, shall be provided for discharging the contents of the slop tanks directly to the open deck for disposal to shore reception facilities when the ship is in the dry cargo mode. When the transfer system is used for slop transfer in the dry cargo mode, it shall have no connection to other systems. Separation from other systems by means of removal of spool pieces may be accepted;

                    3. Hatches and tank cleaning openings to slop tanks shall only be permitted on the open deck and shall be fitted with closing arrangements. Except where they consist of bolted plates with bolts at watertight spacing, these closing arrangements shall be provided with locking arrangements under the control of the responsible ship's officer; and

                    4. Where cargo wing tanks are provided, cargo oil lines below deck shall be installed inside these tanks. However, the Administration may permit cargo oil lines to be placed in special ducts provided there are capable of being adequately cleaned and ventilated to the satisfaction of the Administration. Where cargo wing tanks are not provided, cargo oil lines below deck shall be placed in special ducts.

                    5.1.5 Where the fitting of a navigation position above the cargo area is shown to be necessary, it shall be for navigation purposes only and it shall be separated from the cargo tank deck by means of an open space with a height of at least 2 m. The fire protection requirements for such a navigation position shall be that required for control stations, as specified in regulation 9.2.4.2 and other provisions for tankers, as applicable.

                    5.1.6 Means shall be provided to keep deck spills away from the accommodation and service areas.
                    This may be accomplished by provision of a permanent continuous coaming of a height of at least 300 mm, extending from side to side. Special consideration shall be given to the arrangements associated with stern loading.

                    5.2 Restriction on boundary openings

                    5.2.1 Except as permitted in paragraph 5.2.2, access doors, air inlets and openings to accommodation spaces, service spaces, control stations and machinery spaces shall not face the cargo area. They shall be located on the transverse bulkhead not facing the cargo area or on the outboard side of the superstructure or deckhouse at a distance of at least 4% of the length of the ship but not less than 3 m from the end of the superstructure or deckhouse facing the cargo area. This distance need not exceed 5 m.

                    5.2.2 The Administration may permit access doors in boundary bulkheads facing the cargo area or within the 5 m limits specified in paragraph 5.2.1, to main cargo control stations and to such service spaces used as provision rooms, store-rooms and lockers, provided they do not give access directly or indirectly to any other space containing or providing for accommodation, control stations or service spaces such as galleys, pantries or workshops, or similar spaces containing sources of vapour ignition. The boundary of such a space shall be insulated to "A-60" standard, with the exception of the boundary facing the cargo area. Bolted plates for the removal of machinery may be fitted within the limits specified in paragraph 5.2.1. Wheelhouse doors and windows may be located within the limits specified in paragraph 5.2.1 so long as they are designed to ensure that the wheelhouse can be made rapidly and efficiently gas and vapour tight.

                    5.2.3 Windows and sidescuttles facing the cargo area and on the sides of the superstructures and deckhouses within the limits specified in paragraph 5.2.1 shall be of the fixed (non-opening) type. Such windows and sidescuttles, except wheelhouse windows, shall be constructed to "A-60" class standard.

                    5.2.4 Where there is permanent access from a pipe tunnel to the main pump-room, a watertight door shall be fitted complying with the requirements of regulation II-1/25-9.2 and, in addition, with the following:

                    1. in addition to the bridge operation, the watertight door shall be capable of being manually closed from outside the main pump-room entrance; and

                    2. the watertight door shall be kept closed during normal operations of the ship except when access to the pipe tunnel is required.

                    5.2.5 Permanent approved gastight lighting enclosures for illuminating cargo pump-rooms may be permitted in bulkheads and decks separating cargo pump-rooms and other spaces provided they are of adequate strength and the integrity and gastightness of the bulkhead or deck is maintained.

                    5.2.6 The arrangement of ventilation inlets and outlets and other deckhouse and superstructure boundary space openings shall be such as to complement the provisions of paragraph 5.3 and regulation 11.6. Such vents, especially for machinery spaces, shall be situated as far aft as practicable. Due consideration in this regard shall be given when the ship is equipped to load or discharge at the stern. Sources of ignition such as electrical equipment shall be so arranged as to avoid an explosion hazard.

                    5.3 Cargo tank venting

                    5.3.1 General requirements
                    The venting systems of cargo tanks are to be entirely distinct from the air pipes of the other compartments of the ship. The arrangements and position of openings in the cargo tank deck from which emission of flammable vapours can occur shall be such as to minimize the possibility of flammable vapours being admitted to enclosed spaces containing a source of ignition, or collecting in the vicinity of deck machinery and equipment which may constitute an ignition hazard. In accordance with this general principle, the criteria in paragraphs 5.3.2 to 5.3.5 and regulation 11.6 will apply.

                    5.3.2 Venting arrangements

                    5.3.2.1 The venting arrangements in each cargo tank may be independent or combined with other cargo tanks and may be incorporated into the inert gas piping.

                    5.3.2.2 Where the arrangements are combined with other cargo tanks, either stop valves or other acceptable means shall be provided to isolate each cargo tank. Where stop valves are fitted, they shall be provided with locking arrangements which shall be under the control of the responsible ship's officer. There shall be a clear visual indication of the operational status of the valves or other acceptable means. Where tanks have been isolated, it shall be ensured that relevant isolating valves are opened before cargo loading or ballasting or discharging of those tanks is commenced. Any isolation must continue to permit the flow caused by thermal variations in a cargo tank in accordance with regulation 11.6.1.1.

                    5.3.2.3 If cargo loading and ballasting or discharging of a cargo tank or cargo tank group is intended, which is isolated from a common venting system, that cargo tank or cargo tank group shall be fitted with a means for over-pressure or under-pressure protection as required in regulation 11.6.3.2.

                    5.3.2.4 The venting arrangements shall be connected to the top of each cargo tank and shall be self-draining to the cargo tanks under all normal conditions of trim and list of the ship. Where it may not be possible to provide self-draining lines, permanent arrangements shall be provided to drain the vent lines to a cargo tank.

                    5.3.3 Safety devices in venting systems
                    The venting system shall be provided with devices to prevent the passage of flame into the cargo tanks. The design, testing and locating of these devices shall comply with the requirements established by the Administration based on the guidelines developed by the Organization.1 Ullage openings shall not be used for pressure equalization. They shall be provided with self-closing and tightly sealing covers. Flame arresters and screens are not permitted in these openings.

                    5.3.4 Vent outlets for cargo handling and ballasting

                    5.3.4.1 Vent outlets for cargo loading, discharging and ballasting required by regulation 11.6.1.2 shall:

                    .1.1 permit the free flow of vapour mixtures; or .1.2 permit the throttling of the discharge of the vapour mixtures to achieve a velocity of not less than 30 m/s; .2 be so arranged that the vapour mixture is discharged vertically upwards; .3 where the method is by free flow of vapour mixtures, be such that the outlet shall be not less than 6 m above the cargo tank deck or fore and aft gangway if situated within 4 m of the gangway and located not less than 10 m measured horizontally from the nearest air intakes and openings to enclosed spaces containing a source of ignition and from deck machinery, which may include anchor windlass and chain locker openings, and equipment which may constitute an ignition hazard; and .4 where the method is by high-velocity discharge, be located at a height not less than 2 m above the cargo tank deck and not less than 10 m measured horizontally from the nearest air intakes and openings to enclosed spaces containing a source of ignition and from deck machinery, which may include anchor windlass and chain locker openings, and equipment which may constitute an ignition hazard. These outlets shall be provided with high velocity devices of an approved type.5.3.4.2 The arrangements for the venting of vapours displaced from the cargo tanks during loading and ballasting shall comply with paragraph 5.3 and regulation 11.6 and shall consist of either one or more mast risers, or a number of high-velocity vents. The inert gas supply main may be used for such venting.5.3.5 Isolation of slop tanks in combination carriers In combination carriers, the arrangements for isolating slop tanks containing oil or oil residues from other cargo tanks shall consist of blank flanges which will remain in position at all times when cargoes other than liquid cargoes referred to in regulation 1.6.1 are carried.5.4Ventilation5.4.1 Ventilation systems in cargo pump rooms Cargo pump-rooms shall be mechanically ventilated and discharges from the exhaust fans shall be led to a safe place on the open deck. The ventilation of these rooms shall have sufficient capacity to minimize the possibility of accumulation of flammable vapours. The number of air changes shall be at least 20 per hour, based upon the gross volume of the space. The air ducts shall be arranged so that all of the space is effectively ventilated. The ventilation shall be of the suction type using fans of the non-sparking type.5.4.2 Ventilation systems in combination carriers In combination carriers, cargo spaces and any enclosed spaces adjacent to cargo spaces shall be capable of being mechanically ventilated. The mechanical ventilation may be provided by portable fans. An approved fixed gas warning system capable of monitoring flammable vapours shall be provided in cargo pump-rooms, pipe ducts and cofferdams, as referred to in paragraph 5.1.4, adjacent to slop tanks. Suitable arrangements shall be made to facilitate measurement of flammable vapours in all other spaces within the cargo area. Such measurements shall be made possible from the open deck or easily accessible positions.5.5 Inert gas systems5.5.1 Application 5.5.1.1 For tankers of 20,000 tonnes deadweight and upwards, the protection of the cargo tanks shall be achieved by a fixed inert gas system in accordance with the requirements of the Fire Safety Systems Code, except that, in lieu of the above, the Administration, after having given consideration to the ship's arrangement and equipment, may accept other fixed installations if they afford protection equivalent to the above, in accordance with regulation I/5. The requirements for alternative fixed installations shall comply with the requirements in paragraph 5.5.4.5.5.1.2 Tankers operating with a cargo tank cleaning procedure using crude oil washing shall be fitted with an inert gas system complying with the Fire Safety Systems Code and with fixed tank washing machines.5.5.1.3 Tankers required to be fitted with inert gas systems shall comply with the following provisions:double hull spaces shall be fitted with suitable connections for the supply of inert gas; where hull spaces are connected to a permanently fitted inert gas distribution system, means shall be provided to prevent hydrocarbon gases from the cargo tanks entering the double hull spaces through the system; and where such spaces are not permanently connected to an inert gas distribution system, appropriate means shall be provided to allow connection to the inert gas main. 5.5.2 Inert gas systems of chemical tankers and gas carriers The requirements for inert gas systems contained in the Fire Safety Systems Code need not be applied to:chemical tankers and gas carriers when carrying cargoes described in regulation 1.6.1, provided that they comply with the requirements for inert gas systems on chemical tankers established by the Administration, based on the guidelines developed by the Organization;2 or chemical tankers and gas carriers when carrying flammable cargoes other than crude oil or petroleum products such as cargoes listed in chapters 17 and 18 of the International Bulk Chemical Code, provided that the capacity of tanks used for their carriage does not exceed 3,000m3 and the individual nozzle capacities of tank washing machines do not exceed 17.5m3/h and the total combined throughput from the number of machines in use in a cargo tank at any one time does not exceed 110m3/ h.5.5.3 General requirements for inert gas systems 5.5.3.1 The inert gas system shall be capable of inerting, purging and gas freeing empty tanks and maintaining the atmosphere in cargo tanks with the required oxygen content.5.5.3.2 The inert gas system referred to in paragraph 5.5.3.1 shall be designed, constructed and tested in accordance with the Fire Safety Systems Code.5.5.3.3 Tankers fitted with a fixed inert gas system shall be provided with a closed ullage system. 5.5.4 Requirements for equivalent systems 5.5.4.1 Where an installation equivalent to a fixed inert gas system is installed, it shall:be capable of preventing dangerous accumulations of explosive mixtures in intact cargo tanks during normal service throughout the ballast voyage and necessary in-tank operations; andbe so designed as to minimize the risk of ignition from the generation of static electricity by the system itself.5.6 Inerting, purging and gas-freeing5.6.1 Arrangements for purging and/or gas-freeing shall be such as to minimize the hazards due to dispersal of flammable vapours in the atmosphere and to flammable mixtures in a cargo tank.5.6.2 The procedure for cargo tank purging and/or gas freeing shall be carried out in accordance with regulation 16.3.2.5.6.3 The arrangements for inerting, purging or gas-freeing of empty tanks as required in paragraph 5.5.3.1 shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration and shall be such that the accumulation of hydrocarbon vapours in pockets formed by the internal structural members in a tank is minimized and that: on individual cargo tanks, the gas outlet pipe, if fitted, shall be positioned as far as practicable from the inert gas/air inlet and in accordance with paragraph 5.3 and regulation 11.6. The inlet of such outlet pipes may be located either at deck level or at not more than 1 m above the bottom of the tank;the cross-sectional area of such gas outlet pipe referred to in paragraph 5.6.3.1 shall be such that an exit velocity of at least 20 m/s can be maintained when any three tanks are being simultaneously supplied with inert gas. Their outlets shall extend not less than 2 m above deck level; and each gas outlet referred to in paragraph 5.6.3.2 shall be fitted with suitable blanking arrangements.5.7 Gas measurement5.7.1 Portable instrument Tankers shall be equipped with at least one portable instrument for measuring flammable vapour concentrations, together with a sufficient set of spares. Suitable means shall be provided for the calibration of such instruments.5.7.2 Arrangements for gas measurement in double hull and double bottom spaces 5.7.2.1 Suitable portable instruments for measuring oxygen and flammable vapour concentrations shall be provided. In selecting these instruments, due attention shall be given to their use in combination with the fixed gas-sampling-line systems referred to in paragraph 5.7.2.2.5.7.2.2 Where the atmosphere in double hull spaces cannot be reliably measured using flexible gas sampling hoses, such spaces shall be fitted with permanent gas sampling lines. The configuration of gas sampling lines shall be adapted to the design of such spaces.5.7.2.3 The materials of construction and the dimensions of gas sampling lines shall be such as to prevent restriction. Where plastic materials are used, they shall be electrically conductive.5.8 Air supply to double hull and double bottom spacesDouble hull and double bottom spaces shall be fitted with suitable connections for the supply of air.5.9 Protection of cargo areaDrip pans for collecting cargo residues in cargo lines and hoses shall be provided in the area of pipe and hose connections under the manifold area. Cargo hoses and tank washing hoses shall have electrical continuity over their entire lengths including couplings and flanges (except shore connections) and shall be earthed for removal of electrostatic charges.5.10 Protection of cargo pump-rooms5.10.1 In tankers: cargo pumps, ballast pumps and stripping pumps, installed in cargo pump-rooms and driven by shafts passing through pump-room bulkheads shall be fitted with temperature sensing devices for bulkhead shaft glands, bearings and pump casings. A continuous audible and visual alarm signal shall be automatically effected in the cargo control room or the pump control station;lighting in cargo pump-rooms, except emergency lighting, shall be interlocked with ventilation such that the ventilation shall be in operation when switching on the lighting. Failure of the ventilation system shall not cause the lighting to go out;a system for continuous monitoring of the concentration of hydrocarbon gases shall be fitted. Sampling points or detector heads shall be located in suitable positions in order that potentially dangerous leakages are readily detected. When the hydrocarbon gas concentration reaches a pre-set level which shall not be higher than 10% of the lower flammable limit, a continuous audible and visual alarm signal shall be automatically effected in the pump-room, engine control room, cargo control room and navigation bridge to alert personnel to the potential hazard; andall pump-rooms shall be provided with bilge level monitoring devices together with appropriately located alarms.1 Refer to MSC/Circ.677 on revised standards for the design, testing and locating of devices to prevent the passage of flame into cargo tanks in tankers and to MSC/Circ.450/Rev.1 on revised factors to be taken into consideration when designing cargo tank venting and gas-freeing arrangements. 2 Refer to the Regulation for inert gas systems on chemical tankers adopted by the Organization by resolution A.567(14) and Corr.1.
                    Ingangsdatum: 01-01-2009

                    5 Cargo areas of tankers

                    5.1 Separation of cargo oil tanks

                    5.1.1 Cargo pump-rooms, cargo tanks, slop tanks and cofferdams shall be positioned forward of machinery spaces. However, oil fuel bunker tanks need not be forward of machinery spaces. Cargo tanks and slop tanks shall be isolated from machinery spaces by cofferdams, cargo pump-rooms, oil bunker tanks or ballast tanks. Pump-rooms containing pumps and their accessories for ballasting those spaces situated adjacent to cargo tanks and slop tanks and pumps for oil fuel transfer, shall be considered as equivalent to a cargo pump-room within the context of this regulation provided that such pump-rooms have the same safety standard as that required for cargo pump-rooms. Pump-rooms intended solely for ballast or oil fuel transfer, however, need not comply with the requirements of regulation 10.9. The lower portion of the pump-room may be recessed into machinery spaces of category A to accommodate pumps, provided that the deck head of the recess is in general not more than one third of the moulded depth above the keel, except that in the case of ships of not more than 25,000 tonnes deadweight, where it can be demonstrated that for reasonsof access and satisfactory piping arrangements this is impracticable, the Administration may permit a recess in excess of such height, but not exceeding one half of the moulded depth above the keel.

                    5.1.2 Main cargo control stations, control stations, accommodation and service spaces (excluding isolated cargo handling gear lockers) shall be positioned aft of cargo tanks, slop tanks, and spaces which isolate cargo or slop tanks from machinery spaces, but not necessarily aft of the oil fuel bunker tanks and ballast tanks, and shall be arranged in such a way that a single failure of a deck or bulkhead shall not permit the entry of gas or fumes from the cargo tanks into an accommodation space, main cargo control stations, control station, or service spaces. A recess provided in accordance with paragraph 5.1.1 need not be taken into account when the position of these spaces is being determined.

                    5.1.3 However, where deemed necessary, the Administration may permit main cargo control stations, control stations, accommodation and service spaces forward of the cargo tanks, slop tanks and spaces which isolate cargo and slop tanks from machinery spaces, but not necessarily forward of oil fuel bunker tanks or ballast tanks. Machinery spaces, other than those of category A, may be permitted forward of the cargo tanks and slop tanks provided they are isolated from the cargo tanks and slop tanks by cofferdams, cargo pump-rooms, oil fuel bunker tanks or ballast tanks, and have at least one portable fire extinguisher. In cases where they contain internal combustion machinery, one approved foam-type extinguisher of at least 45 l capacity or equivalent shall be arranged in addition to portable fire extinguishers. If operation of a semi-portable fire extinguisher is impracticable, this fire extinguisher may be replaced by two additional portable fire extinguishers. Accommodation spaces, main cargo control spaces, control stations and service spaces shall be arranged in such a way that a single failure of a deck or bulkhead shall not permit the entry of gas or fumes from the cargo tanks into such spaces. In addition, where deemed necessary for the safety or navigation of the ship, the Administration may permit machinery spaces containing internal combustion machinery not being main propulsion machinery having an output greater than 375 kW to be located forward of the cargo area provided the arrangements are in accordance with the provisions of this paragraph.

