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393(X) Reccomendation on International Performance and test Specification for only-water Seperating Equipment and content meters (MEPC 60(33))
Geldigheid:14-11-1977 t/m 04-12-1985Versie:vergelijk
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Vergelijk met versie: 2: 05-12-1985 t/m   X

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A./Res.(393(X)

Recommendation on international performance and test specification for oily-water seperation equipment and oil content meters


THE ASSEMBLY,

NOTING Article 16(i) of the Convention on the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization concerning the functions of the Assembly,
RECALLING Resolution A.233(VII) by which the Assembly adopted the Recommendation on International Performance Specifications for Oily-Water Separating Equipment and Oil Content Meters and invited governments to adopt them to the maximum possible extent which they found reasonable and practicable and to report to the Organization the results of such application.
RECALLING FURTHER that by Resolution A.233(VII) the Maritime Safety Committee was invited to review the specifications at the appropriate time,
NOTING that in relation to Regulation 16(3) of Annex1 of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships.1973, reference is made to the above-mentioned Specifications,
HAVING CONSIDERED the Recommendation submitted by the (Warm Environment Protection Committee including the revised specifications prepared by the Committee in the light of the requirements of Annex I of the 1973 Convention,
ADOPTS the Recommendation on International Performance and Test Specifications for Oily-Water Separating Equipment and Oil Content Meters. the text of which is set out in the Annex to this Resolution. as superseding those contained in Resolution A.233 (VII),
INVITES governments:to adopt the revised specifications and apply them so that air equipment installed on board one year or later after their adoption by the Assembly meets these revised specifications in so far as is reasonable and practicable : andto provide the Organization with information on experiences gained from their application and, in particular, on successful testing of equipment against the specifications,
REQUESTS the Secretariat, on the basis of information received, to maintain and update a list of approved equipment and to circulate it periodically to governments,
FURTHER INVITES governments to issue an appropriate "Certificate of Type Test" as referred to in paragraph 1.2.1 in the specifications and to recognize such Certificates issued under the authority of other governments as having the same validity as Certificates issued by them.

Ingangsdatum: 14-11-1977
Geldig tot en met: 29-04-1994

A./Res.(393(X)

Recommendation on international performance and test specification for oily-water seperation equipment and oil content meters


THE ASSEMBLY,

NOTING Article 16(i) of the Convention on the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization concerning the functions of the Assembly,
RECALLING Resolution A.233(VII) by which the Assembly adopted the Recommendation on International Performance Specifications for Oily-Water Separating Equipment and Oil Content Meters and invited governments to adopt them to the maximum possible extent which they found reasonable and practicable and to report to the Organization the results of such application.
RECALLING FURTHER that by Resolution A.233(VII) the Maritime Safety Committee was invited to review the specifications at the appropriate time,
NOTING that in relation to Regulation 16(3) of Annex1 of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships.1973, reference is made to the above-mentioned Specifications,
HAVING CONSIDERED the Recommendation submitted by the (Warm Environment Protection Committee including the revised specifications prepared by the Committee in the light of the requirements of Annex I of the 1973 Convention,
ADOPTS the Recommendation on International Performance and Test Specifications for Oily-Water Separating Equipment and Oil Content Meters. the text of which is set out in the Annex to this Resolution. as superseding those contained in Resolution A.233 (VII),
INVITES governments:to adopt the revised specifications and apply them so that air equipment installed on board one year or later after their adoption by the Assembly meets these revised specifications in so far as is reasonable and practicable : andto provide the Organization with information on experiences gained from their application and, in particular, on successful testing of equipment against the specifications,
REQUESTS the Secretariat, on the basis of information received, to maintain and update a list of approved equipment and to circulate it periodically to governments,
FURTHER INVITES governments to issue an appropriate "Certificate of Type Test" as referred to in paragraph 1.2.1 in the specifications and to recognize such Certificates issued under the authority of other governments as having the same validity as Certificates issued by them.

Chapter 01 General

Ingangsdatum: 14-11-1977
Geldig tot en met: 29-04-1994

Part I: General

1.1 Contents

The specifications set out in this Recommendation are in three parts as follows :

Part II : Specification for Oily-Water Separating and Filtering Equipment.
This specification is intended to include both basic constructional details and the test procedures for oily-water separators, filters and necessary ancillary equipment for shipboard use, so trail the vessel so fitted is not likely to infringe that part of the Convention which definesthe oil contentof any discharged water as the permisseble limit. Havingregard to te need to deal primaritywith effluent from machinery space bilges and from tanks which have beenused alternately as fuel tanks andand water ballast tanks, the tests are designed with a view to complying with the requirement that the oil content of the discharge should be not more than 100 ppm. Filtering equipment should be designed in order to produce effluent containing not more than 15 ppm.

