Onderwerp: Bezoek-historie

869(20) Revoke by A.983(24)
Geldigheid:27-11-1997 t/m Status: Geldig vandaag

Dit onderwerp bevat de volgende rubrieken.


RECALLING Article 15(j) of the Convention on the International Maritime Organization concerning the functions of the Assembly in relation to guidelines concerning the prevention and control of marine pollution from ships,

RECALLING ALSO resolution A.625(15) concerning the arrangements for the entry and clearance of marine pollution response resources during emergency situations,

BEING AWARE that the International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC Convention), 1990, and in particular Article 7 thereof, stipulates, "inter alia", that each Party to the OPRC Convention shall take the necessary legal or administrative measures to facilitate: the arrival and utilization in and departure from its territory of ships, aircraft and other modes of transport engaged in responding to an oil pollution incident or transporting personnel, cargoes, materials and equipment required to deal with such an incident; and the expeditious movement into, through, and out of its territory of such personnel, cargoes, materials and equipment,

BEING AWARE ALSO that the Annex to the OPRC Convention makes provision for the reimbursement of costs of assistance,

BEING AWARE FURTHER that experience in responding to a major oil pollution incident requiring resources outside a country has clearly demonstrated the critical importance of administrative procedures to facilitate rapid provision of assistance and deployment of human resources and equipment,

NOTING the decisions and recommendations made by the Marine Environment Protection Committee at its thirty-eighth session,

1. ADOPTS the Guidelines for Facilitation of Response to an Oil Pollution Incident set out in the Annex to the present resolution;

2. URGES Contracting Parties to the above-mentioned OPRC Convention to implement the Guidelines;

3. URGES ALSO all Member Governments to implement the Guidelines;

4. REQUESTS the Marine Environment Protection Committee to keep the Guidelines under review taking into account experience gained in their use.

Annex Guidelines for facilitation of response to an oil pollution incident pursuant to article 7 and annex of the International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation, 1990

1     &nbspIf a State needs assistance in the event of an oil pollution incident, it may ask for assistance from other States, indicating the scope and type of assistance required. A State to which a request for assistance is directed should promptly decide and inform the requesting State whether it is in a position to render the assistance required and indicate the scope and terms of the assistance that might be rendered.

2     &nbspThe States concerned should co-operate to facilitate the prompt provision of assistance agreed to under paragraph 1 of these Guidelines, including, where appropriate, action to minimize the consequences and effects of the oil pollution incident, and to provide general assistance. Where States do not have bilateral or multilateral agreements which cover their arrangements for providing mutual assistance, the assistance should be rendered in accordance with the following provisions, unless the States agree otherwise.

3     &nbspThe requesting State is responsible for overall supervision, control and co-ordination of the response to the incident and of the assistance supplied. Personnel sent by the assisting State are normally in charge of the immediate operational supervision of its personnel and equipment. The personnel involved in the assisting operation should act in accordance with the relevant laws of the requesting State, which should endeavour to inform the assisting State of the relevant laws. The appropriate authorities of the requesting State shall co-operate with the authority designated by the assisting State.

4     &nbspThe requesting State should, to the extent of its capabilities, provide local facilities and services for the proper and effective administration of the assistance, including decontamination activities, and should ensure the protection and return of personnel, equipment and materials brought into its territory by, or on behalf of, the assisting State for such a purpose.

5     &nbspThe requesting State should use its best efforts to afford to the assisting State and persons acting on its behalf the privileges, immunities or facilities necessary for the expeditious performance of their assistance function. The requesting State should not be required to apply this provision to its own nationals or permanent residents or to afford them the privileges and immunities referred to above.

6     &nbspA State should, at the request of the requesting or assisting State, endeavour to facilitate the transit through its territory of duly notified personnel, equipment and property involved in the assistance to and from the requesting State.

7     &nbspThe requesting State should facilitate the entry into, stay in and departure from its national territory of duly notified personnel and of equipment and property involved in the assistance.

8     &nbspWith regard to actions resulting directly from the assistance provided, the requesting State should reimburse the assisting State for the loss or any damage to equipment or other property belonging to the assisting State. The requesting State should also reimburse the assisting State for expenses involved in such assistance arising from the death of, or injury to, persons, or the loss or damage to property, incurred by personnel acting on behalf of the assisting State. This would not prevent the requesting State from seeking reimbursement as part of its claim under the appropriate compensation convention.

9     &nbspThe States concerned should co-operate closely in order to facilitate the settlement of legal proceedings and claims which could result from assistance operations.

10     &nbspThe affected or requesting State may at any time, after appropriate consultations and by notification, request the termination of assistance received or provided under this Convention. Once such a request has been made, the States concerned should consult one another with a view to making arrangements for the proper termination for the assistance.

11     &nbspAs the assistance should not be delayed for administrative or other reasons, the necessary legislation should be adopted during the preparedness phase, i.e. before the incident which would require assistance. This is particularly relevant to paragraphs 4 to 8 above.

12     &nbspSimilar facilitation should be implemented by States concerned when personnel or equipment are provided on behalf of a shipowner, a cargo owner or other relevant entities.

13     &nbspIn some oil pollution incidents, a shipowner, cargo owner or other private entity may be best placed to call upon dedicated equipment, materials and trained operators to assist with the clean-up response. In order to benefit from the availability of such resources and to ensure their rapid deployment, the State requesting or being offered assistance should facilitate the entry, clearance and subsequent return of the persons, materials and equipment provided. Public authorities should, in so far as it is possible, waive customs and excise duties and other taxes on any equipment and materials provided on a temporary basis for the purpose of assisting in the response to an oil pollution inc
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