                    5.1.4 In combination carriers only:

                    1. The slop tanks shall be surrounded by cofferdams except where the boundaries of the slop tanks, where slop may be carried on dry cargo voyages, are part of the hull, main cargo deck, cargo pump-room bulkhead or oil fuel bunker tank. These cofferdams shall not be open to a double bottom, pipe tunnel, pump-room or other enclosed space, nor shall they be used for cargo or ballast and shall not be connected to piping systems serving oil cargo or ballast. Means shall be provided for filling the cofferdams with water and for draining them. Where the boundary of a slop tank is part of the cargo pump-room bulkhead, the pump-room shall not be open to the double bottom, pipe tunnel or other enclosed space; however, openings provided with gastight bolted covers may be permitted;

                    2. Means shall be provided for isolating the piping connecting the pump-room with the slop tanks referred to in paragraph 5.1.4.1. The means of isolation shall consist of a valve followed by a spectacle flange or a spool piece with appropriate blank flanges. This arrangement shall be located adjacent to the slop tanks, but where this is unreasonable or impracticable, it may be located within the pump-room directly after the piping penetrates the bulkhead. A separate permanently installed pumping and piping arrangement incorporating a manifold, provided with a shut-off valve and a blank flange, shall be provided for discharging the contents of the slop tanks directly to the open deck for disposal to shore reception facilities when the ship is in the dry cargo mode. When the transfer system is used for slop transfer in the dry cargo mode, it shall have no connection to other systems. Separation from other systems by means of removal of spool pieces may be accepted;

                    3. Hatches and tank cleaning openings to slop tanks shall only be permitted on the open deck and shall be fitted with closing arrangements. Except where they consist of bolted plates with bolts at watertight spacing, these closing arrangements shall be provided with locking arrangements under the control of the responsible ship's officer; and

                    4. Where cargo wing tanks are provided, cargo oil lines below deck shall be installed inside these tanks. However, the Administration may permit cargo oil lines to be placed in special ducts provided there are capable of being adequately cleaned and ventilated to the satisfaction of the Administration. Where cargo wing tanks are not provided, cargo oil lines below deck shall be placed in special ducts.

                    5.1.5 Where the fitting of a navigation position above the cargo area is shown to be necessary, it shall be for navigation purposes only and it shall be separated from the cargo tank deck by means of an open space with a height of at least 2 m. The fire protection requirements for such a navigation position shall be that required for control stations, as specified in regulation 9.2.4.2 and other provisions for tankers, as applicable.

                    5.1.6 Means shall be provided to keep deck spills away from the accommodation and service areas.
                    This may be accomplished by provision of a permanent continuous coaming of a height of at least 300 mm, extending from side to side. Special consideration shall be given to the arrangements associated with stern loading.

                    5.2 Restriction on boundary openings

                    5.2.1 Except as permitted in paragraph 5.2.2, access doors, air inlets and openings to accommodation spaces, service spaces, control stations and machinery spaces shall not face the cargo area. They shall be located on the transverse bulkhead not facing the cargo area or on the outboard side of the superstructure or deckhouse at a distance of at least 4% of the length of the ship but not less than 3 m from the end of the superstructure or deckhouse facing the cargo area. This distance need not exceed 5 m.

                    5.2.2 The Administration may permit access doors in boundary bulkheads facing the cargo area or within the 5 m limits specified in paragraph 5.2.1, to main cargo control stations and to such service spaces used as provision rooms, store-rooms and lockers, provided they do not give access directly or indirectly to any other space containing or providing for accommodation, control stations or service spaces such as galleys, pantries or workshops, or similar spaces containing sources of vapour ignition. The boundary of such a space shall be insulated to "A-60" standard, with the exception of the boundary facing the cargo area. Bolted plates for the removal of machinery may be fitted within the limits specified in paragraph 5.2.1. Wheelhouse doors and windows may be located within the limits specified in paragraph 5.2.1 so long as they are designed to ensure that the wheelhouse can be made rapidly and efficiently gas and vapour tight.

                    5.2.3 Windows and sidescuttles facing the cargo area and on the sides of the superstructures and deckhouses within the limits specified in paragraph 5.2.1 shall be of the fixed (non-opening) type. Such windows and sidescuttles, except wheelhouse windows, shall be constructed to "A-60" class standard except that “A-0” class standard is acceptable for windows and sidescuttles outside the limit specified in regulation 9.2.4.2.5.

                    5.2.4 Where there is permanent access from a pipe tunnel to the main pump-room, a watertight door shall be fitted complying with the requirements ofregulation II-1/13-1.2and, in addition, with the following:

                    1. in addition to the bridge operation, the watertight door shall be capable of being manually closed from outside the main pump-room entrance; and

                    2. the watertight door shall be kept closed during normal operations of the ship except when access to the pipe tunnel is required.

                    5.2.5 Permanent approved gastight lighting enclosures for illuminating cargo pump-rooms may be permitted in bulkheads and decks separating cargo pump-rooms and other spaces provided they are of adequate strength and the integrity and gastightness of the bulkhead or deck is maintained.

                    5.2.6 The arrangement of ventilation inlets and outlets and other deckhouse and superstructure boundary space openings shall be such as to complement the provisions of paragraph 5.3 and regulation 11.6. Such vents, especially for machinery spaces, shall be situated as far aft as practicable. Due consideration in this regard shall be given when the ship is equipped to load or discharge at the stern. Sources of ignition such as electrical equipment shall be so arranged as to avoid an explosion hazard.

                    5.3 Cargo tank venting

                    5.3.1 General requirements
                    The venting systems of cargo tanks are to be entirely distinct from the air pipes of the other compartments of the ship. The arrangements and position of openings in the cargo tank deck from which emission of flammable vapours can occur shall be such as to minimize the possibility of flammable vapours being admitted to enclosed spaces containing a source of ignition, or collecting in the vicinity of deck machinery and equipment which may constitute an ignition hazard. In accordance with this general principle, the criteria in paragraphs 5.3.2 to 5.3.5 and regulation 11.6 will apply.

                    5.3.2 Venting arrangements

                    5.3.2.1 The venting arrangements in each cargo tank may be independent or combined with other cargo tanks and may be incorporated into the inert gas piping.

                    5.3.2.2 Where the arrangements are combined with other cargo tanks, either stop valves or other acceptable means shall be provided to isolate each cargo tank. Where stop valves are fitted, they shall be provided with locking arrangements which shall be under the control of the responsible ship's officer. There shall be a clear visual indication of the operational status of the valves or other acceptable means. Where tanks have been isolated, it shall be ensured that relevant isolating valves are opened before cargo loading or ballasting or discharging of those tanks is commenced. Any isolation must continue to permit the flow caused by thermal variations in a cargo tank in accordance with regulation 11.6.1.1.

                    5.3.2.3 If cargo loading and ballasting or discharging of a cargo tank or cargo tank group is intended, which is isolated from a common venting system, that cargo tank or cargo tank group shall be fitted with a means for over-pressure or under-pressure protection as required in regulation 11.6.3.2.

                    5.3.2.4 The venting arrangements shall be connected to the top of each cargo tank and shall be self-draining to the cargo tanks under all normal conditions of trim and list of the ship. Where it may not be possible to provide self-draining lines, permanent arrangements shall be provided to drain the vent lines to a cargo tank.

                    5.3.3 Safety devices in venting systems
                    The venting system shall be provided with devices to prevent the passage of flame into the cargo tanks. The design, testing and locating of these devices shall comply with the requirements established by the Administration based on the guidelines developed by the Organization.1 Ullage openings shall not be used for pressure equalization. They shall be provided with self-closing and tightly sealing covers. Flame arresters and screens are not permitted in these openings.

                    5.3.4 Vent outlets for cargo handling and ballasting

                    5.3.4.1 Vent outlets for cargo loading, discharging and ballasting required by regulation 11.6.1.2 shall:

                    .1.1 permit the free flow of vapour mixtures; or .1.2 permit the throttling of the discharge of the vapour mixtures to achieve a velocity of not less than 30 m/s; .2 be so arranged that the vapour mixture is discharged vertically upwards; .3 where the method is by free flow of vapour mixtures, be such that the outlet shall be not less than 6 m above the cargo tank deck or fore and aft gangway if situated within 4 m of the gangway and located not less than 10 m measured horizontally from the nearest air intakes and openings to enclosed spaces containing a source of ignition and from deck machinery, which may include anchor windlass and chain locker openings, and equipment which may constitute an ignition hazard; and .4 where the method is by high-velocity discharge, be located at a height not less than 2 m above the cargo tank deck and not less than 10 m measured horizontally from the nearest air intakes and openings to enclosed spaces containing a source of ignition and from deck machinery, which may include anchor windlass and chain locker openings, and equipment which may constitute an ignition hazard. These outlets shall be provided with high velocity devices of an approved type.5.3.4.2 The arrangements for the venting of vapours displaced from the cargo tanks during loading and ballasting shall comply with paragraph 5.3 and regulation 11.6 and shall consist of either one or more mast risers, or a number of high-velocity vents. The inert gas supply main may be used for such venting.5.3.5 Isolation of slop tanks in combination carriers In combination carriers, the arrangements for isolating slop tanks containing oil or oil residues from other cargo tanks shall consist of blank flanges which will remain in position at all times when cargoes other than liquid cargoes referred to in regulation 1.6.1 are carried.5.4Ventilation5.4.1 Ventilation systems in cargo pump rooms Cargo pump-rooms shall be mechanically ventilated and discharges from the exhaust fans shall be led to a safe place on the open deck. The ventilation of these rooms shall have sufficient capacity to minimize the possibility of accumulation of flammable vapours. The number of air changes shall be at least 20 per hour, based upon the gross volume of the space. The air ducts shall be arranged so that all of the space is effectively ventilated. The ventilation shall be of the suction type using fans of the non-sparking type.5.4.2 Ventilation systems in combination carriers In combination carriers, cargo spaces and any enclosed spaces adjacent to cargo spaces shall be capable of being mechanically ventilated. The mechanical ventilation may be provided by portable fans. An approved fixed gas warning system capable of monitoring flammable vapours shall be provided in cargo pump-rooms, pipe ducts and cofferdams, as referred to in paragraph 5.1.4, adjacent to slop tanks. Suitable arrangements shall be made to facilitate measurement of flammable vapours in all other spaces within the cargo area. Such measurements shall be made possible from the open deck or easily accessible positions.5.5 Inert gas systems5.5.1 Application 5.5.1.1 For tankers of 20,000 tonnes deadweight and upwards, the protection of the cargo tanks shall be achieved by a fixed inert gas system in accordance with the requirements of the Fire Safety Systems Code, except that, in lieu of the above, the Administration, after having given consideration to the ship's arrangement and equipment, may accept other fixed installations if they afford protection equivalent to the above, in accordance with regulation I/5. The requirements for alternative fixed installations shall comply with the requirements in paragraph 5.5.4.5.5.1.2 Tankers operating with a cargo tank cleaning procedure using crude oil washing shall be fitted with an inert gas system complying with the Fire Safety Systems Code and with fixed tank washing machines.5.5.1.3 Tankers required to be fitted with inert gas systems shall comply with the following provisions:double hull spaces shall be fitted with suitable connections for the supply of inert gas; where hull spaces are connected to a permanently fitted inert gas distribution system, means shall be provided to prevent hydrocarbon gases from the cargo tanks entering the double hull spaces through the system; and where such spaces are not permanently connected to an inert gas distribution system, appropriate means shall be provided to allow connection to the inert gas main. 5.5.2 Inert gas systems of chemical tankers and gas carriers The requirements for inert gas systems contained in the Fire Safety Systems Code need not be applied to:chemical tankers and gas carriers when carrying cargoes described in regulation 1.6.1, provided that they comply with the requirements for inert gas systems on chemical tankers established by the Administration, based on the guidelines developed by the Organization;2 or chemical tankers and gas carriers when carrying flammable cargoes other than crude oil or petroleum products such as cargoes listed in chapters 17 and 18 of the International Bulk Chemical Code, provided that the capacity of tanks used for their carriage does not exceed 3,000m3 and the individual nozzle capacities of tank washing machines do not exceed 17.5m3/h and the total combined throughput from the number of machines in use in a cargo tank at any one time does not exceed 110m3/ h.5.5.3 General requirements for inert gas systems 5.5.3.1 The inert gas system shall be capable of inerting, purging and gas freeing empty tanks and maintaining the atmosphere in cargo tanks with the required oxygen content.5.5.3.2 The inert gas system referred to in paragraph 5.5.3.1 shall be designed, constructed and tested in accordance with the Fire Safety Systems Code.5.5.3.3 Tankers fitted with a fixed inert gas system shall be provided with a closed ullage system. 5.5.4 Requirements for equivalent systems 5.5.4.1 Where an installation equivalent to a fixed inert gas system is installed, it shall:be capable of preventing dangerous accumulations of explosive mixtures in intact cargo tanks during normal service throughout the ballast voyage and necessary in-tank operations; andbe so designed as to minimize the risk of ignition from the generation of static electricity by the system itself.5.6 Inerting, purging and gas-freeing5.6.1 Arrangements for purging and/or gas-freeing shall be such as to minimize the hazards due to dispersal of flammable vapours in the atmosphere and to flammable mixtures in a cargo tank.5.6.2 The procedure for cargo tank purging and/or gas freeing shall be carried out in accordance with regulation 16.3.2.5.6.3 The arrangements for inerting, purging or gas-freeing of empty tanks as required in paragraph 5.5.3.1 shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration and shall be such that the accumulation of hydrocarbon vapours in pockets formed by the internal structural members in a tank is minimized and that: on individual cargo tanks, the gas outlet pipe, if fitted, shall be positioned as far as practicable from the inert gas/air inlet and in accordance with paragraph 5.3 and regulation 11.6. The inlet of such outlet pipes may be located either at deck level or at not more than 1 m above the bottom of the tank;the cross-sectional area of such gas outlet pipe referred to in paragraph 5.6.3.1 shall be such that an exit velocity of at least 20 m/s can be maintained when any three tanks are being simultaneously supplied with inert gas. Their outlets shall extend not less than 2 m above deck level; and each gas outlet referred to in paragraph 5.6.3.2 shall be fitted with suitable blanking arrangements.5.7 Gas measurement5.7.1 Portable instrument Tankers shall be equipped with at least one portable instrument for measuring flammable vapour concentrations, together with a sufficient set of spares. Suitable means shall be provided for the calibration of such instruments.5.7.2 Arrangements for gas measurement in double hull and double bottom spaces 5.7.2.1 Suitable portable instruments for measuring oxygen and flammable vapour concentrations shall be provided. In selecting these instruments, due attention shall be given to their use in combination with the fixed gas-sampling-line systems referred to in paragraph 5.7.2.2.5.7.2.2 Where the atmosphere in double hull spaces cannot be reliably measured using flexible gas sampling hoses, such spaces shall be fitted with permanent gas sampling lines. The configuration of gas sampling lines shall be adapted to the design of such spaces.5.7.2.3 The materials of construction and the dimensions of gas sampling lines shall be such as to prevent restriction. Where plastic materials are used, they shall be electrically conductive.5.8 Air supply to double hull and double bottom spacesDouble hull and double bottom spaces shall be fitted with suitable connections for the supply of air.5.9 Protection of cargo areaDrip pans for collecting cargo residues in cargo lines and hoses shall be provided in the area of pipe and hose connections under the manifold area. Cargo hoses and tank washing hoses shall have electrical continuity over their entire lengths including couplings and flanges (except shore connections) and shall be earthed for removal of electrostatic charges.5.10 Protection of cargo pump-rooms5.10.1 In tankers: cargo pumps, ballast pumps and stripping pumps, installed in cargo pump-rooms and driven by shafts passing through pump-room bulkheads shall be fitted with temperature sensing devices for bulkhead shaft glands, bearings and pump casings. A continuous audible and visual alarm signal shall be automatically effected in the cargo control room or the pump control station;lighting in cargo pump-rooms, except emergency lighting, shall be interlocked with ventilation such that the ventilation shall be in operation when switching on the lighting. Failure of the ventilation system shall not cause the lighting to go out;a system for continuous monitoring of the concentration of hydrocarbon gases shall be fitted. Sampling points or detector heads shall be located in suitable positions in order that potentially dangerous leakages are readily detected. When the hydrocarbon gas concentration reaches a pre-set level which shall not be higher than 10% of the lower flammable limit, a continuous audible and visual alarm signal shall be automatically effected in the pump-room, engine control room, cargo control room and navigation bridge to alert personnel to the potential hazard; andall pump-rooms shall be provided with bilge level monitoring devices together with appropriately located alarms.1 Refer to MSC/Circ.677 on revised standards for the design, testing and locating of devices to prevent the passage of flame into cargo tanks in tankers and to MSC/Circ.450/Rev.1 on revised factors to be taken into consideration when designing cargo tank venting and gas-freeing arrangements. 2 Refer to the Regulation for inert gas systems on chemical tankers adopted by the Organization by resolution A.567(14) and Corr.1.

                    Reg. 05 Fire growth potential

                    1 Purpose

                    The purpose of this regulation is to limit the fire growth potential in every space of the ship.
                    For this purpose, the following functional requirements shall be met:

                    1. means of control for the air supply to the space shall be provided;

                    2. means of control for flammable liquids in the space shall be provided; and

                    3. the use of combustible materials shall be restricted.

                    2 Control of air supply and flammable liquid to the space

                    2.1 Closing appliances and stopping devices of ventilation

                    2.1.1 The main inlets and outlets of all ventilation systems shall be capable of being closed from outside the spaces being ventilated. The means of closing shall be easily accessible as well as prominently and permanently marked and shall indicate whether the shutoff is open or closed.