Part III : Specification for Oil Content Meters.
During the discharge of effluent which might contain oil. the need arises for an instrument to measure continuously the oil content of the effluent in the line, to ensure trial the operation does not contravene the provisions of the Convention. The aim of this specification is to lay down the most important features of the design and the method of testing such oil content meters (hereinafter called "the meter") .

Part IV : Method for the Determination of Oil Content.

1.2 General Provisions

1.2.1 Apparatus which in every particular fulfils the requirements of the present specifications may be approved by the Administration of the manufacturer's country for fitting on board ships. The approval should take the form of a "Certificate of Type Test" specifying the main particulars of the apparatus and any limiting conditions on its usage necessary to ensure its proper performance. In the case of each size of equipment, the certificate should specify the maximum throughput for which it has been approved. Such' certificate should be issued in the format shown in the Attachment hereto. After the issue of such a certificate, a copy of the appropriate certificate for the apparatus should be carried aboard any vessel so fitted all times.

1.2.2 Approved apparatus may be accepted by other countries for use on their vessels on the basis of the first trials, or after fresh tests carried out under the supervision of their own representatives. Should separating or filtering equipment or an oil content meter pass a test in one country, and fail a test of a similar nature in another country, then the two countries concerned should consult one another with a view to coming to an agreement which could be mutually acceptable.

1.2.3 Where a range of separating or filtering equipments of the same design, but of different capacities, requires certification in accordance with this specification and where the largest capacity in the range does not exceed 50 cubic metres/hour, the Administration may accept tests in two capacities within the range. in lieu of rests on every size, provided that the two rests actually performed are from the lowest quarter and highest quarter of the range.

Chapter 02 Specification for only-water Seperating and Filtering Equipment

Ingangsdatum: 14-11-1977
Geldig tot en met: 29-04-1994

Part II. Specification for oily-water seperating and filtering equipment


2.1 Technical Specification

2.1.1 This specification relates primarily to separators and filters of low to medium capacity. Separating equipment should be capable of giving an effluent containing not more than 100 ppm of oil irrespective of the oil content (from 0 to 100 per cent) of the feed supplied to it. Filtering equipment should be capable of reducing the oil content in the effluent to not more than 15 ppm.

2.1.2 The equipment should be strongly constructed and suitable for shipboard use, bearing in mind its intended location on the ship.

2.1.3 The satisfactory functioning of the equipment should not be affected by the movements and vibrations experienced on board ship. In particular. electrical and electronic alarm and control arrangements should be tested to show that they are at least capable of continued operation under vibration conditions as follows :
  1. from 2 Hz-13.2 Hz with an amplitude of ¡¾1 mm,and

  2. from 13.2 Hz-80 Hz with an acceleration amplitude of ¡¾0.7 g.


    Additionally, the equipment should be capable of reliable operation at angles up to 22.5¾¬ in any plane from the normal operational position.

2.1.4 It should, if intended to be fitted in locations where flammable atmospheres may be present, comply with the relevant safety regulations for such spaces. Any electrical equipment which is part of the equipment should be placed in a non-hazardous area. Or should be certified by the Administration as safe for use in a hazardous area. Any moving parts which are fitted in hazardous areas should be arranged so as to avoid the formation of static electricity.

2.1.5 The equipment should be so designed that it functions automatically. However, provision should be made for emergency manual control.

2.1.6 Changing the feed to the separating equipment from oily water to oil. or from oil and/or water to air should not result In the discharge overboard of any mixture containing more than 100 ppm of oil. In the case of filtering equipment the oil content in the discharge overboard should not be more than 15 ppm under the same circumstances.

2.1.7 The system should require the minimum of attention to bring it into operation. In the case of equipment used for engine room bilges, there should be no need for any adjustment to valves and other equipment to bring the system into operation and, when fitted in unattended machinery spaces, the system should be capable of operating for at least 24 hours of normal duty without attention.

2.1.8 All working parts of the equipment which are liable to wear or to damage should be easily accessible for maintenance.

2.2 Test Specification

2.2.1 These test standards refer to separating or filtering equipment of low or medium capacity,

2.2.2 The oil/water mixture, with which the system has in practice to deal. depends on :

  1. the position of the oil/water interface, with respect to the suction point, in the space being pumped;

  2. the type of pump used ;

  3. the type and degree of closure of any control valve in the circuit ; and

  4. the general size and configuration of the system.