                    2.1.2 Power ventilation of accommodation spaces, service spaces, cargo spaces, control stations and machinery spaces shall be capable of being stopped from an easily accessible position outside the space being served. This position shall not be readily cut off in the event of a fire in the spaces served.

                    2.1.3 In passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers, power ventilation, except machinery space and cargo space ventilation and any alternative system which may be required under regulation 8.2, shall be fitted with controls so grouped that all fans may be stopped from either of two separate positions which shall be situated as far apart as practicable. Fans serving power ventilation systems to cargo spaces shall be capable of being stopped from a safe position outside such spaces.

                    2.2 Means of control in machinery spaces

                    2.2.1 Means of control shall be provided for opening and closure of skylights, closure of openings in funnels which normally allow exhaust ventilation and closure of ventilator dampers.

                    2.2.2 Means of control shall be provided for stopping ventilating fans. Controls provided for the power ventilation serving machinery spaces shall be grouped so as to be operable from two positions, one of which shall be outside such spaces. The means provided for stopping the power ventilation of the machinery spaces shall be entirely separate from the means provided for stopping ventilation of other spaces.

                    2.2.3 Means of control shall be provided for stopping forced and induced draught fans, oil fuel transfer pumps, oil fuel unit pumps, lubricating oil service pumps, thermal oil circulating pumps and oil separators (purifiers). However, paragraphs 2.2.4 and 2.2.5 need not apply to oily water separators.

                    2.2.4 The controls required in paragraphs 2.2.1 to 2.2.3 and in regulation 4.2.2.3.4 shall be located outside the space concerned so they will not be cut off in the event of fire in the space they serve.

                    2.2.5 In passenger ships, the controls required in paragraphs 2.2.1 to 2.2.4 and in regulations 8.3.3 and 9.5.2.3 and the controls for any required fire-extinguishing system shall be situated at one control position or grouped in as few positions as possible to the satisfaction of the Administration. Such positions shall have a safe access from the open deck.

                    2.3 Additional requirements for means of control in periodically unattended machinery spaces

                    2.3.1 For periodically unattended machinery spaces, the Administration shall give special consideration to maintaining the fire integrity of the machinery spaces, the location and centralization of the fire-extinguishing system controls, the required shutdown arrangements (e.g. ventilation, fuel pumps, etc.) and that additional fire-extinguishing appliances and other fire-fighting equipment and breathing apparatus may be required.

                    2.3.2 In passenger ships, these requirements shall be at least equivalent to those of machinery spaces normally attended.

                    3 Fire protection materials

                    3.1 Use of non-combustible materials

                    3.1.1 Insulating materials Insulating materials shall be non-combustible, except in cargo spaces, mail rooms, baggage rooms and refrigerated compartments of service spaces. Vapour barriers and adhesives used in conjunction with insulation, as well as the insulation of pipe fittings for cold service systems, need not be of non-combustible materials, but they shall be kept to the minimum quantity practicable and their exposed surfaces shall have low flame-spread characteristics.

                    3.1.2 Ceilings and linings

                    3.1.2.1 In passenger ships, except in cargo spaces, all linings, grounds, draught stops and ceilings shall be of non-combustible material except in mail rooms, baggage rooms, saunas or refrigerated compartments of service spaces. Partial bulkheads or decks used to subdivide a space for utility or artistic treatment shall also be of non-combustible materials.

                    3.1.2.2 In cargo ships, all linings, ceilings, draught stops and their associated grounds shall be of non-combustible materials in the following spaces:

                    1. in accommodation and service spaces and control stations for ships where Method IC is specified as referred to in regulation 9.2.3.1; and

                    2. in corridors and stairway enclosures serving accommodation and service spaces and control stations for ships where Method IIC and IIIC are specified as referred to in regulation 9.2.3.1.

                    3.2 Use of combustible materials

                    3.2.1 General

                    3.2.1.1 In passenger ships, "A", "B" or "C" class divisions in accommodation and services spaces which are faced with combustible materials, facings, mouldings, decorations and veneers shall comply with the provisions of paragraphs 3.2.2 to 3.2.4 and regulation 6. However, traditional wooden benches and wooden linings on bulkheads and ceilings are permitted in saunas and such materials need not be subject to the calculations prescribed in paragraphs 3.2.2 and 3.2.3.


                    3.2.1.2 In cargo ships, non-combustible bulkheads, ceilings and linings fitted in accommodation and service spaces may be faced with combustible materials, facings, mouldings, decorations and veneers provided such spaces are bounded by non-combustible bulkheads, ceilings and linings in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 3.2.2 to 3.2.4 and regulation 6.

                    3.2.2 Maximum calorific value of combustible materials
                    Combustible materials used on the surfaces and linings specified in paragraph 3.2.1 shall have a calorific value * not exceeding 45 MJ/m2 of the area for the thickness used. The requirements of this paragraph are not applicable to the surfaces of furniture fixed to linings or bulkheads.

                    3.2.3 Total volume of combustible materials
                    Where combustible materials are used in accordance with paragraph 3.2.1, they shall comply with the following requirements:

                    1. The total volume of combustible facings, mouldings, decorations and veneers in accommodation and service spaces shall not exceed a volume equivalent to 2.5 mm veneer on the combined area of the walls and ceiling linings. Furniture fixed to linings, bulkheads or decks need not be included in the calculation of the total volume of combustible materials; and

                    2. In the case of ships fitted with an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of the Fire Safety Systems Code, the above volume may include some combustible material used for erection of "C" class divisions.

                    3.2.4 Low flame-spread characteristics of exposed surfaces The following surfaces shall have low flame-spread characteristics in accordance with the Fire Test Procedures Code:

                    3.2.4.1 In passenger ships:

                    1. exposed surfaces in corridors and stairway enclosures and of bulkhead and ceiling linings in accommodation and service spaces (except saunas) and control stations; and

                    2. surfaces and grounds in concealed or inaccessible spaces in accommodation and service spaces and control stations.

                    3.2.4.2 In cargo ships:

                    1. exposed surfaces in corridors and stairway enclosures and of ceilings in accommodation and service spaces (except saunas) and control stations; and

                    2. surfaces and grounds in concealed or inaccessible spaces in accommodation and service spaces and control stations.

                    3.3 Furniture in stairway enclosures of passenger ships
                    Furniture in stairway enclosures shall be limited to seating. It shall be fixed, limited to six seats on each deck in each stairway enclosure, be of restricted fire risk determined in accordance with the Fire Test Procedure Code, and shall not restrict the passenger escape route. The Administration may permit additional seating in the main reception area within a stairway enclosure if it is fixed, non-combustible and does not restrict the passenger escape route. Furniture shall not be permitted in passenger and crew corridors forming escape routes in cabin areas. In addition to the above, lockers of non-combustible material, providing storage for non-hazardous safety equipment required by these regulations, may be permitted. Drinking water dispensers and ice cube machines may be permitted in corridors provided they are fixed and do not restrict the width of the escape routes. This applies as well to decorative flower or plant arrangements, statues or other objects of art such as paintings and tapestries in corridors and stairways.


                    * Refer to the recommendations published by the International Organization for Standardization, in particular, Publication ISO 1716:1973 on Determination of calorific potential.
                    Ingangsdatum: 01-07-2008

                    1 Purpose

                    The purpose of this regulation is to limit the fire growth potential in every space of the ship.
                    For this purpose, the following functional requirements shall be met:

                    1. means of control for the air supply to the space shall be provided;

                    2. means of control for flammable liquids in the space shall be provided; and

                    3. the use of combustible materials shall be restricted.

                    2 Control of air supply and flammable liquid to the space

                    2.1 Closing appliances and stopping devices of ventilation

                    2.1.1 The main inlets and outlets of all ventilation systems shall be capable of being closed from outside the spaces being ventilated. The means of closing shall be easily accessible as well as prominently and permanently marked and shall indicate whether the shutoff is open or closed.

                    2.1.2 Power ventilation of accommodation spaces, service spaces, cargo spaces, control stations and machinery spaces shall be capable of being stopped from an easily accessible position outside the space being served. This position shall not be readily cut off in the event of a fire in the spaces served.

                    2.1.3 In passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers, power ventilation, except machinery space and cargo space ventilation and any alternative system which may be required under regulation 8.2, shall be fitted with controls so grouped that all fans may be stopped from either of two separate positions which shall be situated as far apart as practicable. Fans serving power ventilation systems to cargo spaces shall be capable of being stopped from a safe position outside such spaces.

                    2.2 Means of control in machinery spaces

                    2.2.1 Means of control shall be provided for opening and closure of skylights, closure of openings in funnels which normally allow exhaust ventilation and closure of ventilator dampers.

                    2.2.2 Means of control shall be provided for stopping ventilating fans. Controls provided for the power ventilation serving machinery spaces shall be grouped so as to be operable from two positions, one of which shall be outside such spaces. The means provided for stopping the power ventilation of the machinery spaces shall be entirely separate from the means provided for stopping ventilation of other spaces.

                    2.2.3 Means of control shall be provided for stopping forced and induced draught fans, oil fuel transfer pumps, oil fuel unit pumps, lubricating oil service pumps, thermal oil circulating pumps and oil separators (purifiers). However, paragraphs 2.2.4 and 2.2.5 need not apply to oily water separators.

                    2.2.4 The controls required in paragraphs 2.2.1 to 2.2.3 and in regulation 4.2.2.3.4 shall be located outside the space concerned so they will not be cut off in the event of fire in the space they serve.

                    2.2.5 In passenger ships, the controls required in paragraphs 2.2.1 to 2.2.4 and in regulations 8.3.3 and 9.5.2.3 and the controls for any required fire-extinguishing system shall be situated at one control position or grouped in as few positions as possible to the satisfaction of the Administration. Such positions shall have a safe access from the open deck.

                    2.3 Additional requirements for means of control in periodically unattended machinery spaces

                    2.3.1 For periodically unattended machinery spaces, the Administration shall give special consideration to maintaining the fire integrity of the machinery spaces, the location and centralization of the fire-extinguishing system controls, the required shutdown arrangements (e.g. ventilation, fuel pumps, etc.) and that additional fire-extinguishing appliances and other fire-fighting equipment and breathing apparatus may be required.

                    2.3.2 In passenger ships, these requirements shall be at least equivalent to those of machinery spaces normally attended.

                    3 Fire protection materials

                    3.1 Use of non-combustible materials

                    3.1.1 Insulating materials Insulating materials shall be non-combustible, except in cargo spaces, mail rooms, baggage rooms and refrigerated compartments of service spaces. Vapour barriers and adhesives used in conjunction with insulation, as well as the insulation of pipe fittings for cold service systems, need not be of non-combustible materials, but they shall be kept to the minimum quantity practicable and their exposed surfaces shall have low flame-spread characteristics.

                    3.1.2 Ceilings and linings

                    3.1.2.1 In passenger ships, except in cargo spaces, all linings, grounds, draught stops and ceilings shall be of non-combustible material except in mail rooms, baggage rooms, saunas or refrigerated compartments of service spaces.

                    3.1.2.2 In cargo ships, all linings, ceilings, draught stops and their associated grounds shall be of non-combustible materials in the following spaces:

                    1. in accommodation and service spaces and control stations for ships where Method IC is specified as referred to in regulation 9.2.3.1; and

                    2. in corridors and stairway enclosures serving accommodation and service spaces and control stations for ships where Method IIC and IIIC are specified as referred to in regulation 9.2.3.1.

                    3.1.3 Partial bulkheads and decks on passenger ships

                    3.1.3.1 Partial bulkheads or decks used to subdivide a space for utility or artistic treatment shall be of non-combustible materials.

                    3.1.3.2 Linings, ceilings and partial bulkheads or decks used to screen or to separate adjacent cabin balconies shall be of non-combustible materials. Cabin balconies on passenger ships constructed before 1 July 2008 shall comply with the requirements of this paragraph by the first survey after 1 July 2008.

                    3.2 Use of combustible materials

                    3.2.1 General

                    3.2.1.1 In passenger ships, "A", "B" or "C" class divisions in accommodation and services spaces and cabin balconies which are faced with combustible materials, facings, mouldings, decorations and veneers shall comply with the provisions of paragraphs 3.2.2 to 3.2.4 and regulation 6. However, traditional wooden benches and wooden linings on bulkheads and ceilings are permitted in saunas and such materials need not be subject to the calculations prescribed in paragraphs 3.2.2 and 3.2.3. However, the provisions of paragraph 3.2.3 need not be applied to cabin balconies.

                    3.2.1.2 In cargo ships, non-combustible bulkheads, ceilings and linings fitted in accommodation and service spaces may be faced with combustible materials, facings, mouldings, decorations and veneers provided such spaces are bounded by non-combustible bulkheads, ceilings and linings in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 3.2.2 to 3.2.4 and regulation 6.

                    3.2.2 Maximum calorific value of combustible materials
                    Combustible materials used on the surfaces and linings specified in paragraph 3.2.1 shall have a calorific value * not exceeding 45 MJ/m2 of the area for the thickness used. The requirements of this paragraph are not applicable to the surfaces of furniture fixed to linings or bulkheads.

                    3.2.3 Total volume of combustible materials
                    Where combustible materials are used in accordance with paragraph 3.2.1, they shall comply with the following requirements:

                    1. The total volume of combustible facings, mouldings, decorations and veneers in accommodation and service spaces shall not exceed a volume equivalent to 2.5 mm veneer on the combined area of the walls and ceiling linings. Furniture fixed to linings, bulkheads or decks need not be included in the calculation of the total volume of combustible materials; and

                    2. In the case of ships fitted with an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of the Fire Safety Systems Code, the above volume may include some combustible material used for erection of "C" class divisions.

                    3.2.4 Low flame-spread characteristics of exposed surfaces The following surfaces shall have low flame-spread characteristics in accordance with the Fire Test Procedures Code:

                    3.2.4.1 In passenger ships:

                    1. exposed surfaces in corridors and stairway enclosures and of bulkhead and ceiling linings in accommodation and service spaces (except saunas) and control stations; and
                    2. surfaces and grounds in concealed or inaccessible spaces in accommodation and service spaces and control stations.
                    3. exposed surfaces of cabin balconies, except for natural hard wood decking systems.

                    3.2.4.2 In cargo ships:

                    1. exposed surfaces in corridors and stairway enclosures and of ceilings in accommodation and service spaces (except saunas) and control stations; and

                    2. surfaces and grounds in concealed or inaccessible spaces in accommodation and service spaces and control stations.

                    3.3 Furniture in stairway enclosures of passenger ships
                    Furniture in stairway enclosures shall be limited to seating. It shall be fixed, limited to six seats on each deck in each stairway enclosure, be of restricted fire risk determined in accordance with the Fire Test Procedure Code, and shall not restrict the passenger escape route. The Administration may permit additional seating in the main reception area within a stairway enclosure if it is fixed, non-combustible and does not restrict the passenger escape route. Furniture shall not be permitted in passenger and crew corridors forming escape routes in cabin areas. In addition to the above, lockers of non-combustible material, providing storage for non-hazardous safety equipment required by these regulations, may be permitted. Drinking water dispensers and ice cube machines may be permitted in corridors provided they are fixed and do not restrict the width of the escape routes. This applies as well to decorative flower or plant arrangements, statues or other objects of art such as paintings and tapestries in corridors and stairways.

                    3.4Furniture and furnishings on cabin balconies of passenger shipsOn passenger ships, furniture and furnishings on cabin balconies shall comply with regulations 3.40.1, 3.40.2, 3.40.3, 3.40.6 and 3.40.7 unless such balconies are protected by a fixed pressure water-spraying and fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems complying with regulations 7.10 and 10.6.1.3. Passenger ships constructed before 1 July 2008 shall comply with the requirements of this paragraph by the first survey after 1 July 2008.


                    * Refer to the recommendations published by the International Organization for Standardization, in particular, Publication ISO 1716:1973 on Determination of calorific potential.

                    Reg. 06 Smoke generation potential and toxicity

                    Smoke generation potential and toxicity

                    1 Purpose
                    The purpose of this regulation is to reduce the hazard to life from smoke and toxic products generated during a fire in spaces where persons normally work or live. For this purpose, the quantity of smoke and toxic products released from combustible materials, including surface finishes, during fire shall be limited.

                    2 Paints, varnishes and other finishes
                    Paints, varnishes and other finishes used on exposed interior surfaces shall not be capable of producing excessive quantities of smoke and toxic products, this being determined in accordance with the Fire Test Procedures Code.

                    3 Primary deck coverings
                    Primary deck coverings, if applied within accommodation and service spaces and control stations, shall be of approved material which will not give rise to smoke or toxic or explosive hazards at elevated temperatures, this being determined in accordance with the Fire Test Procedures Code.

                    Ingangsdatum: 01-07-2002
                    Geldig tot en met: 30-06-2008

                    Smoke generation potential and toxicity

                    1 Purpose
                    The purpose of this regulation is to reduce the hazard to life from smoke and toxic products generated during a fire in spaces where persons normally work or live. For this purpose, the quantity of smoke and toxic products released from combustible materials, including surface finishes, during fire shall be limited.

                    2 Paints, varnishes and other finishes
                    Paints, varnishes and other finishes used on exposed interior surfaces shall not be capable of producing excessive quantities of smoke and toxic products, this being determined in accordance with the Fire Test Procedures Code.

                    3 Primary deck coverings
                    Primary deck coverings, if applied within accommodation and service spaces and control stations, shall be of approved material which will not give rise to smoke or toxic or explosive hazards at elevated temperatures, this being determined in accordance with the Fire Test Procedures Code.

                    Reg. 06 Smoke generation potnetial and toxicity
                    Ingangsdatum: 01-07-2008

                    Smoke generation potnetial and toxicity

                    1 Purpose
                    The purpose of this regulation is to reduce the hazard to life from smoke and toxic products generated during a fire in spaces where persons normally work or live. For this purpose, the quantity of smoke and toxic products released from combustible materials, including surface finishes, during fire shall be limited.

                    2.1 Paints, varnishes and other finishes
                    Paints, varnishes and other finishes used on exposed interior surfaces shall not be capable of producing excessive quantities of smoke and toxic products, this being determined in accordance with the Fire Test Procedures Code.

                    2.2 On passenger ships constructed on or after 1 July 2008, paints, varnishes and otherfinishes used on exposed surfaces of cabin balconies, excluding natural hard wooddecking systems, shall not be capable of producing excessive quantities of smoke andtoxic products, this being determined in accordance with the Fire Test Procedures Code.

                    3.1 Primary deck coverings
                    Primary deck coverings, if applied within accommodation and service spaces and control stations, shall be of approved material which will not give rise to smoke or toxic or explosive hazards at elevated temperatures, this being determined in accordance with the Fire Test Procedures Code.

                    3.2 On passenger ships constructed on or after 1 July 2008, primary deck coverings on cabin balconies shall not give rise to smoke, toxic or explosive hazards at elevated temperatures, this being determined in accordance with the Fire Test Procedures Code.

                    Part C Fire safety measures for passengers ships carrying not more than 36 passengers

                    Ingangsdatum: 25-05-1980
                    Geldig tot en met: 31-08-1984

                    Part C Fire safety measures for cargo ships


                    (Regulation 54 of this Part also applies to passenger ships as appropriate).
                    Ingangsdatum: 01-09-1984
                    Geldig tot en met: 30-06-2002

                    (Regulation 54 of this Part also applies to passenger ships as appropriate).
                    Reg. 42 Structure
                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]
                    Reg. 43 Bulkhead within the accommodation and service spaces
                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]
                    Reg. 44 Fire integrity of bulkkeads and decks

                    1 In addition to complying with the specific provisions for fire integrity of bulkheads and decks mentioned elsewhere in this Part, the minimum fire integrity of bulkheads and decks shall be as prescribed in tables 44.1 and 44.2.

                    2 The following requirements shall govern application of the tables:
                    .1 Tables 44.1 and 44.2 shall apply respectively to the bulkheads and decks separating adjacent spaces.
                    .2 For determining the appropriate fire integrity standards to be applied to divisions between adjacent spaces, such spaces are classified according to their fire risk as shown in categories (1) to (11) below. The title of each category is intended to be typical rather than restrictive. The number in parentheses preceding each category refers to the applicable column or row in the tables.

                    (1) Control stations
                    Spaces containing emergency sources of power and lighting.
                    Wheelhouse and chartroom.
                    Spaces containing the ship's radio equipment.
                    Fire-extinguishing rooms, fire control rooms and fire-recording stations.
                    Control room for propulsion machinery when located outside the machinery space.
                    Spaces containing centralized fire alarm equipment.
                    (2) Corridors
                    Corridors and lobbies.
                    (3) Accommodation spaces
                    Spaces as defined in Regulation 3.10, excluding corridors.
                    (4) Stairways
                    Interior stairways, lifts and escalators (other than those wholly contained within the machinery spaces) and enclosures thereto.
                    In this connexion, a stairway which is enclosed only at one level shall be regarded as part of the space from which it is not separated by a fire door.
                    (5) Service spaces (low risk)
                    Lockers and store-rooms having an area of less than 2㎡, drying rooms and laundries.
                    (6) Machinery spaces of category A
                    Spaces as defined in Regulation 3.19.

                    _______
                    Notes : To be applied to tables 44.1 and 44.2, as appropriate
                    a/ No special requirements are imposed upon bulkheads in methods IIC and IIIC fire protection.
                    b/ Incase of method IIIC "B" classbulkheads of "B-0"rating shall be provided between spaces or groups of spaces of 50㎡ and over in area
                    c/ For clarification as to which applies, see Regulation 43 and 46.
                    d/ Where spaces are of the same numerical category and superscript d appears, a bulkhead or deck of the rating shown in the tables is only required when the adjacent spaces are for a different purpose, e.g. in category (9). A galley next to a galley does not require a bulkhead but a galley next to a paint room requires an "A-0" bulkhead.
                    e/ Bulkheads separating the wheelhouse, chartroom and ratio room from each other may be "B-0"rating
                    f/ A-0 rating may be used if no dangerous goods are intended to be carried or if such goods are stowed not less than 3m horizontally from such bulkhead.
                    g/ For cargo spaces in which dangerous goods are intended to be carried, Regulation 54.2.8 applies.
                    h/ Bulkheads and desks separating ro/ro cargo spaces shall be capable of being closed reasonably gastight and such divisions shall have "A" class integrity in so far as is reasonable and practicable in the opinion of the Administration.
                    I/ Fire insulation need not be fitted if the machinery space in category (7), in the opinion of the Administration, has little or no fire risk.
                    ________
                    * Where an asterisk appears in the tables, the division is required to be of steel or other equivalent material but is not required to be of "A" class standard.


                    (7) Other machinery spaces
                    Spaces as defined in Regulation 3.20 excluding machinery spaces of category A.
                    (8) Cargo spaces
                    All spaces used for cargo (including cargo oil tanks) and trunkways and hatchways to such spaces.
                    (9) Service spaces (high risk)
                    Galleys, pantries containing cooking appliances, paint and lamp rooms, lockers and store-rooms having an area of 2㎡ or more, workshops other than those forming part of the machinery spaces.
                    (10) Open decks
                    Open deck spaces and enclosed promenades having no fire risk. Air spaces
                    (the space outside superstructures and deck-houses).
                    (11) Ro-ro cargo spaces
                    Spaces as defined in Regulation 3.14. Cargo spaces intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion.

                    3 Continuous "B" class ceilings or linings, in association with the relevant decks or bulkheads, may be accepted as contributing, wholly or in part, to the required insulation and integrity of a division.

                    4 External boundaries which are required in Regulation 42.1 to be of steel or other equivalent material may be pierced for the fitting of windows and sidescuttles provided that there is no requirement for such boundaries to have "A" class integrity elsewhere in this Part. Similarly, in such boundaries which are not required to have "A"class integrity, doors may be of materials to the satisfaction of the Administration.
                    Reg. 45 Means of escape
                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]
                    Reg. 46 Protection of stairways and lift trunks in accommodation spaces service spaces and control stations
                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]
                    Reg. 47 Doors in fire-resisting divisions
                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]
                    Reg. 48 Ventilation systems
                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1984-09-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]
                    Reg. 49 Restricted use of combustible materials

                    1 All exposed surfaces in corridors and stairway enclosures and surfaces including grounds in concealed or inaccessible spaces in accommodation and service spaces and control stations shall have low flame-spread characteristics.* Exposed surfaces of ceilings in accommodation and service spaces and control stations shall have low flame-spread characteristics.
                    ____________
                    * Reference is made to Guidelines on the Evaluation of Fire Hazard Properties of Materials, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.166(ES.IV).

                    2 Paints, varnishes and other finishes used on exposed interior surfaces shall not offer an undue fire hazard in the judgement of the Administration and shall not be capable of producing excessive quantities of smoke.

                    3 Primary deck coverings, if applied, in accommodation and service spaces and control stations shall be of an approved material which will not readily ignite.**
                    _____________
                    ** Reference is made to Improved Provisional Guidelines on Test Procedures for Primary Deck Coverings, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.214(VII).
                    Reg. 50 Details of construction

                    1 Method IC - In accommodation and service spaces and control stations all linings, draught stops, ceilings and their associated grounds shall be of non-combustible materials.

                    2 Methods IIC and IIIC - In corridors and stairway enclosures serving accommodation and service spaces and control stations, ceilings, linings, draught stops and their associated grounds shall be of non-combustible materials.

                    3 Methods IC, IIC and IIIC

                    3.1 Except in cargo spaces or refrigerated compartments of service spaces, insulating materials shall be non-combustible. Vapour barriers and adhesives used in conjunction with insulation, as well as the insulation of pipe fittings, for cold service systems, need not be of non-combustible materials, but they shall be kept to the minimum quantity practicable and their exposed surfaces shall have qualities of resistance to the propagation of flame to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                    3.2 Where non-combustible bulkheads, linings and ceilings are fitted in accommodation and service spaces they may have a combustible veneer not exceeding 2.0 ㎜ in thickness within any such space except corridors, stairway enclosures and control stations, where the veneer shall not exceed 1.5 ㎜ in thickness.

                    3.3 Air spaces enclosed behind ceilings, panellings, or linings, shall be divided by close-fitting draught stops spaced not more than 14 m apart. In the vertical direction, such air spaces, including those behind linings of stairways, trunks, etc., shall be closed at each deck.
                    Reg. 51 Arrangements for gaseous fuel for domestic purposes

                    Where gaseous fuel is used for domestic purposes the arrangements, storage, distribution and utilization of the fuel shall be such that, having regard to the hazards of fire and explosion which the use of such fuel may entail, the safety of the ship and the persons on board is preserved.
                    Reg. 52 Fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems and automatic sprinkler fire detection and fire alarmsystems

                    Automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm systems(SC160)

                    1 In ships in which method IC is adopted, a smoke detection system in accordance with the relevant provisions of Regulation 13 shall be so installed and arranged as to protect all corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces.

                    2 In ships in which method IIC is adopted, an automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type and complying with the relevant provisions of Regulation 12 shall be so installed and arranged as to protect accommodation spaces, galleys and other service spaces, except spaces which afford no substantial fire risk such as void spaces, sanitary spaces, etc. In addition, a smoke detection system in accordance with the relevant provisions of Regulation 13 shall be so arranged and installed as to protect corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces.

                    3 In ships in which method IIIC is adopted, a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type and complying with the relevant provisions of Regulation 13 shall be so installed and arranged as to detect the presence of fire in all accommodation spaces and service spaces, except spaces which afford no substantial fire risk such as void spaces, sanitary spaces, etc.

                    4 Notwithstanding the provisions of the above, the Administration need not require the installation of detectors required in accordance with the provisions of Regulation 13.2.2 until 1 September 1985.
                    Ingangsdatum: 01-09-1984
                    Geldig tot en met: 30-06-1986

                    Automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm systems(SC160)

                    1 In ships in which method IC is adopted, a smoke detection system in accordance with the relevant provisions of Regulation 13 shall be so installed and arranged as to protect all corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces.

                    2 In ships in which method IIC is adopted, an automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type and complying with the relevant provisions of Regulation 12 shall be so installed and arranged as to protect accommodation spaces, galleys and other service spaces, except spaces which afford no substantial fire risk such as void spaces, sanitary spaces, etc. In addition, a smoke detection system in accordance with the relevant provisions of Regulation 13 shall be so arranged and installed as to protect corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces.

                    3 In ships in which method IIIC is adopted, a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type and complying with the relevant provisions of Regulation 13 shall be so installed and arranged as to detect the presence of fire in all accommodation spaces and service spaces, except spaces which afford no substantial fire risk such as void spaces, sanitary spaces, etc.

                    4 Notwithstanding the provisions of the above, the Administration need not require the installation of detectors required in accordance with the provisions of Regulation 13.2.2 until 1 September 1985.
                    Reg. 52 Fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems Automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm systems
                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1986-07-01 tot en met 2002-06-30)]
                    Reg. 53 Fire protection arrangements in cargo spaces

                    1 General

                    1.1 Except for cargo spaces covered in paragraphs 2 and 3, cargo spaces of ships of 2,000 tons gross tonnage and upwards shall be protected by a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system complying with the provisions of Regulation 5 or by a fire-extinguishing system which gives equivalent protection.

                    1.2 The Administration may exempt from the requirements of paragraph 1.1 cargo spaces of any ship if constructed and solely intended for carrying ore, coal, grain, unseasoned timber, non-combustible cargoes or cargoes which, in the opinion of the Administration, constitute a low fire risk. Such exemptions may be granted only if the ship is fitted with steel hatch covers and effective means of closing all ventilators and other openings leading to the cargo spaces.

                    1.3 Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1.1, any ship engaged in the carriage of dangerous goods shall be provided in any cargo spaces with a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system complying with the provisions of Regulation 5 or by fire-extinguishing system which in the opinion of the Administration give equivalent protection for the cargoes carried.

                    2. Ro/ro cargo spaces

                    2.1 Fire detection
                    There shall be provided an approved automatic fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type. The design and arrangements of this system shall be considered in conjunction with the ventilation requirements referred to in 2.3.

                    2.2 Fire-extinguishing arrangements

                    2.2.1 Ro/ro cargo spaces capable of being sealed shall be fitted with a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system which shall comply with the provisions of Regulation 5, except that:
                    .1 if a carbon dioxide system is fitted, the quantity of gas available shall be at least sufficient to give a minimum volume of free gas equal to 45 percent of the gross volume of the largest such cargo space which is capable of being sealed, and the arrangements shall be such as to ensure that at least two thirds of the gas required for the relevant space shall be introduced during 10 minutes;
                    .2 a halogenated hydrocarbon system may be used only for spaces designated only for vehicles which are not carrying any cargo;
                    .3 any other fixed gas fire-extinguishing system or fixed high expansion foam fire-extinguishing system may be fitted provided the Administration is satisfied that an equivalent protection is achieved;
                    .4 as an alternative, a system meeting the requirements of Regulation 37.1.3 may be fitted. However, the drainage and pumping arrangements shall be such as to prevent the build-up of free surfaces. If this is not possible the adverse effect upon stability of the added weight and free surface of water shall be taken into account to the extent deemed necessary by the Administration in its approval of the stability information.* Such information shall be included in the stability information supplied to the master as required by Reg. II-1/22.
                    ______
                    * Reference is made to Recommendation on Fixed Fire-Extinguishing Systems for Special Category Spaces, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.123(V).

                    2.2.2 Ro/ro cargo spaces not capable of being sealed shall be fitted with a system meeting the requirements of Regulation 37.1.3. However, the drainage and pumping arrangements shall be such as to prevent the build-up of free surfaces. If this is not possible the adverse effect upon stability of the added weight and free surface of water shall be taken into account to the extent deemed necessary by the Administration in its approval of the stability information.* Such information shall be included in the stability information supplied to the master as required by Regulation II-1/22.
                    __________
                    * Reference is made to Recommendation on Fixed Fire-Extinguishing Systems for Special Category Spaces, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.123(V).

                    2.2.3 There shall be provided for use in any ro/ro cargo space such number of portable fire extinguishers as the Administration may deem sufficient. At least one portable extinguisher shall be located at each access to such a cargo space.
                    2.2.4 Each ro/ro cargo space intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion shall be provided with:
                    .1 at least three water fog applicators;
                    .2 one portable foam applicator unit complying with the provisions of Regulation 6.4 provided that at least two such units are available in the ship for use in such ro/ro cargo spaces.

                    2.3 Ventilation system

                    2.3.1 Closed ro/ro cargo spaces shall be provided with an effective power ventilation system sufficient to provide at least six air changes per hour based on an empty hold. Ventilation fans shall normally be run continuously whenever vehicles are on board. Where this is impracticable, they shall be operated for a limited period daily as weather permits and in any case for a reasonable period prior to discharge, after which period the ro/ro cargo space shall be proved gas free. One or more portable combustible gas detecting instruments shall be carried for this purpose. The system shall be entirely separate from other ventilating systems. Ventilation ducts serving ro/ro cargo spaces capable of being effectively sealed shall be separated for each cargo space. The Administration may require an increased number of air changes when vehicles are being loaded or unloaded. The system shall be capable of being controlled from a position outside such spaces.
                    2.3.2 The ventilation shall be so arranged as to prevent air stratification and the formation of air pockets.
                    2.3.3 Means shall be provided to indicate any loss of the required ventilating capacity on the navigating bridge.
                    2.3.4 Arrangements shall be provided to permit a rapid shut-down and effective closure of the ventilation system in case of fire, taking into account the weather and sea conditions.
                    2.3.5 Ventilation ducts, including dampers, shall be made of steel and their arrangement shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                    2.4 Precautions against ignition of flammable vapours Closed ro/ro cargo spaces carrying motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion shall comply with the following additional provisions:
                    .1 Except as provided in paragraph 2.4.2, electrical equipment and wiring shall be of a type suitable for use in explosive petrol and air mixtures.
                    .2 Above a height of 450㎜ from the deck, electrical equipment of a type so enclosed and protected as to prevent the escape of sparks shall be permitted as an alternative on condition that the ventilating system is so designed and operated as to provide continuous ventilation of the cargo spaces at the rate of at least ten air changes per hour whenever vehicles are on board.
                    .3 Other equipment which may constitute a source of ignition of flammable vapours shall not be permitted.
                    .4 Electrical equipment and wiring in an exhaust ventilation duct shall be of a type approved for use in explosive petrol and air mixtures and the outlet from any exhaust duct shall be sited in a safe position, having regard to other possible sources of ignition.
                    .5 Scuppers shall not be led to machinery or other spaces where sources of ignition may be present.