    It is therefore desirable that the test rig be so constructed as to include not only the separating and filtering equipment, but also the pump and the most important of the valves, pipes, etc. (for an example see Figure 1). The pipework should be designed for a maximum liquid velocity of 3 m/s.

2.2.3 The tests should be carried out with a supply rate equal to the full throughput for which the equipment is designed.

2.2.4 Tests should be performed using two grades of oil. All the tests should be carried out using a fuel oil of a relative density of about 0.94 at 15¾¬C and off viscosity not less than 220 centistokes (about 900 seconds Redwood No.1) at 37.8¾¬C (100¾¬F). In addition the tests described in 2.2.10 and 2.2.11 should be carried out using a light distillate fuel oil having a relative density of about 0.83 at 15¾¬C.

2.2.5 If the equipment includes an integrated feed pump fitted before or after the separator, this equipment should be tested with that pump supplying the required quantity of oil and water to the equipment at its rated capacity. If the equipment is to be fed by the ship's bilge pumps, then the unit will be tested by supplying the required quantity of oil and water mixture to the inlet off centrifugal pump operating at not less than 1,000 rpm. This pump should have a delivery capacity of not less than 1.5 times the rated capacity of the equipment at the deliver pressure required for the test. The variation in oil/water ratio will be obtained by valves on the oil and water suction pipes adjacent to the pump suction, and the flow rate of oil and water or the oil content of the supply to the equipment should be monitored. If a centrifugal pump is used, the excess pump capacity should be dissipated by either a by-pass to the suction side, or by a throttle valve or standard orifice plate on the discharge side. In all cases. to ensure uniform conditions, the piping arrangements immediately prior to the equipment should be such that the influent to the equipment should have a Reynolds Number of not less than 10.000 as calculated in fresh water, a liquid velocity of not less than 1 m/s and the length of the supply pipe from the point of oil injection to the equipment should have a length not less than 20 times its diameter. A mixture inlet sampling point and a thermometer pocket should be provided near the equipment inlet and an outlet sampling point and observation window should be provided on the discharge pipe. Figure 1 gives diagrammatic representations of two possible test rigs, though it should be noted that the water and oil from the equipment need not be led back to the supply tanks. Where the water and oil are re-circulated during the test, additional sampling points should be fitted in the water and oil lines to the mixture pump in order to check the quality of the water and oil being supplied to the pump. In order to approach isokinetic sampling, i.e. the sample enters the sampling pipe at stream velocity, the sampling arrangement should be as shown in Figure 2 and. If a cock is fitted, free flow should be effected for at least 1 minute before any sample is taken. The sampling points should be in pipes running vertically.

2.2.6 The tests should be carried outwits clean water having a relative density at 15¾¬C not more than 0.085 greater than the relative density of the heavier fuel oil detailed in 2.2.4.

2.2.7 In the case of equipment depending essentially on gravity, the feed to the system should be maintained at a temperature not greater than 25¡ÆC, and heating and cooling coils should be provided where necessary. In other forms of separation where the dependence of separation efficiency on temperature is not established, tests should be carried out over a range of temperatures representing the normal shipboard operating range 10¡ÆC to 30¡ÆC or should be taken at a temperature in this range where the separation efficiency is known to be worst.

2.2.8 In those cases where, for the equipment. it is necessary to heat water up to a given temperature and to supply heal to maintain that temperature. the tests should be carried out at the given temperature.

2.2.9 To ensure that the equipment commences the test with the oil section full of oil and with the supply line impregnated with oil, the equipment should, after filling with water and while in the operating condition, be fed with pure oil for not less than five minutes.

2.2.10 The equipment should be fed with a mixture composed of between 5.000 and 10.000 ppm of oil in water until steady conditions have been established. Steady conditions are assumed to be the conditions established after pumping through the separating equipment a quantity of oil/water mixture not less than twice the volume of the equipment. The lest should then proceed for 30 minutes during which time samples should be taken for analysis at the points of mixture inlet and the water outset at 10 minutes and 20 minutes from the start of this period. At the end of this test. an air cock should be opened on the suction side of the pump and, if necessary, the oil and water valves should be slowly closed together, and a sample taken at the water discharge as the flow ceases (this point can be checked from the observation window) .