                    3 Cargo spaces, other than ro/ro cargo spaces, intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion Spaces intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion shall comply with requirements of paragraph 2, except that paragraph 2.2.4 need not be complied with.
                    Reg. 54 Special requirements for ships carrying dangerous goods

                    1 General

                    1.1 In addition to complying with the requirements of Regulation 53 for cargo ships and with the requirements of Regulations 38 and 39 for passenger ships as appropriate, ship-types and cargo spaces, referred to in paragraph 1.2, intended for the carriage of dangerous goods shall comply with the requirements of this regulation, as appropriate, except when carrying dangerous goods in limited quantities* unless such requirements have already been met by compliance with the requirements elsewhere in this chapter. The types of ships and modes of carriage of dangerous goods are referred to in paragraph 1.2 and in table 54.1, where the numbers appearing in paragraph 1.2 are referred to in the top line ** Reference is made to section 18 of the General Introduction to the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code) for a definition of the term 'limited quantities'.1.2 The following ship types and cargo spaces shall govern the application of tables 54.1 and 54.2: .1 Ships and cargo spaces not specifically designed for the carriage of freight containers but intended for the carriage of dangerous goods in packaged form including goods in freight containers and portable tanks. .2 Purpose built container ships and cargo spaces intended for the carriage of dangerous goods in freight containers and portable tanks. .3 Ro/ro ships and ro/ro cargo spaces intended for the carriage of dangerous goods .4 Ships and cargo spaces intended for the carriage of solid dangerous goods in bulk. .5 Ships and cargo spaces intended for carriage of dangerous goods other than liquids and gases in bulk in shipborne barges. 2 Special requirements Unless otherwise specified the following requirements shall govern the application of tables 54.1, 54.2 and 54.3 to both "on deck" and "under deck" stowage of dangerous goods where the numbers of the following paragraphs are indicated in the first column. 2.1 Water supplies 2.1.1 Arrangements shall be made to ensure immediate availability of a supply of water from the fire main at the required pressure either by permanent pressurization or by suitably placed remote start in arrangements for the fire pumps. ___________ Notes a/ For classes 4 and 5.1 not applicable to closed freight containers. For classes 2, 3, 6.1 and 8 when carried in closed freight containers the ventilation rate may be reduced to not less than two air changes. For the purpose of this requirement a portable tank is a closed freight container. b/ Applicable to decks only. c/ Applies only to closed ro/ro cargo spaces. not capable of being sealed. d/ In the special case where the barges are capable of containing flammable vapours or alternatively if they are capable of discharging flammable vapours to a safe space outside the barge carrier compartment by means of ventilation ducts connected to the barges, these requirements may be reduced or waived to the satisfaction or the Administration.________________ Notes e/ This requirement is applicable when the characteristics of the substance call for large quantities of water for fire fighting. f/ The hazards of substances in this class which may be carried in bulk are such that special consideration must be given by the Administration to the construction and equipment of the ships involved in addition to those enumerated in this table. g/ Reference is made to the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (resolution A.81(IV) as amended) or the Code of safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes (resolution A.434(XI) as amended), as appropriate. h/ At least natural ventilation is required in enclosed cargo spaces intended for carriage of solid dangerous goods in bulk. In cases where power ventilation is required in the Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes (resolution A.434(XI) as amended), the use of portable ventilation units (equipment) to the satisfaction of the Administration may suffice.________ Notesi/ This requirement is applicable when the characteristics of the substance call for large quantities of water for fire fighting. j/ Applicable to flammable or poisonous gases. k/ Except goods of class 1 in division 1.4, compatibility group S. l/ All flammable gases. m/ All liquids having a flashpoint below 23° (closed cup test). n/ Liquids only. o/ Goods of class 1 shall be stowed 3m horizontally away from the machinery space boundaries in all cases. p/ Reference is made to the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (resolution A.81(IV) as amended) or the Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes (resolution A.434(XI) as amended), as appropriate.2.1.2 The quantity of water delivered shall be capable of supplying four nozzles of a size and at pressures as specified in Regulation 4, capable of being trained on any part of the cargo space when empty. This amount of water may be applied by equivalent means to the satisfaction of the Administration. 2.1.3 Means of effectively cooling the designated under deck cargo space by copious quantities of water, either by a fixed arrangement of spraying nozzles, or flooding the cargo space with water, shall be provided. Hoses may be used for this purpose in small cargo spaces and in small areas of larger cargo spaces at the discretion of the Administration. In any event the drainage and pumping arrangements shall be such as to prevent the build-up of free surfaces. If this is not possible the adverse effect upon stability of the added weight and free surface of water shall be taken into account to the extent deemed necessary by the Administration in its approval of the stability information.* ___________ * Reference is made to Recommendations on Fixed Fire-Extinguishing Systems for Special Category Spaces, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.123(V).2.1.4 Provision to flood a designated under deck cargo space with suitable specified media may be substituted for the requirements in paragraph 2.1.3. 2.2 Sources of ignition Electrical equipment and wiring shall not be fitted in enclosed cargo spaces, closed vehicle deck spaces, or open vehicle deck spaces unless it is essential for operational purposes in the opinion of the Administration. However, if electrical equipment is fitted in such spaces, it shall be of a certified safe type** for use in the dangerous environments to which it may be exposed unless it is possible to completely isolate the electrical system (by removal of links in the system, other than fuses). Cable penetrations of the decks and bulkheads shall be sealed against the passage of gas or vapour. Through runs of cables and cables within the cargo spaces shall be protected against damage from impact. Any other equipment which may constitute a source of ignition of flammable vapour shall not be permitted. __________ ** Reference is made to Recommendations published by the International Electrotechnical Commission and, in particular, Publication 92 - Electrical Installation in Ships.2.3 Detection system An approved fire detection and fire alarm system shall be fitted to all enclosed cargo spaces including closed vehicle deck spaces. Where the detection system utilizes samples of atmosphere drawn from such cargo spaces provision shall be made to prevent, in the event of cargo leakage, the discharge of contaminated atmosphere through the sampling system into the space in which the detection apparatus is situated. A notice stating that the samples shall be discharged to the open air when cargoes giving off toxic fumes are being carried shall be permanently exhibited at the equipment. 2.4 Ventilation 2.4.1 Adequate power ventilation shall be provided in enclosed cargo spaces. The arrangement shall be such as to provide for at least six air changes per hour in the cargo space based on an empty cargo space and for removal of vapours from the upper or lower parts of the cargo space, as appropriate. 2.4.2 The fans shall be such as to avoid the possibility of ignition of flammable gas air mixtures. Suitable wire mesh guards shall be fitted over inlet and outlet ventilation openings. 2.5 Bilge pumping Where it is intended to carry flammable or toxic liquids in enclosed cargo spaces the bilge pumping system shall be designed to ensure against inadvertent pumping of such liquids through machinery space piping or pumps. Where large quantities of such liquids are carried, consideration shall be given to the provision of additional means of draining those cargo spaces. These means shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration. 2.6 Personnel protection 2.6.1 Four sets of full protective clothing resistant to chemical attack shall be provided in addition to the fireman's outfits required by Regulation 17. The protective clothing shall cover all skin, so that no part of the body is unprotected. 2.6.2 At least two self-contained breathing apparatuses additional to those required by Regulation 17 shall be provided. 2.7 Portable fire extinguishers Portable fire extinguishers with a total capacity of at least 12kg of dry powder or equivalent shall be provided for the cargo spaces. These extinguishers shall be in addition to any portable fire extinguishers required elsewhere in this Chapter. 2.8 Insulation of machinery space boundaries Bulkheads forming boundaries between cargo spaces and machinery spaces of category A shall be insulated to "A-60" standard, unless the dangerous goods are stowed at least 3 m horizontally away from such bulkheads. Other boundaries between such spaces shall be insulated to "A-60" standard. 2.9 Water spray system Each open ro/ro cargo space having a deck above it and each space deemed to be a closed ro/ro cargo space not capable of being sealed shall be fitted with an approved fixed pressure water-spraying system for manual operation which shall protect all parts of any deck and vehicle platform in such space, except that the Administration may permit the use of any other fixed fire-extinguishing system that has been shown by full-scale test to be no less effective. In any event the drainage and pumping arrangements shall be such as to prevent the build-up of free surfaces. If this is not possible the adverse effect upon stability of the added weight and free surface of water shall be taken into account to the extent deemed necessary by the Administration in its approval of the stability information.* ___________ * Reference is made to Recommendation on Fixed Fire-Extinguishing Systems for Special Category Spaces, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.123(V).3 Document of compliance The Administration shall provide the ship with an appropriate document as evidence of compliance of construction and equipment with the requirements of this Regulation.

                    Reg. 35 Structure

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 36 Main Vertical Zones

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 37 Openings in "A" Class Divisions

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 38 Fire Integrity of "A" class divisions

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 39 Separation of Accommodation Spaces from Machinery, Cargo and Service Spaces

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 40 Protection of Accommodation and Service Spaces

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 41 Deck Coverings*

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 42 Protection of Stairways and Lifts in Accommodation and Service Spaces

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 43 Protection of Control Stations and Store-rooms

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 44 Windows and Sidescuttles

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 45 Ventilation Systems

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 46 Details of Construction

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 47 Fire Detection Systems and Fire-Extinguishing Equipment

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 48 Means of Escape

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 49 Oil Fuel used for Internal Combustion Engines

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Reg. 50 Special Arrangements in Machinery Spaces

                    [Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1980-05-25 tot en met 1984-08-31)]

                    Part C Suppression of fire

                    Ingangsdatum: 01-07-2002

                    Reg. 07 Detection and alarm

                    Detection and alarm

                    1 Purpose

                    The purpose of this regulation is to detect a fire in the space of origin and to provide alarm for safe escape and fire-fighting activity. For this purpose, the following functional requirements shall be met:

                    1. fixed fire detection and fire alarm system installations shall be suitable for the nature of the space, fire growth potential and potential generation of smoke and gases;

                    2. manually operated call points shall be placed effectively to ensure a readily accessible means of notification; and

                    3. fire patrols shall provide an effective means of detecting and locating fires and alerting the navigation bridge and fire teams.

                    2 General requirements

                    2.1 A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of this regulation.

                    2.2 A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system and a sample extraction smoke detection system required in this regulation and other regulations in this part shall be of an approved type and comply with the Fire Safety Systems Code.

                    2.3 Where a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system is required for the protection of spaces other than those specified in paragraph 5.1, at least one detector complying with the Fire Safety Systems Code shall be installed in each such space.

                    3 Initial and periodical tests

                    3.1 The function of fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems required by the relevant regulations of this chapter shall be tested under varying conditions of ventilation after installation.

                    3.2 The function of fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems shall be periodically tested to the satisfaction of the Administration by means of equipment producing hot air at the appropriate temperature, or smoke or aerosol particles having the appropriate range of density or particle size, or other phenomena associated with incipient fires to which the detector is designed to respond.

                    4 Protectionof machinery spaces

                    4.1 Installation
                    A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be installed in:

                    1. periodically unattended machinery spaces; and

                    2. machinery spaces where:
                      .2.1 the installation of automatic and remote control systems and equipment has been approved in lieu of continuous manning of the space; and


                      .2.2
                      the main propulsion and associated machinery including sources of main source of electrical power are provided with various degrees of automatic or remote control and are under continuous manned supervision from a control room.

                    4.2 Design
                    The fixed fire detection and fire alarm system required in paragraph 4.1.1 shall be so designed and the detectors so positioned as to detect rapidly the onset of fire in any part of those spaces and under any normal conditions of operation of the machinery and variations of ventilation as required by the possible range of ambient temperatures. Except in spaces of restricted height and where their use is specially appropriate, detection systems using only thermal detectors shall not be permitted. The detection system shall initiate audible and visual alarms distinct in both respects from the alarms of any other system not indicating fire, in sufficient places to ensure that the alarms are heard and observed on the navigating bridge and by a responsible engineer officer. When the navigating bridge is unmanned the alarm shall sound in a place where a responsible member of the crew is on duty.

                    5 Protection of accommodation and service spaces and control stations

                    5.1 Smoke detectors in accommodation spaces Smoke detectors shall be installed in all stairways, corridors and escape routes within accommodation spaces as provided in paragraphs 5.2, 5.3 and 5.4. Consideration shall be given to the installation of special purpose smoke detectors within ventilation ducting.

                    5.2 Requirements for passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be installed and arranged as to provide smoke detection in service spaces, control stations and accommodation spaces, including corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces. Smoke detectors need not be fitted in private bathrooms and galleys. Spaces having little or no fire risk such as voids, public toilets, carbon dioxide rooms and similar spaces need not be fitted with a fixed fire detection and alarm system.

                    5.3 Requirements for passenger ships carrying not more than 36 passengers There shall be installed throughout each separate zone, whether vertical or horizontal, in all accommodation and service spaces and, where it is considered necessary by the Administration, in control stations, except spaces which afford no substantial fire risk such as void spaces, sanitary spaces, etc., either:

                    1. a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system so installed and arranged as to detect the presence of fire in such spaces and providing smoke detection in corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces; or

                    2. an automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type complying with the relevant requirements of the Fire Safety Systems Code and so installed and arranged as to protect such spaces and, in addition, a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system and so installed and arranged as to provide smoke detection in corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces.(Link: A.800(19))

                    5.4 Protection of atriums in passenger ships The entire main vertical zone containing the atrium shall be protected throughout with a smoke detection system.

                    5.5 Cargo ships Accommodation and service spaces and control stations of cargo ships shall be protected by a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system and/or an automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system as follows depending on a protection method adopted in accordance with regulation 9.2.3.1.

                    5.5.1 Method IC A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be so installed and arranged as to provide smoke detection in all corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces.

                    5.5.2 Method IIC An automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type complying with the relevant requirements of the Fire Safety Systems Code shall be so installed and arranged as to protect accommodation spaces, galleys and other service spaces, except spaces which afford no substantial fire risk such as void spaces, sanitary spaces, etc. In addition, a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be so installed and arranged as to provide smoke detection in all corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces.

                    5.5.3 Method IIIC A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be so installed and arranged as to detect the presence of fire in all accommodation spaces and service spaces providing smoke detection in corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces, except spaces which afford no substantial fire risk such as void spaces, sanitary spaces, etc. In addition, a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be so installed and arranged as to provide smoke detection in all corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces.

                    6 Protection of cargo spaces in passenger ships

                    A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system or a sample extraction smoke detection system shall be provided in any cargo space which, in the opinion of the Administration, is not accessible, except where it is shown to the satisfaction of the Administration that the ship is engaged on voyages of such short duration that it would be unreasonable to apply this requirement.

                    7 Manually operated call points

                    Manually operated call points complying with the Fire Safety Systems Code shall be installed throughout the accommodation spaces, service spaces and control stations. One manually operated call point shall be located at each exit. Manually operated call points shall be readily accessible in the corridors of each deck such that no part of the corridor is more than 20 m from a manually operated call point.

                    8 Firepatrols in passenger ships

                    8.1 Fire patrols
                    For ships carrying more than 36 passengers an efficient patrol system shall be maintained so that an outbreak of fire may be promptly detected. Each member of the fire patrol shall be trained to be familiar with the arrangements of the ship as well as the location and operation of any equipment he may be called upon to use.

                    8.2 Inspection hatches
                    The construction of ceiling and bulkheads shall be such that it will be possible, without impairing the efficiency of the fire protection, for the fire patrols to detect any smoke originating in concealed and inaccessible places, except where in the opinion of the Administration there is no risk of fire originating in such places.

                    8.3 Two-way portable radiotelephone apparatus
                    Each member of the fire patrol shall be provided with a two-way portable radiotelephone apparatus.

                    9 Fire alarm signalling systems in passenger ships *

                    9.1 Passenger ships shall at all times when at sea, or in port (except when out of service), be so manned or equipped as to ensure that any initial fire alarm is immediately received by a responsible member of the crew.

                    9.2 The control panel of fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems shall be designed on the fail-safe principle (e.g. an open detector circuit shall cause an alarm condition).

                    9.3 Passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers shall have the fire detection alarms for the systems required by paragraph 5.2 centralized in a continuously manned central control station. In addition, controls for remote closing of the fire doors and shutting down the ventilation fans shall be centralized in the same location. The ventilation fans shall be capable of reactivation by the crew at the continuously manned control station. The control panels in the central control station shall be capable of indicating open or closed positions of fire doors and closed or off status of the detectors, alarms and fans. The control panel shall be continuously powered and shall have an automatic change-over to standby power supply in case of loss of normal power supply. The control panel shall be powered from the main source of electrical power and the emergency source of electrical power defined by regulation II-1/42 unless other arrangements are permitted by the regulations, as applicable.

                    9.4 A special alarm, operated from the navigation bridge or fire control station, shall be fitted to summon the crew. This alarm may be part of the ship's general alarm system and shall be capable of being sounded independently of the alarm to the passenger spaces.


                    * Refer to the Code of Alarms and Indicators as adopted by the Organization by resolution A.830(19).

                    Ingangsdatum: 01-07-2012

                    Detection and alarm

                    1 Purpose

                    The purpose of this regulation is to detect a fire in the space of origin and to provide alarm for safe escape and fire-fighting activity. For this purpose, the following functional requirements shall be met:

                    1. fixed fire detection and fire alarm system installations shall be suitable for the nature of the space, fire growth potential and potential generation of smoke and gases;

                    2. manually operated call points shall be placed effectively to ensure a readily accessible means of notification; and

                    3. fire patrols shall provide an effective means of detecting and locating fires and alerting the navigation bridge and fire teams.

                    2 General requirements

                    2.1 A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of this regulation.

                    2.2 A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system and a sample extraction smoke detection system required in this regulation and other regulations in this part shall be of an approved type and comply with the Fire Safety Systems Code.

                    2.3 Where a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system is required for the protection of spaces other than those specified in paragraph 5.1, at least one detector complying with the Fire Safety Systems Code shall be installed in each such space.

                    2.4 A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system for passenger ships shall be capable of remotely and individually identifying each detector and manually operated call point.

                    3 Initial and periodical tests

                    3.1 The function of fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems required by the relevant regulations of this chapter shall be tested under varying conditions of ventilation after installation.

                    3.2 The function of fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems shall be periodically tested to the satisfaction of the Administration by means of equipment producing hot air at the appropriate temperature, or smoke or aerosol particles having the appropriate range of density or particle size, or other phenomena associated with incipient fires to which the detector is designed to respond.

                    4 Protectionof machinery spaces

                    4.1 Installation
                    A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be installed in:

                    1. periodically unattended machinery spaces;

                    2. machinery spaces where:
                      .2.1 the installation of automatic and remote control systems and equipment has been approved in lieu of continuous manning of the space; and


                      .2.2
                      the main propulsion and associated machinery including sources of main source of electrical power are provided with various degrees of automatic or remote control and are under continuous manned supervision from a control room; and
                    3. enclosed spaces containing incinerators.


                    4.2 Design
                    The fixed fire detection and fire alarm system required in paragraph 4.1.1 shall be so designed and the detectors so positioned as to detect rapidly the onset of fire in any part of those spaces and under any normal conditions of operation of the machinery and variations of ventilation as required by the possible range of ambient temperatures. Except in spaces of restricted height and where their use is specially appropriate, detection systems using only thermal detectors shall not be permitted. The detection system shall initiate audible and visual alarms distinct in both respects from the alarms of any other system not indicating fire, in sufficient places to ensure that the alarms are heard and observed on the navigating bridge and by a responsible engineer officer. When the navigating bridge is unmanned the alarm shall sound in a place where a responsible member of the crew is on duty.

                    5 Protection of accommodation and service spaces and control stations

                    5.1 Smoke detectors in accommodation spaces Smoke detectors shall be installed in all stairways, corridors and escape routes within accommodation spaces as provided in paragraphs 5.2, 5.3 and 5.4. Consideration shall be given to the installation of special purpose smoke detectors within ventilation ducting.