2.2.11 A test identical to that described in 2.2.10above, including the opening of the air cock. should be carried out with a mixture composed of approximately 25 per cent oil and 75 per cent water.

2.2.12 The equipment should be fed with 100 percent of oil for at least 5 minutes during which time the observation window should be checked for any oil discharge. Sufficient oil should be fed into the equipment to operate the automatic oil discharge valve. After the operation of the oil discharge valve, the test should be continued for 5 minutes using a 100 percent oil supply in order to check the sufficiency of the oil discharge system.

2.2.13 The equipment should be fed with water for 15 minutes and-two samples should be taken during operation at the water outlet, the first one to be immediately after the change-over.

2.2.14 A test lasting a minimum of three hours should be carried outdo check that the equipment will operate continuously and automatically. This trial should use a cycle varying progressively from water to oily mixture with approximately 25 per cent oil content and back to water very 15minutes, and should test adequately any automatic device which is fitted. The whole test sequence should be performed as a continuous programme. At the end of the test. while the equipment is being fed with 25 per cent oil, a water effluent sample should be taken for analysis.

2.2.15 Sampling should be carried out as shown in Figure 2 so that the sample taken will suitably represent the fluid issuing from the water outlet of the equipment.

2.2.16 Flasks containing samples should be sealed and labelled in the presence of a representative of the national authority and arrangements should be made for analysis as soon as possible and in any case within seven days, at laboratories selected by the Administration.

2.2.17 The oil content of the samples should be determined by the method in Part IV

2.2.18 When accurate and reliable oil content meters are fitted at inlet and outlet of the separating or filtering equipment, one sample at inlet and outlet taken during each test will be considered sufficient if they verify, to within ¡¾l 0 per cent, the meter readings noted at the same instant.

2.2.19 In the presentation of the results, the following data should be reported in the International Metric System of Units :

  1. Properties of the oil.

    - relative density at 15¢ªC
    - viscosity (centistokes at 37.8¢ªC)
    - flashpoint
    - ash
    - water content (total) :

  2. Properties of the water

    - relative density at 15"C with details of any solid matter present :

  3. Temperature at the inlet to the equipment ;

  4. The method used in analysis of all samples taken and the results thereof together with meter readings where appropriate ;

  5. A diagram of the test rig ; and

  6. A diagram of the sampling arrangement.

2.3 Installation Requirements

2.3.1 For future inspection purposes aboard ship, a sampling point should be provided in a vertical section of the water effluent Piping as close as is practicable to the equipment outlet.

2.3.2 Means should be taken to ensure that. in practice, the rated capacity of the equipment is not exceeded by:'

  1. connecting only pumps of a capacity equal to, or less than, that of the equipment, or

  2. permanently restricting the discharge to the equipment where larger pumps may be connected.

2.3.3 In any case, equipment should not be supplied from a pump which has a capacity more than 1.5 times the rated capacity of the equipment.

2.3.4 The equipment should befitted with a permanently attached plate giving any operational or installation limits considered necessary by the manufacturer or the Administration.

Chapter 03 Specification for oil content meters

Ingangsdatum: 14-11-1977
[Niet geldig (geldigheid van 1977-11-14 tot en met 1985-12-04)]
Geldig tot en met: 04-12-1985

Part III. Specificationfor oil content meters



3.1 Technical Specification

3.1.1 This specification relates to oil content meters for a wide range of oil content and oil content alarms for 15 ppm. A meter may, however, be tested for one or several specified applications, i.e. crude oils, "black" products, "white" products. bilge water or "15 ppm alarm" : and the approval should clearly indicate the accepted application(s).

3.1.2The meter should be a robust and practical instrument suitable for shipboard installation and operation. It should withstand normal stresses due to the ship's motion (rolling and pitching) and its operation must not be affected by such motion. It should be designed and fitted so that the vibration normally occurring on board will not affect its operation. Unless it can be shown to be unnecessary the meter and any associated equipment, particularly electrical and electronic alarm and control arrangements, should be tested to show that it is capable of continued operation under vibration conditions as follows :

  1. from 2 Hz-13.2 Hz with an amplitude of ¡¾1 mm, and

  2. from 13.2 Hz-80 Hz with an acceleration amplitude of ¡¾0.7 g.

    Additionally, the equipment should be capable of reliable operation at angles up to 22.5¢ª in any plane from the normal operational position.

3.1.3 It should resist corrosion in conditions of the marine environment.

3.1.4 It should, if intended to be fitted in locations where flammable atmospheres may be present. comply with the relevant safety regulations for such spaces. Any electrical equipment which is part of the meter should be placed in a non-hazardous area, or should be certified by the Administration as safe for use in a hazardous atmosphere. Any moving parts which are fitted in hazardous areas should be arranged so as to avoid the formation of static electricity.

3.1.5 It should not contain or use any substance of a dangerous nature, unless adequate arrangements, acceptable to the Administration, are provided to eliminate any hazard introduced thereby.

3.1.6 The accuracy of meters designed to monitor a wide range of oil content should be such that the reading will represent within ¡¾10 ppm or 120 per cent of the actual oil content of the sample being tested, whichever is the greater. The accuracy should remain within the above limit despite the presence of contaminants other than oil, such as entrained rust, mud and sand. When a vessel is fitted with filtering equipment in accordance with Regulations 16(2)(b) and 16(7) of Annex I of the Convention, an alarm is to be provided which will indicate when the oil content of the effluent exceeds 15 ppm. The accuracy of the alarm should be ¡¾5 ppm. The alarm arrangement should be tested in accordance with paragraph 3.2.18 of this specification.

3.1.7It should be designedso that it functions whitin the above limit when the power supply is varied by10 per cent from the value for which the meter was designed, i.e. in respect of electricity, compressed air etc.

3.1.8 It is desirable that the reading should not be affected by the type of oil. If it is, it should not be necessary to calibrate the meter on board ship, but pre-set alterations in the calibration in accordance with instructions drawn up at the time of manufacture are permitted. In the latter case, means should be available to check that the correct calibration has been selected for the oil in question. The accuracy of the readings should at all times remain within the limit specified in 3.1.6.

3.1.9 The response time of the meter, trial is, the time which elapses between an alteration in the sample being supplied to the meter and the meter showing the correct response, should not exceed 20 seconds.

3.1.10 The meter may have several scales as appropriate for its intended use.

3.1.11 The meter should be fitted with an alarm device which can be set to operate automatically at any pre-stated value either to alert the crew of the ship or to operate control valves. This alarm should also operate automatically if at any time the meter should fail to function.

3.1.12 It is recommended that a simple means be provided aboard ship to check on instrument drift, and to confirm the accuracy and repeatability of the instrument reading.

3.1.13 When a recording device is fitted to a meter which has more than one scale, the recording device should indicate the scale which is in use.

3.2 Test Specification

3.2.1 For a meter designed to measure amide range of oil content, the meter reading should remain within ¡¾10 ppm or ¡¾20 per cent whichever is the greater of the true oil content of the sample entering the meter during each test, and testing should be performed in accordance with the procedures detailed in 3.2.4 to 3.2.17. For a meter designed only to give an alarm at 15 ppm, the accuracy should be within ¡¾5 ppm and testing should be performed in accordance with the procedures in 3.2.18.

3.2.2 The sampling arrangement should be such that a representative homogeneous sample is obtained under all conditions of operation and under all operational proportions of oil content. The sample should be obtained from the full flow through the meter, but when this is impracticable the sampling arrangements shown in Figure 2 should be used. Special care should be given to this stage of the process and the validity of the resultant findings.

3.2.3 During the various tests the response time of the meter should be checked and it should also be noted whether alarms operate adequately when a pre-stated threshold is exceeded.

3.2.4 A diagrammatic arrangement of a test facility for evaluating the performance of oil content meters is given in Figure 3. The accuracy of the oil content meter will be determined by comparing its readings against a known flow of oil Injected into a known flow of water. The grab samples taken will be analysed in a laboratory by the method in Part IV. The results of the laboratory analysis will be used for correlation and to indicate sampling and test equipment variability. The water flow rate will be adjusted so that the entire oil-water flow passes through the oil content meter, except the intermittent grab sample stream. Special care should be given to keep, continuously, a constant oil content in the water that flows into the meter. The oil and contaminant metering pumps should be adjusted to deliver a nearly continuous quantity of oil. If oil injection becomes intermittent at low concentrations, the oil may be premixed with water to provide continuous flow if absolutely necessary. The oil injection point should be immediately up-stream of the oil content meter inlets to minimize time lags caused by the sample system. Wherever Arabian light crude oil is specified in particular tests, a similar crude oil may be substituted, provided that the oil selected is used throughout the tests.

3.2.5 The oil content meter will be calibrated and zeroed as per the manufacturer's instructions, It will then be tested with Arabian light crude oil at the following concentrations in ppm : 0,15,50,100, etc., up to full scale of the meter's highest range. A complete calibration curve will be constructed. Each concentration test will last for 15 minutes. Following each concentration test. the meter will be run on oil-free water for 15 minutes and the reading noted. If it proves necessary to re-zero or re-calibrate the meter during this test, this fact will be noted.