                    5.2 Requirements for passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be installed and arranged as to provide smoke detection in service spaces, control stations and accommodation spaces, including corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces. Smoke detectors need not be fitted in private bathrooms and galleys. Spaces having little or no fire risk such as voids, public toilets, carbon dioxide rooms and similar spaces need not be fitted with a fixed fire detection and alarm system. Detectors fitted in cabins, when activated, shall also be capable of emitting, or cause to be emitted, an audible alarm within the space where they are located.

                    5.3 Requirements for passenger ships carrying not more than 36 passengers There shall be installed throughout each separate zone, whether vertical or horizontal, in all accommodation and service spaces and, where it is considered necessary by the Administration, in control stations, except spaces which afford no substantial fire risk such as void spaces, sanitary spaces, etc., either:

                    1. a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system so installed and arranged as to detect the presence of fire in such spaces and providing smoke detection in corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces. Detectors fitted in cabins, when activated, shall also be capable of emitting, or cause to be emitted, an audible alarm within the space where they are located; or

                    2. an automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type complying with the relevant requirements of the Fire Safety Systems Code and so installed and arranged as to protect such spaces and, in addition, a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system and so installed and arranged as to provide smoke detection in corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces.(Link: A.800(19))

                    5.4 Protection of atriums in passenger ships The entire main vertical zone containing the atrium shall be protected throughout with a smoke detection system.

                    5.5 Cargo ships Accommodation and service spaces and control stations of cargo ships shall be protected by a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system and/or an automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system as follows depending on a protection method adopted in accordance with regulation 9.2.3.1.

                    5.5.1 Method IC A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be so installed and arranged as to provide smoke detection in all corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces.

                    5.5.2 Method IIC An automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type complying with the relevant requirements of the Fire Safety Systems Code shall be so installed and arranged as to protect accommodation spaces, galleys and other service spaces, except spaces which afford no substantial fire risk such as void spaces, sanitary spaces, etc. In addition, a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be so installed and arranged as to provide smoke detection in all corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces.

                    5.5.3 Method IIIC A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be so installed and arranged as to detect the presence of fire in all accommodation spaces and service spaces providing smoke detection in corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces, except spaces which afford no substantial fire risk such as void spaces, sanitary spaces, etc. In addition, a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system shall be so installed and arranged as to provide smoke detection in all corridors, stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces.

                    6 Protection of cargo spaces in passenger ships

                    A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system or a sample extraction smoke detection system shall be provided in any cargo space which, in the opinion of the Administration, is not accessible, except where it is shown to the satisfaction of the Administration that the ship is engaged on voyages of such short duration that it would be unreasonable to apply this requirement.

                    7 Manually operated call points

                    Manually operated call points complying with the Fire Safety Systems Code shall be installed throughout the accommodation spaces, service spaces and control stations. One manually operated call point shall be located at each exit. Manually operated call points shall be readily accessible in the corridors of each deck such that no part of the corridor is more than 20 m from a manually operated call point.

                    8 Firepatrols in passenger ships

                    8.1 Fire patrols
                    For ships carrying more than 36 passengers an efficient patrol system shall be maintained so that an outbreak of fire may be promptly detected. Each member of the fire patrol shall be trained to be familiar with the arrangements of the ship as well as the location and operation of any equipment he may be called upon to use.

                    8.2 Inspection hatches
                    The construction of ceiling and bulkheads shall be such that it will be possible, without impairing the efficiency of the fire protection, for the fire patrols to detect any smoke originating in concealed and inaccessible places, except where in the opinion of the Administration there is no risk of fire originating in such places.

                    8.3 Two-way portable radiotelephone apparatus
                    Each member of the fire patrol shall be provided with a two-way portable radiotelephone apparatus.

                    9 Fire alarm signalling systems in passenger ships *

                    9.1 Passenger ships shall at all times when at sea, or in port (except when out of service), be so manned or equipped as to ensure that any initial fire alarm is immediately received by a responsible member of the crew.

                    9.2 The control panel of fixed fire detection and fire alarm systems shall be designed on the fail-safe principle (e.g. an open detector circuit shall cause an alarm condition).

                    9.3 Passenger ships carrying more than 36 passengers shall have the fire detection alarms for the systems required by paragraph 5.2 centralized in a continuously manned central control station. In addition, controls for remote closing of the fire doors and shutting down the ventilation fans shall be centralized in the same location. The ventilation fans shall be capable of reactivation by the crew at the continuously manned control station. The control panels in the central control station shall be capable of indicating open or closed positions of fire doors and closed or off status of the detectors, alarms and fans. The control panel shall be continuously powered and shall have an automatic change-over to standby power supply in case of loss of normal power supply. The control panel shall be powered from the main source of electrical power and the emergency source of electrical power defined by regulation II-1/42 unless other arrangements are permitted by the regulations, as applicable.

                    9.4 A special alarm, operated from the navigation bridge or fire control station, shall be fitted to summon the crew. This alarm may be part of the ship's general alarm system and shall be capable of being sounded independently of the alarm to the passenger spaces.

                    10 Protection of cabin balconies on passenger ships
                    A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system complying with the provisions of the Fire Safety Systems Code shall be installed on cabin balconies of ships to which regulation 5.3.4 applies, when furniture and furnishings on such balconies are not as defined in regulations 3.40.1, 3.40.2, 3.40.3, 3.40.6 and 3.40.7.


                    * Refer to the Code of Alarms and Indicators as adopted by the Organization by resolution A.830(19).

                    Reg. 08 Control of smoke spread

                    Control of smoke spread

                    1 Purpose
                    The purpose of this regulation is to control the spread of smoke in order to minimize the hazards from smoke. For this purpose, means for controlling smoke in atriums, control stations, machinery spaces and concealed spaces shall be provided.

                    2 Protection of control stations outside machinery spaces
                    Practicable measures shall be taken for control stations outside machinery spaces in order to ensure that ventilation, visibility and freedom from smoke are maintained so that, in the event of fire, the machinery and equipment contained therein may be supervised and continue to function effectively. Alternative and separate means of air supply shall be provided and air inlets of the two sources of supply shall be so disposed that the risk of both inlets drawing in smoke simultaneously is minimized. At the discretion of the Administration, such requirements need not apply to control stations situated on, and opening on to, an open deck or where local closing arrangements would be equally effective.

                    3 Release of smoke from machinery spaces

                    3.1 The provisions of this paragraph shall apply to machinery spaces of category A and, where the Administration considers desirable, to other machinery spaces.

                    3.2 Suitable arrangements shall be made to permit the release of smoke, in the event of fire, from the space to be protected, subject to the provisions of regulation 9.5.2.1 The normal ventilation systems may be acceptable for this purpose.

                    3.3 Means of control shall be provided for permitting the release of smoke and such controls shall be located outside the space concerned so that, in the event of fire, they will not be cut off from the space they serve.

                    3.4 In passenger ships, the controls required by paragraph 3.3 shall be situated at one control position or grouped in as few positions as possible to the satisfaction of the Administration. Such positions shall have a safe access from the open deck.

                    4 Draught stops
                    Air spaces enclosed behind ceilings, panelling or linings shall be divided by close-fitting draught stops spaced not more than 14 m apart. In the vertical direction, such enclosed air spaces, including those behind linings of stairways, trunks, etc., shall be closed at each deck.

                    5 Smoke extraction systems in atriums of passenger ships
                    Atriums shall be equipped with a smoke extraction system. The smoke extraction system shall be activated by the required smoke detection system and be capable of manual control. The fans shall be sized such that the entire volume within space can be exhausted in 10 min or less.

                    Ingangsdatum: 01-07-2010

                    Control of smoke spread

                    1 Purpose
                    The purpose of this regulation is to control the spread of smoke in order to minimize the hazards from smoke. For this purpose, means for controlling smoke in atriums, control stations, machinery spaces and concealed spaces shall be provided.

                    2 Protection of control stations outside machinery spacesPracticable measures shall be taken for control stations outside machinery spaces in order to ensure that ventilation, visibility and freedom from smoke are maintained so that, in the event of fire, the machinery and equipment contained therein may be supervised and continue to function effectively. Alternative and separate means of air supply shall be provided and air inlets of the two sources of supply shall be so disposed that the risk of both inlets drawing in smoke simultaneously is minimized. At the discretion of the Administration, such requirements need not apply to control stations situated on, and opening on to, an open deck or where local closing arrangements would be equally effective. The ventilation system serving safety centres may be derived from the ventilation system serving the navigation bridge, unless located in an adjacent main vertical zone.

                    3 Release of smoke from machinery spaces

                    3.1 The provisions of this paragraph shall apply to machinery spaces of category A and, where the Administration considers desirable, to other machinery spaces.

                    3.2 Suitable arrangements shall be made to permit the release of smoke, in the event of fire, from the space to be protected, subject to the provisions of regulation 9.5.2.1 The normal ventilation systems may be acceptable for this purpose.

                    3.3 Means of control shall be provided for permitting the release of smoke and such controls shall be located outside the space concerned so that, in the event of fire, they will not be cut off from the space they serve.

                    3.4 In passenger ships, the controls required by paragraph 3.3 shall be situated at one control position or grouped in as few positions as possible to the satisfaction of the Administration. Such positions shall have a safe access from the open deck.

                    4 Draught stops
                    Air spaces enclosed behind ceilings, panelling or linings shall be divided by close-fitting draught stops spaced not more than 14 m apart. In the vertical direction, such enclosed air spaces, including those behind linings of stairways, trunks, etc., shall be closed at each deck.

                    5 Smoke extraction systems in atriums of passenger ships
                    Atriums shall be equipped with a smoke extraction system. The smoke extraction system shall be activated by the required smoke detection system and be capable of manual control. The fans shall be sized such that the entire volume within space can be exhausted in 10 min or less.

                    Reg. 09 Containment of fire

                    Containment of fire

                    1 Purpose

                    The purpose of this regulation is to contain a fire in the space of origin. For this purpose, the following functional requirements shall be met:

                    1. the ship shall be subdivided by thermal and structural boundaries;

                    2. thermal insulation of boundaries shall have due regard to the fire risk of the space and adjacent spaces; and

                    3. the fire integrity of the divisions shall be maintained at openings and penetrations.

                    2 Thermal and structural boundaries

                    2.1 Thermal and structural subdivision
                    Ships of all types shall be subdivided into spaces by thermal and structural divisions having regard to the fire risks of the space.

                    2.2 Passenger ships

                    2.2.1 Main vertical zones and horizontal zones

                    2.2.1.1.1 In ships carrying more than 36 passengers, the hull, superstructure and deckhouses shall be subdivided into main vertical zones by "A-60" class divisions. Steps and recesses shall be kept to a minimum, but where they are necessary they shall also be "A-60" class divisions. Where a category (5), (9) or (10) space defined in paragraph 2.2.3.2.2 is on one side or where fuel oil tanks are on both sides of the division the standard may be reduced to "A-0".

                    2.2.1.1.2 In ships carrying not more than 36 passengers, the hull, superstructure and deckhouses in way of accommodation and service spaces shall be subdivided into main vertical zones by "A" class divisions. These divisions shall have insulation values in accordance with tables in paragraph 2.2.4.

                    2.2.1.2 As far as practicable, the bulkheads forming the boundaries of the main vertical zones above the bulkhead deck shall be in line with watertight subdivision bulkheads situated immediately below the bulkhead deck. The length and width of main vertical zones may be extended to a maximum of 48 m in order to bring the ends of main vertical zones to coincide with watertight subdivision bulkheads or in order to accommodate a large public space extending for the whole length of the main vertical zone provided that the total area of the main vertical zone is not greater than 1,600 m2 on any deck. The length or width of a main vertical zone is the maximum distance between the furthermost points of the bulkheads bounding it.

                    2.2.1.3 Such bulkheads shall extend from deck to deck and to the shell or other boundaries.

                    2.2.1.4 Where a main vertical zone is subdivided by horizontal "A" class divisions into horizontal zones for the purpose of providing an appropriate barrier between a zone with sprinklers and a zone without sprinklers, the divisions shall extend between adjacent main vertical zone bulkheads and to the shell or exterior boundaries of the ship and shall be insulated in accordance with the fire insulation and integrity values given in table 9.4.

                    2.2.1.5.1 On ships designed for special purposes, such as automobile or railroad car ferries, where the provision of main vertical zone bulkheads would defeat the purpose for which the ship is intended, equivalent means for controlling and limiting a fire shall be substituted and specifically approved by the Administration. Service spaces and ship stores shall not be located on ro-ro decks unless protected in accordance with the applic able regulations.

                    2.2.1.5.2 However, in a ship with special category spaces, such spaces shall comply with the applicable provisions of regulation 20 and where such compliance would be inconsistent with other requirements for passenger ships specified in this chapter, the requirements of regulation 20 shall prevail.

                    2.2.2 Bulkheads within a main vertical zone
                    2.2.2.1 For ships carrying more than 36 passengers, bulkheads which are not required to be "A" class divisions shall be at least "B" class or "C" class divisions as prescribed in the tables in paragraph 2.2.3.

                    2.2.2.2 For ships carrying not more than 36 passengers, bulkheads within accommodation and service spaces which are not required to be "A" class divisions shall be at least "B" class or "C" class divisions as prescribed in the tables in paragraph 2.2.4. In addition, corridor bulkheads, where not required to be "A" class, shall be "B" class divisions which shall extend from deck to deck except:

                    1. when continuous "B" class ceilings or linings are fitted on both sides of the bulkhead, the portion of the bulkhead behind the continuous ceiling or lining shall be of material which, in thickness and composition, is acceptable in the construction of "B" class divisions, but which shall be required to meet "B" class integrity standards only in so far as is reasonable and practicable in the opinion of the Administration; and

                    2. in the case of a ship protected by an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of the Fire Safety Systems Code, the corridor bulkheads may terminate at a ceiling in the corridor provided such bulkheads and ceilings are of “B” class standard in compliance with paragraph 2.2.4. All doors and frames in such bulkheads shall be of non-combustible materials and shall have the same fire integrity as the bulkhead in which they are fitted.

                    2.2.2.3 Bulkheads required to be "B" class divisions, except corridor bulkheads as prescribed in paragraph 2.2.2.2, shall extend from deck to deck and to the shell or other boundaries. However, where a continuous "B" class ceiling or lining is fitted on both sides of a bulkhead which is at least of the same fire resistance as the adjoining bulkhead, the bulkhead may terminate at the continuous ceiling or lining.

                    2.2.3 Fire integrity of bulkheads and decks in ships carrying more than 36 passengers

                    2.2.3.1 In addition to complying with the specific provisions for fire integrity of bulkheads and decks of passenger ships, the minimum fire integrity of all bulkheads and decks shall be as prescribed in tables 9.1 and 9.2. Where, due to any particular structural arrangements in the ship, difficulty is experienced in determining from the tables the minimum fire integrity value of any divisions, such values shall be determined to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                    2.2.3.2 The following requirements shall govern application of the tables:

                    1. Table 9.1 shall apply to bulkheads not bounding either main vertical zones or horizontal zones. Table 9.2 shall apply to decks not forming steps in main vertical zones nor bounding horizontal zones;

                    2. For determining the appropriate fire integrity standards to be applied to boundaries between adjacent spaces, such spaces are classified according to their fire risk as shown in categories (1) to (14) below. Where the contents and use of a space are such that there is a doubt as to its classification for the purpose of this regulation, or where it is possible to assign two or more classifications to a space, it shall be treated as a space within the relevant category having the most stringent boundary requirements. Smaller, enclosed rooms within a space that have less than 30% communicating openings to that space are considered separate spaces.
                      The fire integrity of the boundary bulkheads and decks of such smaller rooms shall be as prescribed in tables 9.1 and 9.2. The title of each category is intended to be typical rather than restrictive. The number in parentheses preceding each category refers to the applicable column or row in the tables.
                      1. Control stations
                        Spaces containing emergency sources of power and lighting.
                        Wheelhouse and chartroom.
                        Spaces containing the ship’s radio equipment.
                        Fire control stations
                        Control room for propulsion machinery when located outside the propulsion machinery space.
                        Spaces containing centralized fire alarm equipment.
                        Spaces containing centralized emergency public address system stations and equipment.

                      2. Stairways
                        Interior stairways, lifts, totally enclosed emergency escape trunks, and escalators (other than those wholly contained within the machinery spaces) for passengers and crew and enclosures thereto.
                        In this connection a stairway which is enclosed at only one level shall be regarded as part of the space from which it is not separated by a fire door.

                      3. Corridors
                        Passenger and crew corridors and lobbies.

                      4. Evacuation stations and external escape routes
                        Survival craft stowage area.
                        Open deck spaces and enclosed promenades forming lifeboat and liferaft embarkation and lowering stations.
                        Assembly stations, internal and external.
                        External stairs and open decks used for escape routes.
                        The ship’s side to the waterline in the lightest seagoing condition, superstructure and deckhouse sides situated below and adjacent to the liferaft and evacuation slide embarkation areas.

                      5. Open deck spaces
                        Open deck spaces and enclosed promenades clear of lifeboat and liferaft embarkation and lowering stations. To be considered in this category, enclosed promenades shall have no significant fire risk, meaning that furnishings shall be restricted to deck furniture. In addition, such spaces shall be naturally ventilated by permanent openings.
                        Air spaces (the space outside superstructures and deckhouses).

                      6. Accommodation spaces of minor fire risk
                        Cabins containing furniture and furnishings of restricted fire risk.
                        Offices and dispensaries containing furniture and furnishings of restricted fire risk.
                        Public spaces containing furniture and furnishings of restricted fire risk and having a deck area of less than 50 m2.

                      7. Accommodation spaces of moderate fire risk
                        Spaces as in category (6) above but containing furniture and furnishings of other than restricted fire risk.
                        Public spaces containing furniture and furnishings of restricted fire risk and having a deck area of 50 m2 or more.
                        Isolated lockers and small store-rooms in accommodation spaces having areas less than 4 m2 (in which flammable liquids are not stowed).
                        Sale shops. Motion picture projection and film stowage rooms. Diet kitchens (containing no open flame).
                        Cleaning gear lockers (in which flammable liquids are not stowed).
                        Laboratories (in which flammable liquids are not stowed).
                        Pharmacies.
                        Small drying rooms (having a deck area of 4 m2 or less).
                        Specie rooms.
                        Operating rooms.