3.2.6 Using the calibration from the previous test, the oil content meter will be tested at 15 ppm,100 ppm and 90 per cent of the maximum full scale with the following oils :



Type of Oil Categories Represented
Sahara BlendDensity - Low
Viscosity - Low

Pour Point - Very Low
Producing Country - Algeria
General Description- Mixed Base
Arabian Light Crude

Density - Medium
Viscosity - Medium

Pour Point - Low
Producing Country - Saudi Arabia
General Description - Mixed Base

Nigerian Medium Crude Density-High
Viscosity - Medium

Pour Point - Low
Producing Country - Nigeria
General Description - Napthenic
Bachaquero 17 Crude Density - Very High
Viscosity - Very High

Pour Point - Low
Producing Country - Venezuela
General Description - Asphaltic
Minas Crude Density - Medium
Viscosity - High

Pour Point - Very High
Producing Country - Indonesia
General Description - Paraffinic
Residual Fuel Bunker C or No. 6 Fuel Oil










NOTE : Other oils covering the range of properties shown may be substituted if those shown are unobtainable.

Following each test, the meter will be run on oil-free water and the zero recorded. If it is necessary to re-zero, calibrate or clean the meter between tests, this fact and the time required to calibrate or clean up will be noted.

3.2.7 If the meter is considered suitable for products, it will also be tested against the following petroleum products in a manner similar to the tests in 3.2.6:


Leaded Regular Grade Automotive Gasoline

Unleaded Automotive Gasoline

Kerosene

Light Diesel or No.2 Fuel Oil.


3.2.8 The oil content meter will be run on oil-free water and zeroed. The oil injection pump, set to 100 ppm of Arabian light crude oil. will be turned on. The following response times will be recorded :

  1. Time for first detectable reading.

  2. Time to read 63 ppm (response time).

  3. Time to read 90 ppm,

  4. Time to read 100 ppm or for reading to stabilize at maximum.

Record the maximum reading.

Following this upscale test, the oil injection pump will be turned off, and the following response times will be recorded :

  1. Time for the maximum reading to drop detectably.

  2. Time to read 37 ppm (response time).

  3. Time to read 10ppm.

  4. Time to read zero or to stabilize at minimum.

Record the minimum reading.

The "Response Time" of the meter will be considered the average of the 63 ppm upscale and the 37 ppm downscale response times.

3.2.9 Two tests will be performed for oil fouling and calibration shift, one with a 10 per cent oil concentration and the other with pure oil. Both tests will use Arabian light crude oil.

For the 10 per cent oil concentration test, the meter will be running on oil-free water. The high rate oil sample pump, set to give 10 per cent oil in water, will be turned on for one minute and then turned off.

For the pure oil test, the meter will be running on oil-free water. The water will be turned off, and 100 per cent oil will be turned on for one minute. The oil will then be turned off and the oil-free water flow resumed.

Care musts be taken in the design of the test equipment to be sure the fouling test results are not degraded by fouling of the sample piping external to the meter.

The following response times will be noted for both tests :

  1. First detectable response.

  2. 100ppm.

  3. off scale on the highest range.

  4. Back on scale on the highest range.

  5. Return to 100 ppd.

  6. Zero reading or lowest stable reading.

The meter should be capable of being cleared with clean water flushing in the shortest practicable time.

If it is necessary to disassemble or flush the meter after the fouling tests for it to return to a zero reading, this fact and the time required to clean and re-calibrate shall be noted.

After successful completion of both fouling tests, a 100 ppm mixture of Arabian light crude oil shall be introduced and any calibration shift noted.

3.2.10 The meter will be run on a 500 ppm Arabian light crude oil sample, and the contaminants listed below will be added to the water tank in the concentrations given. Any shifts in the meter reading will be noted. Fresh Water (if sea-water is used for the test programme) . Very Saltwater-6 per cent common salt with tap water. Non-soluble suspended solids- about 100 ppm air cleaner test dust to the following specifications Particle size in micrometres Percentage of total weight 0-5 39¡¾2 5-10 18¡¾3 10-20 16¡¾3 20-40 18¡¾3 90-80 9¡¾3

3.2.11 The meter will begun onto 100ppm Arabian light crude oil sample. The high shear pump will be run at various speeds and turned off to provide a range of oil particle size to the meter. Any effect of particle size on the meter reading will be noted.

3.2.12 If the meter is only intended for monitoring bilge water the oils listed in 3.2.6 and 3.2.7 should be substituted by the oils identified In paragraph 2.2.4 under Part II of these specifications. The tests indicated in paragraphs 3.2.5, 3.2.6, 3.2.8, 3.2.9, 3.2.10, 3.2.14, 3.2.15, 3.2.16 and 3.2.17 are to be carried out using the heavy fuel oil. Test 3.2.6 should be repeated using the light distillate fuel oil. The oil content used in paragraph 3.2.10 should be 80 ppm and the contaminates should be as listed except that the non-soluble suspended solids should be 20 ppm. The temperature range for the test should be that given in paragraph 2.2.7.

3.2.13 The meter will be run on a 100 ppm Arabian light crude oil sample. Water temperature will be run at 10¢ªC and 65¢ªC. If the vendor's specification lists a maximum temperature less than 65¢ªC, the meter will be run at that maximum temperature and this fact noted, Any effect of water temperature on meter reading will be noted.

3.2.14 The meter will be run on a 100 ppm Arabian light crude oil sample. Sample pressure or flow will be adjusted from one-half normal. normal and twice normal. Any effect of these changes on meter reading will be noted. This lest may require modification for meters with flow or pressure regulators or meters designed to discharge into an ambient pressure sump. The meter will be run on a 100 ppm Arabian light crude oil sample. The water and oil injection pumps will be shut off. No other changes will be made. The meter will be left turned on. After 8 hours, the water and oil will returned on set at 100 ppm. The before and after readings and any meter damage will be noted. If the meter is fitted with a low flow shut off, this test determines its proper functioning.

3.2.15 The meter will be run on a 100 ppm Arabian light crude oil sample. Supply voltage will be raised to 110 per cent of design for one hour and lowered to 90 per cent of design for one hour. Any effect on meter performance will be noted. If the meter requires any utilities besides electricity, it shall be tested with these utilities at 110 per cent and 90 per cent of the design figures.

3.2.16 The meter will be calibrated and zeroed. A 100 ppm Arabian light crude oil sample will run through the meter for eight hours and any calibration drift noted. Following this, the meter will be run on oil-free water and any zero drift noted.

3.2.17The meter shall be shut downand do-energizedfor one week. It shall be turned on and started per the manufacturer's instructions. After the suggested warm-up and calibration procedures, the meter will be run one hour on a 100 ppm Arabian light crude oil sample and one hour on oil-free water alternately for eight hours. Any zero or span drift will1 be noted. The total elapsed time to perform the manufacturer's suggested warm-up and calibration procedures will be noted.

3.2.18 For a meter designed only to give an alarm at l5 ppm of oil, the tests detailed in 3.2.5, 3.2.14, 3.2.15, 3.2.16 and 3.2.17 should be performed except that an oil concentration of 15 ppm should be used when ever concentrations unto 100 ppm are specified, and the oil used should be light distillate fuel oil. A calibration curve is not required for such meters, and the response time Is to be taken as the time for the meter to give an alarm at 15 ppm oil concentration after the supply to the meter is changed from clean water into oily water having more than 15 ppm of oil.

3.2.19 A specification of the instrument concerned and a diagrammatic presentation of the test arrangements should be provided and the following data should be reported in the International Metric System of Units :

  1. Types and properties of oils used in the tests.

  2. Concentration of oil samples tested.

  3. Details of contaminants tested, and

  4. Results of tests and analysis of samples.

3.3 Installation Requirements

3.3.1 The layout of the shipboard installation should be arranged so that the overall response time between an alteration in the mixture being pumped and the alteration in the meter reading should be as short as possible and in any case not more than 40 seconds, to allow for remedial action being taken before the oil content of the mixture being discharged exceeds the permissible limit.

3.3.2 The arrangement on board ship for the extraction of samples from the discharge lines to the meter should give a truly representative sample of the effluent. Sampling points should be arranged in all discharge pipes which have to be monitored for compliance with the Convention.

3.3.3 Where the Convention requires records, the oil content meters should be so designed and constructed that any operation carried out on them is automatically registered by the meters.






Figure 2
A Distance A. not greater than 400mm.
B Distance B. sufficient to insert sampling bottle.
C Dimension C, straight length should not be less than 60mm.
D Dimension D. pipe thickness should not be greater than 2mm.
E Detail E. chisel-edged chamfer (30¢ª).