                      8. Accommodation spaces of greater fire risk
                        Public spaces containing furniture and furnishings of other than restricted fire risk and having a deck area of 50 m2 or more.
                        Barber shops and beauty parlours.
                        Saunas.

                      9. Sanitary and similar spaces
                        Communal sanitary facilities, showers, baths, water closets, etc.
                        Small laundry rooms.
                        Indoor swimming pool area.
                        Isolated pantries containing no cooking appliances in accommodation spaces.
                        Private sanitary facilities shall be considered a portion of the space in which they are located.

                      10. Tanks, voids and auxiliary machinery spaces having little or no fire risk
                        Water tanks forming part of the ship’s structure.
                        Voids and cofferdams.
                        Auxiliary machinery spaces which do not contain machinery having a pressure lubrication system and where storage of combustibles is prohibited, such as:
                        • ventilation and air-conditioning rooms;
                        • windlass room;
                        • steering gear room;
                        • stabilizer equipment room;
                        • electrical propulsion motor room;
                          rooms containing section switchboards and purely electrical equipment other than oil-filled electrical transformers (above 10 kVA);
                          shaft alleys and pipe tunnels;
                          spaces for pumps and refrigeration machinery (not handling or using flammable liquids).


                          Closed trunks serving the spaces listed above.
                          Other closed trunks such as pipe and cable trunks.

                      11. Auxiliary machinery spaces, cargo spaces, cargo and other oil tanks and other similar spaces of moderate fire risk
                        Cargo oil tanks.
                        Cargo holds, trunkways and hatchways.
                        Refrigerated chambers.
                        Oil fuel tanks (where installed in a separate space with no machinery).
                        Shaft alleys and pipe tunnels allowing storage of combustibles.
                        Auxiliary machinery spaces as in category (10) which contain machinery having a pressure lubrication system or where storage of combustibles is permitted.
                        Oil fuel filling stations.
                        Spaces containing oil-filled electrical transformers (above 10 kVA).
                        Spaces containing turbine and reciprocating steam engine driven auxiliary generators and small internal combustion engines of power output up to 110 kW driving generators, sprinkler, drencher or fire pumps, bilge pumps, etc.
                        Closed trunks serving the spaces listed above.

                      12. Machinery spaces and main galleys
                        Main propulsion machinery rooms (other than electric propulsion motor rooms) and boiler rooms.
                        Auxiliary machinery spaces other than those in categories (10) and (11) which contain internal combustion machinery or other oil-burning, heating or pumping units.
                        Main galleys and annexes.
                        Trunks and casings to the spaces listed above.

                      13. Store-rooms, workshops, pantries, etc.
                        Main pantries not annexed to galleys.
                        Main laundry.
                        Large drying rooms (having a deck area of more than 4 m2)
                        Miscellaneous stores.
                        Mail and baggage rooms.
                        Garbage rooms.
                        Workshops (not part of machinery spaces, galleys, etc.).
                        Lockers and store-rooms having areas greater than 4 m2, other than those spaces that have provisions for the storage of flammable liquids.

                      14. Other spaces in which flammable liquids are stowed Paint lockers.
                        Store-rooms containing flammable liquids (including dyes, medicines, etc.).
                        Laboratories (in which flammable liquids are stowed);

                    3. Where a single value is shown for the fire integrity of a boundary between two spaces, that value shall apply in all cases;

                    4. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2.2.2 there are no special requirements for material or integrity of boundaries where only a dash appears in the tables; and

                    5. The Administration shall determine in respect of category (5) spaces whether the insulation values in table 9.1 shall apply to ends of deckhouses and superstructures, and whether the insulation values in table 9.2 shall apply to weather decks. In no case shall the requirements of category (5) of tables 9.1 or 9.2 necessitate enclosure of spaces which in the opinion of the Administration need not be enclosed.

                    Table 9.1 – Bulkheads not bounding either main vertical zones or horizontal zones

                    Spaces

                     

                    (1)

                    (2)

                    (3)

                    (4)

                    (5)

                    (6)

                    (7)

                    (8)

                    (9)

                    (10)

                    (11)

                    (12)

                    (13)

                    (14)

                    Control stations

                    (1)

                    B-0a

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-60 

                    A-60 

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    Stairways

                    (2)

                     

                    A-0a

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                     A-15

                    A-15  

                    A-0c

                    A-0 

                    A-15

                    A-30

                    A-15

                    A-30

                    Corridors

                    (3)

                     

                     

                    B-15 

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    B-15

                    B-15

                    B-15 

                    B-15

                    A-0

                    A-15

                    A-30

                    A-0

                    A-30

                    Evacuation stations and external escape routes

                    (4)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A-0

                    A-60b,d

                    A-60b,d

                    A-60b,d

                    A-0d

                    A-0

                    A-60b

                    A-60b

                    A-60b

                    A-60b

                    Open deck spaces

                    (5)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    Accommodation spaces of minor fire risk

                    (6)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    B-0

                    B-0

                    B-0

                    C

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-30

                    A-0

                    A-30

                    Accommodation spaces of moderate fire risk

                    (7)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    B-0

                    B-0

                    C

                    A-0A-15A-60

                    A-15

                    A-60

                    Accommodation spaces of greater fire risk

                    (8)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    B-0

                    C

                    A-0

                    A-30

                    A-60

                    A-15

                    A-60

                    Sanitary and similar spaces

                    (9)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    C

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0
                    Tanks, voids and auxiliary machinery spaces having little or no fire risk

                    (10)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A-0a

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    Auxiliary machinery spaces, cargo spaces, cargo and other oil tanks and other similar spaces ofmoderate fire risk

                    (11)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A-0a

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-15

                    Machinery spaces and main galleys

                    (12)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A-0a

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    Store-rooms, workshops, pantries, etc.

                    (13)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A-0a

                    A-0

                    Other spaces in which flammableliquids are stowed

                    (14)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A-30

                    See notes following table 9.2.

                     

                    Table 9.2 – Decks not forming steps in main vertical zones nor bounding horizontal zones

                     

                    (1)

                    (2)

                    (3)

                    (4)

                    (5)

                    (6)

                    (7)

                    (8)

                    (9)

                    (10)

                    (11)

                    (12)

                    (13)

                    (14)

                    Control stations

                    (1)

                    A-30

                    A-30

                    A-15

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-15

                    A-30

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    Stairways

                    (2)

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-30

                    A-0

                    A-30

                    Corridors

                    (3)

                    A-15

                    A-0

                    A-0a

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-15

                    A-15

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-30

                    A-0

                    A-30

                    Evacuation stations and external escape routes

                    (4)

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    -

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    Open deck spaces

                    (5)

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    -

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    Accommodation spaces of minor fire risk

                    (6)

                    A-60

                    A-15

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    Accommodation spaces of moderate fire risk

                    (7)

                    A-60

                    A-15

                    A-15

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-15

                    A-15

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    Accommodation spaces of greater fire risk

                    (8)

                    A-60

                    A-15

                    A-15

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-15

                    A-15

                    A-30

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    Sanitary and similar spaces

                    (9)

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    Tanks, voids and auxiliary machinery spaces having little or no fire risk

                    (10)

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0a

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    Auxiliary machinery spaces, cargo spaces, cargo and other oil tanks and other similar spaces ofmoderate fire risk

                    (11)

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-15

                    A-30

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0a

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-30

                    Machinery spaces and main galleys

                    (12)

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-30

                    A-30a

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    Store-rooms, workshops, pantries, etc.

                    (13)

                    A-60

                    A-30

                    A-15

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-15

                    A-30

                    A-30

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    Other spaces in which flammableliquids are stowed

                    (14)

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-30

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    Note: To be applied to tables 9.1 and 9.2.

                    1. Where adjacent spaces are in the same numerical category and superscript "a" appears, a bulkhead or deck between such spaces need not be fitted if deemed unnecessary by the Administration. For example, in category (12) a bulkhead need not be required between a galley and its annexed pantries provided the pantry bulkhead and decks maintain the integrity of the galley boundaries. A bulkhead is, however, required between a galley and machinery space even though both spaces are in category (12).

                    2. The ship’s side, to the waterline in the lightest seagoing condition, superstructure and deckhouse sides situated below and adjacent to liferafts and evacuation slides may be reduced to "A-30".

                    3. Where public toilets are installed completely within the stairway enclosure, the public toilet bulkhead within the stairway enclosure can be of "B" class integrity.

                    4. Where spaces of categories (6), (7), (8) and (9) are located completely within the outer perimeter of the assembly station, the bulkheads of these spaces are allowed to be of "B-0" class integrity. Control positions for audio, video and light installations may be considered as part of the assembly station.

                     

                    2.2.3.3 Continuous "B" class ceilings or linings, in association with the relevant decks or bulkheads, may be accepted as contributing wholly or in part, to the required insulation and integrity of a division.

                    2.2.3.4 Construction and arrangement of saunas

                    2.2.3.4.1 The perimeter of the sauna shall be of "A" class boundaries and may include changing rooms, showers and toilets. The sauna shall be insulated to A-60 standard against other spaces except those inside of the perimeter and spaces of categories (5), (9) and (10).

                    2.2.3.4.2 Bathrooms with direct access to saunas may be considered as part of them. In such cases, the door between sauna and the bathroom need not comply with fire safety requirements.

                    2.2.3.4.3 The traditional wooden lining on the bulkheads and ceiling are permitted in the sauna. The ceiling above the oven shall be lined with a non-combustible plate with an air gap of at least 30 mm. The distance from the hot surfaces to combustible materials shall be at least 500 mm or the combustible materials shall be protected (e.g. non-combustible plate with an air gap of at least 30 mm).

                    2.2.3.4.4 The traditional wooden benches are permitted to be used in the sauna.

                    2.2.3.4.5 The sauna door shall open outwards by pushing.

                    2.2.3.4.6 Electrically heated ovens shall be provided with a timer.

                    2.2.4 Fire integrity of bulkheads and decks in ships carrying not more than 36 passengers

                    2.2.4.1 In addition to complying with the specific provisions for fire integrity of bulkheads and decks of passenger ships, the minimum fire integrity of bulkheads and decks shall be as prescribed in tables 9.3 and 9.4.

                    2.2.4.2 The following requirements govern application of the tables:

                    1. Tables 9.3 and 9.4 shall apply respectively to the bulkheads and decks separating adjacent spaces;

                    2. For determining the appropriate fire integrity standards to be applied to divisions between adjacent spaces, such spaces are classified according to their fire risk as shown in categories (1) to (11) below. Where the contents and use of a space are such that there is a doubt as to its classification for the purpose of this regulation, or where it is possible to assign two or more classifications to a space, it shall be treated as a space within the relevant category having the most stringent boundary requirements. Smaller, enclosed rooms within a space that have less than 30 % communicating openings to that space are considered separate spaces. The fire integrity of the boundary bulkheads and decks of such smaller rooms shall be as prescribed in tables 9.3 and 9.4. The title of each category is intended to be typical rather than restrictive. The number in parentheses preceding each category refers to the applicable column or row in the tables.
                      1. Control stations
                        Spaces containing emergency sources of power and lighting.
                        Wheelhouse and chartroom.
                        Spaces containing the ship’s radio equipment.
                        Fire control stations.
                        Control room for propulsion machinery when located outside the machinery space.
                        Spaces containing centralized fire alarm equipment.

                      2. Corridors
                        Passenger and crew corridors and lobbies.

                      3. Accommodation spaces
                        Spaces as defined in regulation 3.1 excluding corridors.

                      4. Stairways
                        Interior stairways, lifts, totally enclosed emergency escape trunks, and escalators (other than those wholly contained within the machinery spaces) and enclosures thereto.
                        In this connection, a stairway which is enclosed only at one level shall be regarded as part of the space from which it is not separated by a fire door.

                      5. Service spaces (low risk)
                        Lockers and store-rooms not having provisions for the storage of flammable liquids and having areas less than 4 m2 and drying rooms and laundries.

                      6. Machinery spaces of category A
                        Spaces as defined in regulation 3.31.

                      7. Other machinery spaces
                        Electrical equipment rooms (auto-telephone exchange, air-conditioning duct spaces).
                        Spaces as defined in regulation 3.30 excluding machinery spaces of category A.

                      8. Cargo spaces
                        All spaces used for cargo (including cargo oil tanks) and trunkways and hatchways to such spaces, other than special category spaces.

                      9. Service spaces (high risk)
                        Galleys, pantries containing cooking appliances, paint and lamp rooms, lockers and store-rooms having areas of 4 m2 or more, spaces for the storage of flammable liquids, saunas and workshops other than those forming part of the machinery spaces.

                      10. Open decks
                        Open deck spaces and enclosed promenades having little or no fire risk. Enclosed promenades should have no significant fire risk, meaning that furnishing should be restricted to deck furniture. In addition, such spaces should be naturally ventilated by permanent openings. Air spaces (the space outside superstructures and deckhouses).

                      11. Special category and ro-ro spaces
                        Spaces as defined in regulations 3.41 and 3.46;

                    3. In determining the applicable fire integrity standard of a boundary between two spaces within a main vertical zone or horizontal zone which is not protected by an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of the Fire Safety Systems Code or between such zones neither of which is so protected, the higher of the two values given in the tables shall apply; and

                    4. In determining the applicable fire integrity standard of a boundary between two spaces within a main vertical zone or horizontal zone which is protected by an automatic sprinkler system complying with the provisions of the Fire Safety Systems Code or between such zones both of which are so protected, the lesser of the two values given in the tables shall apply. Where a zone with sprinklers and a zone without sprinklers meet within accommodation and service spaces, the higher of the two values given in the tables shall apply to the division between the zones.

                    2.2.4.3 Continuous "B" class ceilings or linings, in association with the relevant decks or bulkheads, may be accepted as contributing, wholly or in part, to the required insulation and integrity of a division.

                    2.2.4.4 External boundaries which are required in regulation 11.2 to be of steel or other equivalent material may be pierced for the fitting of windows and sidescuttles provided that there is no requirement for such boundaries of passenger ships to have "A" class integrity. Similarly, in such boundaries which are not required to have "A" class integrity, doors may be constructed of materials which are to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                    2.2.4.5 Saunas shall comply with paragraph 2.2.3.4.

                    Table 9.3 – Fire integrity of bulkheads separating adjacent spaces 

                    Spaces

                     

                    (1)

                    (2)

                    (3)

                    (4)

                    (5)

                    (6)

                    (7)

                    (8)

                    (9)

                    (10)

                    (11)

                    Control stations

                    (1)

                    A-0c

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-15

                    A-60

                    A-15

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    *

                    A-60

                    Corridors

                    (2)

                     

                    Ce

                    B-0e

                    A-0aB-0e

                    B-0e

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-15A-0d

                    *

                    A-15

                    Accommodation spaces

                    (3)

                     

                     

                    Ce

                    A-0aB-0e

                    B-0e

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-15A-0d

                    *

                    A-30A-0d

                    Stairways

                    (4)

                     

                     

                     

                    A-0aB-0e

                    A-0aB-0e

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-15A-0d

                    *

                    A-15

                    Service spaces (low risk)

                    (5)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    Ce

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    Machinery spaces of category A

                    (6)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    *

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    *

                    A-60

                    Other machinery spaces

                    (7)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A-0b

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    Cargo spaces

                    (8)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    *

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    Service spaces (high risk)

                    (9)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A-0b

                    *

                    A-30

                    Open decks

                    (10)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A-0

                    Special category and ro-ro spaces

                    (11)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A-0

                     

                    Table 9.4 – Fire integrity of decks separating adjacent spaces

                     

                    (1)

                    (2)

                    (3)

                    (4)

                    (5)

                    (6)

                    (7)

                    (8)

                    (9)

                    (10)

                    (11)

                    Control stations

                    (1)

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-30

                    Corridors

                    (2)

                    A-0

                    *

                    *

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    Accommodationspaces

                    (3)

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-30A-0d

                    Stairways

                    (4)

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    Service spaces (low risk)

                    (5)

                    A-15

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    Machinery spaces of category A

                    (6)

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    *

                    A-60f

                    A-30

                    A-60

                    *

                    A-60

                    Other machinery spaces

                    (7)

                    A-15

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    Cargo spaces

                    (8)

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    Service spaces (high risk)

                    (9)

                    A-60

                    A-30A-0d

                    A-30A-0d

                    A-30A-0d

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-30

                    Open decks

                    (10)

                    *

                    *

                    *

                    *

                    *

                    *

                    *

                    *

                    *

                    -

                    A-0

                    Special category and ro-ro spaces

                    (11)

                    A-60

                    A-15

                    A-30A-0d

                    A-15

                    A-0

                    A-30

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-30

                    A-0

                    A-0

                     

                    Notes: To be applied to both tables 9.3 and 9.4 as appropriate.

                    1. For clarification as to which applies, see paragraphs 2.2.2 and 2.2.5.

                    2. Where spaces are of the same numerical category and superscript b appears, a bulkhead or deck of the rating shown in the tables is only required when the adjacent spaces are for a different purpose, (e.g. in category (9)). A galley next to a galley does not require a bulkhead but a galley next to a paint room requires an "A-0" bulkhead.

                    3. Bulkhead separating the wheelhouse and chartroom from each other may have a "B-0" rating.

                    4. See paragraphs 2.2.4.2.3 and 2.2.4.2.4.

                    5. For the application of paragraph 2.2.1.1.2, "B-0" and "C", where appearing in table 9.3,
                      shall be read as "A-0".

                    6. Fire insulation need not be fitted if the machinery space in category (7), in the opinion of the Administration, has little or no fire risk.

                      * Where an asterisk appears in the tables, the division is required to be of steel or other equivalent material, but is not required to be of "A" class standard. However, where a deck, except in a category (10) space, is penetrated for the passage of electric cables, pipes and vent ducts, such penetrations should be made tight to prevent the passage of flame and smoke. Divisions between control stations (emergency generators) and open decks may have air intake openings without means for closure, unless a fixed gas fire-fighting system is fitted. For the application of paragraph 2.2.1.1.2, an asterisk, where appearing in table 9.4, except for categories (8) and (10), shall be read as “A-0”.