Figure 3


Chapter 04 Method for the determination of oil content

Ingangsdatum: 14-11-1977
Geldig tot en met: 29-04-1994

Annex

Ingangsdatum: 14-11-1977
Geldig tot en met: 29-04-1994
PREAMBLE
  1. In response to Resolutions 8 and 12 of the International Conference or Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil.1962 and to Resolution 10 of the International Conference on Marine Pollution,1973, which call for formulation of a suitable international performance specification for oily-water separators and the development of a device to detect. measure and record the oil content of discharges from ships, the following specifications have been formulated. Where the word "Convention" is used, this is to be understood as reference to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships,1973. Where the word "Regulations" is used, this is to be understood as reference to the corresponding regulation of Annex I of that Convention.

  2. The specification in respect of oily-water separating and filtering equipment is considered to be applicable especially for use in conjunction with oily bilge water and oily ballast water from fuel oil tanks, as these are of a low or medium capacity, and are conditioned by the need to avoid discharging oily mixture with an oil content of more than 100 parts or 15 parts in 1.000,000 parts of the mixture respectively. The term "Separating Equipment" as used in this specification refers to separators and filters, or any combination of these which are designed to produce effluent containing not more than 100 parts per million (ppm) of oil. The term "Filtering Equipment" as used in this specification refers to filters or any combination of separators and filters which are designed to produce effluent containing not more than 15 ppm of oil.

  3. It is recommended that Administrations should implement at an early stage the specifications in so far as it is found reasonable and practicable, with a view to progressing towards its full application. In order to avoid hindrance in the development of improved designs, the specifications will be reviewed after a reasonable period of operation taking account of the experience gained from its use.


  4. The 100 ppm criterion is considered to be a desirable goal for all separating equipment regardless of capacity. It is recognized, however, that the development and testing of high capacity separating equipment designed for dealing wilts effluent from cargo tanks on tan leers poses special problems and such equipment does not require to be tested under this specification. Such development and test should not be hindered and Administrations should be prepared to accept deviations from this specification where they are considered necessary in this context.


  5. It should be understood that a gravitational separator cannot be expected to be effective over the complete range of oils which might be carried on board ship, for can it deal satisfactorily with oil of very high relative density or with a mixture presented to it as an emulsion. Detergents should not be used in the bilges for cleaning purposes. as the emulsifying effects of such compounds seriously affect the operation of the equipment. Particulate matter can also have a detrimental effect on equipment performance.


  6. The specification for oil content meters represents a desirable, achievable goal and should be recommended by Administrations to designers and manufacturers of such meters- Such meters will be of greatest value in tankers, for avoiding contravention of the Convention. When discharging dirty ballast and tank washings from cargo oil tanks, although the way has been left open for further developments in the design of separating and filtering equipment for this purpose.

Appendix


APPENDIX


Test data and results of tests conducted on oily-water separating and filtering equipment in accordance with Parts II and IV of the Annex to the Recommendation contained in IMCO Resolution No, A.393 (X).

System manufactured by ............................................................................................................ including * Separator manufactured by .......................................................................................................................... * Coalescer manufactured by ......................................................................................................................... * Filter manufactured by . Control equipment manufactured by .......................................................................................................... Maximum throughput of system ...................................................................................................... m3/h Test location .................

Method of sample analysis Samples analysed at .........

Details of test pump (if integral pump is not fitted)
Type
Capacity (m3/h)
Speed rpm Vibration rests to paragraph 2.1.3 satisfactory Equipment is capable of reliable operation at angles of up to 22.5¢ª in any plane from normal operational position

* Delete as appropriate















Ingangsdatum: 1405-1112-19771985
Geldig tot en met: 29-04-12-19851994

APPENDIX


Test data and results of tests conducted on oily-water separating and filtering equipment in accordance with Parts II and IV of the Annex to the Recommendation contained in IMCO Resolution No, A.393 (X).

System manufactured by ............................................................................................................ including * Separator manufactured by .......................................................................................................................... * Coalescer manufactured by ......................................................................................................................... * Filter manufactured by . Control equipment manufactured by .......................................................................................................... Maximum throughput of system ...................................................................................................... m3/h Test location .................

Method of sample analysis Samples analysed at .........

Details of test pump (if integral pump is not fitted)
Type
Capacity (m3/h)
Speed rpm Vibration rests to paragraph 2.1.3 satisfactory Equipment is capable of reliable operation at angles of up to 22.5¢ª in any plane from normal operational position

* Delete as appropriate