                    2.2.5 Protection of stairways and lifts in accommodation area

                    2.2.5.1 Stairways shall be within enclosures formed of "A" class divisions, with positive means of closure at all openings, except that:

                    1. a stairway connecting only two decks need not be enclosed, provided the integrity of the deck is maintained by proper bulkheads or self-closing doors in one 'tween-deck space. When a stairway is closed in one 'tween-deck space, the stairway enclosure shall be protected in accordance with the tables for decks in paragraphs 2.2.3 or 2.2.4; and

                    2. stairways may be fitted in the open in a public space, provided they lie wholly within the public space.

                    2.2.5.2 Lift trunks shall be so fitted as to prevent the passage of smoke and flame from one ‘tween-deck to another and shall be provided with means of closing so as to permit the control of draught and smoke. Machinery for lifts located within stairway enclosures shall be arranged in a separate room, surrounded by steel boundaries, except that small passages for lift cables are permitted. Lifts which open into spaces other than corridors, public spaces, special category spaces, stairways and external areas shall not open into stairways included in the means of escape.

                    2.3 Cargo ships except tankers

                    2.3.1 Methods of protection in accommodation area

                    2.3.1.1 One of the following methods of protection shall be adopted in accommodation and service spaces and control stations:

                    1. Method IC
                      The construction of internal divisional bulkheads of non-combustible "B" or "C" class divisions generally without the installation of an automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system in the accommodation and service spaces, except as required by regulation 7.5.5.1; or

                    2. Method IIC
                      The fitting of an automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system as required by regulation 7.5.5.2 for the detection and extinction of fire in all spaces in which fire might be expected to originate, generally with no restriction on the type of internal divisional bulkheads; or

                    3. Method IIIC
                      The fitting of a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system as required by regulation 7.5.5.3, in spaces in which a fire might be expected to originate, generally with no restriction on the type of internal divisional bulkheads, except that in no case must the area of any accommodation space or spaces bounded by an "A" or "B" class division exceed 50 m2. Consideration may be given by the Administration to increasing this area for public spaces.

                    2.3.1.2 The requirements for the use of non-combustible materials in the construction and insulation of boundary bulkheads of machinery spaces, control stations, service spaces, etc., and the protection of the above stairway enclosures and corridors will be common to all three methods outlined in paragraph 2.3.1.1.

                    2.3.2 Bulkheads within accommodation area

                    2.3.2.1 Bulkheads required to be "B" class divisions shall extend from deck to deck and to the shell or other boundaries. However, where a continuous "B" class ceiling or lining is fitted on both sides of the bulkhead, the bulkhead may terminate at the continuous ceiling or lining.

                    2.3.2.2 Method IC
                    Bulkheads not required by this or other regulations for cargo ships to be "A" or "B" class divisions, shall be of at least "C" class construction.

                    2.3.2.3 Method IIC
                    There shall be no restriction on the construction of bulkheads not required by this or other regulations for cargo ships to be "A" or "B" class divisions except in individual cases where "C" class bulkheads are required in accordance with table 9.5.

                    2.3.2.4 Method IIIC
                    There shall be no restriction on the construction of bulkheads not required for cargo ships to be "A" or "B" class divisions except that the area of any accommodation space or spaces bounded by a continuous "A" or "B" class division must in no case exceed 50 m2, except in individual cases where "C" class bulkheads are required in accordance with table 9.5. Consideration may be given by the Administration to increasing this area for public spaces.

                    2.3.3 Fire integrity of bulkheads and decks

                    2.3.3.1 In addition to complying with the specific provisions for fire integrity of bulkheads and decks of cargo ships, the minimum fire integrity of bulkheads and decks shall be as prescribed in tables 9.5 and 9.6.

                    2.3.3.2 The following requirements shall govern application of the tables:

                    1. Tables 9.5 and 9.6 shall apply respectively to the bulkheads and decks separating adjacent spaces;

                    2. For determining the appropriate fire integrity standards to be applied to divisions between adjacent spaces, such spaces are classified according to their fire risk as shown in categories (1) to (11) below. Where the contents and use of a space are such that there is a doubt as to its classification for the purpose of this regulation, or where it is possible to assign two or more classifications to a space, it shall be treated as a space within the relevant category having the most stringent boundary requirements. Smaller, enclosed rooms within a space that have less than 30% communicating openings to that space are considered separate spaces. The fire integrity of the boundary bulkheads and decks of such smaller rooms shall be as prescribed in tables 9.5 and 9.6. The title of each category is intended to be typical rather than restrictive. The number in parentheses preceding each category refers to the applicable column or row in the tables;
                      1. Control stations
                        Spaces containing emergency sources of power and lighting.
                        Wheelhouse and chartroom.
                        Spaces containing the ship’s radio equipment.
                        Fire control stations.
                        Control room for propulsion machinery when located outside the machinery space.
                        Spaces containing centralized fire alarm equipment.

                      2. Corridors
                        corridors and lobbies.

                      3. Accommodation spaces
                        Spaces as defined in regulation 3.1, excluding corridors.

                      4. Stairways
                        Interior stairway, lifts, totally enclosed emergency escape trunks, and escalators (other than those wholly contained within the machinery spaces) and enclosures thereto.
                        In this connection, a stairway which is enclosed only at one level shall be regarded as part of the space from which it is not separated by a fire door.

                      5. Service spaces (low risk)
                        Lockers and store-rooms not having provisions for the storage of flammable liquids and having areas less than 4 m2 and drying rooms and laundries.

                      6. Machinery spaces of category A
                        Spaces as defined in regulation 3.31.

                      7. Other machinery spaces
                        Electrical equipment rooms (auto-telephone exchange, air-conditioning duct spaces).
                        Spaces as defined in regulation 3.30 excluding machinery spaces of category A.

                      8. Cargo spaces
                        All spaces used for cargo (including cargo oil tanks) and trunkways and hatchways to such spaces.

                      9. Service spaces (high risk)
                        Galleys, pantries containing cooking appliances, saunas, paint lockers and store-rooms having areas of 4 m2 or more, spaces for the storage of flammable liquids, and workshops other than those forming part of the machinery spaces.

                      10. Open decks
                        Open deck spaces and enclosed promenades having little or no fire risk. To be considered in this category, enclosed promenades shall have no significant fire risk, meaning that furnishings shall be restricted to deck furniture. In addition, such spaces shall be naturally ventilated by permanent openings.
                        Air spaces (the space outside superstructures and deckhouses).

                      11. Ro-ro and vehicle spaces
                        Ro-ro spaces as defined in regulation 3.41.
                        Vehicle spaces as defined in regulation 3.49.

                    Table 9.5 – Fire integrity of bulkheads separating adjacent spaces

                    Spaces

                     

                    (1)

                    (2)

                    (3)

                    (4)

                    (5)

                    (6)

                    (7)

                    (8)

                    (9)

                    (10)

                    (11)

                    Control stations

                    (1)

                    A-0e

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-15

                    A-60

                    A-15

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    *

                    A-60

                    Corridors

                    (2)

                     

                    C

                    B-0

                    B-0A-0c

                    B-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-30

                    Accommodationspaces

                    (3)

                     

                     

                    Ca, b

                    B-0A-0c

                    B-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-30

                    Stairways

                    (4)

                     

                     

                     

                    B-0A-0c

                    B-0A-0c

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-30

                    Service spaces (low risk)

                    (5)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    C

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    Machinery spaces of category A

                    (6)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    *

                    A-0

                    A-0g

                    A-60

                    *

                    A-60f

                    Other machinery spaces

                    (7)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A-0d

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    Cargo spaces

                    (8)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    *

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    Service spaces (high risk)

                    (9)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A-0d

                    *

                    A-30

                    Open decks

                    (10)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    -

                    A-0

                    Ro-ro and vehicle spaces

                    (11)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    *h

                     

                    Table 9.6 – Fire integrity of decks separating adjacent spaces

                     

                    (1)

                    (2)

                    (3)

                    (4)

                    (5)

                    (6)

                    (7)

                    (8)

                    (9)

                    (10)

                    (11)

                    Control stations

                    (1)

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-60

                    Corridors

                    (2)

                    A-0

                    *

                    *

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-30

                    Accommodationspaces

                    (3)

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-30

                    Stairways

                    (4)

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-30

                    Service spaces (low risk)

                    (5)

                    A-15

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    Machinery spaces of category A

                    (6)

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    *

                    A-60i

                    A-30

                    A-60

                    *

                    A-60

                    Other machinery spaces

                    (7)

                    A-15

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    Cargo spaces

                    (8)

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    Service spaces (high risk)

                    (9)

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0d

                    *

                    A-30

                    Open decks

                    (10)

                    *

                    *

                    *

                    *

                    *

                    *

                    *

                    *

                    *

                    -

                    A-0

                    Special category and ro-ro spaces

                    (11)

                    A-60

                    A-30

                    A-30

                    A-30

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-30

                    *

                    *h

                    Note: To be applied to tables 9.5 and 9.6 as appropriate.

                    1. No special requirements are imposed upon bulkheads in methods IIC and IIIC fire protection.

                    2. In case of method IIIC "B" class bulkheads of "B-0" rating shall be provided between spaces or groups of spaces of 50 m2 and over in area.

                    3. For clarification as to which applies, see paragraphs 2.3.2 and 2.3.4.

                    4. Where spaces are of the same numerical category and superscript d appear, a bulkhead or deck of the rating shown in the tables is only required when the adjacent spaces are for a different purpose (e.g. in category (9)). A galley next to a galley does not require a bulkhead but a galley next to a paint room requires an "A-0" bulkhead.

                    5. Bulkheads separating the wheelhouse, chartroom and radio room from each other may have a "B-0" rating.
                    6. An "A-0" rating may be used if no dangerous goods are intended to be carried or if such goods are stowed not less than 3 m horizontally from such a bulkhead.

                    7. For cargo spaces in which dangerous goods are intended to be carried, regulation 19.3.8 applies.

                    8. Bulkheads and decks separating ro-ro spaces shall be capable of being closed reasonably gastight and such divisions shall have "A" class integrity in so far as reasonable and practicable, if in the opinion of the Administration it has little or no fire risk.

                    9. Fire insulation need not be fitted if the machinery in category (7) if, in the opinion of the Administration, it has little or no fire risk.


                      * Where an asterisk appears in the tables, the division is required to be of steel or other equivalent material but is not required to be of "A" class standard. However, where a deck, except an open deck, is penetrated for the passage of electric cables, pipes and vent ducts, such penetrations should be made tight to prevent the passage of flame and smoke. Divisions between control stations (emergency generators) and open decks may have air intake openings without means for closure, unless a fixed gas fire-fighting system is fitted.

                    2.3.3.3 Continuous "B" class ceilings or linings, in association with the relevant decks or bulkheads, may be accepted as contributing, wholly or in part, to the required insulation and integrity of a division.

                    2.3.3.4 External boundaries which are required in regulation 11.2 to be of steel or other equivalent material may be pierced for the fitting of windows and sidescuttles provided that there is no requirement for such boundaries of cargo ships to have "A" class integrity. Similarly, in such boundaries which are not required to have "A" class integrity, doors may be constructed of materials which are to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                    2.3.3.5 Saunas shall comply with paragraph 2.2.3.4.

                    2.3.4 Protection of stairways and lift trunks in accommodation spaces, service spaces and control stations

                    2.3.4.1 Stairways which penetrate only a single deck shall be protected, at a minimum, at one level by at least "B-0" class divisions and self-closing doors. Lifts which penetrate only a single deck shall be surrounded by "A-0" class divisions with steel doors at both levels. Stairways and lift trunks which penetrate more than a single deck shall be surrounded by at least "A-0" class divisions and be protected by self-closing doors at all levels.

                    2.3.4.2 On ships having accommodation for 12 persons or less, where stairways penetrate more than a single deck and where there are at least two escape routes direct to the open deck at every accommodation level, the "A-0" requirements of paragraph 2.3.4.1 may be reduced to "B-0".

                    2.4 Tankers

                    2.4.1 Application
                    For tankers, only method IC as defined in paragraph 2.3.1.1 shall be used.

                    2.4.2 Fire integrity of bulkheads and decks

                    2.4.2.1 In lieu of paragraph 2.3 and in addition to complying with the specific provisions for fire integrity of bulkheads and decks of tankers, the minimum fire integrity of bulkheads and decks shall be as prescribed in tables 9.7 and 9.8.

                    2.4.2.2 The following requirements shall govern application of the tables:

                    1. Tables 9.7 and 9.8 shall apply respectively to the bulkhead and decks separating adjacent spaces;

                    2. For determining the appropriate fire integrity standards to be applied to divisions between adjacent spaces, such spaces are classified according to their fire risk as shown in categories (1) to (10) below. Where the contents and use of a space are such that there is a doubt as to its classification for the purpose of this regulation, or where it is possible to assign two or more classifications to a space, it shall be treated as a space within the relevant category having the most stringent boundary requirements. Smaller, enclosed areas within a space that have less than 30% communicating openings to that space are considered separate areas. The fire integrity of the boundary bulkheads and decks of such smaller spaces shall be as prescribed in tables 9.7 and 9.8. The title of each category is intended to be typical rather than restrictive. The number in parentheses preceding each category refers to the applicable column or row in the tables;
                      1. Control stations
                        Spaces containing emergency sources of power and lighting.
                        Wheelhouse and chartroom.
                        Spaces containing the ship’s radio equipment.
                        Fire control stations.
                        Control room for propulsion machinery when located outside the machinery space.
                        Spaces containing centralized fire alarm equipment.

                      2. Corridors
                        Corridors and lobbies.

                      3. Accommodation spaces
                        Spaces as defined in regulation 3.1, excluding corridors.

                      4. Stairways
                        Interior stairways, lifts, totally enclosed emergency escape trunks, andescalators (other than those wholly contained within the machinery spaces) and enclosures thereto.
                        In this connection, a stairway which is enclosed only at one level shall be regarded as part of the space from which it is not separated by a fire door.

                      5. Service spaces (low risk)
                        Lockers and store-rooms not having provisions for the storage of flammable liquids and having areas less than 4 m2 and drying rooms and laundries.

                      6. Machinery spaces of category A
                        Spaces as defined in regulation 3.31.

                      7. Other machinery spaces
                        Electrical equipment rooms (auto-telephone exchange and airconditioning duct spaces).
                        Spaces as defined in regulation 3.30 excluding machinery spaces of category A.

                      8. Cargo pump-rooms
                        Spaces containing cargo pumps and entrances and trunks to such spaces.

                      9. Service spaces (high risk)
                        Galleys, pantries containing cooking appliances, saunas, paint lockers and store-rooms having areas of 4 m2 or more, spaces for the storage of flammable liquids and workshops other than those forming part of the machinery spaces.

                      10. Open decks
                        Open deck spaces and enclosed promenades having little or no fire  risk. To be considered in this category, enclosed promenades shall have no significant fire risk, meaning that furnishings shall be restricted to deck furniture. In addition, such spaces shall be naturally ventilated by permanent openings.
                        Air spaces (the space outside superstructures and deckhouses).

                    2.4.2.3 Continuous "B" class ceilings or linings, in association with the relevant decks or bulkheads, may be accepted as contributing, wholly or in part, to the required insulation and integrity of a division.

                    2.4.2.4 External boundaries which are required in regulation 11.2 to be of steel or other equivalent material may be pierced for the fitting of windows and sidescuttles provided that there is no requirement for such boundarie s of tankers to have "A" class integrity. Similarly, in such boundaries which are not required to have "A" class integrity, doors may be constructed of materials which are to the satisfaction of the Administration.

                    2.4.2.5 Exterior boundaries of superstructures and deckhouses enclosing accommodation and including any overhanging decks which support such accommodation, shall be constructed of steel and insulated to "A-60" standard for the whole of the portions which face the cargo area and on the outward sides for a distance of 3 m from the end boundary facing the cargo area. The distance of 3 m shall be measured horizontally and parallel to the middle line of the ship from the boundary which faces the cargo area at each deck level. In the case of the sides of those superstructures and deckhouses, such insulation shall be carried up to the underside of the deck of the navigation bridge.

                    2.4.2.6 Skylights to cargo pump-rooms shall be of steel, shall not contain any glass and shall be capable of being closed from outside the pump-room.

                    2.4.2.7 Construction and arrangement of saunas shall comply with paragraph 2.2.3.4.

                     

                    Table 9.7 – Fire integrity of bulkheads separating adjacent spaces

                    Spaces

                     

                    (1)

                    (2)

                    (3)

                    (4)

                    (5)

                    (6)

                    (7)

                    (8)

                    (9)

                    (10)

                    Control stations

                    (1)

                    A-0c

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-15

                    A-60

                    A-15

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    *

                    Corridors

                    (2)

                     

                    C

                    B-0

                    B-0A-0a

                    B-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    *

                    Accommodationspaces

                    (3)

                     

                     

                    C

                    B-0A-0a

                    B-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    *

                    Stairways

                    (4)

                     

                     

                     

                    B-0A-0a

                    B-0A-0a

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    *

                    Service spaces (low risk)

                    (5)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    C

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    *

                    Machinery spaces of category A

                    (6)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    *

                    A-0

                    A-0d

                    A-60

                    *

                    Other machinery spaces

                    (7)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A-0b

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    Cargo pump-rooms

                    (8)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    *

                    A-60

                    *

                    Service spaces (high risk)

                    (9)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    A-0b

                    *

                    Open decks

                    (10)

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                     

                    -

                     

                    Table 9.8 – Fire integrity of decks separating adjacent spaces

                     

                    (1)

                    (2)

                    (3)

                    (4)

                    (5)

                    (6)

                    (7)

                    (8)

                    (9)

                    (10)

                    Control stations

                    (1)

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    -

                    A-0

                    *

                    Corridors

                    (2)

                    A-0

                    *

                    *

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    -

                    A-0

                    *

                    Accommodationspaces

                    (3)

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    -

                    A-0

                    *

                    Stairways

                    (4)

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    -

                    A-0

                    *

                    Service spaces (low risk)

                    (5)

                    A-15

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    A-0

                    *

                    A-60

                    A-0

                    -

                    A-0

                    *

                    Machinery spaces of category A

                    (6)

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    A-60

                    *

                    A-60e

                    A-0

                    A-60

                    *

                    Other machinery spaces

                    (7)

                    A-15

                    A-0